GIVE ME LIBERTY CH 14

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Monitor and Merrimac were:
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ironclad ships.
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How was Ulysses Grant received in Europe during his tour in the 1870s?
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He was praised as a “Hero of Freedom.”
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Why was Vicksburg essential?
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Capturing the city allowed the Union to control the Mississippi River.
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What happened to Cherokee slaveholders after the Civil War?
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They were forced to give former slaves some of their land.
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During the first two years of his presidency, what was a facet of Abraham Lincoln’s slavery policy?
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He experimented with the colonization of freed slaves near Haiti.
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What separated Grant from the other Union generals who commanded the Army of the Potomac?
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Grant was willing to wage a war of attrition.
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What was ironic about the Confederate government?
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This new centralized government became stronger than the national government had been before the war.
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In what year did slavery officially end in the Western Hemisphere?
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1888.
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What would have been a practical outcome of the Emancipation Proclamation?
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The freeing of slaves would weaken the Confederate war effort.
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In July 1863, the Union won two key victories that are often identified as turning points in the war. These victories occurred at:
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Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and Vicksburg, Mississippi.
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As a general, what was George McClellan’s biggest contribution to the Union’s ultimate victory?
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He molded the Army of the Potomac into an effective fighting force.
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Lincoln’s vision during the Civil War:
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was that the American nation embodied a set of universal ideals rooted in political democracy and human freedom.
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With the 1864 battles in Virginia (between the armies of Grant and Lee):
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the Union army, despite high casualties, pressed forward in its campaign.
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What was the spark for a deadly riot in New York in 1863?
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A military draft.
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Colonel John Chivington is remembered for:
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leading an attack that killed more than 150 Indian men, women, and children.
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During the early days of the war, the U.S. Congress adopted a resolution proposed by Senator John Crittenden of Kentucky that:
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affirmed that the Union had no intention of interfering with slavery.
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Which of the following is true of Jefferson Davis and his governing?
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He was stubborn and lacked political flexibility.
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When facing a food shortage on the Confederate home front, southern wives did what?
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They petitioned the government in large numbers for relief.
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In the Ex parte Milligan case, the U.S. Supreme Court stated that:
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accused persons must be tried before civil courts where there were open, rather than military, tribunals.
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Lincoln’s second inaugural address:
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described the Civil War as divine punishment.
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During the Civil War, the term “contraband camps” referred to:
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camps of southern slaves who had escaped from their masters and entered Union lines.
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The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment is best known as:
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a regiment of free blacks who charged Fort Wagner, South Carolina.
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Starting in 1863, why did Frederick Douglass believe that African-Americans should serve as soldiers in the Union army?
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They needed to take ownership of their freedom.
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During the Civil War, northern Protestant ministers:
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helped create a civic religion combining Christianity and patriotism.
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General Sherman marched from Atlanta to the sea in order to:
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demoralize the South’s civilian population.

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