Medical Terminology Quiz Flashcards

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endotracheal
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Which of these medical words has a prefix that means within?
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within
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In the word intrahepatic, the prefix intra- means _______ the liver.
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pertaining to
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The suffix -ac means:
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hepatomegaly
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Which word means enlargement of the liver?
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above; more than normal
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The prefix hyper- means:
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mammogram
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Which of the following words has a suffix that means a record or picture?
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combining form
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The medical word part that gives a medical word its meaning is the:
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pulse oximeter and arterial blood gas
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Which of the following pairs measures the oxygen level in the blood?
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bronchioles
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Each primary bronchus enters a lung and branches into smaller ________
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bronchi
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A patient diagnosed with bronchitis has an inflammation of the ________.
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condition of dilation
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The medical language definition of bronchiectasis is ________ of the bronchi.
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ribs
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Because of the definition of the combining form, we know that the intercostal muscles are located between the ________.
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lungs
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Pulmonology is the study of the ________ and associated structures.
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empyema
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pus in the thoracic cavity.
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oxygen
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In the medical word oxygenated, the combining form ox/y- means ________.
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all
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In panlobar pneumonia, by definition of the prefix we can tell that ________ lobes are affected
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gallbladder
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The combining form cholecyst/o- means:
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taste receptors
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The gustatory cortex in the brain processes information sent by the
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emulsification
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When bile breaks apart large globules of fat, the process is known as:
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can have nothing by mouth
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A patient who is NPO:
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intestine
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The combining form enter/o- means:
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through the skin
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In a PTCA, the catheter is first inserted percutaneously, or ________.
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epinephrine
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Which is a neurotransmitter for the sympathetic division of the nervous system that increases the heart rate to prepare the body for the \”fight or flight\” response?
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sphygmomanometer
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The medical language definition of the word ________ is an instrument used to measure the pressure of the pulse by using a thin, inflatable cuff.
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movement in a circular route
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The combining form circulat/o- means:
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bruit
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A ________ is a harsh, rushing sound made by blood passing through an artery narrowed and roughed by atherosclerosis.
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valves
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The flow of blood through the heart is controlled by
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around
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In a patient suffering from pericarditis, the inflammation occurs ________ the heart.
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erythema
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Reddish discoloration of the skin is known as
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alopecia
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male pattern baldness is a type of:
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dermabrasion
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The use of a rapidly spinning wire brush or diamond surface to mechanically scrape the epidermis is known as:
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dermis
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The subcutaneous tissue is a loose, connective tissue located directly beneath the:
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epidermis
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The outermost layer of the skin is the:
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carbuncle
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Large abscesses with connecting tunnels under the skin form a/an
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vitiligo
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Abnormal, white, depigmented patches of skin are characteristic of which skin disease?
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exfoliation
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The constant shedding of dead skin cells is known as:
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necr/o-
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Which combining form means dead?
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Etymology
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the study of word origins
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joint
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arthr/o
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heart
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cardi/o
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skin
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derm/o
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stomach
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gastr/o
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breast
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mamm/o
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nose
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nas/o
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mind
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psych/o
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gallbladder
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cholecyst/o
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rib
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cost/o
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intestine
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enter/o
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liver
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hepat/o
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uterus
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hyster/o
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abdomen
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lapar/o
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condition
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ia
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disease
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ism
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infection
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itis
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enlargement
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megaly
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tumor
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oma
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abnormal
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osis
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disease
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pathy
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removal
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ectomy
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gram
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record/picture
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graphy
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recording
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metry
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measuring
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scope
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examine
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scopy
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examine with instrument
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stomy
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surgical opening
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tomy
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cutting
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innermost/within
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endo
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upon/above
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epi
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between
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inter
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within
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intra
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around
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peri
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after/behind
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post
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before
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pre
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below
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sub
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across
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trans
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Gastroenterology
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studies the A&P of the gastrointestinal system
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anorexia
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being without an appetite
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dysphagia
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difficult/painful eating
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polyphagia
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much eating
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cheilitis
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inflammation or corners of mouth due to infection, allergies or nutritional deficiency.
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Sialolithiasis
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salivary gland stone
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Stomatitis
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inflammation of oral cavity
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Glossitis
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inflammation of the tongue
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Ileus
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absence of normal peristalsis
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Intussusception
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the inversion of one portion of the intestine with another
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Volvulus
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twisting of small intestine around itself
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Hemorrhoid
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swollen veins in the rectum
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Proctitis
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inflammation of the rectum
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Rectocele
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hernia in the wall of the rectum
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Hematochezia
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blood when passing feces
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Incontinence
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inability to control bowel movements
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Steatorrhea
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feces with un-digestive fats in it
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Adhesions
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fiber spans forming in the cavity
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Hernia
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weakness of muscle in diaphragm
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Peritonitis
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infection in abdominal cavity
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Cirrhosis
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inflammation of liver
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Hepatitis A
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short lived; acute; water contaminated with feces
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Hepatits B
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exposure to blood; sex; saliva; transfusion
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Hepatitis C
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exposure to blood
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Hepatitis D
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mutated hepatitis virus
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Hepatomegaly
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enlargement of liver
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Jaundice
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yellowing of skin
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liver cancer
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hepatoma
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Pulmonology
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the medical specialty that studies the A&P of the respiratory system
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Asthma
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hyper reactivity; inflammation and swelling in mucosa membrane
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Bronchitis
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inflammation/infection of bronchi
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Bronchiectasis
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dilation of bronchioles
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Abnormal breath sounds
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change in sounds of breathing; wheezing
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ARDS
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injury to lungs; infection; burns
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Atelectasis
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collapse of lung by mucus, tumor or trauma
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COPD
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bronchitis and emphysema; large air pockets in lungs
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Occupational Lung disease
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exposure to inhaled particles that damage lungs
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Aspiration pneumonia
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foreign matter inhaled into lungs
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pulmonary edema
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fluid in alveoli- left sided heart failure
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hemothorax
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blood in thoracic cavity
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Pleural effusion
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fluid in pleural space
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Mastication
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process of teeth grinding food
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Empyema
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bacterial infection, pus in thorax cavity
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Influenza
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respiratory infection/virus/the flu
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Pleurisy
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inflammation/infection in pleural
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pneumothorax
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large volume of air in pleural space
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Apnea
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being without breathing
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Bradypnea
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slow rate of breathing
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tachypnea
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fast breathing

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