Multicultural Final

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Conversations are highly structured, with people typically taking turns at talking in a smooth and highly organized sequence. Which nonverbal code could you use to maintain the back-and-forth sequencing of a conversation?
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Regulating interactions
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If you were particularly attracted to or distracted by a person’s piercing during a conversation, you are focusing on which of the following?
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Body modifications
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The Middle East, Latin America, and southern Europe are geographical areas with ________ cultures.
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high-contact
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Which is NOT one of the universal aspects of nonverbal communication identified in the text?
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24 – 36 inches of personal space
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Display rules govern
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When various nonverbal expressions are required, preferred, permitted, or prohibited. How far apart people should stand while talking. When and how often to look at others in the conversation and when to look away. ***All of the above.
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The study of body movements is known as
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kinesics
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The term used to describe nonverbal behaviors that have a direct verbal counterpart is
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emblems
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According to Lustig and Koester, emblems can
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mean different things in different cultures.
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The term used to describe nonverbal behaviors that are used to emphasize, explain, or support words or phrases is
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illustrators
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Which statement about regulators is FALSE?
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Regulators are facial and body movements that show feelings and emotions.
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Behavioral synchrony in the use of nonverbal codes can be found in virtually all cultures.
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TRUE
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Verbal and nonverbal messages are actually separate and independent communication systems.
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FALSE
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The study of body movements is known as kinesics.
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TRUE
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The meanings of nonverbal messages are usually less precise than are those of verbal codes.
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TRUE
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Some cultures prefer a lot of touch during interactions while others may avoid it in public.
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TRUE
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In U.S. English, the features of a well-organized speech or essay typically include all of the following except
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the elaborate description of contextual points before advancing the thesis.
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Japanese is a language that can be described as
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listener-responsible.
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A speaker-responsible language typically conveys
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the specific meaning of the speaker’s statements.
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Unlike U.S. English, which has an organizational pattern that links ideas using \”bridges\” between paragraphs or utterances, Japanese is more like a
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series of stepping stones that link ideas through implication.
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Cultures that prefer a/an _________ style of communication use explicit verbal messages that reveal the speaker’s true intentions and desires.
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direct
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The term ethno-logics refers to
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how rationality varies among cultures
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What a persuader offers as convincing proof of what she or he is trying to persuade is called the
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evidence
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The quasilogical style of persuasion emphasizes
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the form and arrangement of ideas.
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What is the persuasive style that emphasizes and targets listeners’ emotions?
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presentational
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When speakers use stories and parables to deliver their messages, what kind of persuasive style are they using?
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analogical
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The authors discussed five types of changes in perceptions and behaviors that most likely occur as a relationship moves from an initial acquaintance to a close friendship. Which of the following was NOT listed by the authors?
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As a result of increased time together, the people will begin having minor to major conflicts to handle.
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Which of the following are the three primary dimensions used by people throughout the world to interpret interpersonal communication messages?
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control, affiliation, and activation
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The openness-closedness dialectic in interpersonal relationships
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refers to people’s desire to share or withhold personal information
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The term face refers to
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-a social image. -an impression held by others. -desired favorable social attributes. **all of the above.
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Which three kinds of face needs are suggested by Tae-Seop Lim?
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control, approval, and admiration
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The actions that people take to deal with the face-needs of oneself and others is called
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facework
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In individualistic cultures,
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preserving one’s own face is most important.
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Competent interpersonal relationships among people from different cultures
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occur as a result of the knowledge and perceptions that people have about one another.
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The interaction with an acquaintance tends to be on a superficial level.
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TRUE
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Friendships usually occur between people who see themselves as similar in some important ways and who belong to the same social class.
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TRUE
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Uncertainty reduction strategies do not come into play in relationships that are moving from an acquaintance to friendship.
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FALSE
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Intercultural communication is often characterized by an increased tendency to misinterpret nonverbal control and status cues.
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TRUE
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The similarity-attraction hypothesis suggests that we like people who are less similar to ourselves but that we find more attractive than ourselves.
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FALSE
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Which is NOT an example of social episodes?
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reading a book
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Which is NOT true of social episodes?
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They occur annually.
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Which is NOT a component of social episodes?
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interaction treaties
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The metaphor used by the authors to describe cultural patterns is
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tinted glasses that color everything people see.
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Which statement about social roles is FALSE?
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Your social role is the same thing as your social behavior.
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Rules of interaction include which of the following?
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-what to wear -what is acceptable to talk about -the sequence of events **all of the above
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The recurring, repetitive topics that people talk about in social conversations are called
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interaction scenes
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The settings or situations within which social episodes occur are called
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interaction contexts.
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Which of the following is NOT an approach to health care as described by Lustig and Koester?
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sociological approach
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A social role is a set of expected behaviors that is associated with people in a particular position.
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TRUE
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Sometimes, breaking the rules of interaction that govern a social episode make one consciously aware of those rules.
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TRUE
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The meanings that are assigned to particular behaviors are not dependent upon the context of the interaction.
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FALSE
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In the magico-religious approach to health care, humans are thought to desire to maintain a sense of harmony with the forces of nature.
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FALSE
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In the holistic approach to health care, humans desire to maintain a sense of harmony with the forces of nature.
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TRUE
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During an intercultural interaction, the unique speech patterns of members of cultures who are subordinate to institutionally and economically dominant cultures can be
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both emphasized and deemphasized.
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Which of the following is likely to lead to positive attitudes in intercultural communication?
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Someone in authority supports intercultural contact.
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If people feel that aspects of their cultural identity are being threatened, what is likely to happen?
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increased group identity
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What is the preferred term for the process that takes place when an individual goes through changes as a result of intercultural contacts?
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adaptation
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Assimilation into a new culture will occur when an individual
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-wishes to take on the values and beliefs of a new culture. -deems it relatively unimportant to maintain his or her original cultural identity. -believes it important to establish relationships with other cultures. **all of the above.
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__________ occurs when members of a more politically and economically powerful cultural group do NOT want to have contact with certain cultural groups.
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Segregation
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When individuals move beyond the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of their own cultures and incorporate other cultural realities, a process of __________ takes place.
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intercultural personhood
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Cultural relativism is the belief that
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individual cultures must be judged within their own set of values.
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According to Kale, what is one of the universal values that all cultures hold?
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striving for a world at peace
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Adaptation includes which of the following?
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-Physical -Biological -Social **All of the above
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Intercultural communication will likely become less common by the end of the 21st century. Conceptual
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FALSE
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A cultural group that has primary access to economic power can be described as the dominant culture.
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TRUE
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The process of adaptation includes physical, biological, and social changes.
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TRUE
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Integration cannot be achieved unless one wishes to give up his or her original cultural identity.
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FALSE
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Ethical intercultural communicators take responsibility for learning as much about others as is possible and reasonable.
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TRUE
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Which one of the BASIC skills is reflected in the statement \”I find New York a difficult place to visit\”?
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Orientation to knowledge
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Which of the following need to be taken into consideration to develop interpersonal and intercultural competence?
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-behaviors that are deemed proper and suitable by the culture of people. -the constraints of the specific situation -the nature of the relationship between the interactants -all of the above **
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Which is an example of culture-specific information?
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-Information about the forces that maintain the culture’s uniqueness. -Information about the specific customs that govern interpersonal communication in a culture. -Facts about the predominant cultural pattern -All of the above**
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To determine communication competence, one ought to focus on the association between interactants.
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True
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What are the four components of cultural patterns?
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shared beliefs, values, norms, and social practices
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_______ defines how the people of a culture view human events and the expression of self through one’s deeds.
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Activity Orientation
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People with a(n) __________ orientation are predisposed to think of ways to change themselves as a means of changing the world.
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becoming
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Hofstede’s indulgence versus self-restraint dimension implies that
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cultures high on restraint discourage excess consumption.
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Taxonomies of cultural patterns are
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made up of individual yet interrelated parts.
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Prejudices are NOT functional when they
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challenge one’s self-esteem.
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The stereotyping error called the outgroup homogeneity effect occurs when
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all members of a particular group are regarded as much more similar to each other than they actually are.
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The _________________ result(s) in a tendency to regard all members of a particular group as much more similar to one another than they actually are.
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outgroup homogeneity effect
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The tendency to use the categories and values of one’s own culture to evaluate the actions of others is called
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ethnocentrism.
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During the cultural identity search stage, one’s cultural characteristics are taken for granted.
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False
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The knowledge function of prejudices helps people to maintain their sense of self-esteem.
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False
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According to Taylor’s definition, racism can only happen at the institutional level.
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False
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The smallest units of meaning in a language are called
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morphemes.
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The rules of a language that tell speakers which sounds to use and how to order them are called
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phonological rules.
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The word \”comforted\” contains three morphemes.
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false
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Intercultural competence requires knowledge, motivation, and actions that recognize the critical role verbal codes play in human interaction.
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True

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