Health Alcohol Test

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Alcohol In America
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-the average age for a first real drink is currently 12 years old -4.6 million Americans age 11-17 are problems drinkers -Alcohol is the fourth largest health problem in the us
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Moderate Drinking
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-a person may experience flushing dizziness, dulling of senses, sudden mood changes, and unconsciousness.
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BAC
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-Blood Alcohol Content -the amount of alcohol content in a persons blood
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Alcoholic
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-alcoholic can be someone who periodically drinks
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Mixed Drinks
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Dangers -Mask the taste of alcohol, deceiving people into thinking they are not drinking as much due to the presence of other flavors. People may be attracted to the taste of the drink and use that as an excuse to have extra alcohol instead of taking the step to order a virgin drink. -Example: Long Island Iced Tea, MudSlide, Daiquiris,
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Alcohol
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-Alcohol is one of the most commonly used and abused drugs by people of all ages and backgrounds. -Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is an intoxicating substance in beer wine and liquor. alcohol is produced by the fermentation process, in which certain yeasts convert fruit, sugar and grain into ethyl alcohol.
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Proof
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-refers to the percentage of pure alcohol in a beverage . -The distillation process involved in the production of liquor results to the higher alcohol content.
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Reaction Time
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-Is the time it takes for to body to act after a stimulus has Ben received or an instruction sent from the brain.because of impairment of judgement,you think it takes less Time to react,when usually it takes longer. -Judgement you do not care whether conduct is proper or safe -take unnessecary chances.Inhibitions decrease.
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Self Control
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-The ability to control and direct ones actions and feelings. -Alcohol can blur self control and leads to dangerous actions.
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Vision with Alcohol
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-blurred, double vision may occur, loss depth perception (the ability to evaluate distance) lessens lateral perception
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Speech with Alcohol
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-slurred -inability to mentally control what you say
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Muscle Coordination with Alcohol
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-loss of balance because impulses to muscles are interfered -may have problems occur while completing simplest of taks
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Physical Tolerance of Alcohol
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-the users brain and nervous system have become less sensitive to alcohols effect. -Some people may find that a 6-pack of beer is nessecary to achieve the same feelings they once obtained drinking only 2 or 3 beers.
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Physical Dependence on Alcohol
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-characterized by increased tolerance,which requires greater doses of the drug in order to achieve the same effect.when a person is physically dependent on alcohol,withdrawal symptoms appear if the drug is discontinued
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Alcohol at Events
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-a variety of influences affect decisions about attending events where alcohol is served. -most people who use alcohol at these events plan to drink moderately -most people do not plan
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Important Questions When Coordinating Events
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-what kind of events you got to Where the events are held -who will do the driving -who will go there with u -how to get there -what to do once there
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Alcohol is a Depressant
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-it decreases heart rate, blood pressure, metabolism, and body temperature.
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Drinking Alcohol to Increase Body Temperature
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-alcohol lowers body temperature because alcohol causes blood vessels to enlarge,which allows more blood flow to skin,carrying heat with it,which gives th deceptive feeling of warmth.As blood is directed from the internal body to the surface,th internal body temperature is lowered.
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Consciousness
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-awareness of ones sensations -At first senses are numbed or dulled.when alcohol level in blood reaches a point of being a total anesthetic ,you loss consciousness.
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Effect on Central Nervous System
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-automatic nerve control for breathing and heartbeat. -When the level gets bad, CNS is affected. -If alcohol slows these controls enough, the heart becomes uneven and breathing stops → death by alcohol poisoning
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Alcohol Poisoning
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-Death as a result of alcohol consumption that leads to uneven heart beat and terminates breathing
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Determining Factors For People to Drink (Least to Greatest)
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-Social Environment ~Deciding to go to an event where drinking would occur: encouragement or prospect of friends ~Deciding how to get to the event: room in car or driver wanted company / group -Personal ~Deciding wether to go to an event where drinking occur: desire to go to be with friends family ~Deciding on wether or not to drink: to relax, to feel affects of alcohol, to achieve a mood. ~Deciding to stay: feeling effects of alcohol, boredom, fatigue, desire to go home. -Occasion ~prom night, graduation, or birthday prompted drinking as celebration -Economics ~ free, lots of alcohol available ~expense of alternate transportation availability -Habit ~Usual Behavior ~Decisions based on habit (used to driving home, not thinking about alcohol)
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Involuntary Regurgitation
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-potentially life threatening situation for a person who has consumed too much alcohol -because the alcohol cannot escape from the stomach the lining becomes irritated and the person vomits. -rids the body of much of the alcohol, and prevents acute alcohol intoxication -an unconscious person however could easily choke / asphyxiate on higher own vomit. -Importance is to be placed on person who passes out, don’t let sleep or bring to hospital immediately
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Acute Alcohol Intoxication
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-Seek emergency help when the person who has been drinking heavily: ~cannot be awaken ~weak, rapid pulse ~blue, pail skin
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Long term Effects
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Woman who drink during pregnancy risk giving birth to an infant with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, a disorder that causes heart malformation, joint problems, growth deficiencies and mental retardation. Fetal Alcohol Effect which includes all the conditions of FAS but to a lesser degree Prolonged heavy drinking is related to cancers of the Stomach, mouth, tongue, and esophagus. Indirectly alcohol is involved in about 43 of homicides and almost B OF all suicides. Finally about 50% of all traffic fatalities are alcohol related as are many fires, falls, and other mishaps
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Treatment for Alcohol Dependence
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-Although most young people do not use drugs they may be greatly effected by someone else’s drug-using behaviors. -Professional help is often necessary for both the drug-user and family members and friends affected.
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Levels of Dependency
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There are several aspects of drug dependence, including: -tolerance -physical dependence -psychological dependence -withdraw
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Alcoholism
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Alcoholism is the State of being physically dependent on the alcohol drug -increased tolerance over time -withdrawal Syndrome -strong desire to continue drinking is almost always present
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Alcohol Abuse
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-Alcohol Abuse or problem drinking refers to difficulties in daily living due to drinking too much. These difficulties may include problems in relationship, academics, job, legal. -physical dependence may or may not be present.
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Tolerance
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-refers to the need to use more of a given drug to achieve the same feeling
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Physical Dependence
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-when body needs the drug to be able to function
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Psychological Depends
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-user relies on the drug for emotional well being -user convinced they need drug to function
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Withdrawal
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-occurs when someone is physiologically , or physically reliant on a drug and stops using -includes physical and physiological symptoms
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Types of Drinkers
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-alcoholic -social drinker -problem drinker
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Social Drinker
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typically drink slowly and know when to stop drinking. They do not drink to get drunk. Social drinkers also: -eat before or while drinking -never drive after drinking -respect non drinkers -know and obey laws related to drinking
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Problem Drinkers
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drink to get drunk and/or often to try to solve problems by drinking. They also frequently: -experience changes in personality and mood -drink when they should not (before driving/going to work or school) -cause problems to others by harming self, friends/family, or strangers
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Alcoholics
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spend a lot of time thinking about drinking and landing where to get the next drink. There is a progression from social drinker to alcoholics that usually takes several years, although for reason not yet understood young people appear to move through the stages more rapidly. Alcoholics may: -keep bottles hidden. -drink without conscious plan -lose awareness of amount consumed. -deny drinking/drink alone -need to drink before facing stress. -may have \”blackouts\”, cannot remember what they did while drinking -go from having hangovers to more dangerous withdrawal symptoms -have or cause major problems within the family, with school and friends,mans with the police
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Defense Mechanisms
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Minimization and rationalization
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Minimization Examples
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-I only drink on weekends; you only have a problem if you drink everyday -I never miss class, no matter how much I drank -Now if I drank Doug, then I would have a real drinking problem
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Alcoholism in Family
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Alcoholism runs in families and children of alcoholics are 4 times more likely to become alcoholics. Young people may feel guilty, mistakenly believing that they are the main cause of a parent’s drinking. Teenagers worry constantly about the situation at home (will the parent become sick or injured and they will have to now take care of younger siblings?) and are faced with challenges (emotional state of alcoholic parent, loss of regular daily schedule). Adolescents can benefit greatly from educational programs for children of alcoholics, such as Al-Anon and Alateen.
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Rationalization Example
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-My grandfather drinks like a fish and he’s never been sick in his life -I’m not hurting anyone else, so back off -Everyone in my family uses alcohol this way
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Intervention
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Many people used to believe that drug users had to hit \”rock bottom\” (lose everything) before they could be convinced to seek help. Most, however, can be persuaded to enter some form of treatment, i.e. Intervention. Involves setting up a meeting with someone he or she has a strong connection with. Documentation of irresponsibility should be shown to them. The more people involved and the more documentation presented, the less likely it is that they can make excuses, rationalize, or lie about their actions.
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Treatment Choices
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A process that prevents alters of interrupts the progression of alcoholic dependency. Some of them may be used alone or in cooperation with others.
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Medical Treatment
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Overseen by a medical personnel. Includes detoxification which involves weaning the patient off the drug while minimizing withdrawal symptoms and controlling possible seizures . Complete physical exams at the beginning of this process allow physicians to attend to physical ailments such as lover and kidney problems.
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Inpatient and Outpatient Programs
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are offered by license medical and psychological which provide a combination of individual, group, and family therapy. Attention is also paid to managing or recurrence of the drug-taking behavior.
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Therapeutic Communities
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Involve a live-in residential arrangement, whereby support is provided by paraprofessional a who are former addicts. Sometimes known as halfway houses, the settings may be necessary when the danger of relapse is particularly high. Like many inpatient and outpatient programs, therapeutic communities are often affiliated with community mental health centers.
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Twelve-Step Programs
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Such as Alcoholics Anonymous use a voluntary support group format to help recovering addicts. Member meet regularly to assist others to remain drug free. AA and similar programs including narcotics Anonymous, and Cocaine Anonymous, are often employed as an adjunct to professional treatment programs. Because alcohol abuse effects so many more lives than other drugs, support groups for apposed and teenagers of alcoholics have a,so been founded to hell these persons cope with the alcohol abuser.
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Employee Assistance Programs
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are offered by many employers. Employers have a strong interest in intervening drug use. Drug-dependent employees are less productive and more likely to injure themselves and others. Their need for coverage may drive up health care costs. The threat of losing ones job/status/ability to support family is a powerful motivator for many people to re-examine their behavior and seek help.
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Student assistance program
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May be available in your community. If your school had this program, invite the teacher or counselor in charge of the program to talk about it to the class, these programs seek to identify and Akeem with any students who are considered at exceptionally high risk for involvement with drugs.
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Pharmacological Approaches
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Are now available to support all the listed treatment formats. Various psychoactive drugs may be prescribed by facilitate the counseling process, relieve depression, and prevent relapse. Development more than fifty years ago, Antabuse interacts with alcohol to produce headaches, nausea, and vomiting whenever the alcoholic drinks. In 1995, however, a new drug called \”Nalterexone\” was approved by FDA. Nalterexone reduces the craving for alcohol as well as the pleasurable sensations usually experiences when drinking.

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