Odyssey Study Guide answers

Describe Odysseus’ attitude about fighting in the Trojan War and how he tried to avoid being drafted
He didn’t want to fight at all. He pretended to be insane so he didn’t have to go and fight

What is an epic?
long narrative poems that tell of the adventures of heroes who in some way embody the values of their civilizations

How many years ago were people listening to Homer’s stories?
Three thousand

What are myths?
Traditional stories, rooted in a particular culture, that usually explain a belief, a ritual, or a mysterious natural phenomenon

The author of The Odyssey is ________. What is unique about him?
Homer; he is blind

How did Odysseus use his brain to help win the war against Troy?
He thought of the wooden horse trick- the Greek soldiers hid inside a wooden horse. The

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Greeks allowed the horse in because they thought it was a peace offering

The old woman who served as Odysseus’ name is _________.
Eurycleia

How does Penelope delay choosing one of the suitors as a husband?
She says she has to weave and at night time she would undo what she had done that day. Then she would continue to do that each day for 20 years.

List the members of Odysseus’ immediate family
Penelope- wife
Telemachus- son

In the end why does Penelope think Odysseus is not who he claims to be?
He dressed up like a beggar

Explain how Odysseus proves his identity to Penelope
He tells her the secret about their bed about how one post is made from an olive tree

At the end, what two things does Odysseus arrange at the castle so that the suitors will be trapped and helpless?
To have all the doors locked and their weapons taken away

When Odysseus returns home, Athena advises him to disguise himself as ________. Why?
Beggar because the suitors will try to harm them

Why do Penelope’s suitors not want Odysseus to try the test?
Odysseus can do the task but it is too hard for the suitors to do. Only someone like Odysseus could do it.

In “The Beggar and the Faithful Dog”, who recognizes Odysseus in his disguise?
His dog, Argos

Describe the condition of Odysseus’s dog Argos when Odysseus returns home
He is very sick and old and he dies

How is Odysseus received by the suitors?
Rude- one of them threw a stool at him and they called him bad names

What impossible task does Penelope give the suitors?
She tells them to shoot a bow through several small holes.

Why do the suitors have difficulty with the task Penelope gives them?
Because only Odysseus can complete that task; it is an impossible task

Stories about the Cyclops, Penelope’s suitors, and Odysseus at King Alcinous’ court all involve what tradition in ancient Greek culture?
hospitality (being nice to your guests)

Why does Telemachus execute the maids?
The maids were not loyal to his mother, Penelope.

When Odysseus reveals himself to Telemachus, what does his son think?
At first, he did not think that Odysseus was his father. Telemachus said that no mortal man can become a beggar

To reward the help if swineherd and cowherd in his battle with the suitors, Odysseus offers them what?
He offers them houses and food

What prediction of Tiresias and Circe does Odysseus withhold from his men?
That they are all doomed except Odysseus

Odysseus tells Calypso that he wishes to return to Penelope because he ________.
misses her; he longs for the sight of home

Why must Calypso allow Odysseus to leave her island?
the Gods tell her she must

What happens when Odysseus is with Calypso?
He cries in the day and is with her at night.

In what type of dwelling does Calypso live?
in a cave on an island

What happens to Odysseus’s men after they eat lotus plant?
They don’t want to leave the island

How does Odysseus get his men away from the Lotus?
ties them up and drags them to the boat

How does Odysseus hurt Polyphemus?
stabs him in the eye

From what we discover about Circe, we can assume that her tame wolves and mountains lions are what?
people she held hostage and turned into animals

How does Odysseus save his crew from the Sirens’ song?
filled their ears with beeswax and row for their lives

Why does Odysseus not warn his crew about Scylla?
He doesn’t want them to be coward

Who was the leader of the Greek forces during the Trojan war?
Agamemnon

The Odyssey is the middle for the epic of _________.
the long journey

What are three facts about The Illiad?
-The setting is in Troy
-Agamemnon’s demand for Achilles’ war prize is the major conflict
-It is told in past tense

Who is blamed for starting the Trojan war?
Helen

Who is the goddess of wisdom?
Athena

Who is the king of the gods?
Zeus

Who is the god of the sea, also known as earth-shaker?
Poseidon

Who is the sun god?
Helios

Who is the messenger god?
Hermes

What issues is Telemachus struggling with?
All the men are trying to get to his mom. Penelope is crying over it.

What is rhapsode?
“Singers of tales” – historians and entertainers as well as the myth makers of their time

Who were the muses? How many were there?
The 9 daughters of Zeus. They inspired people to produce music, poetry, dance, and all the other arts

How does Odysseus trick Polyphemus?
Odysseus makes him drunk, tells him Odysseus’ name was “Nobody” so that when he stabbed him in the eye, and someone asked who hurt him, he would say “Nobody”

What is the one lesson Odysseus and his men learn in “The Cyclops”?
They learn to not go to a new land and seek trouble

Give two examples of Odysseus uses his intellect while with Cyclops.
He tells Cyclops his name is nobody and he blinds him

What does Odysseus demand from Polyphemus when they first meet him?
hospitality

What is clearly the most unpleasant part of their stay with Cyclops?
the men were getting eaten by the Cyclops

What amazes Odysseus’s men when they first encounter Circe’s island?
It looks like it is completely deserted. As they go farther inland they find a huge mansion with many exotic animals that are predators like a bear.

What does Odysseus learn in “The Land of the Dead”?
His mother is dead. His son is well. His wife is weeping. Father exiled himself. If you kill the cows, no one will remember when you got home.

What does Circe do to the men after feasting with her?
turns them into pigs

On Odysseus’ way to see Circe, he is met by ______ who gives him ________. This protects him from being turned into a ___________.
Hermes; moly; pig

In order to leave Circe’s island, where must Odysseus go?
The Land of the Dead

As the men start on their journey from Circe’s island, how does Odysseus deceive his men?
He did not tell his men that they were going to the Land of the Dead

What does Odysseus do to his men in order to help them resist the Sirens?
asks the gods for help

What was Odysseus doing that caused him not be able to prevent his men from cooking the cattle of the sun god?
he was asleep

When facing a choice between Scylla and Charybdis, Odysseus decides to go toward what?
He goes toward the Scylla

In “The Cattle of the Sun God,” how is the situation of Odysseus’s men ironic?
it’s ironic because they are starving but there is cattle everywhere

Who is the beautiful nymph goddess who keeps Odysseus on her island for seven years?
Calypso

Who is the enchantress and goddess who turns Odysseus’ men into swine?
Circe

Who is the female monster who sucks in water three times a day to form a deadly whirlpool?
Charybdis

What is the dark area of the underworld where the dead reside?
Erebus

Who is the female monster who has six heads and eats Odysseus’ men?
Scylla

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