Lit Final Exam – Flashcards

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CHAPTER 30 What author offered realistic (and sentimental) depictions of nineteenth-century society in works such as David Copperfield?
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Charles Dickens
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In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels prophesized that a revolution would make the ________ the new ruling class
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proletariat
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The Naturalistic novels of Zola were grounded in his belief that human beings were _______
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products of their environment and their heredity
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Who called for a new morality that privileged the "superman"?
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Nietzsche
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What author is credited with inventing the modern novel with his "Madame Bovary"?
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Flaubert
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What was NOT an innovation of the nineteenth century?
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the novel
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artist—whose subject matter was individuals in ordinary settings—who challenged, "Show me an angel and I'll paint one"
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Courbet
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The Social Realist who is primarily associated with the medium of lithography
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Daumier
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Impressionism took its title from a painting by _____
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Monet
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Impressionist painters drew largely on _____ for their subject matter
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the urban scene
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The artist who became infatuated with unspoiled nature, especially as it existed in Tahiti (where he relocated after abandoning his job and family) was _____
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Gauguin
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What had the greatest influence on late-nineteenth-century European Postimpressionism? Japanese prints
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Japanese prints
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The music of ________ was heavily influenced by the Symbolists and Impressionists
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Debussy
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Characteristic of the music of Debussy is
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the use of shifting harmonies
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The names Matthew Brady and Eadweard Muybridge are associated with
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photography
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Who brought a new level of realism into opera?
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Puccini's verismo operas
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What artist wished to "redo nature after Poussin," and whose later work anticipated twentieth-century abstract art?
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CĂ©zanne
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A major factor in bringing non-Western cultures to the attention of Europeans was
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a. advancing colonialism. b. the World's Fairs. c. documentary photography.
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What city emerged as the center of Western artistic productivity in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
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Paris
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Realists focused primarily on
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Society
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Colonialism had as its primary motivating force the
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need for materials and markets
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Which nation established colonies throughout the world during the 19th century?
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England
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People who organize, manage, and assume risks of a business are
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entrepreneurs
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Who is the author of the Communist Manifesto?
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Marx
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The author of the Communist Manifesto argues that the "history of all existing societies is the history of
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class struggles
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According to the Communist Manifesto, which social group will rebel because they are deprived of money, land, and power?
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proletariat
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Which writer described women of all classes as the unwilling subjects of more powerful males?
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Mill
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Who is the most popular British novelist during the nineteenth century who described the conditions of the working class?
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Charles Dickens
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In Flaubert's novel, Emma Bovary meets with disaster as she
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tries to inject romance into her everyday life
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John Stuart Mill wrote that men do not simply want obedience from women (as men might demand from slaves) but women's _______________ as well.
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sentiments
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In "The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin, Mrs. Mallard discovers in her mourning what is "the strongest impulse of her being," namely,
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her freedom to choose
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Dostoevsky is the author of
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Crime and Punishment
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"When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease—of joy that kills." This is an excerpt from the author
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Kate Chopin
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An example of a feminist drama is
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A Doll's House
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The "doll" whom Ibsen described in his play was Nora, who had been
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under the authority of first her father, then her husband
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Which invention altered the way that artists portrayed nature in their art during the realistic era?
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camera
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Who challenged the acute subjectivity, exoticism and escapism that typified romanticism?
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realists
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Who created lithographs that satirized technology, the pretentions of thenouveaux riches, politicians, and the French Salon.
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Daumier
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Which of the following paintings featured a short, stocky prostitute wearing only a black ribbon and satin slippers?
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Olympia
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Which painting illustrated the artist's interest in African-Americans?
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The Gulf Stream
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The French painter who scandalized the public by presenting traditional themes in unconventional ways is
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Manet
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The poem "The White Man's Burden" highlighted which of the following?
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racial superiority
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According to Marx, who is responsible for feudal and patriarchal form of social order?
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bourgeoisie
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What building material revolutionized architecture and led to the development of sky scrapers?
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steel
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Which of the following operas is considered to be a verismo-style opera?
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La BohĂšme
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Who is an African American painter who realistically portrayed simple, everyday events in genre paintings?
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Tanner
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Harnett's The Artist's Letter Rack is an example of
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still life
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Which type of art is produced when an image is first drawn or painted with an oil-based crayon or pencil on a smooth limestone surface?
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lithography
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Matthew Brady is primarily known for his
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photographs
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CHAPTER 31 Discoveries in the physics of _________ profoundly influenced the late nineteenth-century cultural community. (sound, light, fusion, or time)
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Light
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The French artist whose painting gave a name to the impressionist school was (Manet, Maeterlinck, Mallarme, Monet)
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Monet
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Impressionist painters believed that paint should be applied in (clear lines, pure brush strokes of color, shadings of clashing impastos, invisible brush strokes)
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pure brush strokes of color
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Who is the German philosopher who rejected organized religion, attacked Christianity and other institutionalized religions that contributed to the formation of "slave morality"? (Nietzsche, Freud, Darwin, Hegel)
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Nietzsche
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Late nineteenth-century painters looked to Japanese woodblock prints for all the following EXCEPT (flat bold colors, startling perspectives, forceful calligraphy, heroic subject matter)
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heroic subject matter
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The American impressionist whose work did much to popularize that artistic style in North America was (Mary Cassatt, Stéphane Mallarmé, Vincent van Gogh)
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Mary Cassatt
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The French artist who became entranced with unspoiled nature, especially as it existed in Tahiti, was (Paul Verlaine, Vincent Rimbaud, Paul Gauguin, Stéphane Mallarmé)
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Paul Gauguin
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This French philosopher of the late nineteenth century argued that all reality is constantly in the process of evolving and can only be understood intuitively. (Bergson, Freud, Jung, Verlaine)
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Bergson
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Which artistic style originated in Belgium and is an ornamental style influenced by the English Arts and Crafts movement and by art of the Middle Ages? (impressionism, post-impressionism, expressionism, art nouveau)
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art nouveau
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The "father of modern painting," who was more concerned with the composition and technique of a painting than its content, was __________. (Seurat, CĂ©zanne, Manet, Degas)
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CĂ©zanne
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The Dutch postimpressionist who expressed his reaction to a subject rather than to its physical appearance was (Maurice Maeterlinck, Stéphane Mallarmé, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Claudel)
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Vincent van Gogh
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According to Nietzsche, what has led Europe to decadence and decline? (religion, impressionistic art, transcendental philosophy, materialism)
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materialism
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Who declared that God is dead? (Verlaine, Jung, Stéphane Mallarmé, Nietsche)
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Nietsche
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Which of the following poets was not a symbolist poet? (Stéphane Mallarmé, Ferdinand Hodler, Vincent Rimbaud, Paul Verlaine)
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Ferdinand Hodler
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The impressionist composer who was inspired by the five tone scale of East Asian music was (Nijinsky, Chopin, Debussy, Wagner)
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Debussy
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Debussy's Prelude to "The Afternoon of the Faun" is a musical interpretation of a poem written by (Stéphane Mallarmé, Vincent van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Victor Horta)
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Stéphane Mallarmé
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The artist most closely associated with the colorist style known as pointillism is __________. (Degas, Monet, Seurat, Renoir)
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Seurat
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Which artist chose lily ponds and his lavish gardens in Giverny as subjects of his paintings? (Manet, Seurat, Degas, Monet)
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Monet
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In which urban setting did Renoir depict the idle pleasures of dancers and diners? (Two Dancers on a Stage, At the Moulin-Rouge, Dejeuner sur l'herbe, Le Moulin de la Galette)
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Le Moulin de la Galette
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Which artist frequently portrayed ballerinas, horse racing, and the theatre? (Pissaro, Degas, Renoir, Corot)
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Degas
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Paris boulevards at various times of the year and during different lighting is a favorite subject in the art by _________. (Pissaro, Renoir, Cezanne, Toulouse-Lautrec)
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Pissaro
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Which type of art feature flat, unmodulated colors, undulating lines, asymmetrical compositions, and daring use of negative space? (Tahitian art, African art, Chinese art, Japanese art)
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Japanese art
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Which artist preferred to portray indoor domestic scenes and interactions between mothers and children? (Tori Kiyonobu, Cassatt, Toulouse-Lautrec, Cezanne)
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Cassatt
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Rodin was primarily a(n) (architect, watercolor artist, sculptor, landscape artist that focused on sunflowers and farmers)
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sculptor
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Vincent van Gogh, Gauguin, Seurat and Cezanne were ( impressionistic artists, surrealistic artists, post-impressionistic artists, Art Nouveau artists)
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post-impressionistic artists
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What is the prevailing artistic theme that influenced French art in the last quarter of the nineteenth century? (Pleasure is more desirable than essence, art for art's sake, God and nature are one, Man is the center of the universe.)
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art for art's sake
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According to Bergson, ________________ controls humans. (God, intuition, chance, the devil)
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intuition
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The following excerpt is from which of the following literary works? I would immortalize these nymphs: so bright Their sunlit coloring, so airy light, It floats like drowing down. Love I a dream? ("The Gay Science", "Twilight of the Idols", "Time and Freewill", "The Afternoon of a Faun")
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"The Afternoon of a Faun"
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Who choreographed Debussy's "Prelude to Afternoon of the Faun"? (Martha Graham, Vaslav Nijinsky, Isadora Duncan, Alvin Alley)
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Vaslav Nijinsky
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To increase luminosity in his painting "Impression: Sunrise," Monet coated his canvas with egg yolk. (True, False)
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False
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CHAPTER 32 Max Planck is a pioneer in the field of (astronomy, chemistry, quantum physics, medicine)
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quantum physics
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Who developed the theory of relativity? (Albert Einstein, John Newton, Max Plack, Werner Heisenberg)
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Albert Einstein
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Which of the following is not an imagist poet? (Amy Lowell, Hilda Doolittle, Ezra Pound, Robert Frost)
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Robert Frost
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Haiku is an example of (sculpture, calligraphy, Japanese poetry, an elegy)
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Japanese poetry
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Which Imagist poet was influenced by the haiku style? (Ezra Pound, Amy Lowell, James Joyce, Hilda Doolittle)
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Ezra Pound
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Which of the following is a characteristic of imagist poetry? (blank verse rhythms, sentimental tone, free verse rhythms, fixed rhyme)
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free verse rhythms
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Robert Frost preferred to write (imagist poetry, lyric poetry, haiku, epic poetry)
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lyric poetry
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Picasso was born in (France, Tahiti, Algeria, Spain)
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Spain
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Picasso's painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon demonstrates the influence of (African art, realism, impressionism, Indian art)
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African Art
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Picasso borrowed which tradition from Cezanne? (expressionism, empiricism, didacticism, cubism)
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cubism
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Which of the following paintings is an example of a collage? (Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Still Life on a Table, Man with a Violin, Bird in Flight)
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Still Life on a Table
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Another cubist painter is (Georges Braque, Henri Matisse, Giacomo Balla, Constantin Brancusi)
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Georges Braque
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Alexander Archipenko's sculpture Woman Combing Her Hair includes (pointilism, sheet metal and wire, wood and stone, negative space)
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negative space
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Which of the following art movements demonstrated an intimate relationship between modern science and modern art? (imagists, futurism, symbolists, fauvism)
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futurism
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Umberto Boccioni's Unique Forms of Continuity in Space illustrates (motion, color, nationalism, fauvism)
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motion
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"Fauve" literally means (ugly, wild beast, modern, fault)
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wild beast
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Who is the artist who expressed his scorn of art, "Exactitude is not truth." (Renoir, Brancusi, Matisse, Picasso)
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Matisse
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Fauve artists explored the expressions of (line, negative space, color, texture)
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color
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Brancusi is a (painter, sculptor, architect, cinematographer)
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sculptor
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Which of the following paintings is an example of nonobjective art? (Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, Bird in Space, The Dance, Panel for Edwin Campbell No. 1.)
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Panel for Edwin Campbell No. 1.
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Constructivism originated in (Italy, Spain, Russia, Switzerland)
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Russia
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Who was the artist who primarily used three colors in his art: yellow, red, and blue? (Picasso, Malevich, Kandinsky, Mondrian)
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Mondrian
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What are basic elements of twentieth century architecture? (wood and steel, steel and glass, iron and stone, marble and sandstone)
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steel and glass
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Which architect blended architecture with natural elements as well as low, cantilevered roofs, brick, rock and ? (Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan, Walter Gropius, De Stijl)
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Frank Lloyd Wright
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Which of the following forms of architecture originated in Germany? (Prairie Style, Second Empire, Bauhaus, Corbusier)
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Bauhaus
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The serial technique is an atonal musical composition developed by (Schoenberg, Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Debussy)
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Schoenberg
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Which musical composition caused a riot when it was performed? (Pierrot Lunaire, Prelude to the Afternoon of the Faun, Rite of Spring, Bluebeard's Castle)
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Rite of Spring
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Einstein's theory of relativity asserted that: A: in studying subatomic particles, time and space were relative B: planetary movement could not be accurately calculated C: the earth's rotational speed depended on the time year D: all of Galileo's theories were inaccurate.
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in studying subatomic particles, time and space were relative
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The American poet who exalted individualism in his lyric works by affirming that he took the road "less traveled" was (Ezra Pound, Carl Sandburg, Robert Frost, Walt Whitman)
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Robert Frost
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The celebrated Les Demoiselles d'Avignon shocked observers because: A: it depicted women with unprecedented brutality B: portrayed nudity in exceptional detail C: its subjects wore Japanese warrior masks D: it featured unusual colors for skin tones
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it depicted women with unprecedented brutality
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Nonobjective art as practiced by Malevich, Kandinsky, and Mondrian eliminated __________ from art. (nudity, color, subject matter, brushstrokes)
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subject matter
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In general, twentieth century music rejected all except which of the following elements? (lyric melody, traditional tonality, free use of meter, traditional harmonies)
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free use of meter
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What type of art is associated with Matisse?
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Fauvism
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What is the artistic style of Brancusi's Bird in Space?
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Abstract sculpture
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Which artist created "suprematist elements" in his art, as in his painting Suprematist Composition: White on White?
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Kasimir Malevich
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Which Dutch artist is associated with De Stijl art movement that focused on painting primary colors arranged in grids?
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Piet Mondrian
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Who is the architect associated with the Prairie School who designed Fallingwater?
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Frank Lloyd Wright
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What the characteristics of early 20th century music?
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polytonal, polyrhythmic
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CHAPTER 33 Freud theorized that the __________ governed human behavior. (cerebrum, libido, temporal lobe, cerebellum)
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libido
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According to Freud, we are able to probe our subconscious mind with (dreams, writing, drawing pictures, medication)
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dreams
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Which part of the psyche is the "manager" that administers our instincts? (id, ego, superego)
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ego
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According to Civilization and Its Discontents, people are sometimes dominated (approval, ethical behavior, censure, pleasure)
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pleasure
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Which one of Freud's disciples developed a theory of collective unconscious? (Carl Jung, Charles Darwin, Alfred Adler, Ivan Pavlov)
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Carl Jung
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A motif that is an example of "the child-god," "the hero," and "the wise old man," are examples of a(n) (archetype, rondo, ideé fixe, sublimation)
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archetype
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A la Recherche du temps perdu is written by (Freud, James, Kafka, Proust)
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Proust
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The character in Swann's Way is able to recapture a lost memory after he (hears a song, has a dream, eats a cake, participates in psychoanalysis)
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eats a cake
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Gregor Samsa, in Kafka's "The Metamorphosis" awakens and discovers that he has been transformed into a (butterfly, eagle, swan, beetle)
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beetle
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The narrative style of A la Recherche du temps perdu, "The Metamorphosis," and Ulysses employs the literary device of (stream of consciousness, omniscience, third person point of view, omnipotence)
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stream of consciousness
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Whose philosophies influence theatrical performance with method acting? (Kafka, Joyce, Freud, Proust)
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Freud
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A poem produced in the shape of external objects, such as watches, neckties, and pigeons is a form of (haiku, concrete poem, senryu, free verse)
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concrete poem
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Which American poet wrote poetry that violated grammar, spelling, and punctuation rules? (Frost, cummings, Stein, Pound)
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cummings
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Expressionist artists created a style that featured ( pastel colors, huge patches of white, collage, distorted forms)
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distorted forms
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Edvard Munch's paintings are (impressionistic, futuristic, realistic, expressionistic)
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expressionistic
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Expressionism started in (England, Holland, Spain, Germany)
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Germany
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"Dada" literally means (nonsense, atonal, hobbyhorse, memory)
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hobbyhorse
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André Breton asserted in the "Surrealist Manifesto" that the artist should be liberated from ____________ and the demands of conventional society. (religion, laws, reason, emotion)
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reason
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Which surrealistic artist portrayed organic signs and sacred signs including flowers, fish, and human figures in his art? (MirĂł, Dali, Klee, Magritte)
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Klee
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Dali's painting "The Persistence of Memory" features (fish, nudes, cigars, watches)
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watches
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Which artist explored her pain and suffering in her art? (Hannah Höch, René Magritte, Georgia O'Keefe, Frida Kahlo)
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Frida Kahlo
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Who is the artist who featured biomorphic shapes derived from greatly enlarged flowers and bleached animal bones? (O'Keefe, Höch, Miró, Oppenheim)
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O'Keefe
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Juxtaposed bits and pieces of photographic images is a (found-art, photo-realism, photomontage, photo-surrealism)
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photomontage
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What therapeutic method did Freud develop that reveals emotional disturbances? (hypnosis, drug therapy, shock therapy, psychoanalysis)
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psychoanalysis
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Freud argued that neuroses and psychoses were illnesses that required medical treatment. True False
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True
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According to Freud, pleasure is not the primary goal of most humans. True False
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False
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The focus of Proust'sRemembrance of Things Past is primarily external. True False
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False
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James Joyce's novel Ulysses is an allusion to Homer's Iliad. True False
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False
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Irrational and antirational forces of the superego became the subject and inspiration of expressionism and surrealism. True False
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False
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Edvard Munch was an admirer of _________. (Freud, Ibsen, Proust, Jung)
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Ibsen
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Which of the following is NOT an expressionist artist? (Munch, de Chirico, Kirchner)
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de Chirico
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Giorgio de Chirico is a member of the Die Brucke artists. True False
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False
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Giorgio de Chirico pioneered a style he called "metaphysical." True False
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True
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Kirchner's art combined memories of his life in Russia and included folk motifs and superimposed images that float in space and defy the rules of gravity. True False
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False
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Data art is often improvised art. True False
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True
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The theater of cruelty was influenced by the expressionist artists. True False
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False
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Marcel Duchamp constructed the first mobile work of art. True False
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True
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Found objects are frequently used by (Miro, Duchamp, O'Keefe, Oppenheim)
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Duchamp
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The poet, Gillaume Apollinaire, coined the word (dada, expressionism, surrealism, metaphysical art)
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surrealism
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Surrealistic art relied on the liberating principles of automatism. True False
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True
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Miro and Georgia O'Keefe included biomorphic shapes in their art. True False
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True
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Trompe l'oeil is effectively used in Klee's "Fish Magic" painting. True False
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False
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Which of the following artists stated "I am the subject I know best"? (Frida Kahlo, Georgia O'Keefe, Salvadore Dali, Meret Oppenheim)
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Frida Kahlo
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The Shoenberg musical composition, "Pierrot Lunaire" is an example of a (opera, motet, serial composition, Sprechstimm)
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Sprechstimme
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Freud asserted that sublimation is the positive modification and redirection of primal urges of the ego. True False
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True
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According to Freud, religion is considered to be mass-delusion. True False
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True
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Kafka's novel, 'A la rechrche du temps perdu' is a novel that explores psychology in space and time. True False
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False
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Who is the author of 'Remembrance of Things Past' who employed stream-of-consciousness narrative techniques?
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Marcel Proust
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CHAPTER 34 Wilfred Owen described the horrors of (World War I, the Civil War, World War II, the Korean War)
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World War I
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Erich Marie Remarque described the effects of war on a ________ soldier. (American, German, French, Russian)
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German
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"Dulce Et Decorum Est" and the excerpt from 'All Quiet on the Western Front' describe a(n) (execution, court martial, sniper attack, chemical warfare attack)
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chemical warfare attack.
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Yeats' poem "The Second Coming" is (optimistic, pessimistic, humorous, a vivid depiction of warfare in the trenches)
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pessimistic
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Max Ernst and George Grosz expressed their dissatisfaction with social conditions within (Russia, France, Germany, Hungary.)
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Germany
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Who succeeded Tsar Nicholas II as the Russian leader? (Marx, Stalin, Lenin, Hitler.)
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Lenin
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Which of the following novels is an example of social realism? (The Grapes of Wrath, Slaughterhouse Five, Catch-22, Clockwork Orange.)
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The Grapes of Wrath
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Who is the artist who portrayed steel working, mining, farming, and other working-class activities in his art. (Wilfred Owens, Diego Rivera, John Steinbeck, Thomas Hart Benton.)
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Thomas Hart Benton.
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Dorothea Lange used ________ to portray the plight of people caught in the throes of the Depression. (drama, novels, photography, painting.)
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photography
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Hitler expressed his utopian plan of a master race in his book (Das Capital, Mein Kampf, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, The Trial.)
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Mein Kampf
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America entered World War II in (1941, 1939, 1944, 1945)
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1941
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"From my mother's sleep I fell into the State" is the first line of a poem written (John Steinbeck, Norman Mailer, Randall Jarrell, James Jones.)
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Randall Jarrell
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Which of the following novels is an example of gallows humor? (Catch-22, The Naked and the Dead, Triumph and the Will, From Here to Eternity.)
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Catch-22
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Elie Wiesel described his experience (as a German soldier, in an American submarine, in the Holocaust, in a Siberian concentration camp.)
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in the Holocaust
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Picasso's Guernica portrayed the aftermath of a bombing of a town in (Germany, Spain, Russia, France)
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Spain
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A composite juxtaposing heterogeneous images in cinema is a (collage, mural, montage, reportage)
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montage
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Sergei Eisenstein is a(n) (filmmaker, sculptor, photographer, composer.)
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filmmaker
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Leni Riefenstahl used film to promote the (Bolsheviks, Fascists, allies, Nazis)
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Nazis
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"Where is God?" is a refrain in ("The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner", Catch-22, Night, The Triumph of the Will.)
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Night
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The artistic style that portrayed social problems in an objective manner was called social __________ (objectivity, realism, determinism, relativism)
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realism
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What type of art did Thomas Hart Benton popularize? (portrait, still life, landscape, mural.)
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mural
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Who was the Irish poet who despaired that the world was falling apart, "the center cannot hold"? (Eliot, Joyce, Yeats, Dylan Thomas.)
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Yeats
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For much of his music, Copland drew on (American folk songs, the twelve-tone system, Stravinsky's ballets, wartime themes.)
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American folk songs
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The poetry, novel, and art of Owens, Remarque, and Ernst reflected their experiences as soldiers in World War I. True False
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True
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Leger's art reveals his rejection of modern machinery. True False
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False
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The writings of Karl Marx influenced Lenin to convert private property into property held in common by members of Russian society. True False
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True
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The first totalitarian regime of the twentieth century was in Germany. True False
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False
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Remarque's novel 'All Quiet on the Western Front' is an example of social realism. True False
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False
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Steinbeck's 'Grapes of Wrath' is set during the Great Depression. True False
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True
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Thomas Hart Benton was not a social realist painter. True False
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False
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Diego Rivera's art depicted the plight of the Okies who fled to California during the Great Depression. True False
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False
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Hitler's book Das Kapital outline his views of Jews, Marxists, bourgeois liberals, and "social deviates." True False
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False
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The nihilistic phrase, Catch-22, was popularized by Kurt Vonnegut in his novel Slaughterhouse Five? True False
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False
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Who is the American composer whose music blended American folk melodies and simple melodies in his compositions? (Shostakovic, Benjamin Britten, Leonard Bernstein, Aaron Copland)
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Aaron Copland
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'Appalachian Spring' features a Shaker hymn, "'Tis the Gift to be Simple." True False
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True
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The murals of Thomas Hart Benton were NOT A. inspired by Mexican muralist Diego Rivera B. a form of social commentary C. primarily decorative D. visual representations of true American values
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inspired by Mexican muralist Diego Rivera
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Which of the following film-makers is NOT associated with the use of film as both propaganda and fine art? (Sergei Eisenstein, Leni Riefenstahl, Charlie Chaplin, Lee Miller)
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Lee Miller
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Owen's "Dulce et decorum est" is a translation of a Latin poem by Horace A. is unique in its evocation of war B. graphically describes the experience of battle C. sentimentally mourns a lost world
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graphically describes the experience of battle
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The combat weapon that devastates the soldiers in 'All Quiet on the Western Front' is (the atom bomb, the machine gun, poison gas, aerial bombing)
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poison gas
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The Holocaust was inspired by Hitler's theory of (white supremacy, state control of the military, communism, Aryan racial superiority)
answer
Aryan racial superiority
question
CHAPTER 35 This artist walked around the canvas while working in order to literally be "in" the painting. (Edward Hopper, Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, Helen Frankenthaler)
answer
Jackson Pollock
question
The creator of whimsical wire constructions or mobiles is (Collier Smith, Alexander Calder, James Evans, Edward Albee)
answer
Alexander Calder
question
The author of 'The Stranger', who affirmed the potential for human solidarity, was (Andre Malraux, Andre Gide, Graham Greene, Albert Camus)
answer
Albert Camus
question
A symbol of corporate wealth, skyscrapers designed in the __________ style embodied the spirit of the West in the twentieth century. (capitalistic, functional, horizontal, international)
answer
international
question
According to composer John Cage, music has as its only common denominatormelody (rhythm, silence, melody, the twelve-tone scale)
answer
rhythm
question
After World War II alienation pervaded art and literature. True False
answer
True
question
Dystopian literature portrays life as bleak and negative. True False
answer
True
question
In writing music for twelve radios and twenty-four performers, John Cage was questioning the relationships between (random nature and the absurd, music education and genius, traditional instruments, symphony and conductor)
answer
random nature and the absurd
question
According to Sartre, individuals are defined by ___________. (choices, God, fate, random acts of kindness)
answer
choices
question
The American artistic movement of the 1940s and 1950s that embodied the break with traditional, representational art was called (existentialism, synthetic expressionism, abstract expressionism, realism)
answer
abstract expressionism
question
"Form follows function" is the credo of the (dada art, theatre of the absurd, existentialists, international style)
answer
international style
question
'Waiting for Godot' is an example of (realism, theatre of the absurd, tragedy, stream of consciousness novel)
answer
theatre of the absurd
question
Rabindranath Tagore, an author from ____________ describes the existential responsibility for individual choice in his literature. (India, Austria, China, Japan)
answer
India
question
Who is the American abstract expressionist who featured urban landscapes devoid of meaningful relationships? (Giamometti, Francis Bacon, David Smith, Edward Hopper)
answer
Edward Hopper
question
George Segal is renowned for his (surreal collages, mobiles, abstract sculptures, assembled environments)
answer
assembled environments
question
Francis Bacon's paintings often featured (flayed carcasses, surrealistic landscapes, paint drips, hyper-realistic portraits)
answer
flayed carcasses
question
Frank Lloyd Wright is the architect of _____. It's interior resembles the inside of a huge snail shell that is bathed with natural light. (Guggenheim Museum, Trans World Airlines Terminal, Dulles Airport terminal building, Seagram Building)
answer
Guggenheim Museum
question
Merce Cunningham is a(n) (composer, choreographer, abstract artist, sculptor)
answer
choreographer
question
Which artist created paintings that featured soft-edged blocks of color? (Rothko, Pollock, de Koning, Kline)
answer
Rothko
question
Existential literature in the twentieth century was influenced by the philosophy of (Soren Kierkegaard, Martin Buber, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung)
answer
Soren Kierkegaard
question
Who is the author of 'Being and Nothingness'? (Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus, T. S. Eliot, Jean-Paul Sartre)
answer
Jean-Paul Sartre
question
Sartre asserted that humans are "condemned to be free." True False
answer
True
question
Sartre's literature featured the choices that humans make between a divine guidance absolute values. True False
answer
False
question
Existentialism portrayed humans as nothing else but what he or she makes of him or herself. True False
answer
True
question
Which of the following philosophers believed that we can verify God's existence with a "leap of faith"? (Paul Tillich, Reinhold Niebuhr, Karl Jaspers, Kierkegaard)
answer
Kierkegaard
question
'Waiting for Godot' is a good example of the theatre of the absurd. True False
answer
True
question
Dylan Thomas' poem "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night" is optimistic. True False
answer
True
question
Rabindranath Tagore's poem "The Man Had No Useful Work" affirms that humans must be goal-oriented and practical. True False
answer
False
question
Abstract expressionism began in America. True False
answer
True
question
Abstract expressionism flourished at first in (New York, San Francisco, Chicago, Berlin)
answer
New York
question
Willem de Kooning's art frequently featured fierce, totemic women. True False
answer
True
question
Which artists explored color field painting? (Franz Kline, Mark Rothko, George Segal, Alberto Giacometti)
answer
Mark Rothko
question
Franz Kline cultivated a painterly style that featured the pouring of thin washes of paint directly on raw canvases. True False
answer
False
question
Which sculptor frequently portrayed humans as disengaged, ravaged figures? (Alberto Giacometi, Francis Bacon, George Segal, David Smith)
answer
Alberto Giacometi
question
David Smith often created nonfigurative sculptures. True False
answer
True
question
"Less is More" is the credo of Frank Lloyd Wright. True False
answer
False
question
The Trans World Airlines Terminal at Kennedy Airport is a good example of the international style and cool rationalism. True False
answer
False
question
George Balanchine is a famous abstract expressionist artist who fused surrealism and existentialism in his nihilistic paintings that portrayed humans adrift in a dark world. True False
answer
False
question
CHAPTER 36 In Alice Walker's short story, "Elethia," "Uncle Albert" is A. the author's favorite uncle. B. the benefactor of poor, local blacks. C. a totally fictional character. D. the stereotypical equivalent of Aunt Jemima.
answer
a totally fictional character.
question
In his Message to the Grass Roots, Malcolm X focuses his audience's attention on their "common enemy," which is (the U.S. Constitution., Jim Crow laws., the white man., disunity.)
answer
the white man.
question
Ralph Ellison's novel The Invisible Man referred to the invisibility of city dwellers as _________. (the individual in mass society., blacks in a white world., workers in a capitalist economy., a lion in a jungle.)
answer
blacks in a white world.
question
Jazz, which began in New Orleans, had its origins in ALL BUT which of the following? (African tribal dance, European marching bands, ragtime, French art songs)
answer
French art songs
question
A form of jazz that is characterized by a frenzied tempo, complicated chord progressions, and complex rhythms is (blues., cool., bop., swing.)
answer
bop
question
In Latin America, the United States government has traditionally supported. dissidents. (ordinary farmers., the Church., the economic elite., dissidents)
answer
the economic elite.
question
'Native Son', an expression of African American's defiance and despair, was written by (Langston Hughes, LeRoi Jones, Richard Wright, Toni Morrison)
answer
Richard Wright.
question
Throughout the centuries, three of the leading proponents of civil disobedience were Gandhi, Henry David Thoreau, and (Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Bloke Modisan, Franz Fanon)
answer
Martin Luther King.
question
The blues began as an instrumental rather than a vocal form of music. True False
answer
False
question
In the West, the two world wars generally hindered women from attaining political and economic equality. True False
answer
False
question
Virginia Woolf, a passionate feminist, argued that women must first seek political rather than economic power. True False
answer
False
question
The first African-American woman to serve as Poet Laureate of the United States is Rita Dove. True False
answer
True
question
Who led India's struggle for Independence from Great Britain? (Indira Gandhi, Muhammad Iqbal, Manmohan Singh, Mahatma Gandhi)
answer
Mahatma Gandhi
question
Pablo Neruda is a famous Brazilian poet. True False
answer
False
question
What is the theme of Neruda's "United Fruit Co."? A. The United States has improved the harsh conditions in South America and shared prosperity with Latin America. B. South America is compared to a fruit basket that has been pillaged by Marxist movements that have nearly destroyed the idyllic life of its people. C. American companies have exploited South America and plundered its coffee and fruit. D. South America is like a bunch of bananas. That is the reason why it is referred to as "Banana Republics."
answer
American companies have exploited South America and plundered its coffee and fruit.
question
Langston Hughes was one of the leaders of the Harlem Renaissance. True False
answer
True
question
Gwendolyn Brooks' poem, "We Real Cool" includes (allusions to biblical narratives, jazz rhythms, sensory details of the experiences that were endured by slaves, heroic couplets
answer
jazz rhythms
question
In Langston Hughes' poem, "Harlem," what is a dream deferred compared to? (raisin in the sun, canary in a gilded cage, a black boy in a white English class, a tiger in the zoo)
answer
raisin in the sun
question
In Richard Wright's The Ethics of Living Jim Crow, what does the narrator learn from his experiences? A. Not all white folks are bad. B. Slow and steady wins the race. C. It is better to fight prejudice than to run and hide. D. Blacks must learn to stay in their place if they want to work.
answer
Blacks must learn to stay in their place if they want to work.
question
In Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birminham Jail," he supports (disobedience of unjust laws, the use of violence to overthrow oppressors, the moral responsibility to obey unjust laws, acquiescence)
answer
disobedience of unjust laws
question
Malcolm X advocated a Muslim morality that stressed that African-Americans must respond to White domination with passive resistance. True False
answer
False
question
Bloke Modisane expressed his frustration with ________ in South Africa. (desegregation, Jim Crow laws, apartheid, the 1964 Civil Rights Act)
answer
apartheid
question
Franz Fanon agreed with Malcolm X that "violence is a cleansing force" in the civil rights war. True False
answer
True
question
Which author asserted that "This world is no longer, and it will never be white again"? (Richard Wright, Alice Walker, Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin)
answer
James Baldwin
question
Which artist incorporated flat, local colors and angular, abstract forms? Also, the artistic sensibility is affected by artist-critics, such as Goya and Daumier? (Betye Saar, Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, Alice Walker)
answer
Jacob Lawrence
question
Romare Bearden's favorite artistic medium is collage. True False
answer
True
question
Betye Saar's artistic work, The Liberation of Aunt Jemima is an example of (parody, landscape, still life, genre painting)
answer
parody
question
Robert Colescott's painting, Les Demoiselles d'Alabama (Vestidas) is an allusion to a painting by ______. (Goya, Picasso, Manet, Monet)
answer
Picasso
question
Which black composer popularized jazz piano music, ragtime? (Scott Joplin, Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, W. C. Handy)
answer
Scott Joplin
question
The song, "St. Louis Blues," incorporates a call and response pattern popular in African chants. True False
answer
True
question
Most scholars agree that _____________ constitutes the single element that most distinguishes jazz from other musical idioms. (Fill in blank)
answer
improvisation
question
Dizzy Gillespie is known for his ability to embellish his jazz music with scat singing, which is an improvised set of nonsense syllables. True False
answer
False
question
Hip-hop music emerged in the 1970s and fuses loud percussive music with the spoken word, and is associated with a street-dance. True False
answer
True
question
Which artist combined crude, childlike but familiar images, with cartoon logs and scrawled graffiti in his art? (John Pratt, Robert Colescott, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Niki de Saint Phalle)
answer
Jean-Michel Basquiat
question
Katherine Dunham is a choreographer. True False
answer
True
question
Virginia Woolf asserted that ____________ is the prerequisite for creativity for women. (Fill in blank)
answer
freedom
question
Which feminist writer encouraged women to overcome the "myth of femininity" and cease being passive, lost and ruined if they remain dependent on men? (Simone de Beauvoir, Virginia Woolf, Alice Walker, Toni Morrison)
answer
Simone de Beauvoir
question
Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, Adrienne Rich, and Sonia Sanchez are feminist painters and sculptors. True False
answer
False
question
Which artist created Nanas? (Judy Chicago, Cindy Sherman, Ana Mendieta, Niki de Saint Phalle)
answer
Niki de Saint Phalle
question
Which artist immortalized famous women with symbols of famous women such as Queen Elizabeth, Nefertiti, Sappho, and Virginia Woolf? (Robert Mapplethorpe, Barbara Kruger, Judy Chicago, Cindy Sherman)
answer
Judy Chicago
question
Cindy Sherman and Robert Mapplethorpe preferred to express themselves in their photography? True False
answer
True
question
Who or what is often the focus of Cindy Sherman's artistic expressions? (nude males, female stereotypes, enlarged flowers superimposed on cityscapes, comic book portrayals of super heroes)
answer
female stereotypes
question
Bisexuality is a theme explored in the fiction of Ursula LeGuin. True False
answer
True
question
Tony Kushner's play Angels in America highlights A. effects of the AIDS epidemic B. the struggles for women to achieve equality C. dislocation of morals and ethics in a world without a loving god D. the clash of values between conservatives and liberals in a post-modern America
answer
effects of the AIDS epidemic
question
CHAPTER 37 Which innovations affected art and literature in the postmodern age? (quantum physics, automobiles and airplanes, TV and computers, biophysics)
answer
TV and computers
question
Which theory explains that the universe follows random patterns that are predictable? (string theory, chaos theory, theory of relativity, dialogic theory)
answer
chaos theory
question
According to Wittgenstein, what limits our understanding of reality? (cognition, our libido, gravity, language)
answer
language
question
What theory is popularized by Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault? (semiotics, linguistics, deconstruction, structualism)
answer
deconstruction
question
What type of literature is characterized by fragments of information juxtaposed with little or no commentary on its meaning? (New Historicism, Metaphysical literature, Primitivism, Metafiction)
answer
Metafiction
question
Which of the following authors wrote "docufiction"? (Kurt Vonnegut, Octavio Paz, Don DeLillo, Ernest Hemingway)
answer
Don DeLillo
question
Postmodernism began (shortly after World War II, 1960, After the launch of Sputnik, when computers were introduced)
answer
shortly after World War II
question
What type of literature is associated with Gabriel Garcia Marquez? (magic realism, deconstructionism, postmodern poetry, science fiction)
answer
magic realism
question
Who initiated science fiction? (Jorge Luis Borges, H. G. Wells, W. C. Fields, Arthur C. Clarke)
answer
H. G. Wells
question
What type of literature is a sub-genre of science fiction? (existentialism, psycho-babble, informatics, cyberpunk)
answer
cyberpunk
question
What literature is associated with Joyce Carol Oates? (gothic, literature of social conscience, post-apocalyptic, zombie invasion)
answer
literature of social conscience
question
Which artist examined multiple images of products, such as Coca-Cola bottles and Brillo boxes, in his art? (Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns, Andy Warhol, Frank Stella)
answer
Andy Warhol
question
Which artist created soft vinyl sculptures of everyday items such as clothespins, hot dogs, and table fans? (Claes Oldenberg, Jasper Johns, Bridget Riley, Frank Stella)
answer
Claes Oldenberg
question
What type of art is associated with Robert Rauschenberg? (spray painted and crushed metal, mobiles, geometric abstraction, assemblages)
answer
assemblages
question
Roy Lichtenstein's art resembles (comic book art, 3D geometric shapes, beer cans, photomontages)
answer
comic book art
question
What artistic style is associated with Victor Vasarely? (pop art, geometric abstraction, op art, new realism)
answer
op art
question
Identify a new realist artist (Chuck Close, Isamu Noguchi, Leon Golub, Magdalena Abakanowicz)
answer
Chuck Close
question
Which artist is associated with "living dead" sculptures? (Chuck Close, Duane Hanson, Magdalena Abaknowicz, Frank Stella)
answer
Duane Hanson
question
Which artist depicted brutality and violence? (Isamu Noguchi, Richard Estes, Louise Nevelson, Leon Golub)
answer
Leon Golub
question
Who depicted headless sculptures crafted from sisal, jute, and resin? (Magdalena Abakanowicz, Duane Hanson, Leon Golub, Chuck Close)
answer
Magdalena Abakanowicz
question
What type of performance was popularized by Allan Kaprow? (flash mob, absurdism, happening, dead man walking)
answer
happening
question
Which artist created Running Fence using nylon cloth along 24.5 miles of California coast? (Smithson, Christo, Damien Hirst, Yves Klein)
answer
Christo
question
Which of the following is a postmodern minimalist architect? (Charles Moore, Santiago Calatruva, Frank Lloyd Wright, I. M. Pei)
answer
I. M. Pei
question
Frank Gehry is the architect of ________. (Milwaukee Art Museum, Walt Disney Concert Hall, Guggenheim Museum in New York, Louvre Pyramid)
answer
Walt Disney Concert Hall
question
What type of music blends environmental noise such as bird calls, train whistles, and thunder? (musique concrete, atononal arabesque, polyphonic ecological symphonia, rhythmic doodling)
answer
musique concrete
question
What musical invention contributed to the production of electronic music? (metronome, turntable, surround sound speaker systems, synthesizer)
answer
synthesizer
question
Who is the composer who created aural effects and textures using microtonality? (John Cage, Gyrogy Ligeti, Philip Glass, Ravi Shankar)
answer
Gyrogy Ligeti
question
What type of music is associated with Janis Joplin, Jefferson Airplaine, and The Who? (folk, rhythm and blues, heavy metal, rock)
answer
rock
question
Who choreographed performances that combined break-dancing and hip-hop? (Lucinda Childs, Merce Cunningham, Rennnie Harris, Joffrie)
answer
Rennnie Harris
question
Which artist produced geometric abstract art? (Bridget Riley, Frank Stella, Louise Nevelson, John Chamberlain)
answer
Frank Stella
question
MISC FROM OTHER SETS Which of the following names is NOT associated with nonobjective art?
answer
Matisse
question
Which of these was NOT a new scientific concept in the 20th century?
answer
An object at rest or in a state of constant velocity tends to remain in that state unless acted upon by some outside force.
question
casso's Demoiselles d'Avignon was influenced by all EXCEPT which of the following?
answer
CĂ©zanne
question
In futurism, artistic production is ideally linked to which of the following?
answer
industry and urban life
question
For Matisse, color and shape reflect which of the following?
answer
feelings
question
Stravinsky's Rite of Spring is most notable for its
answer
use of polytonality and syncopation
question
In their poems, the imagist poets tried to achieve which of the following?
answer
a pared-down, abstract style
question
The names Gropius and Le Corbusier are associated with which of the following?
answer
the international style in architecture
question
Which of the following led the group of painters who made color the principal feature of their canvases in this era?
answer
Matisse
question
Igor Stravinsky shocked musical audiences with his famous composition for ballet called
answer
The Rite of Spring
question
The protagonist of Kafka's Metamorphosis wakes to find himself transformed into a giant
answer
insect
question
Edvard Munch's The Scream
answer
became a universal symbol of the modern condition, demonstrates the impact a volcanic eruption in Indonesia had even as far away as Norway, and may have been inspired, in part, by an Inca mummy the artist had seen in Paris.
question
Which artist's work, The Fountain, questioned the very nature of what is art?
answer
Klee, Chagall, Dali
question
The song cycles of Schoenberg are reminiscent of the writings of Proust in their use of which of the following?
answer
stream-of-consciousness monologues
question
Freud theorized that human instinct was driven by which of the following?
answer
sex
question
In Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud says that religion
answer
must be classed among humankind's mass delusions
question
Jung described the collective unconscious as which of the following?
answer
manifested in myths, fairytales, and dreams
question
The object that triggered the recollection of the past for Proust was
answer
a taste of a teacake
question
The surrealist movement was devoted to making art that
answer
freed itself of rational control
question
Which of the following writers was so paranoid about the ills of society that he directed his lawyers upon his own death to destroy all his works, a request which was fortunately ignored?
answer
Kafka
question
The murals of Thomas Hart Benton were NOT
answer
primarily decorative
question
Which of the following film-makers is NOT associated with the use of film as both propaganda and fine art?
answer
Lee Miller
question
The music of composer Aaron Copland is notable for its
answer
use of American folk tunes
question
The Communist Revolution in China
answer
used the arts for ideological purposes
question
Owens' Dulce et decorum est
answer
graphically describes the experience of battle
question
The combat weapon that devastates the soldiers in All Quiet on the Western Front is
answer
poison gas
question
The leading political figure to emerge from the Russian Revolution of 1917 was
answer
Lenin
question
The Holocaust was inspired by Hitler's theory of
answer
white supremacy
question
The literary style that dominated American fiction and the visual arts as a result of the Great Depression was
answer
social realism
question
What is NOT true of the era of total war and totalitarianism?
answer
The realities of the Holocaust went unrecorded in literature
question
Theater of the absurd is characterized by
answer
irrational dialogue, the rejection of traditional dramatic structures and little character development
question
Which of the following works does NOT reflect the Existentialist interest in the anti-hero?
answer
Kurosawa's The Seven Samurai
question
The poet Rabindranath Tagore
answer
created works that reflect a Hindu approach to the modern question for meaning, wrote the narrative poem, "The Man Had No Useful Work." and was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
question
Jackson Pollack's "action painting" did NOT
answer
deny the intentions or direction of the artist
question
Mid-twentieth-century architecture
answer
was informed by the motto "form follows function."
question
Sartre held that each individual is
answer
the sum of his or her own actions
question
Christian existentialists focused upon
answer
the moral life of individuals
question
Eliot's Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
answer
is not a love song
question
Cunningham's choreography was considered radical because it
answer
did not depend on music
question
Who was NOT associated with the movement known as Abstract Expressionism?
answer
Hopper
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