PIDGIN ITALIAN IN ETHIOPIA

question

How many Italians are there in present day Ethiopia?
answer

18000
question

Since when have there been Italian missionaries and businessmen in Ethiopia?
answer

1850
question

When was the start of Italian occupation of Eritrea?
answer

1885
question

After which language is Italian the second most important in Ethiopia?
answer

Tigrinya
question

What are the 4 main characteristics of the phonology of SIE?
answer

1. Simplification /p v ʎ ts dz/ > /b b lj s z/ 2. /i/ sometimes /ı/ /ıjo/ 3. Word final /e/ > /i/ : nenti, cani 4. Clusters broken up by prosthetic/epenthetic vowel e.g. tırobbo, bıranzo, beroberio
question

What does Maiden (1995) say about SIE phonology?
answer

‘There is no obvious sense in which Ethiopian Italian is phonologically simpler than the source language’ – retains phonological characteristics shared between Italian and indigenous languages, lacks features present in Italian but not the indigenous languages
question

What are the 7 morpho-syntactical features of SIE?
answer

1. Nouns and adjectives are invariable (Occasional reduplication to indicate plural number) 2. Lack of articles 3. Verbal morphology reduced to past participle and the infinitive 4. Non pro-drop : person and number distinction expressed by pronouns 5. Non case distinction in pronouns except /ıjo/ vs /me/ 6. Indirect object expressed by /bɛr/ 7. Little subordination, greater use of parataxis (though kwello can be used as a clause linker)
question

Give an example of noun/adjective invariability
answer

kwesto due mıjo sorella
question

Example of the lack of articles in SIE
answer

rɛgasi mɛnjato (i ragazzi hanno mangiato)
question

Example of reduced verbal morphology
answer

ıjo lɛwrare sɛmbre/domani ıjo lɛwrato
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Example of using bɛr for IOs
answer

non dire bɛr lui
question

Example of kwello as a clause linker
answer

ıjo berduto soldi kwello tu dato ber me
question

What does Maiden (1995) say about the morphology of Pidgins?
answer

Pidgins’ and Creoles’ ‘claims to being Romance languages often resides almost exclusively in their lexicon: the inflectional morphology, and the associated and sometimes arbitrary grammatical categories, of Romance are often wholly absent’ -syntax has a rigid word order and the absence of subordination
question

How does Habte-Mariam (1976) describe SIE?
answer

‘a relatively variable form of Italian, slightly modified in pronunciation, limited in vocabulary, and sharply reduced in grammar’
question

Give five examples of Standard Italian words that have acquired special meanings in SIE
answer

bɛdri – priest (padre) rɛgaso – son, daughter (ragazzo) tɨrobbo – very (troppo) ušire – leave (uscire to go out) mɛnjato – draw a salary or spend for living expenses (mangiato eaten)

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