macbeth act 4 study guide- honors

question

what is the first apparition and what does it say?
answer

the armed head (Armour); it means beware of macduff
question

what is the second apparition and what does it tell macbeth? why does macbeth feeh he can ignore the first apparition’s warning?
answer

the bloody child; do not fear one born of women; can ignore it bc everyone is born of women
question

what is the third apparition? what does it tell macbeth? why does macbeth feel he can dismiss this apparition as well?
answer

a crowned child with a tree; it tells macbeth that he will never be killed untill Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane. he can dismiss it bc trees cannot move
question

what final question does macbeth have for the witches? what do the witches show him?
answer

he wants to know if banquo’s children will rule; they show him a line of men with one at the end holding a mirror. (all look like banquo)
question

what is ironic about macbeth’s line \”infected be the air whereon they ride,/ and damned all those that trust them?\”
answer

he is trusting the witches and now he will be damned for it
question

to where has macduff fled? what is macbeth’s soulution to this new problem?
answer

england; his solution is to kill macduff
question

what is macduff’s wife’s reaction to the news that macduff has left her?
answer

very mad
question

how does ross justify macduff’s actions to his wife?
answer

he says that there is a good reason macduff has left but he cannot talk about it
question

what does lady macduff tell her son about macduff?
answer

he is a trador
question

what does macduff’s son say about lady macduff?
answer

that she will easily find a new husband
question

why doesnt lady mcduff leave after she has been warned?
answer

she does not want to leave her home
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why doesnt malcolm initially trust macduff?
answer

he is not able to trust anyone at this point
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what do malcolm and macduff now call macbeth? what do they think about how macbeth has been running the country?
answer

a tyrant; they are ashamed & disgusted to call Scotland their home
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how does malcolm \”test\” macduff’s allegiance?
answer

he acts likes he is a tyrant and says how he will run the country down to the ground (kind of like macbeth)
question

what kinds of things does malcolm say he would do as king? list two
answer

take advantage of all the women to fufill his lust; steal his land owners money & turn the people against eachother
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who has malcolm joined forces with? what have they already done to go against macbeth?
answer

king edward’s son- siward; already gathered 10,00 men & are ready to fight
question

describe what edward the confessor, king of england, has done for his people, according to malcolm.
answer

cured them with prayer and had a gift of prophecy
question

what news does ross bring macduff? what is macduff’s immediate reaction? what does he then realize?
answer

his family was murdered; realizes that it is all his fault because he left for england and did not take his family
question

what does macduff vow to do as the end of this scene?
answer

revenge against macbeth

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