History: The Reformation

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Who is Martin Luther?
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Martin Luther wrote the 95 Theses to protest the selling of indulgences. He was excommunicated for his teachings.
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What were Luther’s 3 main teachings?(Besides indulgences)
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-Salvation comes only from faith -Teachings come only from the Bible -Everyone with faith is equal
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Who was Johann Tetzel?
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A friar who was raising money to rebuild St. Peter’s cathedral by selling indulgences
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Who was Henry VIII?
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Henry VIII was the King of England and a Catholic. He wanted a son to be his heir. He fired the pope and married six wives in order to have this son.
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Who was Queen Elizabeth?
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She set up the Anglican church.
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What is the pope’s role? What happened to him in England?
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The pope was the leader of the Catholic Church. However, when the pope refused to divorce the king and his first wife, the King made parliament end the pope’s power.
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What is an indulgence?
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Bought forgiveness for sins.
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What is a Lutheran?
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Someone who agrees with the teachings of Martin Luther
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What is a Protestant?
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Any Non-Catholic Christian
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What is the Anglican Church? Who developed it?
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The Anglican Church is a mix of protestant and Catholic beliefs. Queen Elizabeth started the Anglican church
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What is predestination?
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The idea that God decided who will be saved at the beginning of time.
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What is Calvinism?
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religion based on John Calvin’s teachings
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What is a theocracy?
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A government controlled by religious leaders
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What is the Presbyterian Church? Who founded it?
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The Presbyterian Church is ruled by a group of Prysbyters (elders). John Knox created it.
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What does Anabaptist actually mean?
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\”baptize again\”
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What do Anabaptists believe?
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Only people who are old enough to decided to follow Christ on their own behalf should be baptized.
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How did the Printing Press affect the Reformation?
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It spread renaissance ideas and spread the teachings of Martin Luther.
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What was the Reformation?
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.
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Peace of Augsburg
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agreement that stated the princes could decided which religion his state would be
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What did the Peace of Augsburg accomplish in Germany?
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It ended fighting
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The Annulment of Henry VIII
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Henry wanted to divorce his first wife and marry a younger woman to improve his chances of having a son. The pope, however, would only let him annul the marriage. That wasn’t good enough, so Henry convinced Parliament to strip the pope of his power in the church.
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Catholic Reformation
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Council of Trent (Name the purpose and List the 4 points)
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New doctrines for the church to follow 1. Church’s interpretation of the Bible was final 2. Salvation reached through faith and good works 3. Bible and church traditions both guide Christian life 4. Indulgences=valid expressions of faith, don’t sell them.
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What led to the Reformation?
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1. Church leaders became corrupt and secular 2. The Printing Press spread Renaissance ideas 3. Monarchies challenged the church power 4. Merchants hated paying taxes to Roman church 5. New movement in germany
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How did the ideas of the Renaissance carry over into the Reformation?
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Secularism led to church leaders becoming corrupt, which led to the Reformation
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What are the origins of any major change in societal thinking?
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Religion
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What is the relationship between the Protestant reformation and the Catholic Reformation?
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The Catholic Reformation
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What were the effects of Gutenberg’s printing press on the spread of the Reformation?
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The Printing Press allowed the spread of Renaissance ideas such as secularism. Secularism played a huge role in turning the church leaders corrupt, which led to the start of the Reformation. Also, the printing press is what spread Luther’s 95 Theses throughout England.
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What were Luther’s chief objections to the Roman catholic Church?
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He hated the selling of indulgences. This is what inspired him to write his 95 Theses
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What are three words or phrases you would use to describe Martin Luther? Explain.
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Educated-He spent most of his life either going to school as a student or teaching about theology. Determined- he refused to give up on his ideas, even in the face of danger. Devoted- He had extreme focus on how to improve his relationship with Christ
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Which authority figures lost the most as a result of the Protestant Reformation?
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The pope lost everything through the Protestant Reformation. Before, the pope had all of the power over the church. Afterwards, his role in the church had vanished completely.
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Name two people who called for reforms in the church
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Jan Hus and John Wycliffe
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What did the Edict of Worms do?
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It made Luther an outlaw and called him a traitor.
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Who gained the most in the Protestant Reformation?
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Henry VIII gained power over the entire church in England through the Protestant Reformation. The Act of Supremacy made him head over England’s church.

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