* nutrition chap 15

question

1. basal metabolism 2. thermic effect of food 3. activity energy expenditure
answer

List the three components of Total Energy Expenditure (TEE). What percentage does each component contribute to the total?
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the effect that a meal has on our interest in food after and between meals and when we feel hungry again
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What is satiety
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hormone produced in stomach that stimulates hunger
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What is ghrelin
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hormone produced by adipose tissue plays role in body fat regulation & long term energy balance
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What is leptin
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breast
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What type of cancer in women is most likely to be associated with obesity?
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satiation
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what is the sense of fullness while eating that leads to the termination of a meal
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stomach
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where is ghrelin produced
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stimulates hunger before meals
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what does ghrelin do?
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adipose tissue
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where is leptin produced
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body fat regulation and long term energy balance
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what does leptin do?
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epigallocatechin gallate
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a flavonoid found abundantly in white and green tea
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epigallocatechin gallate
answer

what may have anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-atherosclerotic, and anti-diabetic effects
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air displacement
answer

what is a method of determining body composition
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air displacement
answer

what assesses a person’s body volume and density
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obesity
answer

what is a condition characterized by accumulation of excess body fat
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obesity
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what is generally associated with adverse health effects
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1. heart disease 2. hypertension 3. type 2 diabetes 4. arthritis 5. gout
answer

what are some adverse health effects of obesity
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basal metabolism
answer

what is the energy expenditure required to maintain the essential functions that sustain life
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hydrodensitometry
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what is a method of determining body composition
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hydrodensitometry
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how is the density of the body calculated from the difference in the person’s body weight on land to that while completely submerged
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body mass index (BMI)
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what is an indirect measure of body fat calculated from a person’s weight and height
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built environment; buildings, transportation systems, and green spaces
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what are the aspects of our surroundings that are designed by humans and what do they include
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appetite
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what is a desire for food for reasons other than, or in addition to, hunger
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hunger
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what is the biological impulse that drives us to seek out and consume food to meet our energy needs
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abdominal obesity
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what is excessive fat distributed around the stomach and abdomen which often has negative health consequences
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basal metabolic rate (BMR)
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what is the amount of energy expended in basal metabolism over a fixed period of time
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kcal per day
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how is basal metabolic rate typically expressed
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NEAT
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what is the energy expended for everything we do that is not sleeping, eating, or sports like exercise
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visceral fat
answer

question

dual energy x-rays absorptiometry
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what is a method of determining body composition
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dual energy x-rays absorptiometry
answer

what is a differential absorption of x-rays of two different energy levels
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dual energy x-rays absorptiometry
answer

what is used to calculate bone mineral mass, lean soft-tissue mass, and fat mass
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increases and acts of the brain
answer

when fat stores increase,leptin production does what
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total energy expenditure
answer

what is the total amount of energy expended through basal metabolism, thermic effect of food, and activity energy expenditure
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bioelectrical impedance
answer

what is a method of determining body composition that uses electrical currents to determine body fat content

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