Inorganic vs Organic Chemistry

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Organic chemistry
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Study of molecules that contain carbon compounds
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Inorganic chemistry
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Study of all compounds that do not contain carbon compounds
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Key differences between organic and inorganic chemistry
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Chemical structure Chemical classification Scientific purpose
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Chemical structure
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The main difference between organic and inorganic chemistry Organic compounds: – must contain a carbon atom in its structure (along with other elements) Inorganic compounds: – do not contain carbon atoms –> can sometimes make an appearance in inorganic compounds, known as organometallic compounds
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Organometallic compounds
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Inorganic compounds that contain carbon Formed from the bonding of a carbon atom in an organic compound, to a metal in an inorganic compound
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Chemical classification
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Organic compounds are classified by functional groups Inorganic compounds fall into the basic categories of: Acid Base Solid Metal
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Functional groups
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Certain groups of atoms (or bonds) within molecules that determine the characteristic reactions of those molecules. You can identify a functional group by pinpointing key atoms or molecules in a compound
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Table sugar vs. table salt
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Salt contains no carbon/hydrogen bonds, while sugar contains many – sugar = organic compound – salt = inorganic compound

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