## Periodic Table Review A

 includes all forms of energy that travel through space in the form of waves
 electromagnetic spectrum
 refers to the distance between two adjacent waves
 wavelength
 numerical value for the speed of all electromagnetic radiation
 3 x 108 m/s
 the number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time
 frequency
 color of light having the shortest wavelength
 violet
 color of light having the longest wavelength
 red
 formula that relates wavelength and frequency
 c = wl x freq
 proportional relationship between wavelength and frequency
 inversely proportional
 proportional relationship between energy and frequency
 directly proportional
 term for lowest energy state of electrons in an atoms
 ground state
 emission of light from metals that have absorbed energy
 photoelectric effect
 formula that relates energy to frequency
 E = hv
 numerical value of Planck’s constant
 ; ; 6.626 X 10-34 J . s
 ; ; ;any energy state of an atom higher than ground state
 ; ; excited state
 ; ; unit used to measure frequency of light
 ; ; ; 1/s or hertz (Hz)
 ; ; ; an electron moving from ground state to the excited state must _____ energy
 ; ; absorb
 ; ; an electron moving from a higher to lower energy;state;must _____ energy
 ; ; emit energy
 ; ; effect that supports the particle nature of light
 ; ; photoelectric effect
 ; ; produced by electrons, this supports the wavelike nature of particles
 ; ; diffraction pattern
 ; ; states it is impossible to simultaneously determine the velocity and position of an electron
 ; ; Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
 ; ; he is developed the “planetary model” ;of the atom
 ; ; Bohr
 ; ; a 3-dimensional region around the nucleus that represents the most probable location of the electron
 ; ; orbital
 ; ; ; he developed the first periodic table based upon atomic number
 ; ; Moseley
 ; ; ; he developed the first periodic table based upon atomic mass;
 ; Mendeleev
 ; ; ; spherical orbital located in each energy level
 ; ; ; s
 ; ; ; set of dumbbell shaped orbitals located on the x, y, and z axis
 ; ; p
 ; ; principle that states electrons occupy the lowest energy orbital first
 ; ; Aufbau principle
 ; ; states that electrons fill orbitals of equal energy before a second electron is added
 ; ; Hund’s Rule
 groups on the periodic table make up the s-block
 groups 1 and 2
 groups on the periodic table that make up the p-block
 13-18
 groups on the periodic table that make up the d-block
 3-12
 type of elements located mostly in the s, d, and f blocks
 metals
 blocks referred to as the main-group elements
 s and p
 elements that have properties of metals and nonmetals
 metalloids
 types of orbitals that occupy the 4th energy level
 s, p, d, f
 Let us write you a custom essay sample on Periodic Table Review A For Only \$13.90/page ORDER NOW     name for the elements in groups 3-12
 transition elements
 name for the elements with atomic numbers 58-71
 lanthanide series
 name for the elements with atomic numbers 90-103
 actinide series
 most reactive family of metals
 alkali metals
 most reactive family of nonmetals
 halogens
 least reactive family of elements
 noble gases
 block on the periodic table containing the nonmetals
 p
 term for electrons in the outermost energy level
 valence electrons
 term for 8 electrons in the outermost energy level
 octet
 term for elements that make up the f-block
 rare earth elements or inner transition elements
 how to determine the number of valence electrons in groups 13-18
 subtract 10 from the group number
 term for (+) ions and the type of element that forms them
 cation; metals
 term for (-) ions and the type of element that forms them
 anion; nonmetals
 family name for group 1
 alkali metals
 family name for group 2
 alkaline earth metals
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