Geography Unit 3 Quiz Questions

Flashcard maker : Bernice Cooper
Belize shares a border with Mexico?
True
Puerto Rico is touched by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
True
Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala lie most of the Mayan ruins.
True
____shares a border with mexico
Guatemala and Belize
Which two islands comprise the island of Hispaniola?
Haiti and the Dominican Republic
What civilization is considered the mother-culture of pre-Hispanic Mexico?
Olmec
A microloan would support which of the following projects?
handcrafts
The economy of Central America is primarily based on what two things?
Tourism and Agriculture
Read the following quote from a letter written by Hernan Cortes to King Charles V in 1520. \”I will say no more than that the manners of the people, as shown in their intercourse with one another, are marked by as great an attention to the proprieties of life as in Spain, and good order is equally well observed; and considering that they are barbarous people, without the knowledge of God, having no intercourse with civilized nations, these traits of character are worthy of admiration.\” From this quote, why is Cortes surprised by the good nature of the people?
They have no knowledge of God or other civilized nations
In general, what is a developing nation?
agrarian based society with low to medium standard of living
Compare the infant mortality rate of Haiti compared to Cuba.
Haiti’s infant mortality rate is 10 times as high as Cuba’s
Based on the chart, what country is experiencing the highest growth rate?
Panama (7.8%)
An archipelago is a large group of islands.
True
Maize was possibly first domesticated by Indian groups in Central America.
True
Most Central American volcanoes are located along a stretch known as the Ring of Fire.
True
What is the definition for trench?
Long, but narrow, topographical depression.
Which of the following items is known as \”aji\” in the Caribbean?
Chile
Which Central American country is home to the Baboon Sanctuary-dedicated to protecting the black howler monkey population?
Belize
Where does the word \”hurricane\” originate?
Mayan god \”Hurakan\”
From the image below, describe the difference between a tropical disturbance and a hurricane.
A tropical disturbance has wind patterns that look less organized than a hurricane.
What landform develops on coral reefs as a result of wave action?
cays
In the following image, a seawall is protecting the coastline from what?
wave action
What are the potential impacts of climate change on Central America?
intensify droughts and hurricanes in the region
From the map below displaying the average temperatures in 2005 compared to the average temperatures from 1951 to 1980, what can you infer about the average temperatures in the region of Central America?
The temperatures in Central America were 0.1 to 1.5 degrees higher, on average.
A cay is a small, low island composed largely of coral or sand.
True
Indigo is the source for the beautiful color known as \”Mayan Blue.\”
True
There are no known volcanoes in the country of Panama.
False
What is the definition of archipelago?
Group of Islands
Which Central American country has highly developed urban areas and dense tropical jungles located close together?
Panama
Which of the following items is the main ingredient in salsa verde?
Tomatillo
Why is Mexico and parts of Central America prone to earthquakes?
The region lies on the border of two tectonic plates.
Look at the image below that shows the chances of getting a direct hit by a hurricane during the month of September (usually the busiest month for hurricanes). If you visited Panama during September, what are your chances of experiencing a direct hit by a hurricane?
There is no chance of a direct hit by a hurricane.
What is the climate of Central America?
mainly tropical and subtropical
Where are most of the rainforests found?
Lowlands
Approximately what percent does Central America contribute to the total amount of carbon dioxide produced in the world?
0.5%
Read the following quote from The Nature Conservancy, \”The 3 billion people who live in poverty around the world will be hardest hit by climate change. The poor are more dependent on natural resources and have less of an ability to adapt to a changing climate. Diseases, declining crop yields and natural disasters are just a few of the impacts of climate change that could devastate the world’s most vulnerable communities.\” From this quote, what group of people is most vulnerable to climate change?
People who are living in poverty
True of False: There is limited information on the history of the Mayan culture in the Common Era because the Spanish instituted a policy of killing all Mayan priests and burning all of thief books.
True
True of False: The rivers of the Lowlands were important to the Maya for the transportation of people and materials.
True
True of False: Centuries of persecution and cultural isolation have turned the Maya into impoverished outcasts in their own land.
True
Who outlawed the Maya religion and burned all but four of their sacred bark-paper books in the 16th century?
Catholic Missionaries
When did the practice of fair trade start?
1940s
Why did the practice of fair trade spread from handicrafts to food?
The demand for handicrafts was wearing off
Why did the practice of fair trade spread from handicrafts to food
Dominican Republic
Why did the Mayans create a detailed writing system?
to keep track of political rulers
What is the reason for the \”feminization\” of emigration from Central America in recent years?
Increasing rural poverty
After reading the following quote, what can you infer about the role of Mexico in the emigration process?

Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. It is characterized by rural-to-urban and regional migration as well as emigration abroad, particularly to the United States. A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams.

Most migrants travel through Mexico on the way to the U.S.
Which of the following is the only country that does not have Spanish as its official language?
Belize
In most Central American countries, approximately what percent of the population is considered poor?
50%
Hernan Cortez was a Spanish conquistador responsible for seizing the Aztec empire in the 16th century.
True
Both the highlands and the lowlands were important to the presence of trade within the Mayan civilization.
True
Contrary to popular belief, the Mayans were not united as one empire.
True
How was information passed down between generations of Mayans?
detailed hieroglyphic writing system
which country was an important route by which the treasures of the Inca’s were transferred to the Spanish?
Panama
What is the goal of fair trade?
reduce poverty
Why do foreign investors hesitate to incest in Central America?
Government corruption
How was power transferred in the Mayan society?
primogeniture
What group of people has had higher rates of emigration in recent years?
Young women from poor, rural families
After reading the following quote, what can you infer about the role of Central America in emigration to the United States?

\”Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. It is characterized by rural-to-urban and regional migration as well as emigration abroad, particularly to the United States. A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams.\”

Central America is a source for emigrants as well as a pathway for emigrants from South America.
What is the religion of most Central Americas?
Roman Catholic
Masa, pozole, and sopes are all traditional food of Central America prepared with what ingredients?
Maize
The creation of the Panama Canal cut the shipping time in half for ships traveling between the pacific and Atlantic oceans.
True
Tropical rain forests are home to over half the world’s species, all squeezed into a narrow strip of equatorial land.
True
Environmental destruction results in greater potential risk from natural disasters, especially the poor.
True
A typical passage through the Panama Canal takes how long?
8-10 hours
Why have most attempts at instituting sustainable farming practices failed?
Outsiders have come in and tried to force new practices on farmers.
What is sustainable agriculture?
Farming that is profitable but does not hurt the environment.
What is one reason that poverty continues to be a growing issue, especially among the indigenous population?
Racism against indigenous population is prevalent
What is the key factor of rural development?
local process and local institutions
Why are tropical forests disappearing?
-to harvest timber
-building roads
-farms and agriculture
From the following chart, what can you infer about the importance of tropical rainforests?
Tropical rain forests contain more species than any other ecosystem.
How is trade justice different from free trade?
Trade justice means that trade rules are weighted to benefit poor people and the environment.
What is the best way to increase the availability of ecotourism?
Increase the amount of protected lands, parks, and conservation areas.
The Panama Canal project was one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken.
true
Since 1960, when the Central American beef market began booming, over 25% of the rainforests have been cleared for cattle grazing
true
Poverty and lack of choices for alternative sources of income have led the poor to exploit their environment to dangerous levels
true
Approximately how many people died during the construction of the canal?
22,000
Who owns most of the farmland of Central American countries?
a handful of wealthy farmers
Which of the following items is an example of a sustainable agriculture practice?
Terracing and gradual composting
Why is geographic isolation a problem that leads to more poverty?
limited access to public services like health and education
What is the least common cause of poverty?
Natural disasters
How does the deforestation of rain forests impact global markets?
Global markets consume rainforests products that depend on sustainable harvest.
Based on the image below, how would you describe the global presence of rainforests?
Rainforests are primarily located along the equator
What is the goal of fair trade?
Pull disadvantages citizens out of poverty.
What is the negative of ecotourism?
There are few checks to prove the trips are really eco-friendly.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member