//G0LFWVNG//

question

Kinship Calculation
answer

How people in a particular society reckon kin relations is known as?
question

Ego
answer

The position from which one views an egocentric genealogy is known as?
question

Bilateral kinship calculation
answer

Kin ties calculated equally through men and women are known as?
question

Collateral relative
answer

Relatives outside ego’s direct line are connected to the term?
question

Ambilineal
answer

Flexible descent rule, neither patrilineal nor matrilineal is called?
question

Narrower
answer

For North americans, the entire range of kin arrangements is?
question

Considerable diversity
answer

Cross-culturally the social construction of kinship illustrates?
question

Family of Orientation
answer

The nuclear family in which one is born and grows up is called?
question

Parallel cousin
answer

Children of two brothers or two sisters are referred to as?
question

Plural Marriage
answer

In the case of____a man weds two or more women.
question

Fraternal Polyandry
answer

When a woman weds a group of brothers, this is referred to as?
question

Following the rules of exogamy
answer

In most cultures, people avoid incest by___.
question

Homogamy
answer

_____means to marry someone similar.
question

Dowry
answer

In the___ substantial gifts to the husband’s family from the wife’s group are offered.
question

Levirate
answer

In the case of a widow marrying the brother of her deceased husband, this is known as
question

Groups
answer

Outside industrial societies, marriage is often more a relationship between____ than one between
question

True
answer

No definition of marriage is broad enough to apply easily to all societies and situations.
question

False
answer

Among the Yanomami of Brazil, sex (and marriage) to parallel cousins is proper, but sex w cross cousins…
question

Sexual dimorphism
answer

marked differences in male and female biology besides the primary and secondary sexual features
question

Sex
answer

Biological differences
question

Gender
answer

traits that a culture assigns to and inculcates in males and females.
question

Gender roles
answer

tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes
question

Gender Stereotypes
answer

oversimplified, strongly held ideas of characteristics of men and women
question

Gender Stratification
answer

unequal distribution of rewards between men and women, reflecting different positions in a social hierarchy
question

Domestic-public dichotomy
answer

strong differentiation between home and the outside world is called the domestic-public dichotomy, or the private-public contrast
question

Matrilineal descent
answer

people join mother’s group at birth
question

Patrilineal descent
answer

descent traced through men
question

Patriarchy
answer

political system ruled by men in which women have inferior social and political status, including basic human rights
question

Descent group
answer

group based on belief in a shared ancestry; they are basic units in the social organization of nonindustrial food producers.
question

Nuclear Family
answer

mother, father, and biological children
question

Family of procreation
answer

formed when one marries and has children
question

Neolocality
answer

married couples may live hundreds of miles from parents
question

Extended family household
answer

expanded family household that includes three or more generations (common among poorer Americans).
question

unilineal descent
answer

descent rule uses one line
question

Lineage
answer

unilineal descent line based on demonstrated descent
question

clan
answer

descent group that claims common descent from an apical ancestor but cannot demonstrate it (stipulated descent)
question

Ambilineal descent
answer

People choose the descent group to which they belong
question

Genealogical kin types
answer

relates to actual genealogical relationship (father’s brother) as opposed to kin term (uncle)
question

Bilateral kinship
answer

people tend to perceive kin links through males and females as being similar or equal
question

Functional explanation
answer

can relate particular customs to other features of a society
question

Lineal kinship terminology
answer

four parental kin terms (M, F, FB-MB, and MZ-FZ)
question

Lineal relative
answer

ego’s direct descendant
question

Collateral relatives
answer

relative outside ego’s direct line, e.g., B, Z, FB, MZ
question

Affinals
answer

relatives by marriage
question

Bifurcate collateral terminology
answer

separate terms are used for each of six kin types of the parental generation; M, F, MB, MZ, FB, and FZ
question

Genitor
answer

biological father of a child
question

Pater
answer

socially recognized father of a child
question

Exogamy
answer

practice of seeking a spouse outside one’s own group
question

Parallel cousins
answer

children of two brothers or two sisters
question

cross cousins
answer

children of a brother and a sister Lakher of Southeast Asia are strictly patrilineal
question

Endogamy
answer

marriage of people from the same group
question

Lobola
answer

substantial marital gift from husband and his kin to the wife and her kin
question

Polygyny
answer

a man has more than one wife; the more common form
question

Polyandry
answer

a woman has more than one husband; rare

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member