Nursing Abbreviations

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abd
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abdomen
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ABG
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arterial blood gas
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ac
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before meals
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ADL
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activities of daily living
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ad lib
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as desired
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A.M.
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morning
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amb.
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ambulatory, walking
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amp.
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ampule
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amt.
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amount
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AP
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anterior/posterior and apical pulse
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approx.
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approximately (about)
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ax.
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axillary
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bid
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twice a day
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BM
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bowel movement
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BMR
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basal metabolic rate
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BP
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blood pressure
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BR
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bedrest
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BRP
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bathroom privileges
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BS
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bowel sounds
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¯c¯
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with
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C
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centigrade, Celcius
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Ca
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cancer
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cap(s)
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capsule(s)
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CBC
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complete blood count
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cc
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cubic centimeter
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CHF
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congestive heart failure
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cm
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centimeter
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c/o
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complains of
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C+S
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culture + sensitivity
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CVA
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cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
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CXR
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chest x-ray
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Δ Greek Delta
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change
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D.C. or D/C
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discontinue
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DJD
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degenerative joint disease
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DOE/doe
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dyspnea on exertion
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dr.
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dram
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dsg.
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dressing
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Dx
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diagnosis
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E.C.
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enteric coated
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ECG (EKG)
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electro cardiogram
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Elix.
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elixir
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F.
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Fahrenheit
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fld (Fl)
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fluid
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Fx
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fracture
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GI
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gastrointestinal
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Gm (g) (gm)
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gram
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gr
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grain
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gt (gtts)
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drop (drops)
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GU
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genitourinary
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h or HR
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hour
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H/A
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headache
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Hb (Hgb)
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hemoglobin
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HCT
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hematocrit
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HOB
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head of bed
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hs (HS)
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at bedtime/hour of sleep
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H2O
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water
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H.W.B.
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hot water bottle
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Hx
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history
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IM
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intramuscular (injection)
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I&O
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intake and output
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IV
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intravenous
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kg
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kilogram
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L
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left or liter
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lab
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laboratory
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mcg
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microgram
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mEq.
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milliequivalent
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mg (mgm)
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milligram
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MI
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myocardial infarction
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ml.
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milliliter
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NPO
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nothing by mouth (nils per os)
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NWB
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non weight bearing
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O2
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oxygen
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od
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every day
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O.D.
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right eye
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O.S.
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left eye
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O.U.
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both eyes (each eye)
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oz.
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ounce
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P
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pulse
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¯p¯
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after
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pc
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after meals
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PCA
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patient controlled analgesia
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per
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by or through
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P.M.
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after noon
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p.o.
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by mouth
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prn
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when necessary (when required)
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post-op
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post-operative
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pre-op
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pre-operative
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P.T.
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physical therapy
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qid
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four times a day
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RA
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rheumatoid arthritis
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R/O
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rule out
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RX
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prescription/treatment
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¯s¯
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without
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sol
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solution
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sp.gr.
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specific gravity
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sob
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shortness of breath
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¯ss¯
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one-half (1/2)
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SBE
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self breast exam
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S.S.E.
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soap suds enema
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stat
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immediately
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S/P
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status post
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subq/sq/sc
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subcutaneous (injection)
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TLC
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tender loving care
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tid
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three time daily
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T.O.
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telephone order
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T.P.R.
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temperature, pulse, respirations
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UA
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urinalysis
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via
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by way of
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VO
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verbal order
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V.S.
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vital signs (temp, pulse, respiration, blood pressure)
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WA
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walk aid
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WBC
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white blood count
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w/c
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wheel chair
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wt.
answer

weight

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