MA&P Chapter 1

Which of the following options best describes anatomy?
The study of external body structures
The oldest medical science
The study of internal body structures
The study of tissues with a microscope is called __________.
Histology
Anatomy is to ________ as physiology is to ________.
Structure; function
Identify the branch of biological science that deals with the study of how living organisms perform their vital functions.
Physiology
Which of the following is arranged in correct order from the simplest to the most complex?
Molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
During wind sprints for field hockey practice, Sarah noticed that her face felt very hot and looked red. Of the choices below, which would be considered the receptor(s) for the homeostatic response to Sarah’s running?
Sarah’s skeletal muscles and blood vessels
The central idea for understanding the general stability of body function is the principle of __________.
Homeostasis
The central principle of physiology is…
Homeostasis
With regard to maintaining homeostasis, in a positive feedback situation the stimulus is __________.
Reinforced
In blood clotting, the platelets __________ to initiate the clotting process.
Aggregate
Which plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts?
Transverse
__________ feedback control reduces variations away from a desired physiological state.
Negative
If a response decreases a disturbance, the control system is classified as a ________ feedback system.
Negative
If a response increases a disturbance, the control system is classified as a ________ feedback system.
Positive
Identify the quadrant that contains most of the stomach.
Left upper quadrant
The spleen is located in the __________ quadrant.
Left upper
The lungs are __________ to the heart.
Lateral
The heart is ________ to the lungs.
Medial
The wrist is ________ to the elbow.
Distal
The chin is ________ to the nose.
Inferior
The trunk is subdivided into two main cavities: the abdominopelvic and the __________.
Thoracic cavity
The __________ attaches to the surface of the heart.
Visceral pericardium
The diaphragm muscle separates the ________ from the ________.
Thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic cavity
Which of the following organs is described as retroperitoneal?
Kidney
The right pleural cavity contains…
The right lung
In which of the fields has the most progress been made over the last two decades?
Molecular biology
The study of structures of the cardiovascular system is an example of __________.
Systemic anatomy
With regard to maintaining homeostasis, in a situation of negative feedback the __________ functions as a detector.
Receptor
The study of the structure of muscle tissue is an example of __________.
Histology
Maintenance of a constant body temperature is an example of __________.
Negative feedback
The scientist who studies the effects of diseases on organ or system functions is a __________.
Pathophysiologist
“pathos” = disease
Jared was working in a hot dish room all afternoon, sweating. After his shift, he stepped out into a cold December night and got “goose bumps.” What type of homeostatic regulation best describes these physiological responses?
Extrinsic regulation
During embryological development, the ventral body cavity subdivides into how many chambers?
It subdivides into four chambers.
What is the role of the effector in homeostatic regulation?
To respond to the output of the control center
“Homeostasis” refers to __________.
The existence of a stable internal environment
What general mechanism involved in homeostatic regulation occurs when a cell, tissue, organ, or organ system adjusts its activities automatically in response to an environmental stimulus?
Autoregulation
What is the term for the maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment in an organism?
Homeostasis
Which of these sciences began with the invention of the microscope?
Cytology
Making a sagittal section results in the separation of __________.
Right and left portions of the body
Cardiac muscle tissue is part of the __________.
Cardiovascular system
What type of sectional plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions?
Frontal or coronal
In which body cavity are the female reproductive organs located?
Pelvic cavity
A plane that is cut parallel to the midsagittal plane is a __________.
Parasagittal section
Another term for “anterior” would be __________.
ventral
A patient placed face down is in the __________ position.
Prone
The stomach is located in the __________ cavity.
Abdominal
An example of a sensor in a negative feedback loop that controls body temperature is __________.
A temperature receptor in the skin