Please enter something

Flashcards About Nutrition final

question

All of the following are benefits of physical activity except?
answer

increased LDL cholesterol
question

After __ minutes of exercise, the body begins to use more fat for fuel.
answer

20
question

The most critical nutrient needed for the exerciser is?
answer

water
question

Constipation may be caused by all the following except:
answer

viral infection
question

Which of the following would be the first step in the treatment of someone with diarrhea?
answer

correct the underlying medical condition
question

Inflammation that may extend deeply into intestinal tissue and be accompanied by ulcerations, fistulas, and fissures is characteristic of?
answer

Crohn’s disease
question

Low-fiber diets are used in the treatment of all of the following conditions except:
answer

diverticulosis
question

The patient with a colostomy of ileostomy is usually concerned about foods that cause?
answer

gas and odor
question

the schilling test helps diagnose the malabsorption of?
answer

vitamin B12
question

Mr. Kaufman has fat malabsorption and is at risk for developing oxalate stones. Which of the following foods should he avoid?
answer

spinach
question

People with lactose intolerance may tolerate all of the following except?
answer

nonfat milk
question

Nutritional therapy for cystic fibrosis involves all of the following except:
answer

low protein diet
question

Which of the following foods is included in a gluten restricted diet?
answer

rice
question

Fatty liver can develop from all of the following except?
answer

celiac disease
question

The most common cause of chronic liver disease in the US is:
answer

hepatitis C infection
question

Ascites is:
answer

fluid accumulation in the abdomen
question

In liver disease blood ammonia levels rise because the liver cannot convert the ammonia to:
answer

urea
question

The diet of a patient with cirrhosis who has severe steatorrhea may need to be supplemented with all of the following except:
answer

vitamins
question

Left untreated for years, a blocked bile duct may lead to:
answer

liver damage
question

Diabetes mellitus describes a group of metabolic disorders characterized by:
answer

elevated blood glucose
question

All of the following are symptoms of diabetes except:
answer

polyglycosuria
question

The HBA1C test is used to determine:
answer

glycemic control for the preceding 2-3 months
question

All of the following examples represent one portion of a carb-containing food except:
answer

1 c cooked pasta
question

Plaque consists of all of the following except:
answer

cancerous cells
question

The primary blood cholesterol linked to increased CHD risk is?
answer

LDL
question

The largest contributor of cholesterol in the American diet is?
answer

eggs
question

Optimal resting blood pressure for adults is?
answer

120 over 80
question

The nurse is counseling a patient who recently had a heart attack. Which of the following dietary recommendations would be most appropriate?
answer

eat 2 servings of fatty fish per week
question

One of the most common causes of chronic kidney disease is:
answer

diabetes
question

If a patient is on peritoneal dialysis, his diet should contain less ________ than other renal diets.
answer

carbohydrate
question

Once dialysis is initiated in a patient with chronic kidney disease, protein intake is:
answer

less restrictive
question

Which of the following foods is high in phosphorus?
answer

cheese
question

One of the initial concerns for the medical team for patients hospitalized with acute stress is to:
answer

restore lost fluids and electrolytes
question

In critically ill patients, a high intake of ___ may suppress immune function and increase the risk of developing infections.
answer

fat
question

All of the following nutrients play a critical role in immunity and wound healing except:
answer

potassium
question

Medical nutrition therapy for COPD involves all of the following except:
answer

relieve chronic cough
question

A critically ill patient with ARDS is on a tube feeding and requires a fluid restriction. The nurse understands that an appropriate enteral formula will be:
answer

nutrient dense
question

Obese women have a higher risk of breast cancer than lean women because:
answer

excess adipose tissue causes higher levels of estrogen
question

Cancer cachexia is characterized by:
answer

anorexia
question

In order to increase caloric intake, an individual withe cancer could substitute _____ for milk normally used in recipes
answer

half and half
question

Which of the following legal document allows an individual to clearly express their wishes regarding medical care?
answer

living will
question

Mrs.Watson is a 55 year old female with a family history of breast cancer. What should she do to avoid the risk?
answer

avoid alcohol and maintain a healthy weight
question

The kcalorie content of a food depends on how much it contains of each of the following except:
answer

water
question

The essential nutrients are those that:
answer

must be obtained from food
question

How many fat kcalories are in a food that contains 15 grams of fat?
answer

135
question

According to the DRI committee, protein should provide ______% of daily kcalories?
answer

10-35
question

The six diet planning principles include?
answer

adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, moderation, variety, and nutrient density
question

A client consumes the following foods from the grain group of USDA Food Guide:How many servings?
answer

6
question

Three monosaccharides important in nutrition are:
answer

fructose, glucose, galactose
question

The hormone that moves glucose from the blood into the cells is:
answer

insulin
question

Which of the following statements best describes the role of sugar in the development of obesity?
answer

added sugars provide excess energy
question

soluble fiber can help reduce blood cholesterol levels by:
answer

binding to cholesterol and carrying it out with feces
question

Carbohydrates should contribute approximately ____% if the total daily energy intake.
answer

45-65
question

The term “unsaturated fats” means that:
answer

hydrogen atoms are missing from the fatty acid chain
question

When exposed to oxygen, fats can become _____.
answer

rancid
question

Trans-fatty acids are:
answer

naturally found in some foods
question

An essential fatty acid is one which
answer

is necessary and must be obtained from food
question

linoleic and linolenic fatty acids are both:
answer

essential fatty acids
question

Which of the following foods does not contain cholesterol?
answer

peanut butter
question

The liver can make cholesterol from:
answer

carbs or fat
question

Which of the following is a rich source of monounsaturated fat?
answer

olive oil
question

The American Heart Association recommends that individuals should consume at least __ servings of fatty fish each week.
answer

2
question

a 2000 kcalorie diet that provides 25% of kcalories from fat would contain ____ grams of fat.
answer

55
question

Marasmus may best be described as a nutritional deficiency disease caused by:
answer

a chronic severe deprivation of food
question

the protein requirement of a child as compared to an adult is:
answer

higher
question

What happens when the diet is lacking an essential amino acid?
answer

protein synthesis is limited
question

All of the following are considered to be high quality proteins except:
answer

gelatin
question

Complementary proteins:
answer

combine proteins from different foods to provide all essential amino acids
question

The _____ is formed in the mouth
answer

bolus
question

Peristalsis is:
answer

action of involuntary muscles of the digestive tract
question

The main function of bile is to:
answer

emulsify fat
question

Which of the following is the body’s major metabolic organ?
answer

liver
question

A healthy pancreas secretes _____into the blood between meals and _____ right after a meal.
answer

glucagon, insulin
question

The metabolic breakdown of glucose to pyruvate is called:
answer

glycolysis
question

The production of glucose from protein or fat is
answer

gluconeogenesis
question

For every ____ kcalories a person eats in excess of kcalorie expenditure, a pound of fat is stored
answer

3500
question

BMR is lowest during _______.
answer

sleep
question

men have a higher BMR than females because they have more:
answer

lean tissue
question

Calculate the BMR of a man who is 5’11” tall and weighs 210 pounds
answer

29
question

The development of excess fat cells is most like to occur:
answer

late childhood and early puberty
question

The minimum number of kcalories provided by a weight-loss diet should be:
answer

1200
question

A dietary deficiency of vitamin A can produce:
answer

night blindness
question

Identify the food group that is the best source of beta-carotene
answer

vegetables
question

The effects of a deficiency of vitamin D are most readily observed in the _______ system
answer

skeletal
question

The major role of vitamin E in the body seems to be to act as an ________
answer

antioxidant
question

Vitamin K has long been known for being involved with _________ ________.
answer

blood clotting
question

Thiamin is involved in ________ ________
answer

energy metabolism
question

The most important role of vitamin B12 is to assist folate in ____ _______
answer

cell division
question

Ascorbic acid is another name for:
answer

Vitamin C
question

The primary regulator of extracellular fluid volume is:
answer

sodium
question

an irregular heartbeat related to potassium loss may occur as a result of:
answer

severe diarrhea
question

Which of the following body processes is not dependent upon the presence of calcium in the body fluids?
answer

transportation of oxygen
question

The mineral that is least likely to be deficient in anyone’s diet is
answer

phosphorus
question

Iron is important in the body because it is an integral constituent of
answer

hemoglobin
question

Which mineral is essential for wound healing?
answer

zinc
question

A good food source of iodine is:
answer

seafood