Oceanography – 1

question

Physical, Chemical, Biological, Geological Oceanography
answer

4 disciplines of Oceanography
question

Oceanography
answer

study of our oceans
question

resource, travel/commerce, part of our environment
answer

how we view the oceans
question

pacific islanders (polynesians)
answer

best at early navigation, made shell and stick diagrams
question

shell and stick diagrams
answer

constructed by pacific islanders (polynesians) from astute observations on islands and wave patterns/wind direction
question

Pytheas
answer

greek who measured latitude and sailed to Iceland
question

Eratosthenes
answer

calculated radius of the spherical earth of r=6366km
question

Pheonicians
answer

Mediterranean explorers and traders
question

Middle Ages (Dark Ages)
answer

much was forgotten during this time due to religious suppression of science
question

religious suppression
answer

can be blamed for science forgotten during the Middle Ages
question

Vikings
answer

9th century A.D. they explore Eastern Europe
question

Chinese
answer

conducted diplomatic missions as far as Africa during the Age of Exploration
question

Magellan
answer

circumnavigated the world for the Spanish during the Age of Exploration
question

Prince Henry the Navigator
answer

During the Age of Exploration, explored outside of Europe
question

outside of Europe
answer

During the Age of Exploration, Prince Henry the Navigator explored…
question

Bartholomeu Diaz
answer

During the Age of Exploration, sailed to tip of Africa
question

to tip of Africa
answer

During the Age of Exploration, Bartholomeu Diaz sailed…
question

Vasco de Gama
answer

During the Age of Exploration, sailed around Africa
question

around Africa
answer

During the Age of Exploration, Vasco de Gama sailed…
question

Colombus
answer

During the Age of Exploration, sailed west to find the “East”
question

west to find the “East”
answer

During the Age of Exploration, Colombus sailed…
question

John Cabot
answer

During the Age of Exploration, landed on N. America
question

N. America
answer

During the Age of Exploration, John Cabot landed on…
question

Vasco Nunez de Balboa
answer

During the Age of Exploration, crossed Panama and saw the Pacific
question

Panama, Pacific
answer

During the Age of Exploration, Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed this to see this
question

Magellan’s Circumnavigation
answer

started with 5 ships and 288 sailors, ended with 1 ship and 18 sailors
question

5, 288, 1, 18
answer

Magellan’s Circumnavigation started with _ ships, ___ sailors, but only _ ship and ___ sailors when it landed
question

Magellan’s Circumnavigation
answer

From Spain, below south america, over to Indonesia, below Africa, back up to Spain
question

Polynesians
answer

navigated small distances using known wave patterns and wind direction
question

Latitude
answer

measured by early navigators using sun and stars
question

sun and stars
answer

used by early navigators to measure latitude
question

wave patterns and wind direction
answer

used by Polynesians to navigate small distances
question

time
answer

longitude is related to this
question

longitude
answer

related to time
question

John Harrison
answer

invented a sea-going clock
question

sea-going clock
answer

John Harrison invented this
question

Ben Franklin
answer

published map of Gulf Stream based on fishermen’s and merchants’ experiences
question

Bottom Samples
answer

Ross and Forbes conducted these
question

Ross and Forbes
answer

conducted bottom samples and discovered bottom samples in the tropics were similar to surface samples in the polar regions
question

Charles Darwin
answer

important guy on the voyage of the HMS Beagle
question

Charles Darwin
answer

specialization of peculiar species (Galapagos)
question

Charles Darwin
answer

interested in coral reef life history and geology
question

C. Wyville Thompson
answer

important guy on the voyage of the HMS Challenger
question

C. Wyville Thompson
answer

person interested in physics, chemistry and biology of world’s sea floors after Ross-Forbes debate
question

HMS Challenger
answer

voyage exploring physics, chemistry and biology of world’s sea floors after Ross-Forbes debate
question

HMS Challenger
answer

voyage that recorded bottom temperatures, dredge samples, bottom trawls
question

HMS Challenger
answer

voyage that discovered 4717 new species
question

Mariana Trench
answer

HMS Challenger recorded depth of this
question

HMS Challenger
answer

voyage that recorded depth of Mariana Trench
question

Matthew Fontaine Maury
answer

Father of Oceanography
question

Father of Oceanography
answer

Matthew Fontaine Maury
question

Matthew Fontaine Maury
answer

documented Ocean currents
question

Matthew Fontaine Maury
answer

hypothesized open seas near North Pole
question

George Washington Delong
answer

important guy on USS Jeanette
question

USS Jeanette
answer

voyage of George Washington Delong
question

USS Jeanette
answer

voyage that got stuck in polar ice north of Alaska
question

Fram
answer

designed to withstand ice and set “sail” stuck in ice
question

Fram
answer

inspired by distance that some parts of the Jeanette had traveled in pack ice
question

Fridtjof Nansen
answer

important guy on the Fram
question

Fram
answer

voyage Fridtjof Nansen was on
question

Fram
answer

discovered arctic ocean was 3000 m deep
question

3000
answer

Fram discovered arctic ocean was this deep
question

Fram
answer

discovered Arctic ocean had warm subsurface water (1.5 degrees Celsius)
question

1.5
answer

Fram discovered Arctic Ocean subsurface water was this temperature in Celsius
question

Fram
answer

voyage that incorporated Nansen bottles
question

Fram
answer

discovered Ekman’s principles of wind driven drift
question

Meteor
answer

voyage that had 310 sampling stations in the South Atlantic
question

Meteor
answer

measured topography currents and chemistry in south atlantic
question

310
answer

number of sampling stations meteor had in the south atlantic
question

Meteor
answer

voyage that incorporated the echo sounder
question

Echo Sounder
answer

uses aboard the Meteor, used sound waves to measure depth, more accurate than long rope from a drifting ship
question

Meteor
answer

mapped much more of the seafloor using Echo Sounder
question

Echo Sounder
answer

technology used to discover the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
question

Mid Atlantic Ridge
answer

discovered by Meteor voyage using Echo Sounder
question

Meteor
answer

used Echo Sounder to discover Mid-Atlantic Ridge
question

Bathymetric charts
answer

submerged topographic map, based on depth
question

Alexander Agassiz
answer

brought oceanography recognition as a science
question

Alexander Agassiz
answer

used dredge to collect bottom organisms, one haul produced more specimens than entire Challenger Voyage
question

Challenger
answer

Alexander Agassiz haul discovered more specimens than this entire voyage
question

Alexander Agassiz
answer

skimmed rather than plowed
question

ONR
answer

Office of Naval Research
question

Office of Naval Research
answer

ONR
question

sonar and sea floor topography
answer

anti-submarine capabilities
question

Federal Sea Grant, Scripps, RSMAS, WHOI
answer

institutionalization of oceanography led to these (4)
question

IODP
answer

Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
question

Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
answer

IODP
question

ICDP
answer

International Continental Drilling Program
question

International Continental Drilling Program
answer

ICDP
question

Satellite Oceanography
answer

can measure skin temperatures of ocean water, top mm
question

skin temperatures (top mm)
answer

can be measured using electromagnetic radiation (satellite Oceanography)
question

Physical Oceanography
answer

Study movements of water and interactions between different masses of water
question

waves, currents, tides, interactions
answer

physical oceanography studies this
question

Chemical Oceanography
answer

chemistry of seawater
question

Chemical Oceanography
answer

water molecule, dissolved constituents, movement of chemical tracers
question

Biological Oceanography
answer

study of sea life
question

plankton
answer

plankton or whales/dolphins?
question

Geological Oceanography
answer

includes Paleoceanography and Marine Geology
question

Paleoceanography
answer

studies past ocean conditions and circulation
question

Marine Geology
answer

studies geology under the sea

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member