Periodic Table Review A

 

includes all forms of energy that travel through space in the form of waves

 

electromagnetic spectrum

 

refers to the distance

between two adjacent waves

 

wavelength

 

 

numerical value for the speed

of all electromagnetic radiation

 

 

3 x 108 m/s

 

 

the number of waves that

pass a given point in a specific time

 

 

frequency

 

 

 

color of light having the shortest wavelength

 

 

violet

 

 

 

color of light having the longest wavelength

 

 

red

 

 

 

formula that relates wavelength and frequency

 

 

c = wl x freq

 

 

proportional relationship between

wavelength and frequency

 

 

inversely proportional

 

 

proportional relationship

between energy and frequency

 

 

directly proportional

 

 

term for lowest energy state

of electrons in

an atoms

 

 

ground state

 

 

emission of light from metals

that have absorbed energy

 

 

photoelectric effect

 

 

 

formula that relates energy to frequency

 

 

E = hv

 

 

 

numerical value of Planck’s constant

;

;

6.626 X 10-34 J . s

;

;

;any energy state of an atom

higher than ground state

;

;

excited state

;

;

unit used to measure frequency of light

;

;

;

1/s or hertz (Hz)

;

;

;

an electron moving from ground state to the excited state must _____ energy

;

;

absorb

;

;

an electron moving from a higher to lower energy;state;must _____ energy

;

;

emit energy

;

;

effect that supports the

particle nature of light

;

;

photoelectric effect

;

;

produced by electrons, this supports the

wavelike nature of particles

;

;

diffraction pattern

;

;

states it is impossible to simultaneously

determine the velocity and position of an electron

;

;

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

;

;

he is developed the “planetary model”

;of

the atom

;

;

Bohr

;

;

a 3-dimensional region around the nucleus

that represents the most probable

location of the electron

;

;

orbital

;

;

;

he developed the first periodic table

based upon atomic number

;

;

Moseley

;

;

;

he developed the first periodic table

based upon atomic mass;

;

Mendeleev

;

;

;

spherical orbital located in each energy level

;

;

;

s

;

;

;

set of dumbbell shaped orbitals located

on the x, y, and z axis

;

;

p

;

;

principle that states electrons

occupy the lowest energy orbital first

;

;

Aufbau principle

;

;

states that electrons fill orbitals of equal

energy before a second electron is added

;

;

Hund’s Rule 

 

 

groups on the periodic table

make up the s-block

 

 

groups 1 and 2

 

 

groups on the periodic table

that make up the p-block

 

 

13-18

 

 

groups on the periodic table

that make up the d-block

 

 

 

3-12

 

 

 

type of elements located mostly in

the s, d, and f blocks

 

 

metals

 

 

 

blocks referred to as the

main-group elements

 

 

s and p

 

 

elements that have properties

of metals and nonmetals

 

 

metalloids

 

 

types of orbitals that occupy the

4th energy level

 

 

s, p, d, f

 

 

name for the elements in

groups 3-12

 

 

transition elements

 

 

name for the elements with

atomic numbers 58-71

 

 

lanthanide series

 

 

name for the elements with

atomic numbers 90-103 

 

 

actinide series

 

 

 

most reactive family of metals

 

 

alkali metals

 

 

 

most reactive family of nonmetals

 

 

halogens

 

 

 

least reactive family of elements

 

 

noble gases

 

 

block on the periodic table

containing the nonmetals

 

 

p

 

 

term for electrons in the outermost

energy level

 

 

valence electrons

 

 

 

term for 8 electrons in the outermost

energy level

 

 

 

octet

 

 

term for elements that make up

the f-block

 

 

rare earth elements

or inner transition elements

 

 

how to determine the number of

valence electrons in groups 13-18

 

 

subtract 10 from the group number

 

 

term for (+) ions and the type of

element that forms them

 

 

cation; metals

 

 

term for (-) ions and the type of

element that forms them

 

 

anion; nonmetals

 

 

family name for group 1

 

 

alkali metals

 

 

family name for group 2

 

 

alkaline earth metals

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