HOSA MEDICAL SPELLING & TERMINOLOGY 1

ABDOMEN
portion of the trunk between the chest and the pelvis

ABSCESS
colletion of pus

ALIGNMENT
arranging in a straight line of anatomical position

AMBULANT
able to walk, not confined to bed

ANCILLARY
something that assists another action

ANOXIA
deficiency of oxygen

ANTIGEN
substance that induces the formation of antibodies

ASPIRATE
to draw in or out by suction

AXILLA
armpit

BENIGN
not recurrent or progressive, opposite of malignant

BIOPSY
excision of a small piece of living tissue for microscopec examination to establish a diagnosis

BULIMIA
exessive or insatiable appetite, neurotic disorder characterized by bouts of excessive overeating followed by voluntary vomiting, fasting, or induced diarrhea

CALLUS
hardenede skin, hypertrophied thickening of circumsribed area of horny layer of skin, osseous material between healing adjacent fractured ends of bone

CANTHUS
angle at either end of the eyelid slit

CARDIOVASCULAR
pertaining the heart and blood vessels

CATARACT
opacity of lens and/or capsule of the eye

CEREBRUM
largest part of the brain with two hemispheres and surface convolutions called gyri

CILIA
eyelashes, hairlike processes projecting from the epithelial cells

COCCYX
four small fused rudimentary vertebrae at he base of the spinal column

COCHLEA
coilde cone-shaped tube within inner ear, contains the receptor for hearing

COITUS
sexual intercourse between man and woman

COLITIS
inflammation of the colon

CONDYLE
rounded artculating protuberance at the end of the bone

CONGENITAL
present at birth

CORNEA
clear, transperant, refracting anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye

CUTANEOUS
pertaining to the skin

CYTOLOGY
science dealing with formation,structure, and function of cells

DEFECATION
evacuation of the bowel contents

DENTITION
type, number, and arrangement of teeth in the dental arch

DIALYSIS
passage of a solute through a mambrane, deffusing blood across a semipermeable mambrane to remove toxic materials, mantian fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance

DIARRHEA
frequent passage of unformed watery bowel movements

ECZEMA
acute or chronic cutaneous inflammatory condition with erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs

ELASTICITY
returnign to original size or shape after compression or stretching

ELECTROLYTE
solution which conducts electricity; acids, bases, and salts are examples

EPIDEMIC
infectious disease or condition which attacts many people at the same time in the same geographical area

EXCRETORY
pertaining to excretion

FECES
stools, body waste such as food residue, bacteria, epithelium, and mucus discharged from the bowel by way of the anus

FISTULA
abnormal tubelike passage from a normal cavity or tube to a free surface or another cavity

FLACCID
relaxed or flabby with defective or absent muscular tone

GANGRENE
necrosis or death of tissue ussually due to deficient or abscent blood supply

GASTRITIS
inflammation of the stomach

GAVAGE
feeding with a tube

GESTATION
length of time from conception to birth

GLAUCOMA
disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure

GLUCOSE
dextrose sugar, most important carbohydrate in the body metabolism

GOITER
enlargemant of the thyroid gland

GOUT
hereditary metabolic acute arthritis characterized by excessive uric acid in the blood

HEMATOCRIT
centerfuge for seperating solids from plasma in the blood, the percentage of total blood volume that consists of erythrocytes

HEMATOMA
swelling of mass of blood (usually clotted) confined to an organ, tissue, or space

HEMOGLOBIN
iron-containing pigment of red blood cells

HERNIA
protusion or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall or the cavity that contains it

HISTOLOGY
study of microscopic stuctuer of tussue

HUMERUS
bone of the upper arm

ILEUM
lower three-fifths (3/5) of the small intestine

ILIUM
one of the pair or widest bones which make up each half of the pelvis

INFARCTION
formation of an infart which endergoes necrosis because of cesssstion or blood supply

INFLUENZA
acute contagioous respiratiory inection

INSOMNIA
sleep disorder

INTRACRANIAL
within the cranium of skull

INTRAVENOUS
within or into a vein

JAUNDICE
excess billrubin in the blood leading to deposition of bile pigmant in the tissues, charcterized by yellowness of skin, whites of eyes, mucous membranes, and body fluids

KETOSIS
accumulation of ketone bodies due to incomlete metabolism of fatty acids

LACERATION
irregular tear or wound of the flesh

LACRIMAL
pertaining to tears

LARYNGITIS
inflammation of the larynx

LESION
circumscribed area of pathologically altered tissue, injury, or wound, single infected patch of skin disease

LIPEMIA
abnormal amount of fat in the blood

MANDIBLE
bone of the lower jaw

MAXILLA
one of the pair of upper jaw bones which makes up most of the upper face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the root

MEATUS
passage or opening

MENINGS
membrane surrounding the spinal cord and brain

MYOCARDIUM
middle layer of the walls of the heart, composed of cardiac muscle

NASOGASTRIC
through the nos and into the stomach

NECROTIC
related to death of a potion of tissue

NEONATE
newborn uo to six weeks of age

OCULAR
concernong the eye of vision, eyepiece of a microscope

PATHOGEN
microorganism of substance capable of producing a disease

PERINEUM
structures of pelvic outlet and pelvic floor, area between the vulva and anus in females, area between scotum and anus in males

PHALANGES
bones of a finger and toe

PHERNIC
concerning the diaphragm, concerning the mind

PLATELETS
round or oval disks with no hemoglobin in the blood of vertebrates

PROCTOLOGY
specialization in medicane dealing with diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus

PROSTHESIS
replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute

PSYCHOSIS
mental disorder with personality disintergration and loss of contact with reality

RECUMBANT
lying down

RETINA
innermost of third tunic of the eye which is light sensitive and recieves the image from the lens, the instruments of vision

RUGA
fold of crease in mucousal membrane

SCLERA
tough, white fiborus tissue that covers the eye fromthe optic nerve to the cornea

SCOLIOSIS
lateral curvature of the spine

SPECULUM
instument for examination of canals, membrane seperating anterior cornua of lateral ventricles of the brain

SPUTUM
cellulat debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and microorganisms expelled by coughing and clearing the throat

STRIATED
striped, marked by streaks

SYNCOPE
transient loss of conciousness due to inadequate flow of blood to the brain

TESTICLE
testis, male gonad, one of two reproductive glands located in scrotum

TETANY
nervous condition characterized by intermittent tonic spasms usually in the extremities

THERAPEUTIC
pertaining to results of treatmant, having medicinal or healing properties

UMBILICUS
depressed point in the middle of the abdomen which marks the former attachment of the umbilical cord to the fetus

UVULA
small, soft stucture hanging from the free edge of the soft palate in the midlint above the root of the tongue

VENTRICLE
small cavity, either of the to lower chambers of the heart

VERTIGO
sensation of moving around in space, of having objects move around in space