Italian v. Northern Renaissance Art

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Italian Renaissance: School of Athens – Rafael perfect example of Italian Renaissance art; shows almost all characteristics; one point perspective
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Italian Renaissance: Donatello’s David classicism (nude subjects = classicism = Italian Renaissance)
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Italian Renaissance: geometric arrangement, realism, light and shadow
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Northern Renaissance: interest in landscapes
Northern Renaissance:  interest in landscapes
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Northern Renaissance: intense detail, realism and naturalism
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Northern Renaissance: intense detail, emphasis on middle-class,
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Northern Renaissance: portraiture, intense detail, realism
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Northern Renaissance: intense detail, emphasis on patrons, emphasis on interiors
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Italian Renaissance: Michelangelo’s David classicism (nude), individualism, realism (idealized form)
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Italian Renaissance: geometric arrangement, realism (idealized humans)
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Italian Renaissance: perspective (one-point), classicism (seen in architecture)
Italian Renaissance:  perspective (one-point), classicism (seen in architecture)
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Northern Renaissance: attention to detail, realism and naturalism (human form not idealized)
Northern Renaissance:  attention to detail, realism and naturalism (human form not idealized)
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Italian Renaissance: classical subject matter, realism
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Italian Renaissance: make everyone look super perfect and idealize the human form Northern Renaissance: depict everyone as they truly are, unidealized human forms, everyone is super ugly
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Difference between Italian Renaissance realism and Northern Renaissance realism
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Northern Renaissance: emphasis on peasantry, super detailed, realism and naturalism
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Making everything look realistic. Idealizing the human form and giving all subjects some sort of emotion.
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: realism and emotionalism
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Making everything look realistic by using intense details and depicting humans with all their imperfections.
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: realism and naturalism
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Using one-point perspective to make the painting look more realistic and to direct attention towards one object.
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: perspective
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Since Northern Renaissance painters had oil paints, they could make everything super duper detailed.
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: attention to detail
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Using classical techniques (freestanding marble sculpture, coin-like portraits) Using classical subject matter (pagan gods, ancient Greek philosophers) Nudity
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: classicism
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Exactly what it sounds like: depicting peasantry and middle-class in paintings
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: emphasis on peasantry and middle-class
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Depicting individual humans in all their greatness (portraits! esp of patrons)
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: individualism
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Painting beautiful landscapes, placing emphasis on nature rather than humans.
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: interest in landscapes
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Painting subjects so that they lead the observer’s eye along a triangular path.
Painting subjects so that they lead the observer's eye along a triangular path.
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: geometric arrangement
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Put their patrons into random paintings (bc patrons decided what was painted). Depicted them in portraits.
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: emphasis on patrons: upper-class and nobility
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Using intense shading and lighting techniques to make painting look super realistic. Chiaroscuro and sfumato
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: light and shadow
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Artists often depicted themselves or patrons in portraits.
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: interest in portraiture and interiors
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Artists were super rich and sought after. Vasari’s “Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects” fostered interest in many artists.
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Characteristic of Italian Renaissance art: artists as celebrities
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Often depicted darker religious subject matter: judgement day, apocalypse. No nudity.
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Characteristic of Northern Renaissance art: influence of Protestant Reformation
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Northern Renaissance: interest in portraiture, influence of Protestant Ref
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Northern Renaissance: influence of Protestant Ref (Four Horsemen of Apocalypse)
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Northern Renaissance: portraiture, influence of Protestant Ref (Erasmus), realism and naturalism
Northern Renaissance:  portraiture, influence of Protestant Ref (Erasmus), realism and naturalism
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Italian Renaissance: realism and emotionalism, geometric arrangement, classicism
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Italian Renaissance: Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel classicism, realism and expressionism, idealized human forms, light and shadow
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Italian Renaissance: geometric arrangement, realism and emotionalism, idealized human forms
Italian Renaissance:  geometric arrangement, realism and emotionalism, idealized human forms
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Northern Renaissance: attention to detail, non-idealized human form
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Northern Renaissance: influence of Protestant Reformation (it’s Luther!), realism and naturalism, interest in portaiture
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Italian Renaissance: light and shadow, realism, there’s a pope????
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Italian Renaissance: classicism (dome!)
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Italian Renaissance: Last Supper – Leonardo da Vinci realism and emotionalism, perspective, lighting and shadow
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Northern Renaissance: realism and naturalism, non-idealized form
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Italian Renaissance: idealized form, realism and emotionalism, classicism (pagan subjects)
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Italian Renaissance: perspective (one-point), realism and emotionalism
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Northern Renaissance: non-idealized human form, influenced by Protestant Ref
Northern Renaissance:  non-idealized human form, influenced by Protestant Ref
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Italian Renaissance: classicism (classical architecture)
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Northern Renaissance: interest in portraiture, interest in upper-class patrons, realism and naturalism
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Italian Renaissance: classicism (pagan subjects), idealized human form, realism and emotionalism
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Northern Renaissance: interest in portraiture, realism and naturalism
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Italian Renaissance: idealized human form, classicism (pagan subject + nude),
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Italian Renaissance: geometric arrangement, ideal human form, realism and emotionalism
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