HOSA MEDICAL SPELLING & TERMINOLOGY 1

ABDOMEN
portion of the trunk between the chest and the pelvis
ABSCESS
colletion of pus
ALIGNMENT
arranging in a straight line of anatomical position
AMBULANT
able to walk, not confined to bed
ANCILLARY
something that assists another action
ANOXIA
deficiency of oxygen
ANTIGEN
substance that induces the formation of antibodies
ASPIRATE
to draw in or out by suction
AXILLA
armpit
BENIGN
not recurrent or progressive, opposite of malignant
BIOPSY
excision of a small piece of living tissue for microscopec examination to establish a diagnosis
BULIMIA
exessive or insatiable appetite, neurotic disorder characterized by bouts of excessive overeating followed by voluntary vomiting, fasting, or induced diarrhea
CALLUS
hardenede skin, hypertrophied thickening of circumsribed area of horny layer of skin, osseous material between healing adjacent fractured ends of bone
CANTHUS
angle at either end of the eyelid slit
CARDIOVASCULAR
pertaining the heart and blood vessels
CATARACT
opacity of lens and/or capsule of the eye
CEREBRUM
largest part of the brain with two hemispheres and surface convolutions called gyri
CILIA
eyelashes, hairlike processes projecting from the epithelial cells
COCCYX
four small fused rudimentary vertebrae at he base of the spinal column
COCHLEA
coilde cone-shaped tube within inner ear, contains the receptor for hearing
COITUS
sexual intercourse between man and woman
COLITIS
inflammation of the colon
CONDYLE
rounded artculating protuberance at the end of the bone
CONGENITAL
present at birth
CORNEA
clear, transperant, refracting anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye
CUTANEOUS
pertaining to the skin
CYTOLOGY
science dealing with formation,structure, and function of cells
DEFECATION
evacuation of the bowel contents
DENTITION
type, number, and arrangement of teeth in the dental arch
DIALYSIS
passage of a solute through a mambrane, deffusing blood across a semipermeable mambrane to remove toxic materials, mantian fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
DIARRHEA
frequent passage of unformed watery bowel movements
ECZEMA
acute or chronic cutaneous inflammatory condition with erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs
ELASTICITY
returnign to original size or shape after compression or stretching
ELECTROLYTE
solution which conducts electricity; acids, bases, and salts are examples
EPIDEMIC
infectious disease or condition which attacts many people at the same time in the same geographical area
EXCRETORY
pertaining to excretion
FECES
stools, body waste such as food residue, bacteria, epithelium, and mucus discharged from the bowel by way of the anus
FISTULA
abnormal tubelike passage from a normal cavity or tube to a free surface or another cavity
FLACCID
relaxed or flabby with defective or absent muscular tone
GANGRENE
necrosis or death of tissue ussually due to deficient or abscent blood supply
GASTRITIS
inflammation of the stomach
GAVAGE
feeding with a tube
GESTATION
length of time from conception to birth
GLAUCOMA
disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure
GLUCOSE
dextrose sugar, most important carbohydrate in the body metabolism
GOITER
enlargemant of the thyroid gland
GOUT
hereditary metabolic acute arthritis characterized by excessive uric acid in the blood
HEMATOCRIT
centerfuge for seperating solids from plasma in the blood, the percentage of total blood volume that consists of erythrocytes
HEMATOMA
swelling of mass of blood (usually clotted) confined to an organ, tissue, or space
HEMOGLOBIN
iron-containing pigment of red blood cells
HERNIA
protusion or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall or the cavity that contains it
HISTOLOGY
study of microscopic stuctuer of tussue
HUMERUS
bone of the upper arm
ILEUM
lower three-fifths (3/5) of the small intestine
ILIUM
one of the pair or widest bones which make up each half of the pelvis
INFARCTION
formation of an infart which endergoes necrosis because of cesssstion or blood supply
INFLUENZA
acute contagioous respiratiory inection
INSOMNIA
sleep disorder
INTRACRANIAL
within the cranium of skull
INTRAVENOUS
within or into a vein
JAUNDICE
excess billrubin in the blood leading to deposition of bile pigmant in the tissues, charcterized by yellowness of skin, whites of eyes, mucous membranes, and body fluids
KETOSIS
accumulation of ketone bodies due to incomlete metabolism of fatty acids
LACERATION
irregular tear or wound of the flesh
LACRIMAL
pertaining to tears
LARYNGITIS
inflammation of the larynx
LESION
circumscribed area of pathologically altered tissue, injury, or wound, single infected patch of skin disease
LIPEMIA
abnormal amount of fat in the blood
MANDIBLE
bone of the lower jaw
MAXILLA
one of the pair of upper jaw bones which makes up most of the upper face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the root
MEATUS
passage or opening
MENINGS
membrane surrounding the spinal cord and brain
MYOCARDIUM
middle layer of the walls of the heart, composed of cardiac muscle
NASOGASTRIC
through the nos and into the stomach
NECROTIC
related to death of a potion of tissue
NEONATE
newborn uo to six weeks of age
OCULAR
concernong the eye of vision, eyepiece of a microscope
PATHOGEN
microorganism of substance capable of producing a disease
PERINEUM
structures of pelvic outlet and pelvic floor, area between the vulva and anus in females, area between scotum and anus in males
PHALANGES
bones of a finger and toe
PHERNIC
concerning the diaphragm, concerning the mind
PLATELETS
round or oval disks with no hemoglobin in the blood of vertebrates
PROCTOLOGY
specialization in medicane dealing with diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus
PROSTHESIS
replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute
PSYCHOSIS
mental disorder with personality disintergration and loss of contact with reality
RECUMBANT
lying down
RETINA
innermost of third tunic of the eye which is light sensitive and recieves the image from the lens, the instruments of vision
RUGA
fold of crease in mucousal membrane
SCLERA
tough, white fiborus tissue that covers the eye fromthe optic nerve to the cornea
SCOLIOSIS
lateral curvature of the spine
SPECULUM
instument for examination of canals, membrane seperating anterior cornua of lateral ventricles of the brain
SPUTUM
cellulat debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and microorganisms expelled by coughing and clearing the throat
STRIATED
striped, marked by streaks
SYNCOPE
transient loss of conciousness due to inadequate flow of blood to the brain
TESTICLE
testis, male gonad, one of two reproductive glands located in scrotum
TETANY
nervous condition characterized by intermittent tonic spasms usually in the extremities
THERAPEUTIC
pertaining to results of treatmant, having medicinal or healing properties
UMBILICUS
depressed point in the middle of the abdomen which marks the former attachment of the umbilical cord to the fetus
UVULA
small, soft stucture hanging from the free edge of the soft palate in the midlint above the root of the tongue
VENTRICLE
small cavity, either of the to lower chambers of the heart
VERTIGO
sensation of moving around in space, of having objects move around in space