Inquiry Vocabulary 1_4_17 Flashcard

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analysis
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this is a process of interpreting
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analyze
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this is to observe carefully and in detail so as to identify causes key factors, or possible results
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bias
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this is an unwanted influence on a sample
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conclusion
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this is an answer deduced from the analysis of data
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control variable
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this is a condition which remains constant, or unchanged, in an experiment
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data collection
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this is the act of writing down the required information you get from a laboratory experiment
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data set
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this is a compilation of information usually quantitative, that represents measures f a variable or set of varibles
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data table
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this is the correct method of recording numerical information from an experiments
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database
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this is an organized collection of data that has one or many uses
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dependent variable
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this is the observed variable in an experiment or study whose changes are determined by the presence or degree of one or more independent variables. when graphed, this variable is usually on the vertical axis
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design
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this is the process of giving form to an idea. form for an idea could be a plan of action or a description of a physical thing
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evidence
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this is data from an experiment, which is used to verify or reject the original hypothesis in the conclusion
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experiment
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scientific procedure followed to obtain results for analysis. this is also means to test a hypothesis
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experimental variable
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this is the condition which is changed within experiment
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graduated cylinder
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this is a container used for measurement of the volume of a liquid
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graph
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this is the image obtained by plotting all the points of an equation or in equality. a visual representation of scientific data
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hypothesis
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this is a prediction of the outcome of scientific processes based on analysis
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independent variable
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this is the manipulated variable in an experiment or study whose presence or degree determines the change in the dependent variable. when graphed this is graphed usually on the horizontal axis
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inference
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this is the process of making a prediction based on the results of prior observation of similar events
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inquiry
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this is the act of trying to find the answer to an unknown question by the use of experimentation and research
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investigation
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this is the method of researching or studying a topic. examination, inquiry…
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logic
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this is the science of correct reasoning. the basic components are statements that can be true or false, but never both
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manipulated variable
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this is the one factor that is changed or tested by the person doing the investigation
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measurement
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this is the collection of quantitative data made by comparing a quantity with a standard unit. in science, the unit mass
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metric system
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this is the decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter as a unit length and the kilogram as a unit mass
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microscope
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equipment used to magnify and observe small objects
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objectivity
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this describes how science should be practiced and how scientific truths are created. it is the idea that scientist, in attempting to uncover facts about the natural world, must try to eliminate personal bias and emotional involvement.
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observation
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this is a process of watching an experiment and noting what occurs
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opinion
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a subjective thought a student/scientist may form about a topic, as opposed to a fact
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peer review
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this is the evaluation of scientific research, creative work, or performance by other people in the same field in order to maintain or enhance the quality of the work or performance in the field
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PH scale
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a graphical representation of the strength of an acid or base
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pictograph
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this uses pictures or symbols to represent an assigned amount of data
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prediction
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this is a statement that a particular event will occur, based on reasonable observations of prior events
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problem
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this is a question proposed for solution or discussion. in math, this is a statement requiring a soultion by means of a mathematical operation or geometric construction.
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problem solving
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this is the process of finding a solution to a problem
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procedures
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this is the process of steps taken in completing a task, such as a lab investigation
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Qualitative data
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This is the information from an experiment, such as observations or behaviors, that cannot be recorded with numerical value
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quantitative data
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this is information from an experiment that can be assigned a number or quantity and can often be used to construct a graph
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rain gauge
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this is a tool used to measure the amount of precipitaion in inches or centimeters
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research
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this is what people do when they are searching for information. People often look in more than one location
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responding variable
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this is the result of or response to changing the manipulated variable
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results
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this is the outcome
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scientific method
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a process used to gather evidence and lead to understanding
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senses
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tisis what organisms use to gather information from the world around them
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spring scale
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equipment used to measure force
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subjective
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this is a personal view or opinion
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thermometer
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equipment used to measure the temperature of an object
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validity
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this is the degree at which a test measures what it is intended to measure
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variable
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this is the factor which is tested in an experiment
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water displacement
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this is the most commonly used method when trying to measure the volume of an irregularly shaped object

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