Kaplan Pharm Parenteral Therapy A

question

the nurse identifies folic acid is prescribed for which condition?
answer

pregnancy, alcoholism, liver disease
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The health care provider prescribes captopril for a client diagnosed with hypertentions. Bewfore administeration the first dose, it is most important for the nurse to make which statment?
answer

Remain in bed for the first three hours after taking the first dose of medication
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the nurse knows that which of the following antipsychotics is used as a treatment for tourettes syndrome?
answer

Haloperidol (Haldol)
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The nurse in the outpatient clinic obtains a client history during the initial visit. the client relates of recently beginnin to take isoniazid daily. The nurse recongizes this medication is used to treat or prevent which problem?
answer

Tuberculosis
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the client comes back from an overseas trip reporting multiple, watery bowel movement. The health care provider prescribes loperamide. It is most important for the nurse to follow up on which client statement?
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My temperature is 101.2 F
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The nurse knows that disulfram is most likely prescribed for which client?
answer

A client abusing alcohol
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The nurse cares for a client immediatley after removal of a cateract in the left eye. The physician orders prochlorperazine to be adminstered after the surgery. The nurse understands that it is important to admniter the medication for which of the following reasons?
answer

to prevent pressure on the suture line
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The nurse cares for a client admitted with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. the nurse anticipates that the health care provider will order which type of insulin?
answer

Short-acting insulin
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a client calls the nurse 10 days after beginning to use beclomethasone nasal spray due to seasonal allergies. The client reports that even though the medication is being used correctly, the client has experienced only slight relief. Which action by the nurse is most important?
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Remind the client that the peak effect can take up to 3 to 4 weeks of regular use
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the client is receiving 40 gtt in 5% water IV set delivers 10 gtts a1200 w 1000 ml hw many ml will remain at 1530
answer

160 ml
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The nurse instructs a client receiving phenytoin sodium. The nurse determines further teaching is necessary if the client makes which statment?
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If my urine changes color, I should immediatley go to the emergency department
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The nurse receives a phone call from the radiology deparrtmen. A department staff member will come in 30 mins for the client scheudled for abdominal x-rays. It is essential that the nurse admnister which medication to the client prior to leaving the unit?
answer

Ciprofloxacin 400 mg IV
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A client diagnosed with depression is scheduled to begin a series of elctroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatments. It is most important for the nurse to notify the health care provider about which information?
answer

The client is being treated for glaucoma
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the nurse understands that which of the following occurrences is NOT a side effect or toxic effect of aspirin?
answer

Rash
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The nurse instructs a client receiving lovastatin (mevacor) for treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The nurse determines further teaching is necessary if the client states which of the following?
answer

“I always take it on an empty stomach, so it can get right to work.”
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The nurse knows that chlorpromazine hydrochloride is most likely to be prescribed for which client?
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A client diagnosed with schizophrenia
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The nurse performs a nursing assessment on a client with a history of migraine headaches. the nurse records the list of current medications and recongizes which medication is used to treat migraine headaches?
answer

Zolmitriptan
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The nurse learns a client has been taking simvastatin for 7 months. Which statment by a colleague should the nurse correct?
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I should take the clients blood pressure in supine, sitting, and standing positions
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The nurse cares for a client with a history of asthma and bronchitis. The health care probeider prescribes montelukast. The nurse recognizes which statement as true about montelukast?
answer

Montelukast takes several weeks to lessen the effects of chronic asthma
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The nurse counsels a client receiving cromlyn (opticrom) to treat bilateral conjunctivitis. The nurse should intervene if the client states wheich of the follwoing?
answer

I put the drops in after I put my contact lens in
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The nurse cares for a client receiving simvastatin (Zocor). to monitor side effects of the medication, the nurse expects the physician to order which of the following tests?
answer

Liver function tests and an opthalmic examination
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The health care provider orders hydromorphone hydrochloride in a choice of dose-equuivalent formsfor a postoperaptive client. TO ensure the client has a restful sleep, the nurse knows which method of administration offers the client the longest duration of medication action?
answer

Rectal administration
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The health care provider orders IV codeine very 3-4 hours PRN for a client after surgery on the second day postop, the nurse assesses the client 3 hours after giving codeine. The clients vital signs are: BP 112/68 mm Hg, PUlse 72/min, and respriations 10/min. The client reports experiencing pain at the level of 5 on the 0-10 numeric pain distress scale. Which action by the nurse is most appropriate?
answer

Assess the level of sedation
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The nurse cares for a client receiving sertraline. Which statment is most important for the nurse to make?
answer

“it might take four weeks for you to reach full therapeeutic effect
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The home care nurse visits a client living in a dependent living facility. The client is receiving risperidone (risperdal). The nurse notes the client has a shuffling gait and trembles when reaching for reading glasses. The nurse did not notice these behaviorson the previous visit. Which action by the nurse is most appropriate?
answer

Contact the clients physician
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A client plans to stop smoking. The health care provider prescribes bupropion. Which statment if made by the cleint to the nurse, indicates further education is required?
answer

If i miss a dose of medication, I should take it as soon as I remember it
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The son of an elderly client brings his father to the clinic. The client states he has indigestion and has been taking “lots of over the counter cimetidine (tagamet)” for 3 weeks. Which of the following statments, if made by the client to the nurse, requires an immediate followup?
answer

“My son tells me that I seem to be confused at times”
question

0.25 mg digoxin available in 0.5 mg per ml how many ml?
answer

0.5 ML
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the nurse discovers a clients urine culture indicates at least 100,000 colonies of bacteria per mililiter. The nurse should intervene if the client makes which statment?
answer

I am taking phenazopyridine to get rid of the bacteria
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the nurse in the cardiac rehabilitation unit knows that for adult clients taking digoxin, the maintenance dose of the medication should be in which range?
answer

0.125- 0.5

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