kin 1600 chapter 10 fitness

question

Which of the following best defines “physical activity”? A) planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement done to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness B) all body movements produced by skeletal muscles resulting in substantial increases in energy expenditure C) the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to function efficiently D) a set of health- and performance-related attributes
answer

all body movements produced by skeletal muscles resulting in substantial increases in energy expenditure
question

The definition of exercise includes which of the following? A) planned, structured, and repetitive movement B) movement produced by skeletal muscles C) the body’s ability to respond to the demands of physical effort D) only physical activities that increase the heart rate
answer

planned, structured, and repetitive movement
question

Colleen either swims, bikes, or runs five days a week in preparation for a triathlon she has entered. Which kind of physical activity is this? A) physical activity for profit B) physical activity for fitness C) physical activity for health D) physical activity for performance
answer

physical activity for performance
question

Which of the following terms best describes the body’s ability to perform physical activities on a regular basis without getting too tired and with energy left over to handle physical and mental emergencies? A) body composition B) muscular strength C) aerobic capacity D) physical fitness
answer

physical fitness
question

Aerobic literally means A) “with air.” B) “with energy.” C) “with strength.” D) “with oxygen.”
answer

“with oxygen”
question

The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to supply oxygen to skeletal muscles during sustained physical activity is called A) muscular endurance. B) physical fitness. C) aerobic power. D) cardiorespiratory fitness
answer

cardiorespiratory fitness
question

The fitness of one’s cardiorespiratory system is assessed by measuring the A) volume of oxygen the muscles consume during exercise. B) increase in blood pressure during exercise. C) strength needed to sustain a muscular contraction during exercise. D) length of time you can hold your breath while exercising
answer

volume of oxygen the muscles consume during exercise
question

Aerobic capacity (or power) is measured by A) HDL values. B) RPE. C) MET levels. D) VO2max
answer

VO2max
question

The range of motion possible at a joint or series of joints is called A) agility. B) flexibility. C) balance. D) endurance.
answer

flexibility
question

Which of the following is not one of the sports skills associated with physical fitness for performance? A) agility B) balance C) endurance D) coordination
answer

balance
question

Which of the following changes could an individual expect by participating in regular aerobic exercise? A) increase in HDLs B) increase in LDLs C) increase in triglycerides D) increase in total cholesterol
answer

increase in HDLs
question

Which of the following is true regarding exercise and cancer? A) Exercise appears to reduce the risk of breast cancer but not colon cancer. B) Exercise appears to reduce the risk of colon cancer but not breast cancer. C) Exercise appears to reduce the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer. D) Exercise appears to have no effect on breast cancer or colon cancer.
answer

exercise appears to reduce the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer
question

Bridget suffers from a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, which increases fracture risk. What disease does she have? A) scleroderma B) osteoporosis C) atherosclerosis D) osteoarthritis
answer

osteroporsis
question

Heather is a marathon runner. By training intensely and running a high weekly mileage she is increasing her risk of A) breast cancer. B) colds and flu. C) pelvic inflammatory disease. D) urinary tract infections.
answer

colds and flu
question

By affecting neurotransmitters associated with mood enhancement, regular aerobic activity can help to alleviate A) pain. B) stress. C) illness. D) insomnia
answer

stress
question

Jeanne wants to exercise more, but she lacks motivation. Which of the following might help her overcome her lack of motivation? A) Identify inexpensive resources on campus or in the community. B) Try multitasking, such as listening to lecture tapes while riding an exercise bike. C) Enlist the help of an exercise partner to make her accountable for working out. D) Explain the importance of exercise to people who may not support her efforts
answer

enlist the help of an exercise partner to make her accountable for working out
question

Jessica’s main obstacle to being more physically active is a lack of resources. Which of the following is probably not a possible solution to her dilemma? A) Jessica should select an activity that requires minimal equipment, such as walking, jogging, or calisthenics. B) Jessica should identify inexpensive resources on campus or in the community. C) Jessica should use active forms of transportation, such as walking, biking, or skateboarding. D) Jessica should invite family and friends to be active with her.
answer

Jessica should invite family and friends to be active with her
question

Paula is designing a fitness program to reduce stress and to feel stronger. Which of the following is most likely to improve her chances of achieving her physical fitness goals? A) Paula should play tennis because some of her friends are excellent players. B) Paula should surf because she needs to overcome her fear of the ocean. C) Paula should walk because she likes walking and there are some terrific trails around and through the campus. D) Paula should sign up for the advanced yoga class because she has never done anything like yoga before in her life
answer

Paula should walk because she likes walking and there are some terrific trails around and through the campus
question

Jorge wants to see how close to 10,000 steps he comes during the course of a typical day. Which of the following fitness gadgets will most likely give him the data he seeks? A) a heart rate monitor B) a pedometer C) a resistance band D) an elliptical trainer
answer

a pedometer
question

Deirdre needs to closely monitor the intensity of her workouts. Which of the following fitness gadgets will most likely give her the data she seeks? A) a heart rate monitor B) a pedometer C) a balance board D) a stability ball
answer

a heart rate monitor
question

Which of the following is one of the benefits of a treadmill? A) It provides opportunities for entertainment and social activity. B) It is lightweight, durable, and easily portable. C) It provides a lower impact on your joints than running on most pavements. D) It can be used in plyometric training, too.
answer

it provides a lower impact on your joints than running on most pavements
question

Exercise frequency refers to A) the number of times per week you need to do a particular exercise. B) how hard the workout must be to attain the desired level of fitness. C) the length of time or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component. D) the specific component of fitness to which the exercise is intended
answer

the number of times per week you need to do a particular exercise
question

Exercise intensity refers to A) the number of times per week you need to do a particular exercise. B) how hard the workout must be to attain the desired level of fitness. C) the length of time or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component. D) the specific component of fitness to which the exercise is intended
answer

how hard the workout must be to attain the desired level of fitness
question

Exercise time refers to A) the number of times per week you need to do a particular exercise. B) how hard the workout must be to attain the desired level of fitness. C) the duration or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component. D) the specific component of fitness to which the exercise is intended. the duration or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component.
answer

the duration or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component
question

Exercise type refers to A) the number of times per week you need to do a particular exercise. B) how hard the workout must be to attain the desired level of fitness. C) the length of time or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component. D) the specific component of fitness to which the exercise is intended.
answer

the specific component of fitness to which the exercise is intended
question

In the SMART system for setting fitness goals, the M in SMART stands for A) metric. B) moderate. C) manageable. D) measurable
answer

measurable
question

The calculation for determining target heart rate uses a formula in which an individual inserts his or her A) age. B) weight. C) height. D) BMI
answer

age
question

The ________ test is the easiest way to measure cardiorespiratory exercise intensity. A) breath B) sweat C) speed D) talk
answer

talk
question

Muscular strength is improved when resistance loads are ________ of your one repetition maximum (1 RM). A) > 30 percent B) > 40 percent C) > 50 percent D) > 60 percent
answer

> 60 percent
question

Muscular endurance is A) a muscle’s ability to sustain a muscle contraction for a length of time. B) the amount of time needed to contract a muscle. C) the amount of force needed to flex a joint. D) the amount of force a muscle is capable of exerting in one contraction.
answer

a muscle’s ability to sustain a muscle contraction for a length of time
question

Which of the following best describes the most common way to measure muscle strength? A) repeated lifting of weights until fatigued B) fast, heavy repetitions of free-weight barbells C) the maximum amount of weight you can move one time D) light, repetitive lifting of weights until fatigued
answer

the maximum amount of weight you can move at one time
question

Muscular endurance is best developed by increasing the A) amount of weight you can lift a few times. B) number of repetitions you lift a given amount of weight. C) speed at which you can lift a weight. D) range of motion that you use to lift weights
answer

number of repetitions you life a given amount of weight
question

When training all major muscle groups in a single strength training workout, a person should complete A) single-joint exercises before multiple-joint exercises. B) large-muscle group exercises before small-muscle group exercises. C) lower-intensity exercises before high-intensity exercises. D) small-muscle group exercises before high-intensity exercises
answer

large muscle-group exercises before small-muscle group exercises
question

During a strength training workout, a rest period of ________ minutes is recommended for multiple-joint exercises that use large-muscle groups. A) 1 to 2 B) 2 to 3 C) 3 to 4 D) 4 to 5
answer

2 to 3
question

Increasing your level of strength by regularly creating a degree of tension in your muscles greater than they are accustomed to is called A) isometric training. B) specificity. C) overload. D) endurance
answer

overload
question

The FITT principle for muscular endurance and strength includes resistance training A) 2 to 3 days per week. B) 5 days per week. C) daily. D) once per month
answer

2 to 3 days per week
question

Celeste uses barbells for muscular strength. Celeste is using ________ for strength and endurance training. A) body weight resistance B) fixed resistance C) variable resistance D) accommodating resistance
answer

fixed resistance
question

ariable resistance muscle training can be accomplished by what means? A) isometrics B) calisthenics C) free weights D) weight machines
answer

weight machines
question

________ stretching slowly and gradually lengthens a muscle or group of muscles and their tendons. A) Ballistic B) Dynamic C) Isokinetic D) Static
answer

static
question

Leon has started flexibility training 3 or 4 times per week. Without knowing anything more about Leon or the exact stretches he is doing, which of the following is probably not one of the reasons he’s doing this training? A) to limit the risk of injury B) to reduce joint deterioration C) to alleviate lower back problems D) to promote muscle strength and endurance
answer

to promote muscle strength and endurance
question

Which of the following is an exercise that probably will not significantly increase the strength of your core? A) abdominal curl-ups B) balancing on a stability ball C) holding yourself in a front or reverse plank position D) riding a stationary bike
answer

riding a stationary bike
question

Which of the following styles of exercise includes a component specifically designed to increase strength? A) Pilates B) tai chi C) yoga D) aerobics
answer

pilates
question

The body’s core muscles are the foundation for all movement and include the A) deep back and pectoral muscles. B) pectoral and abdominal muscles. C) deep back and abdominal muscles. D) upper arm and upper leg muscles
answer

deep back and abdominal muscles
question

A weak core generally results in all of the following except A) poor posture. B) muscle injuries. C) lower back pain. D) stable center of gravity.
answer

stable center of gravity
question

Which of the following is a performance-enhancing dietary supplement that is a synthetic version of the hormone testosterone? A) steroid precursors B) creatine C) anabolic steroids D) ephedrine
answer

anabolic steriods
question

Which of the following is a naturally occurring compound that helps supply energy to your muscles? A) steroid precursors B) creatine C) anabolic steroids D) ephedrine
answer

creatine
question

Rudy’s friends noticed that he had changed. He was much more aggressive, his mood seemed to swing wildly, and he had severe acne. Which performance-enhancing substance did Rudy’s friends think he was abusing? A) human growth hormone B) ephedra C) creatine D) anabolic steroids
answer

anabolic steroids
question

Jillian likes to go for bike rides that last two or more hours. If Jillian sweats profusely (and she does), which of the following would you recommend she consume to replace the fluids she is losing? A) plain water B) a drink containing electrolytes C) carbonated water D) pure grain alcohol
answer

a drink containing electrolytes
question

A potentially fatal dilution of sodium concentration in the blood as a result of an overconsumption of water is called A) alkalosis. B) hyponatremia. C) hypernatremia. D) acidosis
answer

hyponatremia
question

The best fluid to drink during a 45-minute exercise session is A) chocolate milk. B) plain water. C) a sports drink. D) any caffeinated soft drink.
answer

plain water
question

Walt broke his leg during a football game. What type of injury is this? A) overuse B) traumatic C) repetitive D) invasive
answer

traumatic
question

Which of the following best describes a way to prevent overuse injuries? A) Set fitness goals high to increase the challenge. B) Avoid any activity for at least a month when you are stiff and sore. C) Vary your fitness activities throughout the week. D) Work through stiffness and soreness.
answer

vary your fitness activities throughout the week
question

An acronym for the standard first-aid treatment for fitness-related injuries is A) FRIE. B) ICED. C) BRIE. D) RICE.
answer

RICE
question

What is the most critical attribute to look for in a running shoe? A) strong heel counter B) ability to absorb shock C) good ankle support D) flexible midsole
answer

ability to absorb shock
question

Claire, a rookie on the varsity cross-country team, has developed pain on the front part of her lower legs that has been diagnosed as shin splints. What type of injury is this? A) overuse B) traumatic C) repetitive D) invasive
answer

overuse
question

Nellie just sprained her ankle playing basketball. How often should she ice her injury? A) every two hours for the first 24 hours B) twice a day for the first 24 to 72 hours C) twenty minutes every hour for the first 24 to 72 hours D) every minute for the first 24 hours
answer

twenty minutes every hour for the first 24 to 72 hours
question

Which of the following would be an example of using the “C” component in the RICE principle for injury treatment? A) cooling off the injury B) wearing a compression bandage C) creating a sling D) being careful with the injured area
answer

wearing a compression bandage
question

The process of heat acclimatization requires ________ of gradually increased activity in the hot environment. A) 2 to 3 days B) 4 to 6 days C) 7 to 9 days D) 10 to 14 days
answer

10 to 14 days
question

The least serious heat-related problem that can be prevented by adequate fluid replacement is A) heat cramps. B) heat exhaustion. C) heatstroke. D) serious sunburn
answer

heat cramps
question

Ryan has been working in his yard on a very hot summer day. He is experiencing nausea, headache, dizziness, faintness, and the chills. Ryan is most likely suffering from heat A) cramps. B) exhaustion. C) stroke. D) fatigue
answer

exhaustion
question

A potentially fatal condition resulting from abnormally low body core temperature is called A) hypothermia. B) hyperthermia. C) temperature deprivation. D) thermal atrophy.
answer

hypothermia
question

Death from hypothermia occurs when the core body temperature drops to A) 93.2-99.6°F. B) 89.2-93.0°F. C) 87.0-90.0°F. D) 75.0-80.0°F
answer

75.0-80.0
question

It’s been a really hot, humid day, and Karthik has spent it running his first marathon. After he finishes, he reports to the medical staff that he has chills. They notice, too, that his skin is so cool that he’s got “goose bumps.” Without knowing anything more about Karthik’s condition, which of the following does he likely have? A) heat cramps B) sunstroke C) heat exhaustion D) heatstroke
answer

heat exhaustion
question

One of the health benefits of regular exercise that is particularly important to Kirby is strengthening his respiratory muscles and improving his immune system functioning. Which of the following health conditions is it likely that Kirby has? A) asthma B) obesity C) hypertension D) diabetes
answer

asthma
question

One of the health benefits of regular exercise that is particularly important to Kellie is controlling blood glucose and controlling body weight. Which of the following health conditions is it likely that Kellie has? A) asthma B) obesity C) hypertension D) diabetes
answer

diabetes

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member