History 1302 Exam 4 Review

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By the time the stock market crash had reached the bottom in 1932, stocks had
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lost almost 90 percent of their original value
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All of the following were reasons for the depth and length of the Great Depression, except
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High taxes on Americans
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The Hawley-Smoot Tariff
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Raised tariffs on foreign imports and proved disastrous as nations could not repay World War I debts and retaliated with high tariffs on U.S. imports to their countries
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Hoover’s only significant attempt to address the economic crisis was to
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establish the Reconstruction Finance Corporation that loaned money to businesses.
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The makeshift towns put together by the homeless during the Depression were often called
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Hoovervilles
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As the “last hired, first fired,” how did African Americans attempt to survive the Great Depression
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They relied on a network of community organizations and businesses to provide meals and other assistance
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Which of the following is the most accurate statement about rural Americans during the Great Depression
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The Great depression simply exacerbated a decade long problem of overproduction and lowered revenues
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The disruptive effects of the Dust Bowl on residents included
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10 years drought, deep debt, crop failures, poor migrants to California
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Hollywood during the 1930s
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took gentle jabs at the cities while reassuring audiences that the American “rags-to-riches” dream was alive and well
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Which of the following agencies put millions of men to work building roads and creating national parks
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Public Works Administration
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The purpose of the 21st Amendment, enacted in December 1933, was to
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repeal the Prohibition Amendment
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Which of these New Deal agencies established fair trade rules and urged companies and workers to agree on prices and wages – all under a blue eagle logo and the “We do our part”?
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National Recovery Administration
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Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, farmers
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received cash subsidies to grow fewer crops
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The Tennessee Valley Authority had as its main goal
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creating electrical power for rural residents and improving river navigation.
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The Glass-Steagall Act created the
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
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Which of these is not a true statement about the Communist Party in the 1930s
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It organized the Bonus March in Washington
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The event that made Hoover seem heartless, probably costing him votes in the 1932 presidential election, a contest he was likely to lose anyway, was
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his order to remove poor WWI veterans who protested in Washington for early payment of bonuses
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During the winter of 1932-1933 the depression
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deepened, with neither the lame duck president nor the president elect able to act effectively
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On the day after the inauguration, FDR called Congress into a special session and
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declared a four day national bank holiday so that he could begin examining the soundness of every bank in the country
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The emergency banking relief act of 1933
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established federal control over banks and rescued those in trouble with governmental loans
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Passed in 1935, the Wagner Act
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Strengthened the position of unions and established a governmental agency to oversee industrial compliance
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All of the following were true statements about the effects of the New Deal except
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there were fewer strikes now that workers could negotiate with employers
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Intellectuals in America tended to place the blame for the Depression on
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unbridled competition amoung wealthy individuals that sacrificed the good of society for selfish gains
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As a result of the New Deal, Native Americans
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saw new efforts to end assimilation and respect Native American self-reliance and culture
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All of the following are true statements about radio during the Great Depression except
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It contributed to the growth of the political right.
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Critics of the New Deal included all of the following except
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Conservative Democrats who thought the government should play a greater role in assisting businesses and stimulating the economy
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As approved, the Social Security Act (1935) would
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be a safety net against poverty for people who couldn’t support themselves -the elderly, the unemployed and single mothers
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The photographs commissioned from Dorothea Lange, Ben Shahn, and others documented
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America’s economic inequality and the struggles of those grappling with the Depression
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The Second New Deal focused on
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helping the working and middle classes with jobs programs and new systems for addressing workers’ grievances
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All of the following are true statements about Roosevelt’s attempts to “pack the court” except
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Roosevelt’s enemies in Congress were quick to vote on the court plan in the hopes of discrediting the president.
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Which of these aggressive acts of political defiance did Hitler commit in Europe in 1936
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Hitler occupied the Rhineland
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Historians regard the Great Depression as probably the greatest factor in causing World War II because
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It led American businesses to reduce investments in Germany, which decreased that nation’s productions and its ability to repay its World War I reparations
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Japan’s first major action in the Pacific took place when its military invaded
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Manchuria in China
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In the Munich Agreement (1938), the leaders of Britain and France
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permitted Hitler to occupy strategic areas of Czechoslovakia, in the hope that he would stop there.
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Hitler’s and Stalin’s nonaggression pact involved which of these countries?
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Poland
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When Franklin Roosevelt came into the presidency, he set out to mend relations with the countries of Latin America by using
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the “good neighbor” policy
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Roughly 90 percent of all Americans favored isolationism despite the situation in Europe for all of the following reasons except
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Americans did not want to bear the cost of war, which they feared would only deepen the depression
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From the spring of 1940 until the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt and the U.S. government
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organized the manufacturing, transfer, and transportation of war materials and American defense bases to assist Great Britain and prepare for likely war against Nazi Germany
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Which of the following is not true about the Holocaust?
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The mass killing of European Jews remained confined to concentration camps.
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Which event set the stage of American involvement in the war?
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The bombing of London in the Battle of Britain
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Women participated in the U.S. World War II effort by
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Working in war plants, joining the military, growing Victory Gardens, playing in baseball leagues – All of the following
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In May 1940, Winston Churchill
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Became Britain’s Prime Minister and wrote to FDR
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The “Double V” campaign refers to
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African American efforts to win the war overseas and end discrimination at home.
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In 1940, the United States experienced its first
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peacetime drift
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Which of the following was not one of Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms?
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Freedom of Assembly
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The Lend Lease Act, passed mainly for the benefit of Great Britain, empowered the president to
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lend weapons and supplies to all nations fighting either the Germans or the Japanese.
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The Japanese decided to bomb America’s naval fleet at Pearl Harbor because
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They hoped to handicap the U.S. navy, giving Japan time to achieve its conquests before the U.S. could rebuild and strike back.
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How did the war change the landscape at home in the United States
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All of these choices – People moved North, South, and West in search of defense jobs. California faced housing shortages as record numbers of people relocated there. The economies in states west of the Mississippi experienced the largest economic boom. Southern states saw rapid industrial development and growth.
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Stalin enthusiastically agreed to the four policemen approach to securing the postwar peace because
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he thought it was Roosevelt’s way of promising that governments friendly to Soviet interests would be installed in Eastern Europe.
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In June 1942, american forces halted Japan’s advance at the Battle of
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Midway
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Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima and later Nagasaki because
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Japan did not respond to an Allied ultimatum to end the war or face destruction
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In return for an opening of a second front against Nazi Germany in the West in the summer of 1944 Stalin promised at the Tehran Conference
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to open a front against Japan once Germany had been defeated
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The decisive military turning point for the United States and the Allies against Japan in the Pacific occurred in 1943 with the Allied offensive at the Battle of
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Guadalcanal
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Operation Overlord – the official name for the D-Day landing in Normandy – involved ___ Allied soldiers
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1 million
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Which of the following statements about World War II is not correct
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About 1 million American soldiers died and about half that figure came home injured
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Which agency’s job was to set wages, working conditions, and hours, as well as to try to prevent strikes?
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National War Labor Board
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Executive Order 8802 established
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Anti-discriminatory hiring practices in industries that had government defense contracts
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The task of the War Relocation Authority was to
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oversee the forced internment of Japanese-Americans, including American citizens, in various camps in California and the American Southwest.
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The Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill) provided
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All of these choices – some unemployment benefits for veterans. Low-interest housing loans. Medical care for veterans. Financial aid for education.
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Which of these events did not happen at Potsdam?
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Poland was given an outlet to the sea and had its prewar territorial integrity and political independence fully restored and protected.

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