Organic Chem. Functional Groups (IUPAC)

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Carboxylic Acid
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-Highest priority functional group (most oxidized) *Prefix : Carboxy- Suffix: -oic acid
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Ester
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Second highest priority prefix: alkoxycarbonyl- suffix: -oate
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Acyl halide
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3rd highest priority Prefix: halocarbonyl- Suffix:-oyl halide
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Amide
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4th priority Prefix: amido- Suffix: -amide
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Nitrile/Cyanide
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5th priority Prefix: cyano- Suffix: -nitrile
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Aldehyde
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6th priority Prefix: oxo- Suffix: -al
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Ketone
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7th priority Prefix: oxo- Suffix: -one
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Alcohol
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8th priority Prefix: Hydroxy- Suffix: -ol
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Thiol
Thiol
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9th Prefix: sulfhydryl- Suffix: thiol
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Amine
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10th Prefix: amino Suffix: -amine
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Imine
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11th Prefix: imino- Suffix: -imine
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Ether
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12th Prefix: alkoxy- Suffix: alkylthio-
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Sulfide
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13th Prefix: alkylthio- Suffix:
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Halide
Halide
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14th Prefix: halo- Suffix
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Nitro
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15th Prefix: nitro Suffix
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Azide
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16th Prefix: azido- Suffix
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Diazo
Diazo
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17th Prefix: diazo Suffix

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