health topic test 12

Flashcard maker : Lisa Currey
The skeletal system serves all of the following functions EXCEPT:
The skeletal system aids in the production of hormones that signal muscle and hair growth.
All of the following are functions of smooth muscles EXCEPT:
Heart beat
A signal from the nervous system that is sent from the brain to the hand would follow a different pathway than a signal sent from the hand to the brain.
false
Bones are composed mostly of __________.
calcium
An individual visits the doctor because they notice that, over time, they have been losing muscle strength. Which explanation will the doctor MOST likely give?
the individual could have muscular dystrophy
Based on the scenario below, select the statement that accurately finishes the sentence. Stacey has recently had a car accident and has lost her sense of taste as a result. It is MOST likely that she has __________.
damaged her peripheral nervous system because the information regarding taste cannot be transmitted back to her brain
Bones provide both structure and protection for the body.
true
An example of a skeletal muscle working occurs when a person __________.
stands up
an individual having a history of migraine headaches would most likely be diagnosed with having __________.
a common disorder of the central nervous system
which of the following would be the BEST activity to help you maintain a healthy skeletal system?
Exercising often and eating a balanced diet
In order to improve the condition of your muscular system, you could participate in aerobic activity at least __________.
30 minutes 3 times a week
Suzette has a history of seizures. The doctor has given her medication, which has allowed her to be seizure-free for many years. From which disorder does Suzette most likely suffer?
epilepsy
Epilepsy is considered a degenerative disorder that affects the peripheral nervous system.
false
The nervous system is responsible for your sense of smell.
true
the peripheral nervous system is responsible for both sending and receiving signals to and from the brain.
true
All of the following are functions of the skeletal system EXCEPT:
Producing ligaments and tendons
In the skeletal system, these structures are responsible for connecting bones.
ligaments and tendons
Which of the following is a healthy blood pressure level?
110/75
What respiratory structure controls breathing?
diaphragm
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a healthy diet?
low in carbohydrates
Which of the following is a possible result of hypertension?
stroke
The cardiovascular system, which transports blood through the body, is a one-way system.
true
Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood to capillaries.
true
How many chambers does the heart contain?
4
Nutrients and waste both enter and leave cells through a process called __________.
diffusion
Each lung is fed oxygen by a separate bronchus.
true
The aorta pumps blood out of the heart to the rest of the body.
true
What function do capillaries serve in the cardiovascular system?
help control body temperature
The human cardiovascular system is considered closed because __________.
There are no holes for blood to enter or leave the system
Your friend Amanda suffers from a condition that reduces her blood’s ability to carry oxygen. Which of the following is the name of that condition?
anemia
In the human body, the larynx is attached to the trachea.
true
White blood cells prevent the loss of blood by causing clotting.
false
One of the bladder’s main functions is to __________.
store urine before elimination
In the digestive system, food that has been completely processed is found __________.
large intestine
A condition that affects the urinary system and can be fatal is __________.
Kidney failure
Food travels from the mouth to the stomach via the __________.
Esophagus
A patient comes to the emergency room with pain in his stomach and a history of irregular bowel movements. Which problem is most likely causing these symptoms?
a problem with the digestive system, possibly irritable bowel syndrome
When comparing the digestive and urinary system, we can conclude that they both __________.
Have functions of absorption and elimination
Lisa goes to the doctor because she is experiencing the need for urination more frequently than normal and has a burning sensation when she does. Lisa’s symptoms indicate that she probably has ________
A urinary tract infection
The kidneys are paired structures that __________.
regulate salts, waters, and other minerals
Nephritis is caused by __________.
Inflammation in the kidney
The muscles in the stomach aid in digestion by __________.
Churning, or mixing, food
Each kidney contains nephrons that filter the blood and remove waste.
True
Bile is produced in the __________ and stored in the __________ until it is needed.
Liver… gallbladder
The elimination of waste is the primary function of the __________.
Large intestine
If a doctor wanted to be sure that a patient’s urinary system is working properly, what would be the BEST indicators to investigate?
The balance of salts and amount of urine produced
Kidneys pass waste products through the ureters to the __________.
Bladder
Based on what you know about the flow of urine from the kidneys, choose the statement that BEST describes what would happen if you were to stand on your head?
The urine would remain in the bladder because there are valves to prevent backflow
When comparing the large and small intestine, we can conclude that __________.
The small intestine is longer, but the large intestine is thicker
The toxic buildup of waste products in the bloodstream is a condition known as nephritis.
False
The ovaries are glands specific to males.
false
Which part of the female reproductive system provides the opening for sperm to enter the body and babies to exit the body?
vagina
Sperm cells are stored in a tube at the back of each testicle called the epididymis.
true
The endocrine system works with the __________ to coordinate and regulate the body.
nervous system
The endocrine system plays an important role in the body by influencing every organ and cell.
true
The __________ is responsible for creating sperm cells.
testicles
When participating in sports and other physical activities, men should __________.
wear protective equipment for their penis and scrotum
The pituitary gland is located in the brain and controls __________.
The rest of the endocrine glands
Which of the following describes the changes that occur during the 3rd week of the menstruation cycle?
The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus
The ovaries are part of the endocrine system.
false
Which gland is responsible for releasing melatonin?
pineal
Fertilized eggs mature into a baby within the cervix.
true
Insulin is a chemical that is produced by the __________ and controls __________.
pancreas . . . blood sugar
The urethra is a tube that carries both semen and urine through the penis.
true
Which of the following is NOT transferred by alveoli?
blood
At the highest level, the function of the human reproductive system is to create new life.
true
Select the statement that accurately describes the muscular system.
The muscular system is composed of smooth, skeletal, and cardiac muscles.
A patient comes to the emergency room after passing out. The doctor discovers a very low amount of salts in the body. The doctor should suspect problems with the patient’s __________.
kidneys because the salts are not properly regulated

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