Geography Unit 3 Quiz Questions – Flashcards

question
Belize shares a border with Mexico?
answer
True
question
Puerto Rico is touched by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
answer
True
question
Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala lie most of the Mayan ruins.
answer
True
question
____shares a border with mexico
answer
Guatemala and Belize
question
Which two islands comprise the island of Hispaniola?
answer
Haiti and the Dominican Republic
question
What civilization is considered the mother-culture of pre-Hispanic Mexico?
answer
Olmec
question
A microloan would support which of the following projects?
answer
handcrafts
question
The economy of Central America is primarily based on what two things?
answer
Tourism and Agriculture
question
Read the following quote from a letter written by Hernan Cortes to King Charles V in 1520. "I will say no more than that the manners of the people, as shown in their intercourse with one another, are marked by as great an attention to the proprieties of life as in Spain, and good order is equally well observed; and considering that they are barbarous people, without the knowledge of God, having no intercourse with civilized nations, these traits of character are worthy of admiration." From this quote, why is Cortes surprised by the good nature of the people?
answer
They have no knowledge of God or other civilized nations
question
In general, what is a developing nation?
answer
agrarian based society with low to medium standard of living
question
Compare the infant mortality rate of Haiti compared to Cuba.
answer
Haiti's infant mortality rate is 10 times as high as Cuba's
question
Based on the chart, what country is experiencing the highest growth rate?
answer
Panama (7.8%)
question
An archipelago is a large group of islands.
answer
True
question
Maize was possibly first domesticated by Indian groups in Central America.
answer
True
question
Most Central American volcanoes are located along a stretch known as the Ring of Fire.
answer
True
question
What is the definition for trench?
answer
Long, but narrow, topographical depression.
question
Which of the following items is known as "aji" in the Caribbean?
answer
Chile
question
Which Central American country is home to the Baboon Sanctuary-dedicated to protecting the black howler monkey population?
answer
Belize
question
Where does the word "hurricane" originate?
answer
Mayan god "Hurakan"
question
From the image below, describe the difference between a tropical disturbance and a hurricane.
answer
A tropical disturbance has wind patterns that look less organized than a hurricane.
question
What landform develops on coral reefs as a result of wave action?
answer
cays
question
In the following image, a seawall is protecting the coastline from what?
answer
wave action
question
What are the potential impacts of climate change on Central America?
answer
intensify droughts and hurricanes in the region
question
From the map below displaying the average temperatures in 2005 compared to the average temperatures from 1951 to 1980, what can you infer about the average temperatures in the region of Central America?
answer
The temperatures in Central America were 0.1 to 1.5 degrees higher, on average.
question
A cay is a small, low island composed largely of coral or sand.
answer
True
question
Indigo is the source for the beautiful color known as "Mayan Blue."
answer
True
question
There are no known volcanoes in the country of Panama.
answer
False
question
What is the definition of archipelago?
answer
Group of Islands
question
Which Central American country has highly developed urban areas and dense tropical jungles located close together?
answer
Panama
question
Which of the following items is the main ingredient in salsa verde?
answer
Tomatillo
question
Why is Mexico and parts of Central America prone to earthquakes?
answer
The region lies on the border of two tectonic plates.
question
Look at the image below that shows the chances of getting a direct hit by a hurricane during the month of September (usually the busiest month for hurricanes). If you visited Panama during September, what are your chances of experiencing a direct hit by a hurricane?
answer
There is no chance of a direct hit by a hurricane.
question
What is the climate of Central America?
answer
mainly tropical and subtropical
question
Where are most of the rainforests found?
answer
Lowlands
question
Approximately what percent does Central America contribute to the total amount of carbon dioxide produced in the world?
answer
0.5%
question
Read the following quote from The Nature Conservancy, "The 3 billion people who live in poverty around the world will be hardest hit by climate change. The poor are more dependent on natural resources and have less of an ability to adapt to a changing climate. Diseases, declining crop yields and natural disasters are just a few of the impacts of climate change that could devastate the world's most vulnerable communities." From this quote, what group of people is most vulnerable to climate change?
answer
People who are living in poverty
question
True of False: There is limited information on the history of the Mayan culture in the Common Era because the Spanish instituted a policy of killing all Mayan priests and burning all of thief books.
answer
True
question
True of False: The rivers of the Lowlands were important to the Maya for the transportation of people and materials.
answer
True
question
True of False: Centuries of persecution and cultural isolation have turned the Maya into impoverished outcasts in their own land.
answer
True
question
Who outlawed the Maya religion and burned all but four of their sacred bark-paper books in the 16th century?
answer
Catholic Missionaries
question
When did the practice of fair trade start?
answer
1940s
question
Why did the practice of fair trade spread from handicrafts to food?
answer
The demand for handicrafts was wearing off
question
Why did the practice of fair trade spread from handicrafts to food
answer
Dominican Republic
question
Why did the Mayans create a detailed writing system?
answer
to keep track of political rulers
question
What is the reason for the "feminization" of emigration from Central America in recent years?
answer
Increasing rural poverty
question
After reading the following quote, what can you infer about the role of Mexico in the emigration process? Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. It is characterized by rural-to-urban and regional migration as well as emigration abroad, particularly to the United States. A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams.
answer
Most migrants travel through Mexico on the way to the U.S.
question
Which of the following is the only country that does not have Spanish as its official language?
answer
Belize
question
In most Central American countries, approximately what percent of the population is considered poor?
answer
50%
question
Hernan Cortez was a Spanish conquistador responsible for seizing the Aztec empire in the 16th century.
answer
True
question
Both the highlands and the lowlands were important to the presence of trade within the Mayan civilization.
answer
True
question
Contrary to popular belief, the Mayans were not united as one empire.
answer
True
question
How was information passed down between generations of Mayans?
answer
detailed hieroglyphic writing system
question
which country was an important route by which the treasures of the Inca's were transferred to the Spanish?
answer
Panama
question
What is the goal of fair trade?
answer
reduce poverty
question
Why do foreign investors hesitate to incest in Central America?
answer
Government corruption
question
How was power transferred in the Mayan society?
answer
primogeniture
question
What group of people has had higher rates of emigration in recent years?
answer
Young women from poor, rural families
question
After reading the following quote, what can you infer about the role of Central America in emigration to the United States? "Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. It is characterized by rural-to-urban and regional migration as well as emigration abroad, particularly to the United States. A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams."
answer
Central America is a source for emigrants as well as a pathway for emigrants from South America.
question
What is the religion of most Central Americas?
answer
Roman Catholic
question
Masa, pozole, and sopes are all traditional food of Central America prepared with what ingredients?
answer
Maize
question
The creation of the Panama Canal cut the shipping time in half for ships traveling between the pacific and Atlantic oceans.
answer
True
question
Tropical rain forests are home to over half the world's species, all squeezed into a narrow strip of equatorial land.
answer
True
question
Environmental destruction results in greater potential risk from natural disasters, especially the poor.
answer
True
question
A typical passage through the Panama Canal takes how long?
answer
8-10 hours
question
Why have most attempts at instituting sustainable farming practices failed?
answer
Outsiders have come in and tried to force new practices on farmers.
question
What is sustainable agriculture?
answer
Farming that is profitable but does not hurt the environment.
question
What is one reason that poverty continues to be a growing issue, especially among the indigenous population?
answer
Racism against indigenous population is prevalent
question
What is the key factor of rural development?
answer
local process and local institutions
question
Why are tropical forests disappearing?
answer
-to harvest timber -building roads -farms and agriculture
question
From the following chart, what can you infer about the importance of tropical rainforests?
answer
Tropical rain forests contain more species than any other ecosystem.
question
How is trade justice different from free trade?
answer
Trade justice means that trade rules are weighted to benefit poor people and the environment.
question
What is the best way to increase the availability of ecotourism?
answer
Increase the amount of protected lands, parks, and conservation areas.
question
The Panama Canal project was one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken.
answer
true
question
Since 1960, when the Central American beef market began booming, over 25% of the rainforests have been cleared for cattle grazing
answer
true
question
Poverty and lack of choices for alternative sources of income have led the poor to exploit their environment to dangerous levels
answer
true
question
Approximately how many people died during the construction of the canal?
answer
22,000
question
Who owns most of the farmland of Central American countries?
answer
a handful of wealthy farmers
question
Which of the following items is an example of a sustainable agriculture practice?
answer
Terracing and gradual composting
question
Why is geographic isolation a problem that leads to more poverty?
answer
limited access to public services like health and education
question
What is the least common cause of poverty?
answer
Natural disasters
question
How does the deforestation of rain forests impact global markets?
answer
Global markets consume rainforests products that depend on sustainable harvest.
question
Based on the image below, how would you describe the global presence of rainforests?
answer
Rainforests are primarily located along the equator
question
What is the goal of fair trade?
answer
Pull disadvantages citizens out of poverty.
question
What is the negative of ecotourism?
answer
There are few checks to prove the trips are really eco-friendly.
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question
Belize shares a border with Mexico?
answer
True
question
Puerto Rico is touched by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
answer
True
question
Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala lie most of the Mayan ruins.
answer
True
question
____shares a border with mexico
answer
Guatemala and Belize
question
Which two islands comprise the island of Hispaniola?
answer
Haiti and the Dominican Republic
question
What civilization is considered the mother-culture of pre-Hispanic Mexico?
answer
Olmec
question
A microloan would support which of the following projects?
answer
handcrafts
question
The economy of Central America is primarily based on what two things?
answer
Tourism and Agriculture
question
Read the following quote from a letter written by Hernan Cortes to King Charles V in 1520. "I will say no more than that the manners of the people, as shown in their intercourse with one another, are marked by as great an attention to the proprieties of life as in Spain, and good order is equally well observed; and considering that they are barbarous people, without the knowledge of God, having no intercourse with civilized nations, these traits of character are worthy of admiration." From this quote, why is Cortes surprised by the good nature of the people?
answer
They have no knowledge of God or other civilized nations
question
In general, what is a developing nation?
answer
agrarian based society with low to medium standard of living
question
Compare the infant mortality rate of Haiti compared to Cuba.
answer
Haiti's infant mortality rate is 10 times as high as Cuba's
question
Based on the chart, what country is experiencing the highest growth rate?
answer
Panama (7.8%)
question
An archipelago is a large group of islands.
answer
True
question
Maize was possibly first domesticated by Indian groups in Central America.
answer
True
question
Most Central American volcanoes are located along a stretch known as the Ring of Fire.
answer
True
question
What is the definition for trench?
answer
Long, but narrow, topographical depression.
question
Which of the following items is known as "aji" in the Caribbean?
answer
Chile
question
Which Central American country is home to the Baboon Sanctuary-dedicated to protecting the black howler monkey population?
answer
Belize
question
Where does the word "hurricane" originate?
answer
Mayan god "Hurakan"
question
From the image below, describe the difference between a tropical disturbance and a hurricane.
answer
A tropical disturbance has wind patterns that look less organized than a hurricane.
question
What landform develops on coral reefs as a result of wave action?
answer
cays
question
In the following image, a seawall is protecting the coastline from what?
answer
wave action
question
What are the potential impacts of climate change on Central America?
answer
intensify droughts and hurricanes in the region
question
From the map below displaying the average temperatures in 2005 compared to the average temperatures from 1951 to 1980, what can you infer about the average temperatures in the region of Central America?
answer
The temperatures in Central America were 0.1 to 1.5 degrees higher, on average.
question
A cay is a small, low island composed largely of coral or sand.
answer
True
question
Indigo is the source for the beautiful color known as "Mayan Blue."
answer
True
question
There are no known volcanoes in the country of Panama.
answer
False
question
What is the definition of archipelago?
answer
Group of Islands
question
Which Central American country has highly developed urban areas and dense tropical jungles located close together?
answer
Panama
question
Which of the following items is the main ingredient in salsa verde?
answer
Tomatillo
question
Why is Mexico and parts of Central America prone to earthquakes?
answer
The region lies on the border of two tectonic plates.
question
Look at the image below that shows the chances of getting a direct hit by a hurricane during the month of September (usually the busiest month for hurricanes). If you visited Panama during September, what are your chances of experiencing a direct hit by a hurricane?
answer
There is no chance of a direct hit by a hurricane.
question
What is the climate of Central America?
answer
mainly tropical and subtropical
question
Where are most of the rainforests found?
answer
Lowlands
question
Approximately what percent does Central America contribute to the total amount of carbon dioxide produced in the world?
answer
0.5%
question
Read the following quote from The Nature Conservancy, "The 3 billion people who live in poverty around the world will be hardest hit by climate change. The poor are more dependent on natural resources and have less of an ability to adapt to a changing climate. Diseases, declining crop yields and natural disasters are just a few of the impacts of climate change that could devastate the world's most vulnerable communities." From this quote, what group of people is most vulnerable to climate change?
answer
People who are living in poverty
question
True of False: There is limited information on the history of the Mayan culture in the Common Era because the Spanish instituted a policy of killing all Mayan priests and burning all of thief books.
answer
True
question
True of False: The rivers of the Lowlands were important to the Maya for the transportation of people and materials.
answer
True
question
True of False: Centuries of persecution and cultural isolation have turned the Maya into impoverished outcasts in their own land.
answer
True
question
Who outlawed the Maya religion and burned all but four of their sacred bark-paper books in the 16th century?
answer
Catholic Missionaries
question
When did the practice of fair trade start?
answer
1940s
question
Why did the practice of fair trade spread from handicrafts to food?
answer
The demand for handicrafts was wearing off
question
Why did the practice of fair trade spread from handicrafts to food
answer
Dominican Republic
question
Why did the Mayans create a detailed writing system?
answer
to keep track of political rulers
question
What is the reason for the "feminization" of emigration from Central America in recent years?
answer
Increasing rural poverty
question
After reading the following quote, what can you infer about the role of Mexico in the emigration process? Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. It is characterized by rural-to-urban and regional migration as well as emigration abroad, particularly to the United States. A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams.
answer
Most migrants travel through Mexico on the way to the U.S.
question
Which of the following is the only country that does not have Spanish as its official language?
answer
Belize
question
In most Central American countries, approximately what percent of the population is considered poor?
answer
50%
question
Hernan Cortez was a Spanish conquistador responsible for seizing the Aztec empire in the 16th century.
answer
True
question
Both the highlands and the lowlands were important to the presence of trade within the Mayan civilization.
answer
True
question
Contrary to popular belief, the Mayans were not united as one empire.
answer
True
question
How was information passed down between generations of Mayans?
answer
detailed hieroglyphic writing system
question
which country was an important route by which the treasures of the Inca's were transferred to the Spanish?
answer
Panama
question
What is the goal of fair trade?
answer
reduce poverty
question
Why do foreign investors hesitate to incest in Central America?
answer
Government corruption
question
How was power transferred in the Mayan society?
answer
primogeniture
question
What group of people has had higher rates of emigration in recent years?
answer
Young women from poor, rural families
question
After reading the following quote, what can you infer about the role of Central America in emigration to the United States? "Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. It is characterized by rural-to-urban and regional migration as well as emigration abroad, particularly to the United States. A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams."
answer
Central America is a source for emigrants as well as a pathway for emigrants from South America.
question
What is the religion of most Central Americas?
answer
Roman Catholic
question
Masa, pozole, and sopes are all traditional food of Central America prepared with what ingredients?
answer
Maize
question
The creation of the Panama Canal cut the shipping time in half for ships traveling between the pacific and Atlantic oceans.
answer
True
question
Tropical rain forests are home to over half the world's species, all squeezed into a narrow strip of equatorial land.
answer
True
question
Environmental destruction results in greater potential risk from natural disasters, especially the poor.
answer
True
question
A typical passage through the Panama Canal takes how long?
answer
8-10 hours
question
Why have most attempts at instituting sustainable farming practices failed?
answer
Outsiders have come in and tried to force new practices on farmers.
question
What is sustainable agriculture?
answer
Farming that is profitable but does not hurt the environment.
question
What is one reason that poverty continues to be a growing issue, especially among the indigenous population?
answer
Racism against indigenous population is prevalent
question
What is the key factor of rural development?
answer
local process and local institutions
question
Why are tropical forests disappearing?
answer
-to harvest timber -building roads -farms and agriculture
question
From the following chart, what can you infer about the importance of tropical rainforests?
answer
Tropical rain forests contain more species than any other ecosystem.
question
How is trade justice different from free trade?
answer
Trade justice means that trade rules are weighted to benefit poor people and the environment.
question
What is the best way to increase the availability of ecotourism?
answer
Increase the amount of protected lands, parks, and conservation areas.
question
The Panama Canal project was one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken.
answer
true
question
Since 1960, when the Central American beef market began booming, over 25% of the rainforests have been cleared for cattle grazing
answer
true
question
Poverty and lack of choices for alternative sources of income have led the poor to exploit their environment to dangerous levels
answer
true
question
Approximately how many people died during the construction of the canal?
answer
22,000
question
Who owns most of the farmland of Central American countries?
answer
a handful of wealthy farmers
question
Which of the following items is an example of a sustainable agriculture practice?
answer
Terracing and gradual composting
question
Why is geographic isolation a problem that leads to more poverty?
answer
limited access to public services like health and education
question
What is the least common cause of poverty?
answer
Natural disasters
question
How does the deforestation of rain forests impact global markets?
answer
Global markets consume rainforests products that depend on sustainable harvest.
question
Based on the image below, how would you describe the global presence of rainforests?
answer
Rainforests are primarily located along the equator
question
What is the goal of fair trade?
answer
Pull disadvantages citizens out of poverty.
question
What is the negative of ecotourism?
answer
There are few checks to prove the trips are really eco-friendly.
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