Latin 1 Conjugation – Imperfect Tense

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How many tenses are there in Latin verbs? What do they tell?
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There are 6 tenses in Latin verbs. The tense tells the time of the verb.
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How many numbers in Latin verbs? What do they mean?
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There are 2 numbers in Latin verbs – singular and plural.
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How many persons in Latin verbs?
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There are 3 persons – 1st, 2nd, and 3rd.
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What is the present stem? How is it formed?
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The present stem is the 2nd principal part of the verb minus the -re.
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What tenses are formed on the present stem?
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Present, imperfect, and future tenses.
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What is the present stem of amo, amare, amavi, amatus?
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Amare minus -re = ama-
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What is the present stem of porto, portare, portavi, portatus?
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Portare minus -re = porta-
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Explain the imperfect tense.
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The imperfect tense shows action in PAST time that is continued, customary, or repeated.
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How is the imperfect tense formed?
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Imperfect tense = present stem + (-BA-) + personal endings.
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Conjugate amo, amare, amavi, amatus in the imperfect tense.
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Amabam, amabas, amabat, amabamus, amabatis, amabant.
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Define/translate habitabam.
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1st person singular imperfect – I lived, I used to live, I kept on living, I was living
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Define/translate ambulabant.
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3rd person plural imperfect – they walked, they used to walk, they kept on walking, they were walking
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Define/translate portant.
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3rd person plural imperfect – they carried, they used to carry, they kept on carrying, they were carrying.
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Define/translate laudabatis.
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2nd person plural imperfect – you(all) praised, you(all) used to praise, you(all) kept on praising, you(all) were praising.
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Define/translate occupabam.
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1st person singular imperfect – I seized, I used to seize, I kept on seizing, I was seizing.
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Define/translate specto
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1st person singular present – I watch.
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Define/translate parat.
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3rd person singular present – he, she, it prepares.
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Define/translate aedificabant.
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3rd person plural imperfect – they built, they used to build, they kept on building, they were building.
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Define/translate navigabat.
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3rd person singular imperfect – he/she/it sailed, used to sail, kept on sailing, was sailing
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Define/translate laborabas.
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2nd person singular imperfect – you worked, you used to work, you kept on working, you were working.

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