HD 101 Test Three Practice Questions Essay

question

Adolescent acne is usually caused by _____
answer

an increase in skin oils and sweat
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Statistically, which person is MOST likely to have the greatest health problems as a result of iron deficiency?
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16 year old Marilyn who is menstruating
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Marcy says, “There is no way I am going to school today with this bruise on my cheek. Everybody is going to laugh at me.” Marcy is demonstrating _____.
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the imaginary audience
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Research on younger and older adolescents’ analytic thinking indicated that _____.
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most adolescents do no think as analytically as their capabilities allow
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Joss thinks he is more unique and admired than other adolescents his age and is certain that everyone is paying attention to his every action. It appears that he has started to experience adolescent _____.
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egocentrism
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Research has shown that adolescents who drop out of high school may show early signs of high school dropout by _____.
answer

middle school
question

Which of the following has NOT been associated with early maturation among girls?
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less alcohol use
question

An example of a behavior that demonstrates identity foreclosure is _____.
answer

working in the family business because it is expected
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The term for a pause in identity formation, when alternatives are explored before final choices are made, is known as _____.
answer

moratorium
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Almost all social networking engaged in by adolescents is between adolescents _____.
answer

who are friends
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Alisha took an overdose of prescription pills, but before she lost consciousness she called her mom for help. Alisha was rushed to the hospital for medical attention. Alisha’s behavior is defined as _____.
answer

Parasuicide
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Ty started to behave aggressively at age 5, and by age 8 was caught shoplifting several times. Ty is now age 25 and has committed armed robbery. Ty would be considered to be a(n) _____.
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life-course-persistent offender
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Several suicides within the same group of people in a brief period are called _____ suicides.
answer

Cluster
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According to the text, which of the following is NOT a possible reason for the decrease in juvenile criminal behavior?
answer

Lenient drug laws
question

What global trend is evident with regard to alcohol?
answer

Low-income nations have more abstainers and abusers than affluent nations.
question

Currently in the United States, _____ of adults are overweight
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Two Thirds
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Intelligence that reflects accumulated learning is referred to as _____.
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Crystallized Intelligence
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All of the following contribute to the development of expertise EXCEPT _____.
answer

gender
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Sylvia is 50 years old and is experiencing vaginal dryness, hot flashes, hot flushes, and cold sweats. She is most likely entering _____
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Menopause
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Thinking that occurs without deliberate, conscious thought is _____ processing
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Automatic
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A dynamic long-term body adjustment that affects overall physiology is referred to as ______.
answer

Allostasis
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The recent effort by countries around the world to increase the number of young people attending college is prompted by national governments’ belief in _____.
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Massification
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All of the following beliefs reflect cognitive flexibility EXCEPT _______.
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Life plans are static
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Silas was raised in a home where men did not help with housework or cooking because those chores were deemed “women’s work.” At age 20, he does not agree with that view, but hides his negative reaction to it when visiting his parents’ home. Silas is demonstrating _____.
answer

cognitive flexibility
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Cognitively, what helps counter stereotypes?
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Flexibility
question

Which of the following is likely to be a possible reaction to stereotype threat?
answer

the high school drop-out rate for African American males should increase
question

_____ relationships have high rates of verbal and physical abuse.
answer

Churning
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After children have grown, MOST couples find that _____.
answer

their relationships improve
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The group of people that moves through life with an individual while providing both protection and encouragement is called a _____.
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social convoy
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Chris is high in extroversion and therefore will probably _____.
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Get married
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After a recent divorce and many years as a stay-at-home mom, Cheryl is entering the workforce. As a single parent with three children, she needs a livable wage, good benefits, and a retirement plan. She is focused on the _____ of work.
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extrinsic rewards
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When the thought required for an action has become routine, and it appears that most aspects of the task are performed instinctively, the performance of the task is _____.
answer

Automatic
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Since they are called on to help both the older and younger generations of the family, middle-aged adults have been called the _____.
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sandwich generation
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In every nation, _____ are much more likely to be the main caregivers for the frail elderly
answer

female relatives

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