Jazz Exam 2: Chapters 1-3

Flashcard maker : Paula Corcoran
harlem
Mary Lou William’s ___ apartment \”salon\” served as a meeting place for discussions about music
fast
double-time is playing twice as
meter
beat groupings
improvise
to compose and perform simultaneously
tempo
refers to the speed of the beat
chord
3 or more tones sounding together
tone
jazz musicians value the development of a highly personal __ on their instruments
jazz
which style of music was the first to claim a dominant foothold in the american identity
variations
musical form. theme and ____
feeling
swing ____ best describes jazz
blues
musical form. 12-bar ____
rhythm
a trio of musicians consisting of a piano, bass, and drums would be termed the ____ section
performances
jazz traces its history through its ___ and only secondarily by its composers
behind
lay back play ____ the beat
vamp
repeated phrase used as a filter
syncopate
to accent a weak beat
how
in jazz interpretation, what is played is often less important than ___ it is played
form
can be discovered by identifying areas of repetition and contrast
swing
the amount of ___ rhythm can vary based on a jazz performer’s placement and accent of notes
vibrato
the pulsating effect produced by small, rapid variations in pitch
ABAB
musical form
front
___ line the lead players in new orleans jazz
ritual
not associated with minstrel shows
downward
a \”fall-off\” is a ___ note bend
chromatic
scale-arrangement of tones using half-steps
work
Juliana Johnson is an example of a ___ song
african
jazz began as a blending of ___ and European musical elements
oral tradition
western european music represents a literate tradition, while african music represents the ____
call and response
pattern is derived from african music
quadrille
a type of european dance
marches
does not originate from the african tradition
trading fours
alternating solos
religious music
influence on jazz
european
polkas, hymns, and quadrilles all derive from ___ music
gospel
recognized as an art form through the singing career of Mahalia Jackson
congo square
located in new orleans
art
the african’s music was a functional ___, tied to the everyday workings in their lives
spirituals
these songs are often called \”hymns with a beat\”
creole
best defined as referring to a person of african-european heritage living in new orleans
new orleans
jazz began around 1900 in _____
ethnic
the earliest jazz did much of its development in new orleans because it was an intensely musical city with ____ diversity
drum
instrument coordinated the movements of africans during their tribal activities
iambic
blues music uses the ____ pentameter format
three
how many lines of text are there in each verse of a blues song?
mamie smith
made the first blues recording
louis armstrong
supplied the fill-ins on bessie smith’s recording of \”st. louis blues.\”
progression
a blues song follows a specific chord ___
measures
blues songs are 12 ___ in length
blues music
existed before jazz
voice
bessie smith used her ___ as an instrument
w.c. handy
wrote \”the memphis blues\” and \”st. louis blues.\”
piano
cannot bend a note
phases
there are 3 ___ in the basic blues chord progression
ma rainey
\”mother\” of the blues
trumpet
louis armstrong played this instrument
huddie ledbetter
a blues singer
big bill broonzy
this person played the guitar
charlie green
this person played the trombone
guitar
what instrument used by early rural blues singers continues to be used by contemporary singers like B.B. King?
break
place in a composition where the band stops and a soloist plays a brief fill-ins is called
scat
a vocalist using nonsense syllables is employing the ___ technique
lester young
a saxophonist that influenced Billie Holiday’s singing style
billie holiday
recordings include the songs \”fine and mellow\” and \”strange fruit.\”

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