First Aid Exam 4 ALL QUESTIONS

question

Abdominal distress in every victim should be considered life threatening:
answer

until proven otherwise.
question

How many causes of abdominal pain are there according to medical reference guides?
answer

100
question

All of the following are priorities when caring for victims of acute abdominal distress except:
answer

identifying the cause of the abdominal distress.
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In assessing a victim with acute abdominal distress, the number-one priority should be to look for signs of:
answer

shock.
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It is typical for a victim with acute abdominal distress to:
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be guarded.
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If you know that a specific quadrant is causing the pain or the majority of the pain, examine that quadrant:
answer

last.
question

The stomach, spleen, liver, and pancreas would all be found in which of the four abdominal quadrants?
answer

left upper
question

Which of the following organs would be in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen?
answer

colon, appendix, small intestine
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If the victim of acute abdominal distress is a child and there is tenderness or guarding when you examine the abdomen:
answer

suspect the need for surgery.
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All of the following are general guidelines for assessment of an abdominal injury except:
answer

ask if the patient has any blood in his or her bowel movement.
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Irritation of the membrane that lines the abdomen is called:
answer

peritonitis.
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Which of the following is not one of the signs and symptoms of acute abdominal distress?
answer

high blood pressure
question

Cramp-like pain is described as a pain that occurs:
answer

in waves.
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A victim of acute abdominal distress will have pain that:
answer

can be local or widespread.
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A victim of acute abdominal distress should determine the most comfortable position for himself unless:
answer

there are signs of shock.
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If the victim of acute abdominal distress is nauseated, you should position him or her:
answer

on their side.
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When caring for victims of acute abdominal distress, you should:
answer

never give them water or food.
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The best position for a victim of shock is:
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on the back with legs slightly elevated.
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In the BRAT diet, “A” stands for:
answer

applesauce.
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A diarrhea victim should not eat meat or drink dairy products for at least:
answer

48 hours.
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The single most important care for a victim of diarrhea is to have the victim drink:
answer

8-10 glasses of clear fluid a day.
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Diarrhea should run its course. However, there are some over-the-counter medications that can help control the diarrhea. Which is not a medication that can control diarrhea?
answer

Metamucil
question

Esophageal varices are common in all individuals listed except:
answer

victims without any pre-existing medical conditions.
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Ruptured esophageal varices are usually characterized by:
answer

painless gastrointestinal bleeding.
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The victim of ruptured esophageal varices needs rapid blood replacement and surgical procedures aimed at:
answer

stopping the bleeding.
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An abdominal aortic aneurysm is most common in those with:
answer

atherosclerosis.
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It is estimated that ________ percent of all men over the age of fifty have abdominal aortic aneurysms.
answer

20
question

The pain from an abdominal aortic aneurysm that ruptures is:
answer

sudden and severe.
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All of the following are signs and symptoms of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm except:
answer

increased pulse in the groin and foot.
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If the abdominal aortic aneurysm has burst, you may feel:
answer

a hard, rigid abdomen.
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Victims of ruptured esophageal varices usually have ________ pain in the stomach.
answer

no
question

Abdominal distress of every victim should be considered life threatening until proven otherwise.
answer

True
question

The upper and lower quadrants are differentiated at the navel.
answer

True
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In a victim with abdominal pain, do not waste time with an extensive examination of the abdomen as it can worsen the pain and aggravate the medical condition that causes it.
answer

True
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Abdominal distress can be caused by an irritation of the membrane that lines the abdomen.
answer

True
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Nausea and vomiting may also occur if a victim has had too much alcohol to drink or has motion sickness.
answer

True
question

Diarrhea is the passage of loose, watery, or unformed stools more than once a day.
answer

False
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Vomiting and diarrhea in children can quickly lead to dehydration and shock.
answer

True
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BRAT is an acronym for mild foods used to treat a post-diarrheal episode.
answer

True
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A victim with acute abdominal distress will appear to be fine.
answer

False
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A victim with acute abdominal distress often lies on his or her side with knees drawn up toward the abdomen.
answer

True
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Only give liquids to a victim of acute abdominal distress to prevent dehydration.
answer

False
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A victim of acute abdominal distress must always be transported, because many will need surgery.
answer

True
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When esophageal varices rupture, bleeding can be fatal within minutes.
answer

True
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A victim with ruptured esophageal varices should be positioned on his or her side with the face pointed downward.
answer

True
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When an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptures, your primary goal is to prevent bleeding.
answer

False
question

Your primary goal must be to determine the underlying cause for any abdominal complaint in order to treat it effectively.
answer

False
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Any severe abdominal pain should be considered an emergency.
answer

True
question

Unless there are signs of shock, let the victim decide their own position of comfort.
answer

True
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If there are signs of shock, keep the victim in a sitting position in case of vomiting.
answer

False
question

A seizure is an involuntary, sudden change in sensation, muscle activity and level of consciousness that results from:
answer

irritation or overactivity of brain cells.
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Which of the following causes of seizures is a derangement in the body’s chemistry?
answer

metabolic
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A seizure that usually occurs in young children in conjunction with a fever is:
answer

febrile.
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A toxic seizure occurs as a direct consequence of:
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an allergic reaction to drugs.
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Most seizures last only as long as:
answer

1 to 2 minutes.
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Which of the following is not a cause of seizure(s)?
answer

abdominal pain
question

Which of the following is not one of the stages of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure?
answer

status epilepticus
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A seizure that begins with a blank stare, then progresses into chewing and random activity is a(n):
answer

complex partial seizure.
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A seizure in which the legs of a child suddenly and temporarily collapse is a(n):
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atonic seizure.
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The postictal phase of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure is characterized by:
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the victim slowly becomes responsive yet exhausted.
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The phase of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure that lasts 15 to 20 seconds, where the victim loses consciousness and stops breathing, is called:
answer

the tonic phase.
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In caring for a victim of a seizure, which of the following should not be performed?
answer

failing to seek medical care for a first episode
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Which of the following is not appropriate first aid care for a victim of a seizure?
answer

putting something between the victim’s teeth
question

When performing a physical assessment on a seizure victim, which of the following should you not pay particular attention to?
answer

the victim’s gender
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The number-one goal in caring for a victim who experiences status epilepticus is:
answer

ventilation.
question

Which one of the following presents a dire medical emergency?
answer

status epilepticus
question

Which one of the following is the best position for a victim of a seizure?
answer

on the left side with face pointed downward
question

Which one of the following is not proper procedure when caring for a victim of a seizure?
answer

restrain the victim to prevent injury
question

Your neighbor collapses in the yard and has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Your first step in treating this victim is to:
answer

activate 911.
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A victim is having a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. He is a known diabetic and has not eaten all day. The seizure was most likely caused by:
answer

low blood sugar.
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A man sitting on the park bench turns toward you and asks if you can “hear the chimes.” He then suddenly has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The sound of chimes is an example of a(n):
answer

aura.
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True vertigo involves:
answer

a hallucination of motion.
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Which one of the following is a sign or symptom of central vertigo?
answer

facial droop
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Which one of the following is not true about labyrinthine vertigo?
answer

It is the most serious type of vertigo.
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All of the following are part of initial first aid care for victims of dizziness, except:
answer

treating for shock.
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A loss of consciousness that results when the brain is temporarily deprived of adequate oxygen is:
answer

syncope.
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All of the following may cause fainting, except:
answer

labyrinthine vertigo.
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Another term for syncope is:
answer

fainting.
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Do not allow a person who has fainted to:
answer

sit up immediately.
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Neurological emergencies involving a disturbance in the chemical or electrical activity of the brain are generally more frightening than they are life threatening.
answer

True
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A victim who passes from one seizure to another without first regaining consciousness presents a life-threatening medical emergency.
answer

True
question

It is the high degree of fever rather than how fast the temperature rises that causes a febrile seizure.
answer

False
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An idiopathic seizure arises from a tumor on the brain.
answer

False
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Fever is the most common cause of seizures in children under 5 years of age.
answer

True
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While a victim is having a generalized seizure, you should insert a pencil between his/her teeth.
answer

False
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Sudden, brief, massive muscle jerks that involve all or part of the body characterizes a myoclonic seizure.
answer

True
question

A complex partial seizure is also called a “drop attack.”
answer

False
question

A physician should evaluate anyone who experiences a first-time seizure.
answer

True
question

Dizziness and fainting are not medical conditions, but symptoms of various diseases and injuries.
answer

True
question

The number-one goal in treating status epilepticus is ventilation.
answer

True
question

With proper first aid care you can lessen the duration of a seizure.
answer

False
question

Anyone who has more than one seizure needs to be seen in an emergency room.
answer

True
question

If a diabetic has a seizure, he or she does not need to be seen in an emergency room if he or she is under the current care of a physician.
answer

False
question

To care for a seizing victim, do whatever you can to protect the victim from hurting himself or herself.
answer

True
question

If a person feels faint, he/she should sit down or lie down.
answer

True
question

Another term for dizziness is vertigo.
answer

True
question

Labyrinthine vertigo is a disturbance in the inner eye.
answer

False
question

Which of the following is not a function of the placenta?
answer

regulate blood glucose
question

Which of the following stages of labor lasts the longest?
answer

dilation
question

During which stage of labor does the mother experience an uncontrollable urge to push?
answer

delivery
question

The area of skin and muscle between the vagina and the anus is the:
answer

perineum.
question

Which of the following signals the first stage of labor?
answer

the bloody show
question

During which stage of labor does the cervix stretch and thin?
answer

dilation
question

The opening into the uterus is called the:
answer

cervix.
question

A miscarriage usually occurs before ________ weeks of pregnancy.
answer

20
question

Which of the following is not a sign of a miscarriage (spontaneous abortion)?
answer

crowning
question

A seizure during pregnancy often signals:
answer

eclampsia
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A condition in which a normally positioned placenta prematurely separates from the uterine wall during the last 3 months of pregnancy is:
answer

abruptio placenta.
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The leading cause of first trimester maternal deaths is:
answer

ectopic pregnancy.
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Which of the following statements about pre-eclampsia/eclampsia is not true?
answer

Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia occurs most frequently in the first 3 months of pregnancy.
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Which one of the following is a sign that distinguishes eclampsia?
answer

convulsions
question

Which one of the following is not a typical sign or symptom of a ruptured uterus?
answer

excessive vaginal bleeding
question

Which one of the following is not a cause for uterine rupture?
answer

eclampsia
question

When transporting a woman in labor, which of the following should you not do?
answer

try to delay the delivery until you arrive at a hospital
question

Delivery of the placenta usually occurs within ________ of the birth.
answer

10 minutes
question

It is normal for a woman to lose as much as ________ of blood after giving birth.
answer

2 cups
question

If there is excessive vaginal bleeding following delivery of the placenta, you should:
answer

massage the uterus.
question

Following delivery of the placenta, you should:
answer

place the placenta in a plastic bag and transport it to the hospital
question

When tying or clamping the umbilical cord, how many clamps should you use?
answer

dry and warm the infant.
question

If the infant’s heart rate is less than 100 beats per minute, provide artificial ventilation at the rate of one breath every:
answer

1 to 1 seconds.
question

Which of the following is common in breech births?
answer

prolapse cord
question

Amniotic fluid that is greenish or brownish-yellow is a sign of:
answer

meconium passage.
question

The most critical aspect of treatment for meconium passage is to:
answer

suction the baby’s nose and mouth.
question

Which of the following is not true about premature babies?
answer

They have smaller heads in proportion to their bodies.
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Which answer is true regarding premature babies?
answer

They are more susceptible to respiratory infections.
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In a prolapsed cord, the best position for the mother is:
answer

head down or buttocks raised.
question

In multiple births, each infant will have his/her own ________ attached.
answer

umbilical cord
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Childbirth is a normal, natural process; in only a few situations do victims need to be transported rapidly.
answer

True
question

The placenta is a disk-shaped inner lining attached at one surface to the uterus and at the other to the birth canal.
answer

False
question

The expulsion of the mucous plug from the cervix is known as the bloody show.
answer

True
question

The first stage of labor may last as long as eighteen hours or more for a woman having her first baby.
answer

True
question

Bright lights and loud noises can trigger seizures in a pre-eclampsia/eclampsia victim.
answer

True
question

Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia affects approximately 1 in 10 pregnant women.
answer

False
question

As a general guideline for a mother that has had more than one pregnancy, you should try to transport her to the hospital if the amniotic sac has ruptured.
answer

False
question

When transporting a woman in labor, have the woman cross her legs to prevent the baby from being born before reaching the hospital.
answer

False
question

During delivery, apply gentle pressure to the perineum to reduce the risk of tearing.
answer

True
question

Vernix caseosa is the plastic-like sac of fluid in which the baby floats.
answer

False
question

When assisting with a delivery, have the woman take long, deep breaths during contractions and short, quick breaths between contractions.
answer

False
question

Meconium is the newborn’s first feces, indicating fetal distress inside the amniotic sac.
answer

True
question

Meconium is bright red in color and poses no danger to the newborn.
answer

False
question

It is normal for a woman to lose up to 2 quarts of blood following delivery.
answer

False
question

Identical twins share one placenta.
answer

True
question

With multiple birth deliveries, about 1/3 of the second twins have a breech presentation.
answer

True
question

Premature babies may weigh less than 5.5 pounds.
answer

True
question

You do not have to keep a premature infant warm after birth.
answer

False
question

A limb presentation means that one arm or one leg protrudes first from the birth canal.
answer

True
question

Which of the following is not true about children in comparison to adults?
answer

Children have slower respiratory rates.
question

Which of the following is not a general procedure when assessing a child?
answer

get the most painful parts of the assessment over with first
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You can tell the most about a child’s status by:
answer

your overall impressions of how the child looks and acts.
question

Which pulse should you check in a child to take a pulse quickly?
answer

the radial pulse
question

A viral infection that causes swelling beneath the glottis and progressive narrowing of the airway is:
answer

croup.
question

Which one of the following is caused by a bacterial infection?
answer

epiglottitis
question

Which one of the following is not characteristic of asthma?
answer

does not generally appear until late teens
question

Which one of the following is characterized by coughing with a harsh “seal bark”?
answer

croup
question

Which one of the following positions is best for a victim of asthma?
answer

sitting or semisitting
question

You should give plenty of fluids to victims of ________ to help loosen and thin mucus in the air passages?
answer

asthma
question

Most of the cardiac arrests in children are from:
answer

airway obstruction and/or respiratory arrest.
question

Unlike children, adults rarely have seizures caused by:
answer

fever
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The number-one cause of death among infants between 1 month and 1 year is:
answer

crib death
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Which of the following is not true about sudden infant death syndrome (crib death)?
answer

There is usually an indication of a struggle.
question

Extended stays at school, constant fatigue, listlessness, and delinquency are all signs of which type of abuse?
answer

neglect
question

A child who seems withdrawn, fantasizes, has poor peer relationships, and demonstrates infantile behavior has most likely been abused:
answer

sexually
question

Which of the following would you do if you suspect abuse?
answer

report your suspicions to proper authorities
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The elderly have, on average, ________ coexisting chronic diseases.
answer

3
question

During the assessment of the elderly victim, it is important to take into account all of the following factors except:
answer

most elderly victims fake their illness, so respond accordingly.
question

In most cases of pneumonia in the elderly:
answer

fever is usually absent.
question

One of the most common signs of myocardial infarction in an elderly person is:
answer

shortness of breath.
question

As many as one in ________ elderly have psychiatric disorders, which can be the cause of some symptoms.
answer

4
question

The elderly are more prone to head injury; signs and symptoms of brain compression develop more:
answer

slowly
question

A child is not more susceptible than an adult to which of the following?
answer

unconsciousness via drug overdose
question

When treating a cut on an elderly person’s hand, be careful of the kind of tape you use to secure the dressing because:
answer

the skin may tear easily.
question

Osteoporosis is common in the elderly. This disease causes the bones to:
answer

become less dense (thin out).
question

One of the common problems the elderly experience due to a changing neurological system is:
answer

clinical depression.
question

Even though it may be summer time, an elderly victim that has fallen and is found on the floor may develop:
answer

hypothermia.
question

It isn’t important to check a child’s vital signs as often as you would an adult’s.
answer

False
question

An average eight-year-old breathes forty breaths per minute.
answer

False
question

A child’s temperature is a much more important warning sign than an adult’s because it can change so quickly.
answer

True
question

It is always better to use “baby talk” when assessing a child because they will relate better to you.
answer

False
question

Examine the part that hurts first on any child, so that you can get that out of the way in order to perform the rest of your exam.
answer

False
question

Your overall impression of how a child looks and acts can be more important than any one vital sign.
answer

True
question

Children have less blood than an adult and are therefore in greater danger of bleeding to death from a relatively minor wound.
answer

True
question

Head injury is more likely in an infant because its head is large in proportion to its body.
answer

True
question

Croup is a bacterial infection characterized by a high fever, drooling, and difficulty speaking.
answer

False
question

First aid care for a victim of epiglottitis includes examining the child’s throat thoroughly.
answer

False
question

If you know what to watch for, crib death can be predicted and prevented.
answer

False
question

It is not necessary to start CPR on an infant that has died from sudden infant death syndrome.
answer

False
question

A key point to remember is that a geriatric victim is likely to suffer from more than one disease at a time.
answer

True
question

The elderly are at the lowest risk from criminal assault.
answer

False
question

An elderly victim may minimize or deny symptoms out of fear of being bedridden or institutionalized.
answer

True
question

People over the age of 65 take 10 percent of all prescription drugs
answer

False
question

In the elderly, cough power is diminished.
answer

True
question

Drug toxicity in the elderly is common because the kidney system declines in efficiency.
answer

True
question

Constipation is common and can result in serious problems in the elderly.
answer

True
question

Most poisonous snakes have which one of the following characteristics?
answer

large fangs
question

The severity of a snakebite is gauged by:
answer

how rapidly symptoms develop.
question

As a general rule, you can safely assume that the victim has not been poisoned by a pit viper bite if pain does not develop within:
answer

1 hour
question

As a general rule, you can safely assume that the victim has not been poisoned by a pit viper bite if pain does not develop within:
answer

1 hour
question

All of the following are factors that can determine the severity of a snakebite except:
answer

whether or not the victim is taking anti-coagulate drugs.
question

All of the following are signs and symptoms of a pit viper bite except:
answer

a red rash over the entire body.
question

Which one of the following signs and symptoms is characteristic of a coral snake bite?
answer

blurred vision and drooping eyelids
question

The signs and symptoms of a coral snake bite usually occur:
answer

between 1 and 8 hours after the bite.
question

The bite from a coral snake is usually:
answer

a semicircle pattern.
question

Which one of the following signs or symptoms of an insect bite or sting requires medical help?
answer

Signs of an allergic reaction develop.
question

The crimson red marking that characterizes a black widow spider is shaped like:
answer

an hourglass.
question

All of the following might be a sign or symptom of a black widow spider bite except:
answer

blood-filled blister under the skin (near the bite).
question

The bite of the brown recluse spider includes all of the following except:
answer

it is obvious by the small red fang marks.
question

Within 7 to 10 days, the bite of a brown recluse spider:
answer

becomes a large ulcer.
question

Ninety percent of all scorpion bites occur on the:
answer

hands.
question

The severity of a scorpion sting depends on:
answer

the amount of venom injected.
question

In cases of severe reaction to a scorpion sting, the victim will experience which of the following?
answer

poor coordination and incontinence
question

The only appropriate first aid care for a tick bite is:
answer

prompt removal of the tick.
question

General signs and symptoms that apply to all insect bites and stings include all of the following except:
answer

a blood-filled blister under the skin (near the bite).
question

All of the following are signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock except:
answer

stiffening of the joints.
question

Which of the following leave the stinger behind and therefore can sting only once?
answer

honeybees
question

Which of the following can repeatedly sting you?
answer

wasp
question

While retrieving some wood from a pile outside, you feel a sharp pinprick pain to the back of your hand. There are small red fang marks. You have probably been bitten by a:
answer

black widow spider
question

You receive a jellyfish sting to your arm. You should apply:
answer

vinegar to the sting
question

An important difference between marine animal bites and land animal bites is that:
answer

the venom of marine life may cause more extensive tissue damage.
question

To which one of the following should you apply a cold compress?
answer

an insect sting
question

When caring for a bite or sting, the injection site should be:
answer

below the level of the victim’s heart.
question

For a poisonous snakebite, first aid care includes:
answer

washing the bite with soap and water.
question

Which of the following should be used for removing a tick?
answer

tweezers
question

The coral snake is a poisonous snake, but does not have the usual fangs or a pit.
answer

True
question

The location of a snakebite influences its severity because fatty tissue absorbs venom more rapidly than muscle tissue.
answer

False
question

A minty, metallic, or rubbery taste in the mouth is a sign or symptom of a pit viper bite.
answer

True
question

Be aware that pit vipers can still bite for a time after they are dead (usually about 20 minutes).
answer

True
question

General first aid care for a bee sting includes:
answer

apply a paste of baking soda and water.
question

The “hobo” spider is another name for the female black widow.
answer

False
question

Black widow spider bites are the leading cause of death from spider bites in the United States.
answer

True
question

Most brown recluse spider bite victims are unaware they have been bitten because the bite is often painless at first.
answer

True
question

The bite of the black widow spider is especially serious because the bite does not heal and requires surgical repair.
answer

False
question

Tick bites are serious because they may transmit meningitis.
answer

False
question

Anaphylactic shock from insect stings may cause death within minutes.
answer

True
question

A giant desert centipede bite is dangerous to humans.
answer

True
question

If bitten by a deer tick, you may contract Lyme disease, a bacterial infection.
answer

True
question

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is contracted by centipede bites.
answer

False
question

A rattlesnake bite can be treated with suction and ice to the bite site.
answer

False
question

If you apply ice to a pit viper wound, the venom will be absorbed more rapidly.
answer

True
question

You should encourage a victim to move around after a bite or sting to keep the joints from stiffening.
answer

False
question

Marine-life venom is destroyed by heat rather than cold.
answer

True
question

The signs and symptoms of a pit viper bite occur almost immediately; those of a coral snake may be delayed by as long as 8 hours.
answer

True
question

The seriousness of a burn is determined by:
answer

the percentage of the body burned.
question

A burn that involves both the epidermal and dermal layer of skin, characterized by blistering, swelling, and pain is a:
answer

partial-thickness burn.
question

A method for determining quickly the percentage of the body that has been burned is:
answer

the Rule of Nines.
question

Skin that is moist and mottled ranging from white to red with blisters, would be classified as a:
answer

partial-thickness burn.
question

Burn severity is classified by all of the following except:
answer

severe.
question

Which of the following would most likely not cause a full-thickness burn?
answer

scalding
question

Burns on the face or neck are extremely dangerous because:
answer

of possible burns to the eyes.
question

Children under five and adults over fifty-five react more severely to a burn because:
answer

they have a disproportionate fluid-to-surface-area ratio.
question

Locations that are particularly critical in burn injuries include all of the following except:
answer

knees
question

The most common type of burn is:
answer

thermal
question

When caring for a thermal burn victim, if less than 10 percent of the body surface is burned:
answer

apply wet-sterile dressings.
question

Fatalities resulting from a fire are typically due to:
answer

smoke inhalation
question

How many of all fire-related deaths are caused by smoke inhalation?
answer

more than 50 percent
question

Complications from burns include:
answer

severe infection
question

You should suspect inhalation injury with all of the following signs except:
answer

scald burns.
question

Burns usually do not alter levels of consciousness, so you should assume that any victim who is unconscious is suffering from:
answer

carbon monoxide poisoning.
question

Every victim of chemical burns should be:
answer

transported to the hospital
question

Before you begin care of a victim of chemical burns you should do everything except:
answer

spray the area with water
question

Generally, the most important treatment for a liquid chemical burn is to:
answer

flushed the area with water.
question

When dealing with chemical burns caused by spilled chemicals, it is important to start flushing the burn area while:
answer

removing contaminated clothing.
question

Chemical burns caused by concentrated sulfuric acid produces heat when mixed with ________ and may cause greater burn injury unless flushed rigorously.
answer

water
question

A storm blows in while you are golfing. A member of your group is struck by lightning. Your first priority is to:
answer

seek shelter for the victim and group.
question

When approaching a vehicle accident that involves downed power lines you should:
answer

notify the power company and request an emergency crew.
question

If you find a victim in a bathtub with an electrical appliance that has energized the water, you should:
answer

unplug the appliance before doing anything.
question

Factors that would determine the severity of electrical shock include all of the following except:
answer

whether the victim had an axial or transverse electrical contact.
question

Always assume that a victim of lightning strike:
answer

has sustained multiple injuries.
question

More than 500,00 burn victims are seen each year in the United States. From these numbers, approximately 4,000 burn victims die.
answer

True
question

A partial-thickness burn involves all layers of the skin as well as fat, muscle, and bone.
answer

False
question

The palmer surface method is a method of using the palm to estimate the percentage of body surface that has been burned.
answer

True
question

Any burn to the lower body is more serious than a burn of similar extent and degree on the upper body.
answer

False
question

Simple sunburn is an example of a partial-thickness burn.
answer

False
question

It is appropriate to apply ice to a burn to reduce the severity of the burn.
answer

False
question

In caring for a burn, use a plastic dressing to trap moisture to keep the area from drying out.
answer

False
question

The final result of inhalation of toxic fumes is reduced oxygen exchange.
answer

True
question

The severity of electrical shock is determined by the victim’s age.
answer

False
question

Victims of lightning strike have a lesser chance of resuscitation than victims of cardiac or respiratory arrest.
answer

False
question

A tingling sensation in your legs as you approach a victim might indicate that the ground is electrically energized.
answer

True
question

Lightning kills more than 3,000 people a year in the United States.
answer

False
question

The victim of a lightning strike will hold a charge soon after the strike; wait 3-5 minutes before starting your physical assessment of the victim.
answer

False
question

Apply an AED to victims of a lightning strike if they are found pulseless.
answer

True
question

The Rule of Threes is used to determine the percentage of body surface that is burned.
answer

False
question

Inhalation injuries cause the majority of deaths from fire.
answer

True
question

The key to treating chemical burns is aggressive, vigorous, prolonged irrigation.
answer

True
question

Burns due to lightning are usually minor and are not a primary concern.
answer

True
question

More often the injury caused by lightning is due to a direct lightning strike to the victim.
answer

False
question

The goal of first aid for a lightning strike victim is to wait until the heart regains its ability to function, then offer care.
answer

False
question

The loss of body heat involving the transfer of heat from the surface of one object to the surface of another without physical contact is:
answer

radiation
question

Two-thirds of all heat loss through evaporation comes from what?
answer

perspiration
question

Which of the following is not a way the body conserves heat?
answer

an obese person
question

Heatstroke victims usually have:
answer

a compromised level of consciousness.
question

The body temperature of a victim of heatstroke needs to be cooled below ________ and stay that low before the danger has passed.
answer

102°F
question

Which of the following is not a way the body conserves heat?
answer

blood vessels dilate
question

The most critical problem in heat exhaustion is:
answer

dehydration
question

For which one of the following heat-related emergencies should you have the victim lie down and raise the feet 8 to 12 inches?
answer

heat exhaustion
question

Heat cramps are muscle spasms that occur when:
answer

the body loses too much salt.
question

First aid care for heat cramps includes administering sips of ________ at the rate of one-half glassful every 15 minutes.
answer

water/sports drink
question

In general, the body’s thermal control is lost once the body temperature is lowered to:
answer

95°F.
question

Which of the following is not a factor that could contribute to hypothermia even in the absence of cold environment?
answer

extreme activity
question

The American Heart Association guidelines suggest attempting CPR on a hypothermia victim, even in the presence of:
answer

fixed and dilated pupils.
question

You should keep a hypothermia victim in which of the following positions?
answer

supine
question

You should do all of the following to prevent further heat loss in a victim of hypothermia, except:
answer

give the victim hot coffee to drink.
question

Severe hypothermia makes the victims appear:
answer

dead
question

When providing first aid care for severe hypothermia, you should do all of the following except:
answer

try to rewarm the victim by applying heat.
question

If a victim of immersion hypothermia cannot be rescued from the water immediately, instruct the victim to do all of the following except:
answer

swim around to increase circulation.
question

When thawing frostbitten tissue, you should do so:
answer

in a warm water bath
question

You should never thaw the tissue of a victim of frostbite if there is any chance of:
answer

refreezing
question

Check vital signs for one full minute on a hypothermic victim because he/she may breathe only ________ times per minute.
answer

3-4
question

Discolored skin with deep small blisters filled with dark fluid would be a sign of which degree of frostbite?
answer

third
question

You are hiking in the woods. The air temperature is 50 degrees. It starts to rain and your clothes become soaking wet. You start to shiver. What is happening to you?
answer

you are becoming hypothermic.
question

A friend’s fingers have second-degree frostbite. How should you rewarm them?
answer

immerse them in warm water
question

A victim of hypothermia or frostbite should not be given liquids that cause the further loss of heat or constrict peripheral blood vessels. What fluid could the victim drink?
answer

warm water
question

The windchill factor is a combination of the effects of the speed of the wind and the temperature of the environment.
answer

true
question

The body loses heat in five ways, one of which is respirations.
answer

True
question

Wet clothing can cause you to lose heat 240 times faster than dry clothing.
answer

True
question

Classic heatstroke occurs when victims involved in physical exertion and muscle stress retain the ability to sweat.
answer

False
question

Pupils that are initially constricted and then later dilate are a sign of hypothermia.
answer

False
question

Heat exhaustion is actually a mild form of shock brought on by the pooling of blood in the vessels just below the skin.
answer

True
question

The primary signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion mimic those of the flu.
answer

True
question

Heatstroke and heat exhaustion are considered the same thing.
answer

False
question

Heat exhaustion is a true medical emergency.
answer

False
question

To cool a victim of heatstroke, pour cool water of the victim’s body.
answer

True
question

The body maintains its temperature equilibrium by varying blood flow to the outer part of the body.
answer

True
question

In regard to hypothermia, a victim is not dead until he/she is warm and exhibits no signs of life.
answer

True
question

Shivering is a response by the body to generate heat. It typically does not occur below a body temperature of 90°F.
answer

True
question

Pale, cold, waxen skin, and slurred speech are all signs and symptoms of hypothermia.
answer

True
question

Race can affect the likelihood of frostbite. Blacks are three times more likely to experience frostbite.
answer

True
question

Race can affect the likelihood of frostbite. Blacks are three times more likely to experience frostbite.
answer

True
question

Falling through the ice on a pond could result in immersion hyperthermia.
answer

True
question

First-degree frostbite is also known as frostnip.
answer

True
question

First-degree frostbite affects the full thickness of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
answer

False
question

Rubbing frostbitten cheeks is the best way to get circulation to return to the cheeks.
answer

False
question

Breaking blisters caused by frostbite will help relieve the pain.
answer

False

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