NINE WEEKS REVIEW Essay

question

What was the government’s main motivation in passing the Homestead Act of 1862?
answer

to encourage people to settle and farm western lands
question

What was the amin reason members of the Populist Party wanted public ownership of the railroads?
answer

They believed it would help small farmers in the West.
question

Why did very few immigrants choose to settle in the South after the Civil War?
answer

There were more jobs available in the northern factories for unskilled workers.
question

According to the idea of laissez-faire government, when does the economy perform the best?
answer

when there are very few government regulations on business.
question

What concept is Rockefeller describing in this quote? “The growth of large business is merely survival of the fittest…This is not an evil tendency in businesss. It is merely the working out of a law of nature…”
answer

Social Darwinism
question

What is one long-term of industrialization on American society?
answer

an increase in the standard of living for many Americans.
question

What was a significant outcome of the Spanish-American War?
answer

The United Statess acquired territory overseas and became a world power.
question

What effect did the publication of Upton Sinclair’s book, The Jungle, have on american society?
answer

it prompted the passage of the Meat Inspection Acot of 1906.
question

Which belief best mirrrors the philosophy of the Progressive Movement?
answer

The government should regulate businesses in order to protect workers and consumers.
question

What issue was highlighted by the tragic events of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire?
answer

the need for reform of laws governing the safety of workers.
question

What is the main purpose of the Clayton Antitrust Act?
answer

to stop monopolies and restore competition
question

The Populist and Progressives share what common reform goal?
answer

giving the people more contral of the government.
question

What book led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act in 1906
answer

The Jungle
question

During the Progressive Era, how were muckrakers most effective in bringing their cause to the attention of the American public
answer

through books and articles published in popular magazines.
question

How did Jane Addams repond to the conditions of the urban poor?
answer

She established settlement houses to provide assistance.
question

After World War 1, why did the Senate refuse to ratify the Treaty of Versailles?
answer

It had provisions that might get the United States involved in future conflict.
question

After taking office, how did Franklin D Roosevelt respond to the banking crisis?
answer

He declared a national bank holiday.
question

What New Deal program was established to employ writers and artists during the Depression?
answer

Works Progress Administration
question

Why did large numbers of African Americans leave the South and move to northern cities following World War I?
answer

There were more jobs available in the North.
question

Which is a result of the Spanish American War?
answer

The United States became a world power with colonial holdings.
question

What tactic did William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer use to influence public opinion and increase readership of their newspapers?
answer

Yellow Journalism
question

Which headline would be considered an example of yellow journalism?
answer

Spanish Authorities Brutally Butcher Innocent Cubans/
question

Which territories did the United States gain as a result of the Spanish American War?
answer

Puerto Rico and the Phillippines
question

How was U.S foreign policy changed after the Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I
answer

The U.S. became more isolationist and took smailler role in world affairs.
question

Why did the Zimmerman Note anger Americans
answer

It suggested that Mexico should help Germany attack the United States.
question

Whose foreign policy philosophy was to “speak softly and carry a big stick?
answer

Theodore Roosevelt
question

Which is most accurate about workers in a settlement house?
answer

They were usually college-educated, middle or upper class women.
question

What was the main goal of muckrakers such as Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell, and Jacob Riis?
answer

to expose corruption in businesses and the government.
question

In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson what was the Supreme Court’s ruling?
answer

Racial segregation is constitutional
question

How did Upton Sinclair’s book, The Jungle, influence members of Congress?
answer

It convinced them to pass laws to ensure food quality.
question

Which individual started a vocational school as a way to increase economic opportunities for African Americans in the late 1800’s?
answer

Booker T, Washington
question

Why did the United States support a revolution in Panama in the early 20th century?
answer

They wanted to gain permission to build a canal through the country.
question

Why was the United States interested in building a canal through Central America in the early 1900s?
answer

The United States had gained territories in the Pacific region.
question

What was President Wilson’s main goal for the peace negotiations ending World War I
answer

to establish a way to prevent futre international conflicts.
question

How did the Roosevelt Corollary enhance the Monroe Doctrine?
answer

It granted the United States the right to intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American countries.
question

Why did many industrialists oppose the free coinage of silver the late 19th century?
answer

It would have led to a significant increase in inflation.
question

With which statement would a supporter of the theory of Social Darwinism most likely agree?
answer

Individuals should work harder if they want to do better in life.
question

Athe end of the 19th century,fromwhere were most immigrants coming?
answer

eatern and southern Europe
question

In the late 1900s, why did many wealthy industrialists support the theory of laissez faire government?
answer

It allowed for limited government restrictions on buisness operations.
question

Between 1860 and 1890, what happened to most Native Americans living in the West?
answer

They were forced to reservations.
question

What event started World War I in Europe?
answer

the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
question

What caused the largest loss of life during the Spanish American War?
answer

disease
question

What was the purpose of the Pendleton Act
answer

to create a fairer method for hiring people in government jobs.
question

Between 1890 and 1920, from where did the largest number of immigrants to the United States come
answer

Italy, Austria-Hungry, and Russia
question

From where were new immigrants able to get the most support?
answer

political machines.
question

When World War I began in Europe what belief was held by most Americans?
answer

The United States should remain neutral and stay out of the conflict.
question

Women’s participation in the war effort promped the government to do what?
answer

ratify the 19th Amendment
question

What acton best illustrates the United States’ desire to return to a policy of isolationism after World War I ?
answer

refusing to join the League of Nations.
question

What was the major cause of enonomic prosperity in the 1920s?
answer

availability of many new consumer goods.
question

How did President Roosevelt respond to several Supreme court rulings that were unfavorable toward his New Deal programs?
answer

He propsed a law that would allow him to add additional judges to the Court.
question

How did developments such as streetcars, subways, and electric trolleys affect urban life?
answer

More people were able to move to the suburbs.
question

At the end of World War I , what epidemic resulted in a severe loss of both military and civilian lives?
answer

Spanish Flu
question

What was the main objective of the Fourteen Points proposed by President Wilson as part of the peace talks at the end of World War I?
answer

to establish strategies for maintaining peace.
question

The supreme Court’s “clear and prsent danger” ruling in Schenck v US established which idea?
answer

the right to freedom of speech is not absolute.
question

What was the intended result of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887?
answer

Native Americans would leave reservations to farm and assimilate into American culture
question

What was President Hoover’s initial response to the start of the Great Depression?
answer

He relied on private organizations to provide assistance to those in need.
question

Why di President Franklin Roosevelt declare a banking holiday immediately after taking office in 1933?
answer

he wanted to use the time to implement new legislation to support the banks.
question

Mark Twain referred to the time period of the late 19th century as the “Gilded Age” Gilded means gold plated. why did twain give the time period this name
answer

a few people were very wealthy while others were very poor.
question

Why were attempts at railroad regulation in the Gilded Age often unsuccessful?
answer

Railroads had a great deal of political power and fought legal battles against regulation.
question

Mark Twain referred to the time period of the late 19th Century as the Gilded Age. Why is this designation appropriate?
answer

Extreme poverty and terrible living conditions were often masked by the opulence of the wealthiest Americans.
question

Which group of ideas were part of President theodore Roosevelt’s “Square Deal”
answer

trust busting, conservation, and consumer protection
question

How did the automobile industry help stimulate the United States economy in the 1920s
answer

it increased demand for products such as steel, rubber, and gasoline.
question

Which reformer fought for the rights of the mentally ill?
answer

Dorothea Dix
question

What group’s rights were strengthened by the Wagner Act?
answer

labor unions
question

Which best describes President Theodore Roosevelt’s attitude about the conservation of natural resources in the United States
answer

the use of natural resources should be managed, and development of them should be carefully controlled.
question

How did the United States’ participation in World War I contribute to increased economic opportunities for African Americans?
answer

jobs in northern industries became available as many workers joined the army.
question

How did the Agricultural Adjustment Act attempt to lessen the effect of the Depression on farmers?
answer

by paying farmers to stop production and destroy some crops to raise prices.
question

Tn the late 1800s and early 1900s, which best describes the experience of new immigrants after coming to America?
answer

they settled in northeastern and midwestern citites and got jobs in factories.
question

Which aspect of the Treaty of Versailles ending World War I best reflected President Wilson’s idealism and hope for a lasting peace?
answer

the break up of the Ottoman Empire into several smaller nations
question

What stimulated the growth of labor unions in the United States during the Industrial Revolution?
answer

the low pay and poor working conditions suffered by workers
question

Which legislative act had the greatest impact in ecouraging americans to move west after its passage in 1862>
answer

Homestead Act
question

In the late 1800s what is the main reason Midwestern cities such as Chicago experienced significant growth?
answer

they served as a a major transportation link between western farmers and eastern manufacturers.
question

The acqusition of Hawaii in 2898 is an example of what policy?
answer

imperilism
question

Who was the Hawaiian leader who tried to fight off American imperilism
answer

Queen Liluokalani
question

Why did imperialists view Hawaii as an attractive acquisition for the United States?
answer

Hawaii was strategically located in the Pacific Ocean
question

What is the main reason for the growth of lavor unions in the 1800s?
answer

Workers hoped labor unions would help them achieve better working conditions and higher wages.
question

How did the Populist Movement differ from Progressive Movement?
answer

Populist focused mainly on problems of farmers.
question

Why was the Republican Party in favor of high tariffs during the 1920s and 1930s
answer

to prevent the importation of inexpensive foreign goods
question

“The tools of govrenment which we had in 1933 are outmoded. We have had to forge new tools for a new role of government a democracy.” What is most likely the central message of this speech by President Franklin D Roosevelt?
answer

The New Deal programs were a neccessary addition to the government’s power.
question

What was the purpose of the war bonds sold during World War I?
answer

to raise money to pay for war`
question

Which foreign policy concept is best associated with the motivation behind the Boxer Rebellion
answer

The Open Door Policy
question

What was the main result of the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915?
answer

The United States remained neutral for another two years
question

Whyd di some Americans adopt a nativist sentiment and resent the new wave of immigrants coming to the nation in the late 1800s and early 1900s
answer

The new immigrants were willing to work for less money causing some Americans to lose their jobs.
question

During World War I , why was the Committee on Public Information formed
answer

to convince Americans to support the war effort
question

Which argument represents a conservative criticism of the New Deal?
answer

Such a large expansion of the government’s power was inappropriate.
question

A Social Darwinist would most agree with which president’s economic policies?
answer

Herbert Hoover
question

As an expression of frustration for the Lack of government intervention what nick name was given to make shift cities of unemploryed and homeless during the Great Depression?
answer

Hoovervilles
question

What process did the United states undergo during the late 1800s leading to significant political, cultural and economic change?
answer

industrialization
question

Which action was evidence that the prosperity of the “Roaring Twenties” was an illusion
answer

the widespread use of buying on credit
question

With which government action during World war I would Eugene V, Debs most likely disagree?
answer

the passage of the Espioage and Sedition Acts
question

Which best summarizes the Platt Admendment of the early 20th centrury?
answer

The United States may intervene in Cuba and construct military bases there.
question

What policy is reflected in the United States intervention in Panama Canal?
answer

Big Stick Diplomacy
question

Which leader is most responsible for the formation of the National Association of colored People in 1909?
answer

W E B DuBois
question

What did the 18th Amendment make illegal in 1919?
answer

alcohol
question

What was one of the United States main motivations for building the Panama Canal
answer

to decrease the time it took to move the Navy between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
question

Why was the automobile industry considered the cornerstone of economic development in the United States in the post WWI era?
answer

in increased demand for related products like stell and petroleum as well as utilizing new manufacturing techniques
question

Who was president of the United States during the Gold Rush Era
answer

James Polk
question

What type of journalism was pioneered by Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst in the 1880s
answer

yellow journalism
question

The stock market crash of 1929 marked the end of what era?
answer

The Roaring Twenties
question

What change in German policy drew the United States into World War I?
answer

the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare
question

What kept the United States from entering World War I immediately after a German submarine sank the Lusitania.
answer

Germany promised to stop attacking passenger ships.
question

Which came first in the cycle that sank the nation into the Great Depression?
answer

stock market crash
question

How was the role of the federal government different after the Great Depression than before the depression began?
answer

the government played a more active role than before in addressing economic problems.
question

Which region was most affected by the political and economic influence of the United fruit Company after 1899?
answer

Latin America
question

Which of these is the best example of the “big stick diplomacy?
answer

the Roosevelt Corollary
question

After the Civil War , which group most favored the circulation of paper money and the free coinage of silver?
answer

farmers who had debts to pay off
question

How did the Spanish American War most contribute to the rise of the United States as a world power?
answer

it gave the united states ownership of several Caribgbean and Pacific Islands.
question

Whcih technological innovation contributed most to ending the era of the open range in the West?
answer

barbed wire
question

How did the “forty-niners’ who went to California during the gold rush differ from the pioneers who settled in Oregon?
answer

Most forty niners hoped to find enough gold to get rich and then move back home, most Oregon pioneers planned to settle and farm.
question

In the late 1800s where would an American woman most likely find the highest degreee of equality and opportunity
answer

western states
question

Which best explains the reason for failure of the Populist Party
answer

the democratic party adopted several of the Populist Party’s reforms
question

Why was the entry of the United States into World War I significant
answer

the participation of the United States enabled the Allied nations to defeat Germany
question

Who would ost likely support William Jennings Bryan in the Election of 1896
answer

a farmer in Kansas
question

Which best describes the impact of the transcontinental railroad
answer

it spurred a series of technological advances.
question

What most likely caused some individuals to be fearful of the Populist Party in the late 1800s
answer

it was popular with disenfranchised, poor Southern blacks.
question

Which best explains the intent of the Granger Laws in the 1800s
answer

to provide government regulation of railroad frieght rates
question

Why were famers on the Great Plains likely to support bimetallism?
answer

they wanted to put more money in circulation
question

Why was the majority of the free land offered by the Homestead Act not claimed by settlers
answer

most of the land was taken by people seeking profits
question

Which group would most likely support the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement
answer

large corportations
question

What is the main readon that the US decided to build a canal through the nation of Panama?
answer

the US wanted to expand foreign trade and more easily move its military around the world
question

What is another word for “trust” as it is used in the phrase “anti-trust laws”
answer

monopoly
question

What was the significance of the Treaty of Paris 1898/
answer

THE TREATY ENDED THE SPANISH CONTROL IN THE CARIBBEAN

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member