Nutrition Exam 4 Answers

question

What would be a normal body weight after 1 year for a healthy infant with a birthweight of 8 pounds?
answer

24 lbs
question

Breastfed infants:
answer

Are less likely to develop malocclusion, require 40% less orthodontia than bottle-fed infants, and receive low amounts of minerals, which is ideal for immature kidneys
question

Why should new foods be introduced to an infant one at a time?
answer

Any allergic reactions can be detected
question

A life threatening whole-body allergic reaction is known as:
answer

Anaphylactic shock
question

What population group consumes the most soft drinks each day at school?
answer

Teenage boys
question

Which principle is advisable for a school-aged child?
answer

Allow 15-20 minutes for each meal
question

A child who drinks a lot of milk at the expense of other foods is at high risk of showing signs of:
answer

Anemia
question

Malnutrition is not a concern when infants are fed home-recipe formulas. Commercial artificial infant milk is more appropriate for infants that cow’s or goats milk.
answer

First statement is false, second statement is true
question

For optimal breast-feeding benefits, it is recommended that the infant be encouraged to suckle on each breast for about:
answer

15-20 minutes
question

Features of infant formulas include all of the following except:
answer

They contain antibodies
question

Which of the following is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency among U.S. and Canadian children?
answer

Iron
question

Mike is a 10 year old inactive child who weights 150 lbs. He has come to your practice with his parents for help with losing weight. What advice should be given to the parents?
answer

Maintain weight and do not encourage weight loss during growth and development.
question

Choking can occur in children up to 4 years of age from food in the airway. Food is not throughly chewed until the molars erupt.
answer

Both statements are true
question

Solid foods for infants are introduced at 6 weeks
answer

False
question

A mother of a preschooler states that her child is a picky eater and there is no way to please her daughter. The dental hygienist could encourage her to:
answer

Recognize the child is asserting her independence, and this is normal.
question

Wha is the disadvantage of feeding and infant semisolid food too early?
answer

Reduction of milk or formula intake, possibility of a food allergy, due to the lack of neuromuscular maturation the tongue forces food out of the mouth in a reflux action
question

Fast food is usually a reasonable choice for obtaining daily protein requirements
answer

True
question

What is the chief reason that breast-fed infants usually need to eat more frequently than formula fed infants?
answer

Breaks milk is digested faster
question

Formulas for full-term infants contain _______ kcal/oz
answer

20
question

A new born who weighed 8 lb at birth can be expected to weigh ______ lb at 4 months and ________ lb at 1 year of age.
answer

16, 24
question

Which of the following defines nursing bottle tooth decay?
answer

Marked tooth decay of an infant due to prolonged exposure to carbohydrate-rich fluids from a bottle.
question

The single most effective way to teach nutrition to children is by:
answer

Example
question

Which of the following is a feature of infant soy formulas?
answer

They contain cornstarch and sucrose rather than lactose
question

Infants showing symptoms of acidosis, dehydration, diarrhea, elevated blood ammonia and urea, and fever may be reacting to the nutritional problem of
answer

Protein overload
question

What is the prevalence of hyperactivity in children?
answer

5-10%
question

What is the principle reason that information about fat on food labels of infants foods is intentionaly omitted?
answer

To prevent parents from restricting their infants fat intake
question

Since the infant formula act of 1980, commercial infant formulas must meet established standards in nutritional content
answer

True
question

Which of the following formulas is available for infants with lactose intolerance?
answer

Soy
question

Which group of patients is most prone to nutritional deficiencies?
answer

Adolescents
question

The typical cannot soft drink contains the equivalent of how many teaspoons of sugar?
answer

10
question

Which of the following is an effective strategy for dealing with obesity in a child?
answer

Engage the individual in at least 1 hour of moderate to vigorous activity
question

Adolescent women may fail to reach peak bone mass for all of the following reasons except:
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Lactose intolerance begins to intensify during the teenage years.
question

The recommended amounts of vitamins and minerals for infants are biased on the:
answer

Average amounts ingested by thriving infants breastfed by well-nourished mothers.
question

Which intervention is correct for feeding a 4 year old
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Offer a serving size of about 4 tbsp.
question

When counseling a parent regarding early childhood caries, include the following advice:
answer

Clean the infants teeth and gums with gauze or a toothbrush atleast twice a day.
question

What is the leading cause of high blood pressure in children?
answer

Obesity
question

A child known to be allergic to peanuts who begins to show signs such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the tongue and severe abdominal discomfort is most likely in immediate need of a life saving injection of:
answer

Epinephrine
question

Which practice would be appropriate for an infant with cleft palate?
answer

Burp frequently
question

Which of the following is a characteristic of hunger and behavior in children?
answer

Children who eat nutrious breakfasts are absent from school less often than their friends who do not.
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What organ in the infant uses more than half of the days total energy?
answer

Brain
question

When children are allowed to eat freely form a variety of foods, they usually select foods that are high in :
answer

Sugar
question

Infants fed honey or corn syrup are at increased risk for:
answer

Botulism
question

Which of the following is a common source of lead poisoning in infants
answer

Contaminated water used to make infant formula
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An 18 month old child should be offered:
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A variety of foods that the child can feed himself or herself
question

To help improve a childs BMI, pediatrics recommends limiting TV and video time for children older than 2 years old to how many hours per day?
answer

2
question

Foods containing sorbitol or other sugar alcohols should not be given to infants because they
answer

Promote diarrhea
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To gradually replace breast milk with infant formula or other foods appropriate to an infants diet is to:
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Wean
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Low fat or nonfat milk should not be given routinely to a child after the age of:
answer

2
question

Nutrient characteristics of human breast milk include all of the following except:
answer

The vitamin D content meets optimal growth requirements
question

Breastfed infants are more likely to develop malocclusion due to increased suckling which is required to extract the milk from the breasts
answer

False
question

The involuntary grinding or clenching of teeth observed in children with cerebral palsy or downs syndrome is known as:
answer

Bruxism
question

Which of the following is a characteristic of a food allergy?
answer

It always involves the production of antibodies
question

A mother of a 1 year old tells you she is going to begin giving her child milk because she can now stop formula feedings. Which type of milk should be purchase?
answer

Whole
question

Which of the following is a feature of public school food programs?
answer

They must follow the dietary guidelines for americans
question

Which of the following is a finding regarding the importance of fatty acid intake for preterm infants fed formulas?
answer

Formulas enriched with docosahexaenoic acid and arachiondic acid resulted in improved visual acuity compared with standard formulas.
question

Which of the following is a characteristic of fat in the diet of children
answer

Fat intakes below 30% of total energy do not impair growth provided that total energy intake is adequate.
question

All of the following are typical growth characteristics of overweigh children except:
answer

They can achieve normal appearance after losing excess fat
question

What minimum fraction of the RDA for key nutrients for children 10-12 years of age should be provided by public school lunches?
answer

1/3
question

What is the approximate duration of the adolescent growth spurt
answer

2 years
question

Which one of the following infants is the most prone to malnutrition?
answer

An infant who ingests cows or goats milk
question

Approximately what percentage of US children between 2 and 19 years old are overweight?
answer

32
question

Breastfed infants may benefit from vitamin D supplements during the first 2 months
answer

True
question

Which of the following nutrients need to be supplied first by solid foods in a babys diet?
answer

Vitamin C and iron
question

Which of the following is a characteristic of tobacco use and adolescents?
answer

Smokers require more vitamin C to maintain body stores
question

If iron fortified formula is used, what is the recommendation?
answer

Iron supplementation at 4 to 6 months for breast fed infants
question

Obstruction of the blood vessels which may be related to oral contraceptive use causing low levels of B-6, pyridoxine.
answer

Thromboembolism
question

Therapy used in the treatment of menopausal symptoms which is medication containing estrogen and progestin
answer

Hormone replacement therapy
question

Incomplete fusion of the upper lip of palate which may be caused by folic acid deficiency
answer

Cleft lip/palate
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Gingival condition characterized by shiny gingiva which may bleed easy
answer

Menopausal gingivitis
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Also known as early childhood caries
answer

BBTD
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Under 5 1/2 pounds
answer

Low birth weight
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May cause problems in the development of normal occlusion if continues too long
answer

Non-nutritive suching
question

Formation of red blood cells which requires iron during fetal development
answer

Erythropoiesis
question

Which order of introducing solid foods for an infant is appropriate?
answer

Rice cereal, vegetables, meats
question

Which of the following is most likely the reason that teacher promote the consumption of midmorning snacks for children?
answer

it provides carbohydrate for maintenance of blood glucose and brain function
question

Easy childhood caries is classical seen as a decayed mandibular anterior primary teeth.
answer

false
question

All of the following are common signs of mild lead toxicity except:
answer

Dermititis
question

Approximately what fraction of an average teenager’s daily energy intake is derived from snacks?
answer

1/4
question

To motivate an adolescent to modify his or her dietary pattern and food choices, it is best to:
answer

Appeal to their interests and desires
question

Your patient has a 2 month old girl at home. She states that she is going to start feeding her infant cereal to help her sleep through the night. You respond by saying that the AAP recommends cereal feedings start at ______ months
answer

4
question

When an infant has teeth and can chew, what can you tell the mother?
answer

Foods of a variety of textures can be introduced, and help develop oral musculature.
question

Infants should not be given canned vegetable due to excessive amounts of:
answer

Sodium
question

what food is responsible for the most life-threatening allergic reactions in people?
answer

Peanuts
question

What is an appropriate recommendation for toddlers (1-3 years old) in terms of diet and nutrition?
answer

Small amounts of food should be offered several times per day
question

what should the parents response be when a one year old child wants to clumsily spoon-feed himself?
answer

Let the child try to feed himself so that he will learn
question

Which of the following should not be used to feed an infant?
answer

Whole milk
question

At what age does the normal infant first develop the ability to swallow food?
answer

4-6 months
question

Roberta’s first child is now 8 months old. Roberta has been breastfeeding and would like to introduce solid foods. She read somewhere to introduce one food at a time to the infant. Which of the following would be the best choice for the first food to introduce the baby?
answer

Rice
question

To help prevent earl childhood caries, the dental hygienist should recommend the infant:
answer

Not be given nighttime bottles
question

Systemic fluoride supplementation is recommended at what age?
answer

6 months
question

A mother of a toddler is concerned because her son is not eating well. An appropriate suggestion to this mother would be:
answer

Allow him to eat whenever he asks for food
question

Which of the following sources of nutrition for infants is least likely to become contaminated with microorganisms?
answer

Breast milk
question

You are presenting talk on the benefits of breastfeeding to a group of new mothers with a peace core group in Zimbabwe. There have been numerous cases of infant diarrhea within this population over the past several years. Why is breastfeeding especially important under these circumstances?
answer

The lactadherin protein present in breast milk attacks diarrhea-causing viruses.
question

Which of the following is a characteristic of iron deficiency in children?
answer

It affects brain function before anemia sets in.
question

Too much simple sugar in the diet causes hyperactive behavior in children
answer

False
question

A child with true allergy to milk is actually allergic to the milks.
answer

Casein
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Firm and fibrous foods to help reduce the amount of plaque biofilm from the mouth by stimulating the saliva to aid in cleansing.
answer

True
question

Which nutrient or nutrients are frequently deficient in adolescents diets?
answer

Calcium
question

Which practice indicates correct technique for feeding an infant?
answer

Holds the infant during feeding
question

Which of the following is a characteristic of obesity in childhood?
answer

A non obese child of non obese parents has less than 10% chance of becoming obese in adulthood.
question

Providing the patient with information about the caries process will lead to a reduction in the incidence of decay.
answer

False
question

Which snack would the dental hygienist encourage to help decrease the incidence of caries
answer

Cheese cubes
question

The association of cholesterol to the health of the children is described by all of the following except:
answer

There appears to be only a very weak correlation between obesity in children and their blood cholesterol levels.
question

Sugar-free foods including sorbitol, can be recommended for infants and young children. Cholesterol intake is important during early states of development for infants.
answer

First statement is False. Second statement is True.
question

Which of the following represents a good age to introduce solid foods to infants?
answer

5 to 6 months
question

A reasonable daily fiber intake for 5 years old would be
answer

25 g
question

According to the AAP and the canadian pediatric society, breastfeeding of full term infants is
answer

Strongly recommended
question

When expressed per kilogram body weight, the nutrient needs of infants are markedly higher than those of young adults for all of the following nutrients except:
answer

Iron
question

Jenny is a 13 year old Hare Krishna who follows a vegan diet due to religion. She has not been performing gas well as her non-vegetarian study friend on math tests and is upset about it. The teacher reports to jennys mom that she does not appear focused during lessons and can’t seem to concentrate on her work. Which of the following likely provides an explanation?
answer

The diet provides insufficient bioavailable iron and she may be anemic
question

Breast milk as the sole source of nutrition, up to the first 6 months in health infants, is satisfactory for all nutrients except:
answer

Vitamin D
question

Ch. 15
answer

question

As an individual ages, the tendency to gain weight is affected by:
answer

Decreasing metabolic rate and decreased activity
question

Which of the following should be reduced in an older adult?
answer

Kilocalories
question

How can a medication affect the nutritional status of older adults?
answer

Alter food intake and absorption of nutrients, decrease appetite, taste and smell, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation
question

What is the percentage of total kilocalories from carbohydrates that older adults should consume?
answer

45-65%
question

An enlarged tongue is more common in:
answer

edentulous patients
question

__________ is the min cause of tooth loss in patients older than 35 years
answer

Periodontal disease
question

In older adults, it is common to find caries on the _______.
answer

Root surfaces
question

Weight changes of +-_______ is a nutritional concern in older adults.
answer

10
question

Personal factos contributing to nutritional problems is older in patients include:
answer

Limited financial resources, lack of transportation to the grocery store, inadequate housing with poor cooking and food storage facilities, some degree of physical disability or social isolation
question

Which of the following attitudes and actions would be most helpful in assisting an older patient to find solutions to his or her health problem?
answer

Analyze the patients living situation and food habits, reinforce good habits, leave harmless ones alone and make suggestions for things needing change within the practical reality of individual living situations, encourage as much variety as possible in foods, explore and use available community sources for assistance
question

What are some of the physiological changes affecting nutritional requirements of older patients?
answer

Thirst sensations are decreased
question

To help an older patient who has xerostomia, the dental hygienist should recommend:
answer

Frequent oral hygiene care
question

Immediately after an edentulous patient has receive a full upper and lower denture, the dental hygienist should encourage the patient to:
answer

Start with liquids, then progress to soft foods, then regular food as tolerated.
question

Which patient is at most risk for consuming an unbalanced diet?
answer

Man, living alone
question

An older patient is on a limited budget and is told to increase iron intake. What behavior indicates the patient understood instructions?
answer

Eats enriched cereal products with tomato juice
question

Which action would be appropriate for an older patient experiencing early satiety?
answer

consume smaller nutritious meals and snacks every 2-3 hours
question

Which statement indicates the patient understands the nutrition program for the elderly?
answer

it provides a daily meal in a group setting
question

Which one of the following nutrients is not needed in higher amounts by older individuals?
answer

Iron
question

The most common nutritional disorder for older patients is:
answer

Obesity
question

In older adults, when the ability to smell declines, cariogenic food choices usually increase. Many people begin losing their sense of smell around age 50.
answer

Both statements are true
question

Which of the following is false regarding xerostomia?
answer

All of the above are true, no false statements
question

Which of the following statements is false regarding atrophic gastritis?
answer

It includes an increase in hydrochloric acid production
question

It is recommended that older adults drink at least 8 full glasses of water daily. Fluid balance in older adults is not as much of a concern as with younger adults because of a decrease in metabolism.
answer

First statement is true, second statement is False
question

All of the following recommendations might be made to an older adult in regard to nutrition except one. Which one is the exception?
answer

Encourage new denture wearers to chew regular solid foods first at a meal and then drink liquids last to help get the mouth used to the appliances.
question

Ch. 16
answer

question

What statement show the dental hygienist understands economical food purchasing?
answer

Nutritious food can be purchased more economically by selecting less expensive meats and fresh fruits and vegetables
question

__________ refers to the amount of nutrients in a food relative to the number of kilocalories.
answer

Nutrient density
question

A genetic term covering all aspects of nutritional nonsense is a:
answer

Food fad
question

What foods could a dental hygienist encourage in an underweight patient who is on a limited budget?
answer

Potatoes, milk, peanut butter
question

A dental hygienist notices her 84 year old patient looks much thinner and is having more difficulty moving around since the previous appointment. The patient lives alone. A diet history reveals she consumes one meal each day of foods that are easy and fast to prepare. The dental hygienist should refer her patient to:
answer

Meals on wheels
question

In working with patients of different cultures, which principles should guide the dental hygienist in helping these patients meet their nutritional needs?
answer

Learn as much as possible about the patients cultural habits related to dental health. analyze these findings in an unpredjudiced manner on the basis of known nutritional science, encourage traditional practices that are beneficial, no not interfere with practices that are harmless
question

Food irradiation is a process which DNA molecules of harmful organisms in food are broken down. This process is also known as cold pasteurization
answer

Both statements are true
question

Organic means the product:
answer

Was grown without the use of fertilizers or pesticides
question

Nutrients are considered stable if at least _____% of the original level is retained during processing and storage.
answer

85
question

Which is not a way to keep food safe?
answer

Check and follow food label, refrigerate perishable foods promptly, when in doubt throw it out.
question

When an individual moves from one country to another and is unable to find the same foods, what generally occurs?
answer

Dietary acculturation
question

The milling process of removing bran from the grain results in:
answer

More stable grain with a longer shelf life
question

The best method of cooking that is low in fat, is speedy and retains the nutritional value of the food is:
answer

Stir-frying
question

Which one of the following is classified as a good additive?
answer

Sugars
question

Which statements indicate the dental hygienist understands food safety as addressed in the dietary guidelines for americans?
answer

If an individual eats a nutritious food, but becomes ill, the food did not contribute to his or her well being, food must be handled with care to prevent contamination with food borne organisms, bacteria grow at a rapid rate between 40 and 140 degrees F.
question

By regulation of “organic” means except one of the following. Which is the exception?
answer

Contains no more than 10% of the EPA pesticide tolerance.
question

Charcoal grilled or broiled meats are methods of cooking increasing the fat content of meats.
answer

False
question

Food additives are:
answer

Regulated by laws
question

Fast foods generally are a good source of protein
answer

True
question

Food contamination with pathogens are most harmful to:
answer

Infants and patients with week immune systems
question

Economical nutrient-deist foods include all of the following except on. Which is the exception?
answer

Snow Crab
question

Most cultures base food choice sole on nutritional and health values of food. Cultural or religious beliefs do not play a part in determining a food choice for some patients
answer

Both statements are false
question

Fad diets may be harmful because they:
answer

May be deficient in essential nutrients
question

Which one of the following patient would the dental hygienist expect to be the most resistant to accept a change in diet?
answer

a 75 year old woman who speaks only spanish
question

Fast food is also known as junk food. Fast food typically is low in fat and kilocalories.
answer

Both statements are false
question

A dental hygienist would want to refer a pregnant teenager to which government program?
answer

WIC
question

A patient asks the dental hygienist whether the foods she buys are more expensive because of their better nutritional value. Which of the following is a wise, but economical, food choice for getting proteins?
answer

Dry beans
question

Fad diets are prevalent in the US because:
answer

Americans want an easy answer to solve their weight problems rather than change their lifestyle
question

Food additives are used to:
answer

Improve nutritional value, maintain palatability of foods, enhance flavor and appearance
question

The highest rates of obesity occur among individuals with the highest poverty rates and the least education
answer

True
question

Which of the following statements should the dental hygienist suspect as being food quackery?
answer

This new pill prevents osteoporosis, birth defects and diabetes, this revolutionary new discovery helps you lose 20 lbs in a month by increasing your metabolism
question

Evidence of poor health status and malnutrition increases as income level increases
answer

False
question

Based on prevalence of chronic disease in african americans, which intervention might be beneficial to reduce risk of disease?
answer

Encourage decreased intake of sodium
question

Organic foods:
answer

Meet specific USDA guidelines
question

Symptoms of listeria and infection include:
answer

Fever and diarrhea, and headache and vomiting
question

Proteins sources of foods are generally the most expensive budget items
answer

True
question

What reasons for modifying food choices might the dental hygienist give a patient who states he goes fishing frequently and this provides him with fish to eat every day?
answer

A variety of foods is important to ensure a balanced intake of nutrients, excessive amounts of any one food, especially from the same source, could increase risk of contamination with specific substanes
question

If a patient discloses to you that he does not eat meat because of his religion, which of the following is the best response?
answer

Inquire about the rest of his diet, and educate him on alternative choices for neutron if needed.
question

Which of the following would not be expected to dispense reliable nutritional information?
answer

Jane Fonda
question

Which statement indicates the dental hygienist has a good understanding of food processing
answer

Foods that are harvested as they are gathered and chilled immediately maintain more nutrients
question

Which one of the following foods is most nutrient dense
answer

One medium orange
question

Ch. 17
answer

question

Cooking vegetables makes the folate content more available for absorption. Vitamin C-rich foods can increase the absorption of folate
answer

First statement is false, second statement is true
question

An individual who is taking insulin is always classifies as having type 1 diabetes.
answer

False
question

Oral manifestations of Crohn’s disease include:
answer

Swelling of lip, cobblestone appearance of buccal mucosa
question

Assuming blood glucose goals are being met, the guidelines for the use of alcohol in patients with diabetes include all of the following except one, which is the exception?
answer

Eliminate 1 carbohydrate serving for each beverage consumed
question

Which of the following is key to maintaining the best possible immune system support?
answer

A wide variety of foods
question

When providing a patient with an eating disorder oral healthy instruction, which one of the following statements is incorrect?
answer

After purging, brush your teeth to rid oral cavity of acid.
question

Individuals with hypertension who are being treated with diuretics should consume foods rich in:
answer

Potassium
question

Where is erosion most common for patients with bulimia who purge by vomiting?
answer

Lingual surfaces of the maxillary anterior teeth.
question

Your patient expresses interest in controlling his risk of developing cardiovascular disease. As a dental hygienist, which dietary options would you suggest?
answer

Consume and adequate amount of complex carbohydrates and fiber, substitute fish for red meat twice each week, use olive oil in place of margarine, bake broil, boil, steam, or grill foods instead of frying.
question

The dental hygienist should encourage a patient who has gastroesophageal reflux to:
answer

Avoid eating 2 hours before appointment
question

Which one of the following is a physical symptom of bulimia
answer

Chronic sore throat, scarred or callused knuckles, weekly fluctuation in weight of 5 to 10 lb
question

IF your patient has a megaloblastic anemia caused by folate deficiency, which is the best source of food?
answer

Beef liver
question

Which one of the following would the dental hygienist probably not observe in a patient with anorexia?
answer

Weight gain
question

A patient with diabetes should consider the following:
answer

Consistency of carbohydrate intake and spacing of meals
question

Which of the following is a risk factor for the development of hypertension?
answer

Age, sedentary lifestyle, race, obesity
question

For patient with diabetes, the standard blood test used to evaluate management and control over the past 3 months is ___________>
answer

hemoglobin A1C
question

Vitamin b12 deficiencies are most common among struck vegans. pernicious anemia is a type of megaloblastic anemia.
answer

Both statements are true
question

Symptoms associated with hypoglycemia:
answer

May vary for a patient from one hypoglycemic episode to the next.
question

Plummer-Vinson syndrome is usually obsessed in:
answer

Middle-aged women with anemia
question

Classic oral manifestations of pernicious anemia is cause by vitamin B12 deficiency include:
answer

Sore painful tongue and glossitis
question

Oral candidiasis is frequently a sign of _______
answer

AIDS
question

Possible side effects of radiation therapy affecting nutritional status include:
answer

Xerostomia, mucositis, vomiting
question

The oral manifestations of plummer-vinson syndrome are:
answer

Erosions and ulcerative lesions on the tongue and buccal mucosa, angular cheilosis, erosions and ulcerative lesions on the floor of the mouth, palate, and oropharynx
question

A patients appetite may be effected by:
answer

Medications, infections, chronic illness
question

With respect to body size, individuals with disordered eating tend to:
answer

Overestimate their body size
question

A diminished number of neutrophils in the blood is known as
answer

Neutropenia
question

The macronutrient exerting the greatest influence on blood glucose levels in a patient with diabetes is:
answer

Carbohydrates
question

Reducing the risk of cancer may be related to:
answer

Adequate intake of vegetables, adequate intake of fruits, adequate intake of fiber-rich foods, reducing intake of saturated fats
question

Vitamin B12 deficiencies can result in megaloblastic anemia. This occurs when vitamin B12 is deficient in the diet because absorption is inadequate, or a dietary source is lacking.
answer

Both statements are true
question

__________ intake may correlate with development of cancer
answer

Fat, alcohol, calcium, sodium
question

Hypoglycemia can be defined as any plasma glucose level of _______ mg/dL or les.
answer

70
question

A dental hygienist who observes overgrowth of the mandible might suspect the patient has:
answer

Acromegaly
question

Which of the following general principles guides nutrition planning for most individuals with heart disease?
answer

Reduction of saturated fats
question

The chronic complications associated with diabetes:
answer

May be delayed, reduced, or prevented by tight glucose control
question

Which one of the following blood lipid values is considered to be protective against cardiovascular disease?
answer

Elevated HDL
question

Which statement is true in regard to folic acid deficiency?
answer

It can cause megaloblastic anemia
question

Ch. 13
answer

question

To help a pregnant woman obtain the additional 21 g of protein needed, the dental hygienist could suggest appropriate servings from the food groups plus:
answer

2 oz of meat and 8 oz of milk
question

The dental hygienist should know a woman older than age 35 years who is pregnant with her first child would require fewer kilocalories than a younger woman because of:
answer

decreased basal metabolic rate and activity
question

How much more protein does a pregnant woman require?
answer

21 g
question

What parameter is least helpful in determining a successful outcome for a healthy pregnancy?
answer

birth weight of 5 1/2 lbs
question

Which statement by the dental hygienist indicates a good understanding of the advantages of breastfeeding?
answer

prepregnancy weight is achieved sooner
question

A patient is concerned about losing her figure because of her pregnancy. She is not overweight. She should:
answer

consume an adequate number of extra kilocalories for a healthy infant
question

When is the ideal time to begin taking folate to prevent neural tube defects?
answer

before conception
question

Breastfed infants are more likely to develop malocclusion due to increased sucklingwhich is required to extract the milk from the breast
answer

False
question

Since the Infant Formula Act of 1980, commercial infant formulas must meet established standards in nutritional content
answer

True
question

During the last half of the pregnancy, iron absorption decreases. The average American diet does not provide the daily requirement of iron, so supplementation is necessary especially during pregnancy.
answer

First statement is false, second statement is true
question

How much water should you recommend for a lactating woman?
answer

12 cups
question

When does tooth development begin for the unborn infant?
answer

6 weeks
question

Energy requiremnts during pregnancy is doubled for fetal development.
answer

False
question

Adequate iron and calcium intake in a pregnant woman is important because:
answer

the mother’s stores may be depleted if intake is low
question

Solid foods for infants are introduced at 6 weeks.
answer

False
question

What is the advisable weight gain for a pregnant patient whose BMI is in the desirable range?
answer

25-35 lbs
question

During the third trimester of pregnancy, a daily increase of _____ kcal above the usual caloric intake of nonpregnant women is recommended.
answer

450
question

If a pregnant woman is deficient in calcium, fetal development needs may be met by utilization of calcium from bones and teeth.
answer

False
question

When talking with a young woman trying to get pregnant, the dental hygienist recalls weight adjustment ideally should be made:
answer

Before conception
question

All pregnant women need adequate amounts of _____ to spare protein and provide energy.
answer

Kilocalories
question

Breastfed infants may benefit from Vitamin D supplements during the first 2 months.
answer

True
question

The DRI recommendation for calcium intake is the same for nonpregnant and pregnant women in the same age group
answer

True
question

Which are advantages of breastfeeding for a woman?
answer

reduced risk of premenopausal breast and ovarian cancer, involves prolactin, which relaxes a woman, can help control postpartum bleeding
question

The food cravings of a gravida reflect the nutrients her body requires
answer

false
question

In addition to consuming foods high in iron, a pregnant patient usually requires an iron supplement. The dental hygienist might recommend the supplement be taken _____ to enhance iron absorption.
answer

with a vitamin C-rich food
question

Which statement by the dental hygienist indicates a good understanding of oral changes occurring during pregnancy?
answer

hormonal changes associated with pregnancy contribute to an increased susceptibility to gingivitis and periodontitis
question

Adequate intake of folate is difficult solely from diet. A folate supplement is recommended if the intake is questionable.
answer

Both statements are true
question

Which one of the following foods would be least helpful for a pregnant woman to obtain needed folate?
answer

Corn
question

What vitamin deficiency can lead to birth defects such as neural tube defects?
answer

Folate
question

What would you recommend for a pregnant woman to get this amount of protein?
answer

2 oz of meat, 8 oz of milk
question

A suggestion by the dental hygienist to help a pregnant woman obtain the RDA of 1200 mg calcium might be:
answer

4 servings of milk

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