Industrial America

Flashcard maker : Carol Rushing
New Orleans
What city was involved in the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases?
A business that is recognized by a state and is given certain rights
What is a corporation?
Shareholders.
The group of people who own a corporation are called:
When one company is strong enough to control an entire industry
What is a monopoly?
The government takes a “hands off” approach to businesses.
What happens with laissez-faire economic policies?
The railroads
Which industry was helped when the government gave them huge pieces of land in the western states?
They secretly gave money to members of Congress.
How did some businesses get the government to stay out of their affairs?
Knights of Labor
Which group of skilled workers fought for better pay and working conditions in Philadelphia?
Showed workers that organized labor was powerful
What did the railway strike of 1877 do for workers?
Poor working conditions
What causes workers to strike?
Machines took over many jobs.
How did the Industrial Revolution change the lives of working people?
They could pay them less than adults.
Why did businesses hire children?
Unskilled workers
Which was the largest group and made the least money?
Being discriminated against for your religion
Which would have been considered a “push” factor of immigration?
Ethnic enclaves
Immigrants often stayed in neighborhoods with other people from the same country. What were these neighborhoods called?
To help new immigrants in their communities
What was the purpose of the “benevolent associations”?
Learning how to speak English
Which of these is an example of assimilation?
Railroads made it easier to get to seaports in western Europe.
How did the invention of the railroads help poorer immigrants from Eastern Europe get to the United States?
More personal freedom in the United States
Which would have been considered a “pull” factor to get people to immigrate to the United States?
Steerage.
The cargo area of a ship, in which poorer immigrants traveled, was called:
Tenements
Most housing within the various ethnic enclaves could be considered what?
The Statue of Liberty
What did immigrants to New York first see when they came to America?
Nativists
Which group wanted to stop immigration?
Political cartoons
What form of media did nativists use to turn public opinion against newer immigrants?
It stopped immigration by Chinese workers and miners for 10 years.
What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act?
It was a deal in which the Japanese government agreed to control emigration to the United States.
What was the Gentlemen’s Agreement of the late 1800s?
Laws restricted immigrants from Asia.
What was one reason immigration from Mexico increased?
Divided the United States into time zones
In order to make their schedules more standard, what did the railroads do?
All of the above are correct.
Which of these was made possible by railroads?
To get away from city noise and pollution
Why did people move to the suburbs?
Trains made it easier to travel long distances.
How did railroads change ideas about travel?
suburbs
Because trains allowed people to commute to work, ___________ started to grow.
The streetcar
The centers of most cities became business areas after the invention of what?
In boarding houses
Where could young people interact with each other with less supervision?
For the first time, mail would be delivered to people’s homes.
What was the importance of Rural Free Delivery?
Thomas Edison
Who perfected the incandescent lightbulb?
It helped people learn to play music.
What did Americans get from the phonograph?
Bicycle making
What business were the Wright brothers in before they built the first airplane?
By creating mail-order catalogs
How did companies like Sears take advantage of the newly created federal mail service?
Watching sports
What became a popular form of entertainment at the turn of the 20th century?
Most people used to have to work six or seven days a week.
Why was the idea of a “weekend” new?
Carpenter
Which of the following would not have been considered a white-collar worker?
A more modern type of music
What is “ragtime”?
Nepotism
What is it called when an elected official gives family members good jobs?
The Union Pacific
Which railroad company was at the center of one of the biggest scandals of President Grant’s presidency?
People without ability or experience became officials.
What were some ways political machines hurt cities?
Cronyism
What is it called when an elected official gives good jobs to his friends?
Grant
Who was president during the Whiskey Ring scandal?
Do the laundry
A lack of running water in the tenements made it extremely difficult to do what?
Office manager
Which of the following would not have been the job of a poor working-class woman?

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