Latin American Revolutions Vocabulary

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Napoleonic Wars
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A series of conflicts fought between France under the leadership of Napoleon Bonaparte and a number of European nations between 1799 and 1815. During this time Spain & Portugal would be invaded and occupied by France.
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Creole
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American-born Spaniards who owned land, but ranked below “real” Europeans.
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Mulatto
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The term used in Spanish and Portuguese colonies to describe someone of mixed African and European descent.
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Toussaint L’Overture
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Was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military genius and political acumen transformed an entire society of slaves into the independent black state of Haiti
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Yellow Fever
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Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral infection that’s transmitted by mosquitoes in tropical regions. Named because the user becomes jaundiced, yellowish, in color
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Latin America
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Is a region of the Americas where Romance languages (i.e., those derived from Latin- Spanish, French…) or a subset of the Romance language family – always including Spanish and Portuguese, and sometimes including French – are primarily spoken
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Simon Bolivar
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Was a military and political leader. BolĂ­var played a key role in Latin America’s successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas.
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Junta
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A military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force. WIll be commonly used in Latin America after independence.

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