Intro to Computers- Test 1 HW 1,2, & 3

Flashcard maker : Tara Rose
true
t or f?
Electronic components in computers process data using instructions, which are the steps that tell the computer how to perform a particular task
false
t or f?
Screens for desktops cannot yet support touch
false
t or f?
Smaller applications, such as home, typically use a powerful, expensive server to support their daily operations
true
t or f?
Smartphones typically communicate wirelessly with other devices or computers
false
t or f?
Data conveys meaning to users, and information is a collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, and video
false
t or f?
As widespread as computers appear to be, most daily activities do not involve the use of or depend on information from them
false
t or f?
A scanner is a light-sensing output device
false
t or f?
Because it contains moving parts, flash memory is less durable and shock resistant than other types of media
false
t or f?
The terms, web, and Internet, are interchangeable
true
t or f?
One way to protect your computer from malware is to scan any removable media before using it
true
t or f?
Operating systems are a widely recognized example of system software
true
t or f?
You usually do not need to install web apps before you can run them
input device
A(n) _____ is any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer or mobile device
a) scanner
Which of the following is NOT and example of an out put device?
a) scanner
b)printer
c) display
d)speaker
memory
consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and the data needed by those instructions
memory card
removable flash memory; usually no bigger than 1.5 inches in height or width, that you inset in and remove from a slot in a computer, mobile device, or card reader/writer
web server
a computer that delivers requested webpages to your computer or mobile device
application
software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks
cellular radio
uses the cellular network to enable high-speed Internet connections to devices with built-in compatible technology, such as smart phones
wiki
a collaborative website that allows users to create, add to, modify, or delete the content via their browser
laptop
thin lightweight mobile computer with a screen in its lid and a keyboard in its base
server
computer that is dedicated to providing one or more services to other computers or devices on a network
picture message
a photo or other image sometimes along with sound and text, sent to or from a smartphone or mobile device
convergence
term that describes the trend of computers and devices that overlap
touchpad
small flat rectangular pointing device that is sensitive to pressure and motion
storage device
component that records and or retrieves items to and from storage media
hard disk
storage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that use magnetic particles to store data, instructions, and information
file
named collection of stored data, instructions, or information
software
series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them
operating system
set of programs that coordinates all the activities among the computer or mobile device hardware
True
T/F No single person or government agency controls or owns the Internet
False
T/F The W3C is responsible for maintaining all networks and content on the Internet
True
T/F Users typically pay additional fees for mobile hot spot and tethering services
False
T/F a gigabyte (GB) is the basic storage unit on a computer or mobile device and represents a single character
True
T/F Visitors to a dynamic webpage can customize some or all of the viewed content, such as desired stock quotes, weather, or ticket availability for flights
False
T/F Browsers usually are no included by default with mobile devices and smartphones
True
T/F Mobile apps sometimes have fewer feature than a web app
False
T/F a subject directory is software that finds websites, webpages, images, videos, news, maps, and other information related to a specific topic
True
T/F one technique you can use to improve search results is to use specific nouns
True
T/F the term, blogosphere, refers to the worldwide collections of blogs
False
T/F unregistered wiki users can review the content, as well as edit it and add comments
False
T/F tethering is the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow, which allows users to access and use a file while it is transmitting
host
any computer that provides services and connections to other computers on a network
dial-up
_____ access takes place when a modem in a computer connects to the Internet via a standard telephone line that transmits data and information using an analog signal
IP address
is a sequence of numbers that uniquely identifies the location of each computer or device connected to the Internet
registrar
you register a domain name through a ___, which is an organization that sells and manages domain names
proxy server
one way to protects your identity while browsing is to use a ____, which is another computer that screens all your incoming and outgoing messages
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
a set of rules that defines how webpages transfer on the Internet
informational
_____ website contains factual information, such as libraries, encyclopedias, dictionaries, directories, guides, and other types of reference
hashtag
consists of a number sign followed by a keyword, describes and categorizes a Tweet
tethering
transforms a smartphone or Internet-capable tablet into a portable communications device that shares its Internet access with other computers and devices wirelessly.
internet backbone
term used to refer to the major carriers of network traffic
domain name
text based name that corresponds to the IP address of a server that hosts a website
web server
a computer that delivers requested webpages to your computer or mobile device.
URL
a webpage’s unique address.
web feed
method of puling content that has changed on a website
plug in
program that extends the capability of a browser
chat
real-time typed convo that takes place on a computer or mobile device with many other online users
cyberbullying
harassment, often involving teens and preteens, using technology
social media
websites and tools that foster communications and/or interactions among users, including online social networks, media sharing sites, blogs and microblogs, wikis, podcasts, and online gathering
true
T/F malware authors focus on social media, with the goal of stealing personal information
False
T/F although they can save space, all-in-one desktops usually are more expensive than a system unit and monitor purchased separately
False
T/F most traditional and ultrathin laptop and ultrabook screens range in size from 7-10 inches, and most tablet and netbook screens range in size from 11-18 inches
True
T/F dedicated servers typically require a faster processor, more memory. and additional storage
False
T/F most computers and electronic devices are analog, which use only two discrete states: on and off
True
T/F some mobile devices allow you to transfer photos using wireless technologies such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi
True
T/F most smartphones also can function as portable media players and digital cameras
True
T/F because embedded computers are components in larger products, they usually are small and have limited hardware
False
T/F instead of the term, port, the term, connector, sometimes it used to identify audio and video ports
False
T/F Newer versions of USB are backward compatible, which means they support only new USB devices, not older ones
True
T/F because the processor in a computer is particularly sensitive to current fluctuations, you always should use a surge protector
False
T/F an offline UPS always runs off the battery
peripheral
examples of a ____ device include keyboard, mouse, microphone, monitor, printer, USB flash drive, scanner, webcam, and speakers
system unit
some people use this term to refer to the case that contains and protects the motherboard, hard disk drive, memory, and other electronic components of the computer from damage
all-in-one desktop
some desktops called a ___, do not have a tower and instead house the screen and system unit in the same case
workstation
power users may work with a high-end desktop, sometimes called a ______, that is designed to handle intense calculations and powerful graphics
servers
services provided by _____ include storing content and controlling access to hardware, software, and other resources on a network
backup server
a dedicated server that backs up and restores files, folders, and media
CSC
a four or five-digit number assigned to a specific content or mobile service provider
USB port
can connect up to 127 different peripheral devices together with a single connector
peripheral device
component you connect to a computer or mobile device to expand its capabilities
mother board
the main circuit board of a personal computer
CPU
electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer
tower
metal or plastic frame that houses the system unit on a desktop
phablet
term used to refer to a device that combines the features of a smartphone with a tablet
virtualization
the practice of sharing or pooling computing resources, such as servers and storage devices
thin client
terminal that looks like a desktop but has limited capabilities and components
resolution
the number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display device
pairing
process of initiating contact b/w two Bluetooth devices and allowing them to commuincate with each other
standby UPS
power supply that switches to battery power when a problem occurs in the powerline

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member