MDA Ch. 54 Endodontics

question

What are periradicular tissues?
answer

The nerves, blood vessels, and tissues that surrounds the root of a tooth
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What specialist performs root canal therapy?
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Endodontist
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What can result if bacteria reach the nerves and blood vessels of a tooth?
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Abscess
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Would “pain”be a subjective or objective component of a diagnosis?
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Subjective (patient complaint)
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Tooth #21 is the questionable tooth for a possible endodontic treatment. What tooth would be used as a control tooth?
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Tooth #5
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When the dentist taps on a tooth, what diagnostic test is being performed?
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Percussion
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How many radiographic images may be taken through the course of root canal therapy?
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5 Initial, Working length, final instrumentation, root canal completion, recall
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What diagnosis is given when pulpal tissues are inflammed?
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Pulpitis
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Give another term used for necrotic or necrosis
answer

Nonvital
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What dental material is commonly selected for pulp capping?
answer

Pulpotomy
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What portion of the pulp is removed in a pulpotomy?
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Coronal portion
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What dental instrument has tiny projections and can be used to remove pulp tissue?
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Broaches
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Can endodontic files be placed in a handpiece for use?
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Only rotary-operated files
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What type of file is best suited to shape and contour the pulpal canal?
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K-type file
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Why is a rubber stop used on a file?
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To prevent perforation (making a hole) of the apex of the tooth
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What does the term obturate mean?
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Process of filling a root canal
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What type of irrigation solutions are available for root canal therapy?
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Sodium hypochlorite(bleach), Hydrogen peroxide, Parachlorophenol
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What material is used for the obturation of a canal?
answer

Gutta-percha
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What type of moisture control is recommended for root canal therapy?
answer

Dental dam
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What surface of an anterior tooth will the dentist enter when performing root canal therapy?
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Lingual surface
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What is the success rate of root canal therapy?
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Apprx 90-95%
question

What surgical procedure involves removal of the apex of a root?
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Apicoectomy
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List the causes of pulpal damage
answer

Physical irritation or Trauma
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List the different diagnostic tests
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Percussion, Palpation, Thermal sensitivity, Electrical pulp testing, Radiographic testing
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List the types of Endodontic procedures
answer

Pulp capping (Indirect and Direct) Pulpotomy- removal of the coronal portion of the pulp Pulpectomy- Root Canal therapy

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