Hydrology Study Guide Questions

question

The four types of precipitation is…
answer

rain, snow, sleet, and hail
question

When water is a gas, it is called…
answer

water vapor
question

Plants releasing water into the air, it is called…
answer

transpiration
question

3% of the Earth’s water is…
answer

freshwater
question

97% of the Earth’s water is…
answer

saltwater
question

Water found underground is called…
answer

groundwater
question

The total amount of water on Earth stays the same because…
answer

the water moves through the water cycle
question

When water changes from a liquid to a gas, it is called…
answer

evaporation
question

The continuous process of water moving through the living and nonliving parts of the Earth is called the…
answer

water cycle
question

Wind cause _________ and __________ to move.
answer

waves; surface currents
question

The gravity of the moon (70%) and the sun (30%) causes…
answer

tides
question

When you descend through the water column, what happens to temperature, density, and pressure?
answer

temperature=decreases, pressure and density=increases
question

Differences in density caused by salinity and temperature causes…
answer

deep ocean currents
question

Rivers of moving water in the ocean are called…
answer

currents
question

Currents in the ocean curve to to the right or left because of the…
answer

Coriolis Effect
question

Because of warm surface currents warming the air and effecting the climate, despite the fact that northern Europe and Canada are at the same latitude zone…
answer

northern Europe’s climate is milder than Canada’s
question

To measure of the dissolved salt content in the water is called…
answer

salinity
question

In order for a water molecule to change from a liquid to a gas, it must…
answer

gain energy
question

Scientists use ________ to map out the ocean floor.
answer

sonar
question

The majority of Earth’s freshwater is found as…
answer

icecaps/glaciers
question

A volcanic island and seamount have its differences because a _________ peeks above the ocean surface and a ________ does not.
answer

volcanic island; seamount
question

The thing that marks the true edge of a continent is the…
answer

continental slope
question

The longest chain of mountains in the world is the…
answer

mid-ocean ridge
question

A deep underwater canyon formed where oceanic crust subducts back into the mantle is a…
answer

trench
question

The three main reasons why it’s so difficult to study the deepest parts of the ocean is because of…
answer

too much coldness, darkness, and presure
question

Saltwater is ________ dense than freshwater, therefore it ________.
answer

more; sink
question

The average salinity of the ocean stays the same due to the fact that…
answer

the rate of evaporation is fairly constant
question

The most dense ocean water is found…
answer

near the ocean floor
question

Condensation is the process by which water ________ changes back into ________.
answer

vapor; liquid

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member