Moore WH Chap 17-18

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Which idea is most closely associated with laissez-faire economics?
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free trade
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Which characteristic is associated with an economy based on the principles of laissez-faire?
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prices based on supply and demand
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What was a major cause of the French Revolution?
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inequalities in the tax structure
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“. . . Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good. . . . ” –Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, 1789 Which principle of the Enlightenment philosophers is expressed in this quotation from the French Revolution?
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natural law
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Which sequence of events is listed in the correct chronological order?
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Crusade –> Enlightenment –> French Revolution
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A primary cause of the French Revolution in 1789 was the
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increasing dissatisfaction of the Third Estate
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Belief in the ideas of the Enlightenment and discontent within the Third Estate were causes of the
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French Revolution
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Laissez-faire economists of the 19th century argued that
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individuals should be allowed to pursue their self-interest in a free market
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Which statement represents a central idea of laissez-faire economics?
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Prices are best determined by supply and demand.
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Base your answer to this question on the poem below and on your knowledge of social studies. “…Here a new city shall be wrought [built]…. Shall break a window to the West… Here flags of foreign nations all By waters new to them will call….” –Alexander Pushkin, The Bronze Horseman Which Russian ruler’s goals are described in the poem?
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Peter the Great
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Which traits characterize a laissez-faire capitalist economic system?
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private property and profit incentive
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The economic theory of laissez-faire capitalism proposes that
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governments should not interfere with business
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Laissez-faire practices are most closely associated with a
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market economy
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Which phrase best illustrates the theory of laissez-faire capitalism?
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businesses operating with little government regulation
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One way in which Peter the Great, Louis XIV, and Philip II are similar is that each
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sought to centralize power by limiting the power of the nobility
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Which event is most closely associated with the French Revolution?
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Reign of Terror
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Which of these events related to the French Revolution occurred first?
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Louis XVI called the Estates General into session.
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Before the French Revolution, the people of France were divided into three estates based mainly on their
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social class
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The American and French Revolutions were turning points in global history because the results of these revolutions
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inspired other peoples seeking democracy and independence
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“The French Revolution is most important for having changed subjects to citizens.” This statement emphasizes the shift from
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divine right rule to people’s participation in government
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke both agreed that a government should be based on the
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consent of the governed
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Base your answer on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies. “. . . Finally, gather together all that we have said, so great and so august [important}, about royal authority. You have seen a great nation united under one man: you have seen his sacred power, paternal and absolute: you have seen that secret reason which directs the body politic, enclosed in one head: you have seen the image of God in kings, and you will have the idea of majesty of kingship. God is holiness itself, goodness itself, power itself, reason itself. In these things consists the divine majesty. In their reflection consists the majesty of the prince. . . . ” –Jacques-Benigne Bossuet Which individual most likely opposed the form of government described in this quotation?
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John Locke
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Base your answer on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. . . .”
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John Locke
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John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support
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the right of citizens to decide the best form of government
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Which economic enterprise would Adam Smith most favor?
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privately owned factory in France
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Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations stressed the importance of
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supply and demand
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The English Bill of Rights and the political philosophy of John Locke both support the idea of
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limited government
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According to John Locke, the purpose of government is to
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protect the natural rights of individuals
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Baron de Montesquieu believed that a separation of powers would
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prevent tyranny by acting as a check on power
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Which statement represents a key idea directly associated with John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government?
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All people are born with the right to life, liberty, and property.
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In Two Treatises of Government, John Locke wrote that the purpose of government was to
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protect natural rights
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One contribution that John Locke made to Enlightenment philosophy was the idea that
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governments should be based on the consent of the people
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“When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates [government officials], there can be no liberty; because apprehensions [fears] may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws to execute them in a tyrannical manner. . . .” — Baron de Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws Which solution would Baron de Montesquieu offer to avoid the enactment of tyrannical laws?
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separating the branches of government
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Which writer opposed political absolutism?
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John Locke
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Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, Rousseau’s The Social Contract, and Montesquieu’s The Spirit of the Laws were works written during which time period?
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Enlightenment
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Historians frequently portray Louis XIV’s construction of the palace of Versailles and Peter the Great’s building of the city of Saint Petersburg as
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monuments to personal rule
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Which step did Catherine the Great take that is consistent with Enlightenment ideas?
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considering a law code that would treat all citizens equally

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