Medical Terminology Ch.2: Body Directions, Structures, and Terminology

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referring to the front of the body
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ventral
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referring to the body's side
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lateral
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position of the wrist compared to the elbow
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distal
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upper half of the body
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superior
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toward the middle of the body
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medial
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lower half of the body
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inferior
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toward the body's head
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cephalad
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moving up the leg
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proximal
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referring to the back side
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posterior
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toward the tailbone
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caudad
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cutting through the body from one to another results in a --
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plane
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a -- cut is used for a leg amputation
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transverse
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equal right and left halves result from a -- plane
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midsagittal
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a knife cutting anywhere through the body from front to back is following a -- plane
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sagittal
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a -- plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
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coronal
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RUQ
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contains liver, gallbladder, small and large intestines
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LUQ
answer
contains stomach, pancreas, spleen, small and large intestines
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RLQ
answer
contains small and large intestines, appendix, female ovary and uterus, bladder
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LLQ
answer
contains small and large intestines, female ovary and uterus, bladder
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hypochondriac region lumbar region inguinal region or iliac epigastric region umbilical region hypogastric region
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right and left regions below the ribs right and left regions at the waist most inferior right and left regions most superior medial region central region around the belly button most inferior medial region
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process of cell reproduction
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mitosis
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structures that produce energy for a cell
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mitochondria
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structures that carry genes
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chromosomes
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body structures made of cells that are alike
answer
tissues
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outer skin of a cell
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cell membrane
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control center of the cell
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nucleus
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a functioning structure made from various tissues
answer
organ
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disease caused by insufficient food or ability to utilize food
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nutritional
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disease or disorder having no known cause
answer
idiopathic
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disease caused by a gene passed to a child from a parent
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hereditary
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destruction of cells caused by disease or aging
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degenerative
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cause or origin of a disease
answer
etiology
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abnormality caused by fetal development or birth
answer
congenital
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disease contracted while in the hospital
answer
nosocomial
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disease acquired from another human or an animal
answer
communicable
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caused by medication or treatment
answer
iatrogenic
question
actions taken to keep a person in good health
answer
preventive
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listening to parts of the body with a stethoscope
answer
auscultation
question
statement of the cause of a disease or condition
answer
diagnosis
question
abnormal condition that remains after a disease
answer
sequel
question
tapping over body cavities with the fingertips
answer
percussion
question
symptom that can be observed or measured by others
answer
sign
question
disease or condition that continues for three months or more
answer
chronic
question
set of symptoms that occurs with a disease
answer
syndrome
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return of symptoms
answer
exacerbation
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feeling the body with the fingers
answer
palpation
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statement of the probable outcome of a disease
answer
prognosis
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a disease or condition that does not respond to treatment
answer
refractory
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when symptoms lessen, even though the disease is still present, the condition is called --
answer
remission
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certified nurse midwife
answer
the CNM is certified to help with childbirth
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doctor of dental surgery
answer
this dentist or DDS specializes in dental surgery
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doctor of osteopathy or osteopathic medicine
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an osteopathic physician is a DO
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doctor of chiropracty or chiropractic medicine
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this doctor or DC treats the alignment of bones and muscles
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doctor of optometry
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a doctor who is an OD treats only the eyes
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physician assistant
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the PA assists physicians by seeing patients
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doctor of medicine
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an MD is a person who graduates from medial school
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licensed vocational nurse
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this vocational person, an LVN, is licensed to give nursing care
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primary care physician
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a family practice physician is known as a PCP
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nurse practitioner
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an NP is a nurse specialist or practictioner with a master's degree
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study of the nerves
answer
neurology
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study of the skin
answer
dermatology
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study of the respiratory system
answer
pulmonology
question
study of the heart
answer
cardiology
question
study of females
answer
gynecology
question
study of the ears and larynx (voice box)
answer
otolaryngology
question
study of the blood
answer
hematology
question
study of the eyes
answer
ophthalmology
question
study of the urinary system
answer
urology
question
study of the stomach and intestines
answer
gastroenterology
question
neoplastic
answer
neo-plast-ic; pertaining to new growth
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symptomatology
answer
symptomato-logy; the study of a collection of symptoms
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inspection
answer
inspect-ion; action of looking at
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epigastric
answer
epi-gastr-ic; pertaining to above the stomach
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nosocomial
answer
nosocomi-al; pertaining to (a condition acquired while in the) hospital
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etiology
answer
etio-logy; the study of [the] cause of disease
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ophthalmology
answer
ophthalmo-logy; the study of [the] eye
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infectious
answer
infect-ious; pertaining to disease [-causing organisms] within [the body]
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communicable
answer
communic-able; able to be transmitted
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hypochondriac
answer
hypo-chondr-iac; pertaining to below [the] cartilage
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iatrogenic
answer
iatro-gen-ic; pertaining to medical treatment produced by an error
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asymptomatic
answer
a-symptomat-ic; pertianing to without a collection of symptoms
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neonatology
answer
neo-nato-logy; the study of new birth
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terminal
answer
termin-al; pertaining to the end
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sagittal
answer
sagitt-al; pertaining to going from front to back
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exacerbation
answer
exacerb-ation; being or having an increase in the severity of symptoms or signs
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macroscopic
answer
macro-scop-ic; pertaining to large examine with an instrument
question
palpation
answer
palpat-ion; action of touching
question
medicine
answer
medic-ine; pertaining to medicine
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question
referring to the front of the body
answer
ventral
question
referring to the body's side
answer
lateral
question
position of the wrist compared to the elbow
answer
distal
question
upper half of the body
answer
superior
question
toward the middle of the body
answer
medial
question
lower half of the body
answer
inferior
question
toward the body's head
answer
cephalad
question
moving up the leg
answer
proximal
question
referring to the back side
answer
posterior
question
toward the tailbone
answer
caudad
question
cutting through the body from one to another results in a --
answer
plane
question
a -- cut is used for a leg amputation
answer
transverse
question
equal right and left halves result from a -- plane
answer
midsagittal
question
a knife cutting anywhere through the body from front to back is following a -- plane
answer
sagittal
question
a -- plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
answer
coronal
question
RUQ
answer
contains liver, gallbladder, small and large intestines
question
LUQ
answer
contains stomach, pancreas, spleen, small and large intestines
question
RLQ
answer
contains small and large intestines, appendix, female ovary and uterus, bladder
question
LLQ
answer
contains small and large intestines, female ovary and uterus, bladder
question
hypochondriac region lumbar region inguinal region or iliac epigastric region umbilical region hypogastric region
answer
right and left regions below the ribs right and left regions at the waist most inferior right and left regions most superior medial region central region around the belly button most inferior medial region
question
process of cell reproduction
answer
mitosis
question
structures that produce energy for a cell
answer
mitochondria
question
structures that carry genes
answer
chromosomes
question
body structures made of cells that are alike
answer
tissues
question
outer skin of a cell
answer
cell membrane
question
control center of the cell
answer
nucleus
question
a functioning structure made from various tissues
answer
organ
question
disease caused by insufficient food or ability to utilize food
answer
nutritional
question
disease or disorder having no known cause
answer
idiopathic
question
disease caused by a gene passed to a child from a parent
answer
hereditary
question
destruction of cells caused by disease or aging
answer
degenerative
question
cause or origin of a disease
answer
etiology
question
abnormality caused by fetal development or birth
answer
congenital
question
disease contracted while in the hospital
answer
nosocomial
question
disease acquired from another human or an animal
answer
communicable
question
caused by medication or treatment
answer
iatrogenic
question
actions taken to keep a person in good health
answer
preventive
question
listening to parts of the body with a stethoscope
answer
auscultation
question
statement of the cause of a disease or condition
answer
diagnosis
question
abnormal condition that remains after a disease
answer
sequel
question
tapping over body cavities with the fingertips
answer
percussion
question
symptom that can be observed or measured by others
answer
sign
question
disease or condition that continues for three months or more
answer
chronic
question
set of symptoms that occurs with a disease
answer
syndrome
question
return of symptoms
answer
exacerbation
question
feeling the body with the fingers
answer
palpation
question
statement of the probable outcome of a disease
answer
prognosis
question
a disease or condition that does not respond to treatment
answer
refractory
question
when symptoms lessen, even though the disease is still present, the condition is called --
answer
remission
question
certified nurse midwife
answer
the CNM is certified to help with childbirth
question
doctor of dental surgery
answer
this dentist or DDS specializes in dental surgery
question
doctor of osteopathy or osteopathic medicine
answer
an osteopathic physician is a DO
question
doctor of chiropracty or chiropractic medicine
answer
this doctor or DC treats the alignment of bones and muscles
question
doctor of optometry
answer
a doctor who is an OD treats only the eyes
question
physician assistant
answer
the PA assists physicians by seeing patients
question
doctor of medicine
answer
an MD is a person who graduates from medial school
question
licensed vocational nurse
answer
this vocational person, an LVN, is licensed to give nursing care
question
primary care physician
answer
a family practice physician is known as a PCP
question
nurse practitioner
answer
an NP is a nurse specialist or practictioner with a master's degree
question
study of the nerves
answer
neurology
question
study of the skin
answer
dermatology
question
study of the respiratory system
answer
pulmonology
question
study of the heart
answer
cardiology
question
study of females
answer
gynecology
question
study of the ears and larynx (voice box)
answer
otolaryngology
question
study of the blood
answer
hematology
question
study of the eyes
answer
ophthalmology
question
study of the urinary system
answer
urology
question
study of the stomach and intestines
answer
gastroenterology
question
neoplastic
answer
neo-plast-ic; pertaining to new growth
question
symptomatology
answer
symptomato-logy; the study of a collection of symptoms
question
inspection
answer
inspect-ion; action of looking at
question
epigastric
answer
epi-gastr-ic; pertaining to above the stomach
question
nosocomial
answer
nosocomi-al; pertaining to (a condition acquired while in the) hospital
question
etiology
answer
etio-logy; the study of [the] cause of disease
question
ophthalmology
answer
ophthalmo-logy; the study of [the] eye
question
infectious
answer
infect-ious; pertaining to disease [-causing organisms] within [the body]
question
communicable
answer
communic-able; able to be transmitted
question
hypochondriac
answer
hypo-chondr-iac; pertaining to below [the] cartilage
question
iatrogenic
answer
iatro-gen-ic; pertaining to medical treatment produced by an error
question
asymptomatic
answer
a-symptomat-ic; pertianing to without a collection of symptoms
question
neonatology
answer
neo-nato-logy; the study of new birth
question
terminal
answer
termin-al; pertaining to the end
question
sagittal
answer
sagitt-al; pertaining to going from front to back
question
exacerbation
answer
exacerb-ation; being or having an increase in the severity of symptoms or signs
question
macroscopic
answer
macro-scop-ic; pertaining to large examine with an instrument
question
palpation
answer
palpat-ion; action of touching
question
medicine
answer
medic-ine; pertaining to medicine