List/Describe categories of social movements and example

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What are the different categories of social movements?
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Regressive, reform, revolutionary, and utopian.
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What is a regressive social movement? (3)
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Goal is to adhere to social tradition: either prevents change from happening or roll back changes that have diverged from traditional norms Politically conservative in nature Satisfied w/current state of society, but see a need for some changes or prevention of change Ex: Pro-life advocates
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What is a reform social movement? (2)
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On the whole happy with society, but seek to create changes in the normative structure to create a more progressive (non-traditional) society. Politically liberal in nature Ex: Civil Rights Movement of 1960/70’s
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What is a revolutionary social movement? (4)
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Largely dissatisfied with society Seek radical transformation of social structure Violence usually seen as an acceptable way to bring desired social change about Can be liberal or conservative Ex: liberal – new Black Panther Party, conservative – KKK
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What is a utopian social movement? (2)
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Largely dissatisfied with society Seek separation from the mainstream to create their own near-perfect society Ex: Jonestown

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