Medical terminology for the Health Professions Chapter 2: The Human Body in Health and Disease

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Adip/o
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Fat
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Anteri/o
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Front
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Aden/o
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Gland
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-Ologist
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Specialist
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-Ology
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Study of
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Cyt/o
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Cell
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Cephal/o
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Head
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Caud/o
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Lower Part of the Body
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Exo-
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Out of
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Endo-
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Within
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Poster/o
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Back
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-Stasis
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Control
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Path/o
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Disease, Suffering, Emotion
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-Plasia
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Formation
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Hist/o
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Tissue
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Nosocomial Infection
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Acquired in a hospital setting.
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Dominant Gene
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Inherited from only one parent, the offspring will have that genetic condition or characteristic.
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Abdominal Cavity
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Contains the major organs of digestion.
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Medial
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The direction toward or nearer to the midline.
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Adult Stem
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The primary role of the undifferentiated ____________ cells is to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found.
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Phenylketonuria
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The genetic disorder that is characterized by a missing digestive enzyme.
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Adenitis
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The inflammation of a gland.
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Parietal Peritoneum
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The outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the interior of the abdominal wall.
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Gene
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A fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity.
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Histology
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The study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues.
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Epigastric Region
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Above the Stomach
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Umbilicus Region
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Bell Button Area
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Hypochondriac Region
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Below the Ribs.
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Hypogastric Region
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Below the Stomach
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Iliac Region
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Hipbone Area
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Inguinal
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Refers to the entire lower portion of the abdomen.
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Genetics
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The study of how traits are transferred from parents to their children and the role of genes in health and disease.
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Epidermiologist
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A specialist in the study of the outbreaks of disease.
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Exocrine Glands
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Excrete their secretions through ducts.
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Inferior
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The location of the stomach is ________ to the diaphragm.
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Displasia
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The abdominal development of tissues and cells.
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Anaplasia
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A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other.
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Hyperplasia
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An abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in a tissue
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Hypoplasia
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Incomplete development of an organ or tissue
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Aplasia
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The defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue.
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Proximal
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The term meaning situated nearest to the midline or beginning of a body structure.
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Posterior
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The term meanig situated in the back.
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Frontal
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The body is divided into equal vertical left and right halves by the _________ plane.
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Distal
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Part of the elbow is formed by the ________ end of the humerus.
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Down Syndrome
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A generic abnormality that is associated with a characteristic facial appearance, cognitive impairment, and physical abnormalities such as heart valve disease.
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Physiology
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The study of the functions of the structures of the body.
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Thoracic Cavity
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What the heart and the lungs are surrounded and protected by.
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Iatrogenic Illness
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An unfavorable response to prescribed medical treatment, such as severe burns resulting from radiation therapy.
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Chromosomes
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The genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell. These structures are made up of the DNA molecules containing the body’s genes.
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Adenectomy
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The surgical removal of a gland.
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Aden -ectomy
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What are the word parts of the word: Adenectomy
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Endocrine Glands
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Hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream by what?
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Endo- -Crine
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Break up the word: Endocrine
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Histologist
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A specialist in the study of the organization of tissues at all levels.
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Hist -Ologist
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Break up the word: Histologist
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Retroperitoneal
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Means located behind the peritoneum.
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Retro- Periton -Eal
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Break up the word: Peritoneum.
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Pathologist
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Specializes in the laboratory analysis of tissue samples to confirm or establish a diagnosis.
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Path -Ologist
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Break up the word: Pathologist
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Etiology
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The study of the causes of diseases.
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Eti- -Ology
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Break up the word: Etiology
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Homeostasis
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Maintaining a constant internal environment.
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Home/o -stasis
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Break up the word: Homeostasis
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Pandemic
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An outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly world wide.
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Pan- Dem -Ic
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Break up the word: Pandemic
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Epigastric
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The region located above the stomach.
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Epi- Gastr -Ic
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Break up the word: Epigastric
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Idiopathic
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An illness without known cause.
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Idi/o Path -Ic
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Break up the word: Idiopathic
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Epidemic
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An outbreak of a disease that spread throughout a town.
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Cytology
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The study of the structure and functions of cells
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Vector-bourne
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Malaria and the West Nile virus are spread by mosquitoes. What is this known as?

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