FIRST AID FINAL FLASHCARDS

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Chest Wall
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Rib fracture and FLAIL CHEST are two injuries that can happen to the _____.
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Chest
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BROKEN RIBS usually occur along the side of the _____.
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Flail Chest
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A condition that occurs when SEVERAL RIBS IN THE SAME ARE ARE BROKEN IN ONE PLACE is called
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Protruding Organ Injury
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A severe injury to the ABDOMEN in which the INTERNAL ORGANS escape or PROTRUDE from the wound is called
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Remove the seal to let air escape, and then reapply
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If the victim has trouble breathing after you have sealed a SUCKING chest wound you should
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Take deep breaths and cough at least hourly
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To prevent Pneumonia in a chest-injury victim, the first aider should encourage the victim to _____.
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Pain
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What is the primary symptoms of FRACTURED RIBS
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ALL
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What can be used to STABILIZED fractured ribs
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All
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Which symptom commonly accompanies a PELVIS INJuRY
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Place the victim on injured side
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What can the first aider do to STABILIZE the CHEST of a FLAIL CHEST VICTIM
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Stabilize the object
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If an IMPALED OBJECT is PENETRATING the Chest, the first aider should
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Seal the wound
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How do you CARE for a SUCKING CHEST WOUND?
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ALL
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If an OBJECT has PENETRATED the ABDOMINAL WALL, you should
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Cover the organs with a moist, sterile dressing
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For an ABDOMINAL WOUND in which ORGANS PROTRUDE, you should
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ALL
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How should a first aider TREAT a victim with a PELVIS INJURY
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The TWO CLASSIFICATIONS for FRACTURES are
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Open or closed
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With an OPEN FRACTURE, the skin is
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Broken or Damaged
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If the FRACTURE RESULTS in the BONE PROTRUDING through the skin, it would be considered a(n)
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Open fracture
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A FRACTURE which CUTS ACROSS the BONE at RIGHT ANGLES to its long axis is called
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Transverse
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When the FRACTURE LINE CROSSES the BONE in a SLANTING DIRECTION, it is called
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Oblique
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A FRACTURE in which the BONE is FRAGMENTED into MORE than TWO PIECES is called
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Comminuted
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What MNEMONIC can be used to IDENTIFY SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of a FRACTURE
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DOTS
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Most FRACTURES
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Seldom present an immediate threat to life
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First aide for FRACTURES includes
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ALL
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What INJURY RESULTS when a JOINT comes APART and STAYS APART
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Dislocation
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First aide for DISLOCATIONS includes which of the following
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ALL
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What should be used to keep SWELLING out of a JOINT
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An ice pack
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FRACTURES, DISLOCATIONS, and SPRAINS are all initially treated with
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An ice pack
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A ______ RESULTS when the MUSCLE is STRETCHED beyond its NORMAL RANGE OF MOTION
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Strain
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The RECOMMENDED TREATMENT for MUSCLE STRAINS is
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RICE
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How to examine an area
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The MNEMONIC DOTS can HELP TO REMEMBER
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Extremity
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The “RULE OF THIRDS” is helpful when CHECKING the victim for _____ injuries.
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The body is divided into thirds
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When using the “RULE OF THIRDS” when EXAMINING an EXTREMITY
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Mechanism
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The first aider should consider the _____ of injury (MOI) in EVALUATING the possibility of a FRACTURE and its LOCATION
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Sprain
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What INJURY RESULTS when a JOINT IS TORN OR STRETCHED
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Contusion
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BRUISING of the TISSUE is considered a
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Dislocations
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A _____ RESULTS when BONES are DISPLACED from their NORMAL JOINT ALIGNMENT
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Fracture
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A _____ RESULTS when THERE ARE BREAKS in the BONE
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Tendonitis
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INFLAMMATION of a TENDON from OVERUSE is called _____
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Continuous overuse
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TENDONITIS usually RESULTS from
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Tendons
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TENNIS ELBOW is an INFLAMMATION of the _____ on the OUTER SIDE of the ELBOW
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Tendons
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GOLFER’S ELBOW is an INFLAMMATION of the _____ on the INSIDE of the ELBOW
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Up and Down
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Suspect a FRACTURE of the FOREARM if PAIN occurs when the victim rotates the PALM
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A fractured wrist
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A LUMPLIKE DEFORMITY on the BACK of the WRIST, along with PAIN, TENDERNESS, and SWELLING can indicate
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3
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How many BONES make up each FINGER
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Melting a hole
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The PAINFUL PRESSURE caused by ACCUMULATION of BLOOD under a FINGERNAIL or TOENAIL can be RELIEVED by
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ALL
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A RING that is STUCK on a FINGER can be REMOVED by
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A fall
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A HIP is usually FRACTURED by
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The upper end of the femur
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A HIP FRACTURE is a FRACTURE of
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The femur
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Which BONE is the LARGEST BONE in the BODY
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Thigh Muscle
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A CHARLEY HORSE is an INJURY of the _____.
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Grotesque deformity
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Which of the following are SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of a KNEE DISLOCATION
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4 to 6 weeks
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An ANKLE INJURY typically HEALS W/IN ______
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Inward
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Most ANKLE SPRAINS are caused by the ANKLE having TURNED or TWISTED
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Use RICE treatment
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During the first 24 to 48 hours AFTER an ANKLE INJURY, the victim should
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1, 4
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To use a CONTRAST bath, SUBMERGE the ANKLE for _____ minutes in COLD WATER then submerge for ______ minutes in WARM WATER
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Range of motion exercises
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Once the INITIAL SWELLING has DECREASED, discontinue immobilization of the INJURED ANKLE and BEGIN
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Rest
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Using the MNEMONIC RICE to TREAT ANKLE INJURIES, the R stands for
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Elevation
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Using the MNEMONIC RICE to TREAT ANKLE INJURIES, the E stands for
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20 to 30 minutes every hour
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How long and how frequently should COLD be APPLIED to the INJURED AREA during the first 24 to 48 hours
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An elastic roller bandage
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When APPLYING COMPRESSION to an INJURED ANKLE, the first aider should
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4-inch
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What WIDTH SIZE ELASTIC BANDAGE is most appropriate for an INJURY of the ANKLE, KNEE, and LEG
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18 to 24
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An ELASTIC BANDAGE should be WORN continuously for _____ to _____ hours
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For the first 24 hours
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How long should the INJURED part be ELEVATED
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TENDINITIS
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REPEATED ARM MOVEMENT, as in many of the the THROWING SPORTS (e.g, baseball) often results in painful
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Wrist
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TENNIS ELBOW results from SHARP, QUICK TWISTS of the ______
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Directly over the side
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The PAIN from a SPRAINED FINGER will be ______ of the injured joint
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Cutting a v-shaped notch in the nail…
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If a SPLINTER ENTERS the SKIN under the NAIL and BREAKS off FLUSH, it can be REMOVED by
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ALL
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Which of the following describe SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of a FRACTURED HIP
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ALL
answer

Which of the following are SIGNS of a BROKEN TIBIA
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What is the PURPOSE of SPLINTING an EXTREMITY FRACTURE
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ALL
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When should a FRACTURE be STABILIZED
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After your straighten the fracture
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A DEVICE used to STABILIZE a FRACTURE or a DISLOCATION is called
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A splint
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A TRACTION SPLINT should only be used on a broken
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Femur
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The process of PULLING the LIMB BACK in PERFECT ALIGNMENT is called
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Reduction
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For a FRACTURE of the _______ THIRD of a BONE, STABILIZE the JOINTS above and below the FRACTURE
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UPPER
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If the victim has a possible SPINE INJURY as well as an EXTREMITY INJURY
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Splint the spine first by stabilization
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Which INJURY would REQUIRE MEDICAL ATTENTION
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ALL
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When APPLYING an ARM SLING, the INJURED ARM’s HAND should be placed in a _______ position in the sling, and above the level of the elbow
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Thumb-up
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FRACTURES of the HUMERUS should be STABILIZED using
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A rigid splint
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When SPLINTING the FOREARM, keep the victim’s thumb
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Turned upright
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What POSITION should the HAND be placed when SPLINTING the WRIST, HAND, and FINGERS
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Position of function
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When SPLINTING the WRIST, HAND, and FINGERS, keep the victim’s thumb
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Turned upright
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A FRACTURED FEMUR is BEST SPLINTED with a
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Traction splint
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AIRWAYS STABILIZE an INJURED KNEE in which POSITION
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In the Position found
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Seek medical position at once
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BC it is difficult to determine a HEART ATTACK, the GENERAL rule to follow if a HEART ATTACK is SUSPECTED is to
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ALL
answer

The CHEST DISCOMFORT from a HEART ATTACK may also be accompanied by
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10
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If CHEST DISCOMFORT lasts more than ______ minutes, assume that the victim is having a HEART ATTACK
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ALL
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PROPER first aid for a HEART ATTACK includes
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Heredity
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RISK FACTORS for HEART DISEASE that CANNOT be CHANGED include
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Sitting or lying down
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NITROGLYCERIN should be ADMINISTERED when the victim is
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3, 5
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If the first dose of NITROGLYCERIN does NOT RELIEVE the PAIN, NITROGLYCERIN may be repeated for a TOTAL of _____ doses in ______ minutes
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Angina Pectoris
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CHEST PAIN that happens when the HEART MUSCLE does NOT get as much BLOOD as it needs is called
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Angina Pectoris
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CHEST PAIN ACCOMPANIED by COUGH, FEVER, and PRODUCTION of SPUTUM is a SIGN of
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Cerebrovascular
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A STROKE is also KNOWN as
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Ischemic
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What is the MOST COMMON type of STROKE
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“Brain Stroke”
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STROKE can be THOUGHT of as a
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STROKE
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A person who SUDDENLY has TROUBLE TALKING, UNDERSTANDING SPEECH, and HAS a WEAKNESS along ONE side of the BODY is PROLLY experiencing
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STROKE
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THE MNEMONIC PEARL is HELPFUL in IDENTIFYING victims of
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Asthma
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AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION, AIRWAY INFLAMMATION, and OVERLY SENSITIVE AIRWAYS are all COMPONENTS of
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Asthma
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COUGHING, CYANOSIS, WHEEZING, and INABILITY to SPEAK in COMPLETE SENTENCES W/OUT pausing for BREATH are all signs of
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ALL
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SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of HYPERVENTILATION include which of the following
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Chronic bronchitis
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The BRONCHI of the LUNGS become THICK, are UNABLE to STRETCH, and are PARTIALLY BLOCKED in cases of
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Fainting
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PYCHOGENIC SHOCK is also KNOWN as
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Interruption of blood flow to the brain
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FAINTING is a SUDDEN, BRIEF LOSS of CONSCIOUSNESS due to
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Abnormal stimulation of the brain’s cells
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A SEIZURE is the RESULT of
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Petit mal seizures
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Which type of SEIZURES usually OCCUR in CHILDREN and are RARELY an EMERGENCY
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On their left side
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A victim of a SEIZURE should be PLACED
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Cushioning the victim’s head
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First aid for a SEIZURE victim INCLUDE
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Generalized motor seizures (unsure)
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Which type of SEIZURE involves SUDDEN, MASSIVE MUSCLE JERKS that may involve the WHOLE BODY or PARTS of the BODY
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Insulin dependent
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Type I DIABETES, or JUVENILE-ONSET, is also KNOWN as
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Non-insulin dependent
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Type II DIABETES, or ADULT-ONSET, is also KNOWN as
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I (ONE)
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Type _____ DIABETES REQUIRE EXTERNAL INSULIN to ALLOW SUGAR to PASS from the BLOOD into the CELLs
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II (TWO)
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Type ______ DIABETES are not DEPENDENT upon EXTERNAL INSULIN to ALLOW SUGAR TO PASS from the BLOOD into the CELLS
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Gestational Diabetes
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What KIND of DIABETES DEVELOPS among some PREGNANT WOMEN
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Insulin, sugar
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TOO MUCH ______ and NOT enough ______leads to LOW BLOOD SUGAR
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Sugar, Insulin
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TOO MUCH _______ and NOT enough _______ leads to HIGH BLOOD SUGAR
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Insulin, sugar
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INSULIN SHOCK RESULTS from TOO MUCH ______ and not enough ________
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Hypoglycemia
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VERY LOW BLOOD SUGAR is called
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Dehydration
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VOMITING and DIARRHEA pose a PARTICULAR RISK for
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Give the victim clear fluids
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How should DIARRHEA be TREATED
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ALL
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When should you SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION for DIARRHEA
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On his/her back with head and shoulders slightly elevated
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The initial care of a CONSCIOUS STROKE VICTIM should include POSITIONING the VICTIM
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Checking the ABCs
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First aid for a STROKE VICTIM should INCLUDE
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Tripod Position
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The BEST POSITION for a victim of an ASTHMA ATTACK is usually
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Which of the following SUBSTANCES account for the LARGEST category of POISONING EXPOSURES
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Prescription and nonprescription drugs
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After obtaining the CRITICAL INFORMATION, the first aider should
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Immediately call a poison control center
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What POSITION should the SWALLOWED-POISON victim be placed
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On his/her left side
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Which of the following statements concerning SWALLOWED POISONING is correct
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Always follow recommendations on a container
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ALCOHOL has been implicated in _____ PERCENT of HOMICIDES
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67
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If the INTOXICATED person is LYING DOWN, place him or her
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On his/her left side
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UPPERS STIMULATE which system of the body
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Central nervous system
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DOWNERS DEPRESS which system of the body
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Central nervous system
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MARIJUANA has what EFFECT on the body
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Produces changes in mood and sensory awareness
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TRANQUILIZERS have what EFFECT on the body
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Calm anxiety
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OPIATES have what EFFECT on the body
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Induce relaxation, drowsiness, and sleep
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Which is the PROPER first aid for someone who has taken an OVERDOSE of DRUGS
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Check ABCs
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The MEDICAL CONDITION RESULTING from EXPOSURE to POISON OAK, IVY, or SUMAC is called
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Dermatitis
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How long is the usual interval between EXPOSURE and ONSET of SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of POISON IVY, OAK, and SUMAC
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2 to 3 minutes
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To TREAT ITCHING resulting from POISONOUS PLANT DERMATITIS, the victim should
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Apply an over-the-counter anti-itch lotion
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Infection from rabies and tetanus, and tissue damage
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What TWO CONCERNS result from an ANIMAL BITE
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Infected Saliva
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The VIRUS CAUSING RABIES is usually SPREAD through
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Dog
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Which ANIMAL is LEAST LIKELY to CARRY RABIES
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Call the police or animal control
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If BITTEN by an ANIMAL, the person should
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Rattlesnake
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Which type of SNAKE is RESPONSIBLE for the MOST VENOMOUS snakebites in the US
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20 minutes
answer

How soon will SWELLING begin after a PIT VIPER BITE
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Get away from the snake
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The FIRST STEP in CARING for the victim of SNAKEBITE is to
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4 hours
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ANTIVENOM must be GIVEN W/IN _____ of the SNAKEBITE
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Coral
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AMERICA’s MOST POISONOUS SNAKE is the
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ALL
answer

Which of the following are APPROPRIATE first aid MEASURES for a CORAL SNAKEBITE?
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Wash the area with soap and water and seek medical attention
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First aid for NONPOISONOUS SNAKEBITES includes which of the following
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Honeybee
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Which of the following INSECTS leaves its STINGER BEHIND in the SKIN
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1 to 2 minutes
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ANAPHYLACTIC REACTIONS generally happen W/IN ______ after the sting
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2 to 3 mintues
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How long will a BEE STINGER continue to INJECT VENOM until it is removed
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ALL
answer

What should be done if a STINGER is FOUND EMBEDDED in the SKIN
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2 hours
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The victim of an INSECT STING should be OBSERVED for at least _____ for SIGNS of an ALLERGIC REACTION
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Antihistamine
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The only EFFECTIVE TREATMENT for a SEVERE ALLERGIC REACTION to INSECT STINGS is
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Black Widow
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Which SPIDER has a CHARACTERISTIC RED SPOT on the ABDOMEN
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ALL
answer

Which of the following SYMPTOMS about BLACK WIDOW SPIDER BITES is TRUE
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Flu-like symptoms
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After developing SEVERE PAIN from MUSCLE STIFFNESS and CRAMPS, the victim of a BLACK WIDOW SPIDER BITE will EXPERIENCE
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Aggressive house spider
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Which SPIDER BITE will result in a BLISTER DEVELOPING w/in 48 to 72 hours after the bite
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ALL
answer

A TARANTULA BITE
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Apply an ice pack to the bite
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To RELIEVE PAIN and DELAY the EFFECTS of the SPIDER VENOM, you should
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“Tap test”
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Which TEST can be used to IDENTIFY a SCORPION STING
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Children
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A SCORPION STING is LIFE THREATENING to
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Encephalitis
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in the US, MOSQUITOES are CARRIERS of
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Applying calamine lotion
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The REDNESS and ITCHING of a MOSQUITO BITE can be RELIEVED by
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Use tweezers
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The BEST WAY to REMOVE a TICK is to
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Deer Tick
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LYME DISEASE is caused by a BACTERIUM that is CARRIED by a
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Antibiotics
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LYME DISEASE can be TREATED by
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The TIGHTENING of BV in SKIN that is EXPOSED to COLD is called
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Vasoconstriction
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BODY HEAT LOSS by DIRECT CONTACT with a COLDER OBJECT is called
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Conductions
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BODY HEAT LOSS by CONVERSION of LIQUID on the SKIN to a VAPOR is called
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Evaporation
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BODY HEAT LOSS by AIR BLOWING OVER THE SKIN or THROUGH POROUS CLOTHING is called
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Convection
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BODY HEAT LOSS by GIVING OFF HEAT is called
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Radiation
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Up to 50 PERCENT of the BODY’s TOTAL HEAT PRODUCTION can be lost by RADIATION through the _______
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Armpit area
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AIR TEMP is 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit for EVERY _______ feet above where the temp was measured
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1000
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Victims of SEVERE HYPOTHERMIA have a CORE BODY TEMP BELOW
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90 degrees
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Which NONFREEZING cold injury RESULTS in PAINFUL, RED, SWOLLEN, HOT TO THE TOUCH skin
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Chillblain
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Which NONFREEZING cold injury RESULTS from EXPOSURE to MOISTURE and COLD for PROLONGED PERIODS of TIME
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Trenchfoot
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Which NONFREEZING cold injury RESULTS in TISSUE LOSS and INFECTION
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Frostbite
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First aid for FROSTNIP includes
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Gently warming the area against a warm body
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First aid for ALL FROSTBITE INJURIES includes
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Seeking immediate medical attention
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The WATER TEMP used for REWARMING a FROSTBITTEN part should be
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102-105 degrees F
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HYPOTHERMIA is a LIFE-THREATENING condition in which the BODY’s CORE TEMP falls BELOW _______ Degrees F
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95
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What type of EXPOSURE is also KNOWN as IMMERSION EXPOSURE
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Acute
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What type of EXPOSURE is also KNOWN as URBAN EXPOSURE
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Chronic
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Should CPR be started on a victim WHOSE CORE BODY TEMP is LESS than 90 degrees F
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Yes
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Should CPR be STARTED on a victim who was SUBMERGED in WATER for more than 60 minutes
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Yes
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In what POSITION should you PLACE the HYPOTHERMIC victim
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On his/her back
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Skin
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HUMANS LOSE HEAT LARGELY through their
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50-60
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WATER makes up about ________ PERCENT of an ADULT’s BODY WEIGHT
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5
answer

You are getting ENOUGH WATER if you are PRODUCING CLEAR urine at LEAST ______ times a day
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A very humid but mildly warm day
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Which CLIMATE condition can be more STRESSFUL
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ALL
answer

Which GROUPS are at HIGHEST RISK of HEAT ILLNESS
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Heatstroke
answer

ANTIHISTAMINES, ANTIPSYCHOTICS, and ANTIDEPRESSANTS all PREDISPOSE individuals to
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Heatstroke
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Which HEAT ILLNESS is LIFE THREATENING
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Legs and abdomen
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HEAT CRAMPS are PAINFUL MUSCLE SPASMS in the
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Overuse of muscles
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HEAT EXHAUSTION is caused by
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Heatstroke
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SYMPTOMS of HEAVY PERSPIRATION and NEAR NORMAL body temps are COMMON with which HEAT ILLNESS
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Exertional heatstroke
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HEALTHY, ACTIVE individuals who are STRENUOUSLY WORKING or PLAYING in a WARM environment are PRONE to
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Classic heatstroke
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Which type of HEATSTROKE most OFTEN affects the ELDERLY
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Heat Syncope
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Becoming DIZZY or FAINTING after being EXPOSED to HIGH TEMPS is Characteristics of
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Elevating the legs
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HEAT EDEMA is TREATED by
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Drying and cooling the skin
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PRICKLY HEAT is TREATED by
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On his/her back with legs elevated 8-12 inches
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The BEST POSITION for a victim of HEAT EXHAUSTION is
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30 minutes
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TRANSPORT a victim of HEAT EXHAUSTION to a MEDICAL FACILITY if no IMPROVEMENT is seen w/in
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Move the victim to a cool place
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The first STEP in CARING for a HEATSTROKE victim is to
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You should start cooling the victim before EMS personnel arrive
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An IMPORTANT point of first aid for the HEATSTROKE victim is
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An ice bath
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Which COOLING METHOD works the FASTEST
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Which TERM describes the BULGING out of the VAGINA as the FETUS’s HEAD or PART of the baby PRESSES against it
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Crowning
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A MISCARRIAGE is also called
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Spontaneous abortion
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What CARE should be GIVEN to a WOMAN with VAGINAL BLEEDING late in her PREGNANCY
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ALL
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INTERNAL VAGINAL BLEEDING caused by TRAUMA should be TREATED by
answer

ALL
question

Which QUESTIONS should be ASKED of a woman in LABOR to DETERMINE whether there is TIME to transport her to a HOSPITAL
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ALL
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CONTRACTIONS more than ______ minutes apart are a GOOD INDICATION that there will be ENOUGH time to get the MOTHER to a HOSPITAL
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5
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CONTRACTIONS less than _______ minutes apart and 45 to 60 seconds long, ESPECIALLY in a WOMAN who has had more than ONE PREGNANCY, signal IMMINENT delivery
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2
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If the AMNIOTIC SAC RUPTURES more than 18 hours before BIRTH occurs, the LIKELIHOOD of ______ is increased
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Fetal infection
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If a WOMAN in LABOR feels she has to move her BOWELS, DELIVERY
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Is imminent
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When should you VISUALLY examine the WOMAN in LABOR for CROWNING
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ALL
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If you must ASSIST with the DELIVERY of the BABY, an IMPORTANT guideline to REMEMBER is
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ALL
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LABOR is a STAGE _____ PROCESS
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3
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During which STAGE of LABOR does the AMNIOTIC SAC BREAK
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first
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The ACTUAL delivery of the BABY takes PLACE during the ______ stage of LABOR
answer

second
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During which STAGE of LABOR is the PLACENTA EXPELLED
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Third
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The THIRD STAGE of LABOR lasts about _______ minutes
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15
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Which CHILDBIRTH position IMPROVES BLOOD RETURN to the HEART
answer

Lying on the left side
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Which CHILDBIRTH position provide PROTECTION against possible ASPIRATION during VOMITING
answer

Lying on the left side or kneeling knee-chest position
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If the baby’s HEAD emerges with the UMBILICAL CORD WRAPPED around the NECK, the first aider should
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Slip the cord over the baby’s shoulder
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After the BABY is DELIVERED, and before the UMBILICAL CORD is CUT, the NEWBORN should be held
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Head slightly lower than the trunk, level with the mother’s vagina
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If in a REMOTE LOCATION, and after CORD PULSATIONS have stopped, tie the cord about ______ width away from baby and a SECOND tie 2 inches further away from the FIRST in order to CUT the CORD
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4 finger
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A WOMAN can be EXPECTED to lose up to ________ to______ cups of BLOOD after DELIVERY
answer

1 to 2
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What can be DONE to HELP CONTROL VAGINAL BLEEDING after DELIVERY
answer

Both a & b
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A NEWBORN should begin to BREATHE
answer

Within 30 Seconds
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The MOST IMPORTANT CARE of the NEWBORN is
answer

Positioning, drying, keeping warm, and stimulating to breathe
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What is the RISK in a PROLAPSED UMBILICAL CORD PRESENTATION
answer

Suffocation
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In CASES of UMBILICAL CORD presentation, the first aider should do which of the following
answer

cut the umbilical cord
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The MOTHER experiencing a BREECH presentation should be PLACED
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Head down position with pelvis elevated
question

During a BREECH presentation, the first aider should act to PREVENT SUFFOCATION of the BABY if the head is not delivered within _____minutes of the body
answer

3
question

Presence of GREENISH or BROWNISH YELLOW AMNIOTIC fluid requires the first aider to
answer

Suction the mouth and nostrils thoroughly
question

PREMATURE INFANT’s have a BIRTH WEIGHT under _____ pounds
answer

6.3
question

A BABY BORN before ______ weeks of PREGNANCY is considered PREMATURE
answer

37
question

PREMATURE babies are ALWAYS at risk for
answer

Hypothermia
question

Your first JOB as a first aider to the RAPE victim is to
answer

Care for the victim
question

To PRESERVE LEGAL evidence, the RAPE victim should not
answer

ALL
question

ALL
answer

What are some COMMON reasons for BEHAVIOR changes
question

ALL
answer

What are some COMMON reasons for BEHAVIOR chanfes
question

75
answer

What PERCENTAGE of DEPRESSIONS lead to suicide
question

Listless or apathetic behavior
answer

DEPRESSED persons can be RECOGNIZED by their
question

ALL
answer

Which of the following statements concerning DEPRESSION is ACCURATE
question

ALL
answer

SUICIDE in the US is increasingly a Prob in which AGE GROUP
question

ALL
answer

SUICIDE is MOST COMMON in MEN who are
question

Spring
answer

The FREQUENCY of SUICIDE PEAKS during which MONTHS
question

West
answer

What region in the US has the highest SUICIDE RATE
question

8
answer

For every SUICIDE that OCCURS, there are ______ ATTEMPTS
question

Males attempt suicide three time more often than females
answer

IDENTIFY the CORRECT statements about SUICIDE
question

SAD PERSONS scale
answer

What is the MNEMONIC to IDENTIFY HIGH RISK characteristics of SUICIDE
question

ALL
answer

IDENTIFY the CORRECT statements concerning SUICIDE
question

ALL
answer

Which of the following statements concerning SUICIDE are CORRECT
question

ALL
answer

Who is MOST LIKELY to ATTEMPT SUICIDE
question

ALL
answer

What are TYPICAL reactions to EMOTIONAL INJURY
question

Always size up the situation before you do anything
answer

The MOST IMPORTANT point to REMEMBER when faced with a AGGRESSIVE, HOSTILE, or VIOLENT BEHAVIOR is to
question

All
answer

Which of the following GUIDELINES should be FOLLOWED when TRYING to CALM a person who is UPSET
question

ALL
answer

A RAPE VICTIM may HESITATE to report RAPE for which REASONS
question

ALL
answer

TO PRESERVE LEGAL EVIDENCE, the RAPE victim should NOT
question

In the home
answer

Child ABUSE and NEGLECT usually occur
question

ALL
answer

The TERM CHILD ABUSE ENCOMPASSES which of the following
question

ALL
answer

When would you be ALERTED to the POSSIBILITY of CHILD ABUSE
question

ALL
answer

First aid for SPOUSE ABUSE includes
question

Behavioral Emergency
answer

Situations in which a person exhibits abnormal behavior…..
question

WILDERNESS first aid PERTAINS to which of the following
answer

ALL
question

CPR has NO EFFECT on RECOVERY and should NOT be started in which of the following situations
answer

ALL
question

In cases of PROFOUND HYPOTHERMIA, the first aider should
answer

ALL
question

In a WILDERNESS situation, REDUCTION of DISLOCATED JOINTS
answer

Is recommended for some dislocations
question

A DISLOCATION is considered SIMPLE if it involves
answer

ALL
question

Which of the following JOINTs could not be safely reduced in a WILDERNESS SETTING
answer

ALL
question

Which METHOD is SAFEST for REDUCING an ANTERIOR SHOULDER DISLOCATION
answer

Traction and external rotation, and simple hanging traction
question

What is the POSITION of FUNCTION
answer

Fingers and hand extended flat
question

Which of the followinf QUESTIONS should be asked when ASSEMBLING for SPINE INJURY in a WILDERNESS setting
answer

ALL
question

Which of the following statements concerning CARE of SPINE INJURY in WILDERNESS SETTINGS is CORRECT
answer

You should always splint the spine in the position found
question

About ______ PERCENT of people from LOWER elevations who VISIT areas 6000 feet to 12000 feet above SEA LEVEL experience ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS
answer

25
question

HIGH ALTITUDE PULMONARY EDEMA and HIGH ALTITUDE CEREBRAL EDEMA are examples of
answer

Altitude sickness
question

ALTITUDE ILLNESS typically strikes in the FIRST _____ hours
answer

12
question

SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of ALTITUDE ILLNESS include which of the following
answer

Loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, headache
question

The SINGLE BEST way to CARE for ALTITUDE ILLNESS is to
answer

Descend to a lower elevation
question

Up to _____ PERCENT of LIGHTNING STRIKES are FETAL
answer

30
question

Which NATURAL DISASTER claims the MOST lives in the US
answer

Lightning
question

Who is the MOST likely victim of LIGHTNING STRIKE
answer

Recreational Athletes
question

A victim STRUCK by LIGHTNING is MOST LIKELY to DIE from
answer

Brain Damage
question

If you are ATTACKED by a ______ you should LIE DOWN and PLAY DEAD
answer

Mother black bear or grizzly bear
question

A SERIES of ______ of ALMOST anything indicates “HELP”
answer

three
question

GROUND SIGNALS should be
answer

ALL
question

You should PHYSICALLY fight back if ATTACKED by which ANIMAL
answer

ALL
question

Care for a victim of a LIGHTNING STRIKE should include
answer

ALL
question

The MOST FREQUENT cause of INJURY from LIGHTNING STRIKE is from
answer

A splash
question

Water rescue
answer

REACH-THROW-GO identifies the SEQUENCE for which type of RESCUE
question

Anything that floats
answer

During a WATER RESCUE, what should be THROWN to the victim
question

4000
answer

In the US there are ABOUT ______ FATALITIES each YEAR from DROWNING
question

Wet
answer

MOST NEAR DROWNINGS are ______ drownings, that is, WATER, VOMIT, or FOREIGN BODIES are ASPIRATED into the LUNGS
question

Secondary
answer

A _______ DROWNING is ONE in which a victim who is RESUSCITATED DIES W/IN 96 hours
question

Aspiration pneumonia
answer

A LATE complication of NEAR DROWNINGS which occurs 48 to 72 hours after the EPISODE is
question

Suspect a possible spine injury
answer

If a NEAR DROWNING victim was DIVING
question

Drowning and hyperthermia
answer

COLD WATER IMMERSION is ASSOCIATED with TWO potential medical emergencies
question

Remaining as physically quiet as possible
answer

The HEAT ESCAPE LESSENING POSITION (HELP) INVOLVES the victim
question

Lie flat and push an object ahead of them and pull victim ashore
answer

If a person has FALLEN through ICE away from the SHORE, and CANNOT be REACHED by using a POLE or throwing a LINE, the rescuer should
question

The 110 volts of household current is enough to be deadly
answer

Which of the following statements concerning ELECTRICAL INJURIES is TRUE
question

Stay in the car
answer

If a victim is STRANDED in a CAR with a POWER LINE FALLEN ACROSS it, the victim should
question

When you are involved in an accident
answer

In MOST states, when are you LEGALLY OBLIGATED to STOP and GIVE help at the scene of a MOTOR VEHICLE accident
question

Wait for EMS personnel to get victims out of the car
answer

In MOST VEHICLE ACCIDENTS, the first aider should
question

Triage
answer

The process of PRIORITIZING or CLASSIFYING injured VICTIMS is called
question

Immediate Care
answer

When PERFORMING TRIAGE, what CLASSIFICATION should be GIVEN to a VICTIM who has LIFE THREATENING injuries but can be saved
question

Delayed care
answer

When PERFORMING TRIAGE, what CLASSIFICATION should be GIVEN to a victim with MINOR injuries
question

Dead
answer

When PERFORMING TRIAGE, what CLASSIFICATION should be GIVEN to a victim WHO is UNLIKELY to SURVIVE
question

Tell all the victims who can get up and walk to move to a specific area
answer

The FIRST STEP in PERFORMING TRIAGE is to
question

To carry them on a stretcher
answer

The SAFEST way to CARRY an INJURED victim is
question

Spinal
answer

The MAJOR DANGER in moving a victim QUICKLY is the possibility of AGGRAVATING a ______ injury
question

Use food to lure the animal away
answer

What could be DONE to SEPARATE a THREATENING FARM ANIMAL from VICTIM
question

ALL
answer

Which of the following are CLUES that indicate a HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILL
question

Turn off the electricity before touching the victim
answer

Upon FINDING a victim who is PARALYZED by ELECTRICAL CURRENT, the first aider should
question

70 Degrees F
answer

The US Coast guard defines COLD WATER as WATER with a TEMP LESS THAN _____
question

With the EXCEPTION of FIRE, ______ is the MOST COMMON and WIDESPREAD NATURAL DISASTER
answer

Tornado
question

Which of the following is the CORRECT action to TAKE if you EXPERIENCE an EARTHQUAKE
answer

If outdoors, find a clear spot
question

Which of the following is CORRECT REGARDING RISING FLOOD WATER
answer

As little as six inches of moving water can knock you off your feet
question

A HURRICANE is a TROPICAL STORM with WIND that REACHES a SUSTAINED SPEED of AT LEAST _____ MPH
answer

74
question

Which is CORRECT REGARDING action to TAKE if you EXPERIENCE a TORNADOR
answer

ALL
question

If TRAPPED in a VEHICLE during a WINTER STORM
answer

Keep the engine running constantly for as long as possible
question

If you ENCOUNTER a HAZARDOUS MATERIALS incident
answer

Stay upwind from the incident
question

If a HOMELAND SECURITY ADVISORY THREAT LEVEL of “HIGH” is ISSUED, you should
answer

Review evacuation and sheltering measures for various types of attack
question

If INSTRUCTED to STAY in your HOME during a CHEMICAL or BIOLOGICAL ATTACK
answer

Seal room with plastic sheeting and duct tape
question

If you are UNABLE to EVACUATE your HOME during a HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT
answer

Use plastic sheeting and tape to secure doors and windows
question

If you are INDOORS during an EARTHQUAKE, you should
answer

Take cover under a sturdy desk or table
question

During a HEAT WAVE, you should
answer

Stay in the coolest available location
question

If a HURRICANE WATCH is ISSUED, you USUALLY have _____ hours before the HURRICANE hits land
answer

24 to 36
question

A ______ is a SERIES of WAVES generated by an UNDERSEA DISTURBANCE
answer

Tsunami

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