Oceanography ch2 – Flashcards

question
Who is responsible for the first measurement of the circumference of the earth?
answer
Eratosthenes of Cyrene
question
Prince Henry the navigator's contribution to ocean exploration included?
answer
establishing a center of the study of marine science and navigation on Portugal
question
Who is considered to be the "father of physical oceanography" because of publication of info. from ship's logs in the book, The Physical Geography of the Seas?
answer
Matthew Maury
question
Glomar Challenger is known for:
answer
taking the first to complete cores of deep-sea sediments
question
The earliest type of navigation was carried out by using
answer
Stars and by the position of the raising and setting sun
question
Christopher Columbus believed that he voyaged across the Atlantic and discovered a passage to the east by going west. He believed he made it to asia due to
answer
-Columbus used Ptolemy's data but the data was error because Ptolemy didn't calculate the earth correctly. The reason why he thought he landed in Asia was because he assumed the earth to be only half its actual size. Also the thought that the absence of wealthy cities and well dressed people meaning that he's going to far north or south of his desired latitude.
question
Lines of latitude and longitude were drawn through important places by Eratosthenes. Where was the initial designation of zero latitude and zero longitude.
answer
Initial designation of Zero longitude - is Greenwich meridian near London Zero latitude - the equator was the natural dividing point for the north and south.
question
What contribution did Ptolemy made to science?
answer
-he made a chart placing east to the right and north at the top. -Ptolemy division of degrees into minutes and seconds of arc is still used by navigators. -he incorrectly measurement of the earth size helped many people. Including Columbus.
question
In Ad 986, bjarni herjulfsson was blown past his goal and sighted new land. What Viking bought his boat and help establish a colony in the North America.
answer
Eric the red
question
What voyages had the purpose of displaying great wealth?
answer
Zhang He voyages was to display great wealth and power of the Ming dynasty
question
What were the technologies invented and used in the Chinese voyages of zhaeg he?
answer
-the compass -central rudder -watertight compartment -sophisticated sail and multiple mass.
question
What of the following best describes the organized study of the ocean beginning with technical studies of voyagers?
answer
Marine science
question
Who is considered to be the father of physical oceanography because he published information from ships logs in the book "the physical geography of the seas"?
answer
Matthew Maury
question
The key determining longitude at sea was to invent a sturdy clock that ran at a constant rate under any circumstance. The first of these clock was governed by a spring escapement and not by pendulum and was invented by whom and called what?
answer
John Harrison invented the chronometer.
question
Why was the expedition led by Magellan in the early 1500s was significant to oceanography?
answer
He was the first to led an expedition to circumnavigate the world.
question
What early navigator could be considered the "first marine scientist" because of his careful observation and record keeping and changed the world peacefully more than anyone in history?
answer
Captain James cook
question
Why did the brilliant British scientist Edward Forbes believe that there was no life below the sunlit zone "azoic depth"
answer
Because of the pressure and lack of sunlight
question
The four yrs US exploring that circumnavigated the globe, led by Charles Wilkes had what goals
answer
-showing the flag -whale scouting -gathering of minerals -chart observing -and pure exploration -disprove that the earth is hollow and can be entered through huge hole at either pole.
question
What man was the first to publish a reasonably accurate chart of an ocean current?
answer
Benjamin Franklin
question
Oceanian navigators may have been using shells attached to a bamboo grid to represent the position ms of their island which might resembled what?
answer
question
The first sailing expedition devoted entirely to marine science was what expedition?
answer
The challenger expedition
question
If one were to travel to Greenwich observatory in England and place a gps unit on the line that marked the prime meridian, what would the longitude actually read?
answer
It's not 0.0 but 5.3
question
What did captain cook accomplish on his first voyage?
answer
-Founded and charted New Zealand -mapped Australia's Great Barrier Reef -marked the position of many small islands -made friend with many chiefs -and made notes of the history and inhabitant on the islands
question
How did captain cook die?
answer
He had dinner with the chief of island of hawai'i. However somehow they angered the hawai'ians and were beset by the crowd. Was killed in fracas
question
The expedition of fridtjof Nansen in the schooner Fram involved allowing the vessel to become trapped in the arctic ice. What was the significance of nansen's expedition?
answer
-proved that no arctic continent existed.
question
What was the goal of the Trieste expedition of the 1960?
answer
Its goal is to descend into the challenger deep
question
What are the lines called that are drawn parallels to the equator?
answer
Lines of constant latitude
question
What was the first 3 person submersible developed in 1964 and logged about 4,400 dives?
answer
DSV Alvin
question
The earliest regular voyaging for trade purposes took place in the?
answer
Mediterranean Sea
question
Where was the word "oceanography" invented
answer
Thompson and Murray came up with the word oceanography. After asking the British gov for help
question
What group invented the magnetic compass?
answer
Chinese Han dynasty
question
Who was the second librarian of the library of Alexandria in Egypt?
answer
Eratosthenes
question
Who was the first person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and current?
answer
Matthew Maury
question
Who was the first person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and current?
answer
question
Where was the word "oceanography" invented
answer
question
What are the lines called that are drawn parallels to the equator?
answer
question
What was the goal of the Trieste expedition of the 1960?
answer
question
What is true about the challenger expedition and report?
answer
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question
Who is responsible for the first measurement of the circumference of the earth?
answer
Eratosthenes of Cyrene
question
Prince Henry the navigator's contribution to ocean exploration included?
answer
establishing a center of the study of marine science and navigation on Portugal
question
Who is considered to be the "father of physical oceanography" because of publication of info. from ship's logs in the book, The Physical Geography of the Seas?
answer
Matthew Maury
question
Glomar Challenger is known for:
answer
taking the first to complete cores of deep-sea sediments
question
The earliest type of navigation was carried out by using
answer
Stars and by the position of the raising and setting sun
question
Christopher Columbus believed that he voyaged across the Atlantic and discovered a passage to the east by going west. He believed he made it to asia due to
answer
-Columbus used Ptolemy's data but the data was error because Ptolemy didn't calculate the earth correctly. The reason why he thought he landed in Asia was because he assumed the earth to be only half its actual size. Also the thought that the absence of wealthy cities and well dressed people meaning that he's going to far north or south of his desired latitude.
question
Lines of latitude and longitude were drawn through important places by Eratosthenes. Where was the initial designation of zero latitude and zero longitude.
answer
Initial designation of Zero longitude - is Greenwich meridian near London Zero latitude - the equator was the natural dividing point for the north and south.
question
What contribution did Ptolemy made to science?
answer
-he made a chart placing east to the right and north at the top. -Ptolemy division of degrees into minutes and seconds of arc is still used by navigators. -he incorrectly measurement of the earth size helped many people. Including Columbus.
question
In Ad 986, bjarni herjulfsson was blown past his goal and sighted new land. What Viking bought his boat and help establish a colony in the North America.
answer
Eric the red
question
What voyages had the purpose of displaying great wealth?
answer
Zhang He voyages was to display great wealth and power of the Ming dynasty
question
What were the technologies invented and used in the Chinese voyages of zhaeg he?
answer
-the compass -central rudder -watertight compartment -sophisticated sail and multiple mass.
question
What of the following best describes the organized study of the ocean beginning with technical studies of voyagers?
answer
Marine science
question
Who is considered to be the father of physical oceanography because he published information from ships logs in the book "the physical geography of the seas"?
answer
Matthew Maury
question
The key determining longitude at sea was to invent a sturdy clock that ran at a constant rate under any circumstance. The first of these clock was governed by a spring escapement and not by pendulum and was invented by whom and called what?
answer
John Harrison invented the chronometer.
question
Why was the expedition led by Magellan in the early 1500s was significant to oceanography?
answer
He was the first to led an expedition to circumnavigate the world.
question
What early navigator could be considered the "first marine scientist" because of his careful observation and record keeping and changed the world peacefully more than anyone in history?
answer
Captain James cook
question
Why did the brilliant British scientist Edward Forbes believe that there was no life below the sunlit zone "azoic depth"
answer
Because of the pressure and lack of sunlight
question
The four yrs US exploring that circumnavigated the globe, led by Charles Wilkes had what goals
answer
-showing the flag -whale scouting -gathering of minerals -chart observing -and pure exploration -disprove that the earth is hollow and can be entered through huge hole at either pole.
question
What man was the first to publish a reasonably accurate chart of an ocean current?
answer
Benjamin Franklin
question
Oceanian navigators may have been using shells attached to a bamboo grid to represent the position ms of their island which might resembled what?
answer
question
The first sailing expedition devoted entirely to marine science was what expedition?
answer
The challenger expedition
question
If one were to travel to Greenwich observatory in England and place a gps unit on the line that marked the prime meridian, what would the longitude actually read?
answer
It's not 0.0 but 5.3
question
What did captain cook accomplish on his first voyage?
answer
-Founded and charted New Zealand -mapped Australia's Great Barrier Reef -marked the position of many small islands -made friend with many chiefs -and made notes of the history and inhabitant on the islands
question
How did captain cook die?
answer
He had dinner with the chief of island of hawai'i. However somehow they angered the hawai'ians and were beset by the crowd. Was killed in fracas
question
The expedition of fridtjof Nansen in the schooner Fram involved allowing the vessel to become trapped in the arctic ice. What was the significance of nansen's expedition?
answer
-proved that no arctic continent existed.
question
What was the goal of the Trieste expedition of the 1960?
answer
Its goal is to descend into the challenger deep
question
What are the lines called that are drawn parallels to the equator?
answer
Lines of constant latitude
question
What was the first 3 person submersible developed in 1964 and logged about 4,400 dives?
answer
DSV Alvin
question
The earliest regular voyaging for trade purposes took place in the?
answer
Mediterranean Sea
question
Where was the word "oceanography" invented
answer
Thompson and Murray came up with the word oceanography. After asking the British gov for help
question
What group invented the magnetic compass?
answer
Chinese Han dynasty
question
Who was the second librarian of the library of Alexandria in Egypt?
answer
Eratosthenes
question
Who was the first person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and current?
answer
Matthew Maury
question
Who was the first person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and current?
answer
question
Where was the word "oceanography" invented
answer
question
What are the lines called that are drawn parallels to the equator?
answer
question
What was the goal of the Trieste expedition of the 1960?
answer
question
What is true about the challenger expedition and report?
answer