First Aid Exam 4 ALL QUESTIONS – Flashcards

question
Abdominal distress in every victim should be considered life threatening:
answer
until proven otherwise.
question
How many causes of abdominal pain are there according to medical reference guides?
answer
100
question
All of the following are priorities when caring for victims of acute abdominal distress except:
answer
identifying the cause of the abdominal distress.
question
In assessing a victim with acute abdominal distress, the number-one priority should be to look for signs of:
answer
shock.
question
It is typical for a victim with acute abdominal distress to:
answer
be guarded.
question
If you know that a specific quadrant is causing the pain or the majority of the pain, examine that quadrant:
answer
last.
question
The stomach, spleen, liver, and pancreas would all be found in which of the four abdominal quadrants?
answer
left upper
question
Which of the following organs would be in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen?
answer
colon, appendix, small intestine
question
If the victim of acute abdominal distress is a child and there is tenderness or guarding when you examine the abdomen:
answer
suspect the need for surgery.
question
All of the following are general guidelines for assessment of an abdominal injury except:
answer
ask if the patient has any blood in his or her bowel movement.
question
Irritation of the membrane that lines the abdomen is called:
answer
peritonitis.
question
Which of the following is not one of the signs and symptoms of acute abdominal distress?
answer
high blood pressure
question
Cramp-like pain is described as a pain that occurs:
answer
in waves.
question
A victim of acute abdominal distress will have pain that:
answer
can be local or widespread.
question
A victim of acute abdominal distress should determine the most comfortable position for himself unless:
answer
there are signs of shock.
question
If the victim of acute abdominal distress is nauseated, you should position him or her:
answer
on their side.
question
When caring for victims of acute abdominal distress, you should:
answer
never give them water or food.
question
The best position for a victim of shock is:
answer
on the back with legs slightly elevated.
question
In the BRAT diet, "A" stands for:
answer
applesauce.
question
A diarrhea victim should not eat meat or drink dairy products for at least:
answer
48 hours.
question
The single most important care for a victim of diarrhea is to have the victim drink:
answer
8-10 glasses of clear fluid a day.
question
Diarrhea should run its course. However, there are some over-the-counter medications that can help control the diarrhea. Which is not a medication that can control diarrhea?
answer
Metamucil
question
Esophageal varices are common in all individuals listed except:
answer
victims without any pre-existing medical conditions.
question
Ruptured esophageal varices are usually characterized by:
answer
painless gastrointestinal bleeding.
question
The victim of ruptured esophageal varices needs rapid blood replacement and surgical procedures aimed at:
answer
stopping the bleeding.
question
An abdominal aortic aneurysm is most common in those with:
answer
atherosclerosis.
question
It is estimated that ________ percent of all men over the age of fifty have abdominal aortic aneurysms.
answer
20
question
The pain from an abdominal aortic aneurysm that ruptures is:
answer
sudden and severe.
question
All of the following are signs and symptoms of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm except:
answer
increased pulse in the groin and foot.
question
If the abdominal aortic aneurysm has burst, you may feel:
answer
a hard, rigid abdomen.
question
Victims of ruptured esophageal varices usually have ________ pain in the stomach.
answer
no
question
Abdominal distress of every victim should be considered life threatening until proven otherwise.
answer
True
question
The upper and lower quadrants are differentiated at the navel.
answer
True
question
In a victim with abdominal pain, do not waste time with an extensive examination of the abdomen as it can worsen the pain and aggravate the medical condition that causes it.
answer
True
question
Abdominal distress can be caused by an irritation of the membrane that lines the abdomen.
answer
True
question
Nausea and vomiting may also occur if a victim has had too much alcohol to drink or has motion sickness.
answer
True
question
Diarrhea is the passage of loose, watery, or unformed stools more than once a day.
answer
False
question
Vomiting and diarrhea in children can quickly lead to dehydration and shock.
answer
True
question
BRAT is an acronym for mild foods used to treat a post-diarrheal episode.
answer
True
question
A victim with acute abdominal distress will appear to be fine.
answer
False
question
A victim with acute abdominal distress often lies on his or her side with knees drawn up toward the abdomen.
answer
True
question
Only give liquids to a victim of acute abdominal distress to prevent dehydration.
answer
False
question
A victim of acute abdominal distress must always be transported, because many will need surgery.
answer
True
question
When esophageal varices rupture, bleeding can be fatal within minutes.
answer
True
question
A victim with ruptured esophageal varices should be positioned on his or her side with the face pointed downward.
answer
True
question
When an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptures, your primary goal is to prevent bleeding.
answer
False
question
Your primary goal must be to determine the underlying cause for any abdominal complaint in order to treat it effectively.
answer
False
question
Any severe abdominal pain should be considered an emergency.
answer
True
question
Unless there are signs of shock, let the victim decide their own position of comfort.
answer
True
question
If there are signs of shock, keep the victim in a sitting position in case of vomiting.
answer
False
question
A seizure is an involuntary, sudden change in sensation, muscle activity and level of consciousness that results from:
answer
irritation or overactivity of brain cells.
question
Which of the following causes of seizures is a derangement in the body's chemistry?
answer
metabolic
question
A seizure that usually occurs in young children in conjunction with a fever is:
answer
febrile.
question
A toxic seizure occurs as a direct consequence of:
answer
an allergic reaction to drugs.
question
Most seizures last only as long as:
answer
1 to 2 minutes.
question
Which of the following is not a cause of seizure(s)?
answer
abdominal pain
question
Which of the following is not one of the stages of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure?
answer
status epilepticus
question
A seizure that begins with a blank stare, then progresses into chewing and random activity is a(n):
answer
complex partial seizure.
question
A seizure in which the legs of a child suddenly and temporarily collapse is a(n):
answer
atonic seizure.
question
The postictal phase of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure is characterized by:
answer
the victim slowly becomes responsive yet exhausted.
question
The phase of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure that lasts 15 to 20 seconds, where the victim loses consciousness and stops breathing, is called:
answer
the tonic phase.
question
In caring for a victim of a seizure, which of the following should not be performed?
answer
failing to seek medical care for a first episode
question
Which of the following is not appropriate first aid care for a victim of a seizure?
answer
putting something between the victim's teeth
question
When performing a physical assessment on a seizure victim, which of the following should you not pay particular attention to?
answer
the victim's gender
question
The number-one goal in caring for a victim who experiences status epilepticus is:
answer
ventilation.
question
Which one of the following presents a dire medical emergency?
answer
status epilepticus
question
Which one of the following is the best position for a victim of a seizure?
answer
on the left side with face pointed downward
question
Which one of the following is not proper procedure when caring for a victim of a seizure?
answer
restrain the victim to prevent injury
question
Your neighbor collapses in the yard and has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Your first step in treating this victim is to:
answer
activate 911.
question
A victim is having a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. He is a known diabetic and has not eaten all day. The seizure was most likely caused by:
answer
low blood sugar.
question
A man sitting on the park bench turns toward you and asks if you can "hear the chimes." He then suddenly has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The sound of chimes is an example of a(n):
answer
aura.
question
True vertigo involves:
answer
a hallucination of motion.
question
Which one of the following is a sign or symptom of central vertigo?
answer
facial droop
question
Which one of the following is not true about labyrinthine vertigo?
answer
It is the most serious type of vertigo.
question
All of the following are part of initial first aid care for victims of dizziness, except:
answer
treating for shock.
question
A loss of consciousness that results when the brain is temporarily deprived of adequate oxygen is:
answer
syncope.
question
All of the following may cause fainting, except:
answer
labyrinthine vertigo.
question
Another term for syncope is:
answer
fainting.
question
Do not allow a person who has fainted to:
answer
sit up immediately.
question
Neurological emergencies involving a disturbance in the chemical or electrical activity of the brain are generally more frightening than they are life threatening.
answer
True
question
A victim who passes from one seizure to another without first regaining consciousness presents a life-threatening medical emergency.
answer
True
question
It is the high degree of fever rather than how fast the temperature rises that causes a febrile seizure.
answer
False
question
An idiopathic seizure arises from a tumor on the brain.
answer
False
question
Fever is the most common cause of seizures in children under 5 years of age.
answer
True
question
While a victim is having a generalized seizure, you should insert a pencil between his/her teeth.
answer
False
question
Sudden, brief, massive muscle jerks that involve all or part of the body characterizes a myoclonic seizure.
answer
True
question
A complex partial seizure is also called a "drop attack."
answer
False
question
A physician should evaluate anyone who experiences a first-time seizure.
answer
True
question
Dizziness and fainting are not medical conditions, but symptoms of various diseases and injuries.
answer
True
question
The number-one goal in treating status epilepticus is ventilation.
answer
True
question
With proper first aid care you can lessen the duration of a seizure.
answer
False
question
Anyone who has more than one seizure needs to be seen in an emergency room.
answer
True
question
If a diabetic has a seizure, he or she does not need to be seen in an emergency room if he or she is under the current care of a physician.
answer
False
question
To care for a seizing victim, do whatever you can to protect the victim from hurting himself or herself.
answer
True
question
If a person feels faint, he/she should sit down or lie down.
answer
True
question
Another term for dizziness is vertigo.
answer
True
question
Labyrinthine vertigo is a disturbance in the inner eye.
answer
False
question
Which of the following is not a function of the placenta?
answer
regulate blood glucose
question
Which of the following stages of labor lasts the longest?
answer
dilation
question
During which stage of labor does the mother experience an uncontrollable urge to push?
answer
delivery
question
The area of skin and muscle between the vagina and the anus is the:
answer
perineum.
question
Which of the following signals the first stage of labor?
answer
the bloody show
question
During which stage of labor does the cervix stretch and thin?
answer
dilation
question
The opening into the uterus is called the:
answer
cervix.
question
A miscarriage usually occurs before ________ weeks of pregnancy.
answer
20
question
Which of the following is not a sign of a miscarriage (spontaneous abortion)?
answer
crowning
question
A seizure during pregnancy often signals:
answer
eclampsia
question
A condition in which a normally positioned placenta prematurely separates from the uterine wall during the last 3 months of pregnancy is:
answer
abruptio placenta.
question
The leading cause of first trimester maternal deaths is:
answer
ectopic pregnancy.
question
Which of the following statements about pre-eclampsia/eclampsia is not true?
answer
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia occurs most frequently in the first 3 months of pregnancy.
question
Which one of the following is a sign that distinguishes eclampsia?
answer
convulsions
question
Which one of the following is not a typical sign or symptom of a ruptured uterus?
answer
excessive vaginal bleeding
question
Which one of the following is not a cause for uterine rupture?
answer
eclampsia
question
When transporting a woman in labor, which of the following should you not do?
answer
try to delay the delivery until you arrive at a hospital
question
Delivery of the placenta usually occurs within ________ of the birth.
answer
10 minutes
question
It is normal for a woman to lose as much as ________ of blood after giving birth.
answer
2 cups
question
If there is excessive vaginal bleeding following delivery of the placenta, you should:
answer
massage the uterus.
question
Following delivery of the placenta, you should:
answer
place the placenta in a plastic bag and transport it to the hospital
question
When tying or clamping the umbilical cord, how many clamps should you use?
answer
dry and warm the infant.
question
If the infant's heart rate is less than 100 beats per minute, provide artificial ventilation at the rate of one breath every:
answer
1 to 1 seconds.
question
Which of the following is common in breech births?
answer
prolapse cord
question
Amniotic fluid that is greenish or brownish-yellow is a sign of:
answer
meconium passage.
question
The most critical aspect of treatment for meconium passage is to:
answer
suction the baby's nose and mouth.
question
Which of the following is not true about premature babies?
answer
They have smaller heads in proportion to their bodies.
question
Which answer is true regarding premature babies?
answer
They are more susceptible to respiratory infections.
question
In a prolapsed cord, the best position for the mother is:
answer
head down or buttocks raised.
question
In multiple births, each infant will have his/her own ________ attached.
answer
umbilical cord
question
Childbirth is a normal, natural process; in only a few situations do victims need to be transported rapidly.
answer
True
question
The placenta is a disk-shaped inner lining attached at one surface to the uterus and at the other to the birth canal.
answer
False
question
The expulsion of the mucous plug from the cervix is known as the bloody show.
answer
True
question
The first stage of labor may last as long as eighteen hours or more for a woman having her first baby.
answer
True
question
Bright lights and loud noises can trigger seizures in a pre-eclampsia/eclampsia victim.
answer
True
question
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia affects approximately 1 in 10 pregnant women.
answer
False
question
As a general guideline for a mother that has had more than one pregnancy, you should try to transport her to the hospital if the amniotic sac has ruptured.
answer
False
question
When transporting a woman in labor, have the woman cross her legs to prevent the baby from being born before reaching the hospital.
answer
False
question
During delivery, apply gentle pressure to the perineum to reduce the risk of tearing.
answer
True
question
Vernix caseosa is the plastic-like sac of fluid in which the baby floats.
answer
False
question
When assisting with a delivery, have the woman take long, deep breaths during contractions and short, quick breaths between contractions.
answer
False
question
Meconium is the newborn's first feces, indicating fetal distress inside the amniotic sac.
answer
True
question
Meconium is bright red in color and poses no danger to the newborn.
answer
False
question
It is normal for a woman to lose up to 2 quarts of blood following delivery.
answer
False
question
Identical twins share one placenta.
answer
True
question
With multiple birth deliveries, about 1/3 of the second twins have a breech presentation.
answer
True
question
Premature babies may weigh less than 5.5 pounds.
answer
True
question
You do not have to keep a premature infant warm after birth.
answer
False
question
A limb presentation means that one arm or one leg protrudes first from the birth canal.
answer
True
question
Which of the following is not true about children in comparison to adults?
answer
Children have slower respiratory rates.
question
Which of the following is not a general procedure when assessing a child?
answer
get the most painful parts of the assessment over with first
question
You can tell the most about a child's status by:
answer
your overall impressions of how the child looks and acts.
question
Which pulse should you check in a child to take a pulse quickly?
answer
the radial pulse
question
A viral infection that causes swelling beneath the glottis and progressive narrowing of the airway is:
answer
croup.
question
Which one of the following is caused by a bacterial infection?
answer
epiglottitis
question
Which one of the following is not characteristic of asthma?
answer
does not generally appear until late teens
question
Which one of the following is characterized by coughing with a harsh "seal bark"?
answer
croup
question
Which one of the following positions is best for a victim of asthma?
answer
sitting or semisitting
question
You should give plenty of fluids to victims of ________ to help loosen and thin mucus in the air passages?
answer
asthma
question
Most of the cardiac arrests in children are from:
answer
airway obstruction and/or respiratory arrest.
question
Unlike children, adults rarely have seizures caused by:
answer
fever
question
The number-one cause of death among infants between 1 month and 1 year is:
answer
crib death
question
Which of the following is not true about sudden infant death syndrome (crib death)?
answer
There is usually an indication of a struggle.
question
Extended stays at school, constant fatigue, listlessness, and delinquency are all signs of which type of abuse?
answer
neglect
question
A child who seems withdrawn, fantasizes, has poor peer relationships, and demonstrates infantile behavior has most likely been abused:
answer
sexually
question
Which of the following would you do if you suspect abuse?
answer
report your suspicions to proper authorities
question
The elderly have, on average, ________ coexisting chronic diseases.
answer
3
question
During the assessment of the elderly victim, it is important to take into account all of the following factors except:
answer
most elderly victims fake their illness, so respond accordingly.
question
In most cases of pneumonia in the elderly:
answer
fever is usually absent.
question
One of the most common signs of myocardial infarction in an elderly person is:
answer
shortness of breath.
question
As many as one in ________ elderly have psychiatric disorders, which can be the cause of some symptoms.
answer
4
question
The elderly are more prone to head injury; signs and symptoms of brain compression develop more:
answer
slowly
question
A child is not more susceptible than an adult to which of the following?
answer
unconsciousness via drug overdose
question
When treating a cut on an elderly person's hand, be careful of the kind of tape you use to secure the dressing because:
answer
the skin may tear easily.
question
Osteoporosis is common in the elderly. This disease causes the bones to:
answer
become less dense (thin out).
question
One of the common problems the elderly experience due to a changing neurological system is:
answer
clinical depression.
question
Even though it may be summer time, an elderly victim that has fallen and is found on the floor may develop:
answer
hypothermia.
question
It isn't important to check a child's vital signs as often as you would an adult's.
answer
False
question
An average eight-year-old breathes forty breaths per minute.
answer
False
question
A child's temperature is a much more important warning sign than an adult's because it can change so quickly.
answer
True
question
It is always better to use "baby talk" when assessing a child because they will relate better to you.
answer
False
question
Examine the part that hurts first on any child, so that you can get that out of the way in order to perform the rest of your exam.
answer
False
question
Your overall impression of how a child looks and acts can be more important than any one vital sign.
answer
True
question
Children have less blood than an adult and are therefore in greater danger of bleeding to death from a relatively minor wound.
answer
True
question
Head injury is more likely in an infant because its head is large in proportion to its body.
answer
True
question
Croup is a bacterial infection characterized by a high fever, drooling, and difficulty speaking.
answer
False
question
First aid care for a victim of epiglottitis includes examining the child's throat thoroughly.
answer
False
question
If you know what to watch for, crib death can be predicted and prevented.
answer
False
question
It is not necessary to start CPR on an infant that has died from sudden infant death syndrome.
answer
False
question
A key point to remember is that a geriatric victim is likely to suffer from more than one disease at a time.
answer
True
question
The elderly are at the lowest risk from criminal assault.
answer
False
question
An elderly victim may minimize or deny symptoms out of fear of being bedridden or institutionalized.
answer
True
question
People over the age of 65 take 10 percent of all prescription drugs
answer
False
question
In the elderly, cough power is diminished.
answer
True
question
Drug toxicity in the elderly is common because the kidney system declines in efficiency.
answer
True
question
Constipation is common and can result in serious problems in the elderly.
answer
True
question
Most poisonous snakes have which one of the following characteristics?
answer
large fangs
question
The severity of a snakebite is gauged by:
answer
how rapidly symptoms develop.
question
As a general rule, you can safely assume that the victim has not been poisoned by a pit viper bite if pain does not develop within:
answer
1 hour
question
As a general rule, you can safely assume that the victim has not been poisoned by a pit viper bite if pain does not develop within:
answer
1 hour
question
All of the following are factors that can determine the severity of a snakebite except:
answer
whether or not the victim is taking anti-coagulate drugs.
question
All of the following are signs and symptoms of a pit viper bite except:
answer
a red rash over the entire body.
question
Which one of the following signs and symptoms is characteristic of a coral snake bite?
answer
blurred vision and drooping eyelids
question
The signs and symptoms of a coral snake bite usually occur:
answer
between 1 and 8 hours after the bite.
question
The bite from a coral snake is usually:
answer
a semicircle pattern.
question
Which one of the following signs or symptoms of an insect bite or sting requires medical help?
answer
Signs of an allergic reaction develop.
question
The crimson red marking that characterizes a black widow spider is shaped like:
answer
an hourglass.
question
All of the following might be a sign or symptom of a black widow spider bite except:
answer
blood-filled blister under the skin (near the bite).
question
The bite of the brown recluse spider includes all of the following except:
answer
it is obvious by the small red fang marks.
question
Within 7 to 10 days, the bite of a brown recluse spider:
answer
becomes a large ulcer.
question
Ninety percent of all scorpion bites occur on the:
answer
hands.
question
The severity of a scorpion sting depends on:
answer
the amount of venom injected.
question
In cases of severe reaction to a scorpion sting, the victim will experience which of the following?
answer
poor coordination and incontinence
question
The only appropriate first aid care for a tick bite is:
answer
prompt removal of the tick.
question
General signs and symptoms that apply to all insect bites and stings include all of the following except:
answer
a blood-filled blister under the skin (near the bite).
question
All of the following are signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock except:
answer
stiffening of the joints.
question
Which of the following leave the stinger behind and therefore can sting only once?
answer
honeybees
question
Which of the following can repeatedly sting you?
answer
wasp
question
While retrieving some wood from a pile outside, you feel a sharp pinprick pain to the back of your hand. There are small red fang marks. You have probably been bitten by a:
answer
black widow spider
question
You receive a jellyfish sting to your arm. You should apply:
answer
vinegar to the sting
question
An important difference between marine animal bites and land animal bites is that:
answer
the venom of marine life may cause more extensive tissue damage.
question
To which one of the following should you apply a cold compress?
answer
an insect sting
question
When caring for a bite or sting, the injection site should be:
answer
below the level of the victim's heart.
question
For a poisonous snakebite, first aid care includes:
answer
washing the bite with soap and water.
question
Which of the following should be used for removing a tick?
answer
tweezers
question
The coral snake is a poisonous snake, but does not have the usual fangs or a pit.
answer
True
question
The location of a snakebite influences its severity because fatty tissue absorbs venom more rapidly than muscle tissue.
answer
False
question
A minty, metallic, or rubbery taste in the mouth is a sign or symptom of a pit viper bite.
answer
True
question
Be aware that pit vipers can still bite for a time after they are dead (usually about 20 minutes).
answer
True
question
General first aid care for a bee sting includes:
answer
apply a paste of baking soda and water.
question
The "hobo" spider is another name for the female black widow.
answer
False
question
Black widow spider bites are the leading cause of death from spider bites in the United States.
answer
True
question
Most brown recluse spider bite victims are unaware they have been bitten because the bite is often painless at first.
answer
True
question
The bite of the black widow spider is especially serious because the bite does not heal and requires surgical repair.
answer
False
question
Tick bites are serious because they may transmit meningitis.
answer
False
question
Anaphylactic shock from insect stings may cause death within minutes.
answer
True
question
A giant desert centipede bite is dangerous to humans.
answer
True
question
If bitten by a deer tick, you may contract Lyme disease, a bacterial infection.
answer
True
question
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is contracted by centipede bites.
answer
False
question
A rattlesnake bite can be treated with suction and ice to the bite site.
answer
False
question
If you apply ice to a pit viper wound, the venom will be absorbed more rapidly.
answer
True
question
You should encourage a victim to move around after a bite or sting to keep the joints from stiffening.
answer
False
question
Marine-life venom is destroyed by heat rather than cold.
answer
True
question
The signs and symptoms of a pit viper bite occur almost immediately; those of a coral snake may be delayed by as long as 8 hours.
answer
True
question
The seriousness of a burn is determined by:
answer
the percentage of the body burned.
question
A burn that involves both the epidermal and dermal layer of skin, characterized by blistering, swelling, and pain is a:
answer
partial-thickness burn.
question
A method for determining quickly the percentage of the body that has been burned is:
answer
the Rule of Nines.
question
Skin that is moist and mottled ranging from white to red with blisters, would be classified as a:
answer
partial-thickness burn.
question
Burn severity is classified by all of the following except:
answer
severe.
question
Which of the following would most likely not cause a full-thickness burn?
answer
scalding
question
Burns on the face or neck are extremely dangerous because:
answer
of possible burns to the eyes.
question
Children under five and adults over fifty-five react more severely to a burn because:
answer
they have a disproportionate fluid-to-surface-area ratio.
question
Locations that are particularly critical in burn injuries include all of the following except:
answer
knees
question
The most common type of burn is:
answer
thermal
question
When caring for a thermal burn victim, if less than 10 percent of the body surface is burned:
answer
apply wet-sterile dressings.
question
Fatalities resulting from a fire are typically due to:
answer
smoke inhalation
question
How many of all fire-related deaths are caused by smoke inhalation?
answer
more than 50 percent
question
Complications from burns include:
answer
severe infection
question
You should suspect inhalation injury with all of the following signs except:
answer
scald burns.
question
Burns usually do not alter levels of consciousness, so you should assume that any victim who is unconscious is suffering from:
answer
carbon monoxide poisoning.
question
Every victim of chemical burns should be:
answer
transported to the hospital
question
Before you begin care of a victim of chemical burns you should do everything except:
answer
spray the area with water
question
Generally, the most important treatment for a liquid chemical burn is to:
answer
flushed the area with water.
question
When dealing with chemical burns caused by spilled chemicals, it is important to start flushing the burn area while:
answer
removing contaminated clothing.
question
Chemical burns caused by concentrated sulfuric acid produces heat when mixed with ________ and may cause greater burn injury unless flushed rigorously.
answer
water
question
A storm blows in while you are golfing. A member of your group is struck by lightning. Your first priority is to:
answer
seek shelter for the victim and group.
question
When approaching a vehicle accident that involves downed power lines you should:
answer
notify the power company and request an emergency crew.
question
If you find a victim in a bathtub with an electrical appliance that has energized the water, you should:
answer
unplug the appliance before doing anything.
question
Factors that would determine the severity of electrical shock include all of the following except:
answer
whether the victim had an axial or transverse electrical contact.
question
Always assume that a victim of lightning strike:
answer
has sustained multiple injuries.
question
More than 500,00 burn victims are seen each year in the United States. From these numbers, approximately 4,000 burn victims die.
answer
True
question
A partial-thickness burn involves all layers of the skin as well as fat, muscle, and bone.
answer
False
question
The palmer surface method is a method of using the palm to estimate the percentage of body surface that has been burned.
answer
True
question
Any burn to the lower body is more serious than a burn of similar extent and degree on the upper body.
answer
False
question
Simple sunburn is an example of a partial-thickness burn.
answer
False
question
It is appropriate to apply ice to a burn to reduce the severity of the burn.
answer
False
question
In caring for a burn, use a plastic dressing to trap moisture to keep the area from drying out.
answer
False
question
The final result of inhalation of toxic fumes is reduced oxygen exchange.
answer
True
question
The severity of electrical shock is determined by the victim's age.
answer
False
question
Victims of lightning strike have a lesser chance of resuscitation than victims of cardiac or respiratory arrest.
answer
False
question
A tingling sensation in your legs as you approach a victim might indicate that the ground is electrically energized.
answer
True
question
Lightning kills more than 3,000 people a year in the United States.
answer
False
question
The victim of a lightning strike will hold a charge soon after the strike; wait 3-5 minutes before starting your physical assessment of the victim.
answer
False
question
Apply an AED to victims of a lightning strike if they are found pulseless.
answer
True
question
The Rule of Threes is used to determine the percentage of body surface that is burned.
answer
False
question
Inhalation injuries cause the majority of deaths from fire.
answer
True
question
The key to treating chemical burns is aggressive, vigorous, prolonged irrigation.
answer
True
question
Burns due to lightning are usually minor and are not a primary concern.
answer
True
question
More often the injury caused by lightning is due to a direct lightning strike to the victim.
answer
False
question
The goal of first aid for a lightning strike victim is to wait until the heart regains its ability to function, then offer care.
answer
False
question
The loss of body heat involving the transfer of heat from the surface of one object to the surface of another without physical contact is:
answer
radiation
question
Two-thirds of all heat loss through evaporation comes from what?
answer
perspiration
question
Which of the following is not a way the body conserves heat?
answer
an obese person
question
Heatstroke victims usually have:
answer
a compromised level of consciousness.
question
The body temperature of a victim of heatstroke needs to be cooled below ________ and stay that low before the danger has passed.
answer
102°F
question
Which of the following is not a way the body conserves heat?
answer
blood vessels dilate
question
The most critical problem in heat exhaustion is:
answer
dehydration
question
For which one of the following heat-related emergencies should you have the victim lie down and raise the feet 8 to 12 inches?
answer
heat exhaustion
question
Heat cramps are muscle spasms that occur when:
answer
the body loses too much salt.
question
First aid care for heat cramps includes administering sips of ________ at the rate of one-half glassful every 15 minutes.
answer
water/sports drink
question
In general, the body's thermal control is lost once the body temperature is lowered to:
answer
95°F.
question
Which of the following is not a factor that could contribute to hypothermia even in the absence of cold environment?
answer
extreme activity
question
The American Heart Association guidelines suggest attempting CPR on a hypothermia victim, even in the presence of:
answer
fixed and dilated pupils.
question
You should keep a hypothermia victim in which of the following positions?
answer
supine
question
You should do all of the following to prevent further heat loss in a victim of hypothermia, except:
answer
give the victim hot coffee to drink.
question
Severe hypothermia makes the victims appear:
answer
dead
question
When providing first aid care for severe hypothermia, you should do all of the following except:
answer
try to rewarm the victim by applying heat.
question
If a victim of immersion hypothermia cannot be rescued from the water immediately, instruct the victim to do all of the following except:
answer
swim around to increase circulation.
question
When thawing frostbitten tissue, you should do so:
answer
in a warm water bath
question
You should never thaw the tissue of a victim of frostbite if there is any chance of:
answer
refreezing
question
Check vital signs for one full minute on a hypothermic victim because he/she may breathe only ________ times per minute.
answer
3-4
question
Discolored skin with deep small blisters filled with dark fluid would be a sign of which degree of frostbite?
answer
third
question
You are hiking in the woods. The air temperature is 50 degrees. It starts to rain and your clothes become soaking wet. You start to shiver. What is happening to you?
answer
you are becoming hypothermic.
question
A friend's fingers have second-degree frostbite. How should you rewarm them?
answer
immerse them in warm water
question
A victim of hypothermia or frostbite should not be given liquids that cause the further loss of heat or constrict peripheral blood vessels. What fluid could the victim drink?
answer
warm water
question
The windchill factor is a combination of the effects of the speed of the wind and the temperature of the environment.
answer
true
question
The body loses heat in five ways, one of which is respirations.
answer
True
question
Wet clothing can cause you to lose heat 240 times faster than dry clothing.
answer
True
question
Classic heatstroke occurs when victims involved in physical exertion and muscle stress retain the ability to sweat.
answer
False
question
Pupils that are initially constricted and then later dilate are a sign of hypothermia.
answer
False
question
Heat exhaustion is actually a mild form of shock brought on by the pooling of blood in the vessels just below the skin.
answer
True
question
The primary signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion mimic those of the flu.
answer
True
question
Heatstroke and heat exhaustion are considered the same thing.
answer
False
question
Heat exhaustion is a true medical emergency.
answer
False
question
To cool a victim of heatstroke, pour cool water of the victim's body.
answer
True
question
The body maintains its temperature equilibrium by varying blood flow to the outer part of the body.
answer
True
question
In regard to hypothermia, a victim is not dead until he/she is warm and exhibits no signs of life.
answer
True
question
Shivering is a response by the body to generate heat. It typically does not occur below a body temperature of 90°F.
answer
True
question
Pale, cold, waxen skin, and slurred speech are all signs and symptoms of hypothermia.
answer
True
question
Race can affect the likelihood of frostbite. Blacks are three times more likely to experience frostbite.
answer
True
question
Race can affect the likelihood of frostbite. Blacks are three times more likely to experience frostbite.
answer
True
question
Falling through the ice on a pond could result in immersion hyperthermia.
answer
True
question
First-degree frostbite is also known as frostnip.
answer
True
question
First-degree frostbite affects the full thickness of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
answer
False
question
Rubbing frostbitten cheeks is the best way to get circulation to return to the cheeks.
answer
False
question
Breaking blisters caused by frostbite will help relieve the pain.
answer
False
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Unlock all answers in this set

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question
Abdominal distress in every victim should be considered life threatening:
answer
until proven otherwise.
question
How many causes of abdominal pain are there according to medical reference guides?
answer
100
question
All of the following are priorities when caring for victims of acute abdominal distress except:
answer
identifying the cause of the abdominal distress.
question
In assessing a victim with acute abdominal distress, the number-one priority should be to look for signs of:
answer
shock.
question
It is typical for a victim with acute abdominal distress to:
answer
be guarded.
question
If you know that a specific quadrant is causing the pain or the majority of the pain, examine that quadrant:
answer
last.
question
The stomach, spleen, liver, and pancreas would all be found in which of the four abdominal quadrants?
answer
left upper
question
Which of the following organs would be in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen?
answer
colon, appendix, small intestine
question
If the victim of acute abdominal distress is a child and there is tenderness or guarding when you examine the abdomen:
answer
suspect the need for surgery.
question
All of the following are general guidelines for assessment of an abdominal injury except:
answer
ask if the patient has any blood in his or her bowel movement.
question
Irritation of the membrane that lines the abdomen is called:
answer
peritonitis.
question
Which of the following is not one of the signs and symptoms of acute abdominal distress?
answer
high blood pressure
question
Cramp-like pain is described as a pain that occurs:
answer
in waves.
question
A victim of acute abdominal distress will have pain that:
answer
can be local or widespread.
question
A victim of acute abdominal distress should determine the most comfortable position for himself unless:
answer
there are signs of shock.
question
If the victim of acute abdominal distress is nauseated, you should position him or her:
answer
on their side.
question
When caring for victims of acute abdominal distress, you should:
answer
never give them water or food.
question
The best position for a victim of shock is:
answer
on the back with legs slightly elevated.
question
In the BRAT diet, "A" stands for:
answer
applesauce.
question
A diarrhea victim should not eat meat or drink dairy products for at least:
answer
48 hours.
question
The single most important care for a victim of diarrhea is to have the victim drink:
answer
8-10 glasses of clear fluid a day.
question
Diarrhea should run its course. However, there are some over-the-counter medications that can help control the diarrhea. Which is not a medication that can control diarrhea?
answer
Metamucil
question
Esophageal varices are common in all individuals listed except:
answer
victims without any pre-existing medical conditions.
question
Ruptured esophageal varices are usually characterized by:
answer
painless gastrointestinal bleeding.
question
The victim of ruptured esophageal varices needs rapid blood replacement and surgical procedures aimed at:
answer
stopping the bleeding.
question
An abdominal aortic aneurysm is most common in those with:
answer
atherosclerosis.
question
It is estimated that ________ percent of all men over the age of fifty have abdominal aortic aneurysms.
answer
20
question
The pain from an abdominal aortic aneurysm that ruptures is:
answer
sudden and severe.
question
All of the following are signs and symptoms of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm except:
answer
increased pulse in the groin and foot.
question
If the abdominal aortic aneurysm has burst, you may feel:
answer
a hard, rigid abdomen.
question
Victims of ruptured esophageal varices usually have ________ pain in the stomach.
answer
no
question
Abdominal distress of every victim should be considered life threatening until proven otherwise.
answer
True
question
The upper and lower quadrants are differentiated at the navel.
answer
True
question
In a victim with abdominal pain, do not waste time with an extensive examination of the abdomen as it can worsen the pain and aggravate the medical condition that causes it.
answer
True
question
Abdominal distress can be caused by an irritation of the membrane that lines the abdomen.
answer
True
question
Nausea and vomiting may also occur if a victim has had too much alcohol to drink or has motion sickness.
answer
True
question
Diarrhea is the passage of loose, watery, or unformed stools more than once a day.
answer
False
question
Vomiting and diarrhea in children can quickly lead to dehydration and shock.
answer
True
question
BRAT is an acronym for mild foods used to treat a post-diarrheal episode.
answer
True
question
A victim with acute abdominal distress will appear to be fine.
answer
False
question
A victim with acute abdominal distress often lies on his or her side with knees drawn up toward the abdomen.
answer
True
question
Only give liquids to a victim of acute abdominal distress to prevent dehydration.
answer
False
question
A victim of acute abdominal distress must always be transported, because many will need surgery.
answer
True
question
When esophageal varices rupture, bleeding can be fatal within minutes.
answer
True
question
A victim with ruptured esophageal varices should be positioned on his or her side with the face pointed downward.
answer
True
question
When an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptures, your primary goal is to prevent bleeding.
answer
False
question
Your primary goal must be to determine the underlying cause for any abdominal complaint in order to treat it effectively.
answer
False
question
Any severe abdominal pain should be considered an emergency.
answer
True
question
Unless there are signs of shock, let the victim decide their own position of comfort.
answer
True
question
If there are signs of shock, keep the victim in a sitting position in case of vomiting.
answer
False
question
A seizure is an involuntary, sudden change in sensation, muscle activity and level of consciousness that results from:
answer
irritation or overactivity of brain cells.
question
Which of the following causes of seizures is a derangement in the body's chemistry?
answer
metabolic
question
A seizure that usually occurs in young children in conjunction with a fever is:
answer
febrile.
question
A toxic seizure occurs as a direct consequence of:
answer
an allergic reaction to drugs.
question
Most seizures last only as long as:
answer
1 to 2 minutes.
question
Which of the following is not a cause of seizure(s)?
answer
abdominal pain
question
Which of the following is not one of the stages of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure?
answer
status epilepticus
question
A seizure that begins with a blank stare, then progresses into chewing and random activity is a(n):
answer
complex partial seizure.
question
A seizure in which the legs of a child suddenly and temporarily collapse is a(n):
answer
atonic seizure.
question
The postictal phase of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure is characterized by:
answer
the victim slowly becomes responsive yet exhausted.
question
The phase of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure that lasts 15 to 20 seconds, where the victim loses consciousness and stops breathing, is called:
answer
the tonic phase.
question
In caring for a victim of a seizure, which of the following should not be performed?
answer
failing to seek medical care for a first episode
question
Which of the following is not appropriate first aid care for a victim of a seizure?
answer
putting something between the victim's teeth
question
When performing a physical assessment on a seizure victim, which of the following should you not pay particular attention to?
answer
the victim's gender
question
The number-one goal in caring for a victim who experiences status epilepticus is:
answer
ventilation.
question
Which one of the following presents a dire medical emergency?
answer
status epilepticus
question
Which one of the following is the best position for a victim of a seizure?
answer
on the left side with face pointed downward
question
Which one of the following is not proper procedure when caring for a victim of a seizure?
answer
restrain the victim to prevent injury
question
Your neighbor collapses in the yard and has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Your first step in treating this victim is to:
answer
activate 911.
question
A victim is having a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. He is a known diabetic and has not eaten all day. The seizure was most likely caused by:
answer
low blood sugar.
question
A man sitting on the park bench turns toward you and asks if you can "hear the chimes." He then suddenly has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The sound of chimes is an example of a(n):
answer
aura.
question
True vertigo involves:
answer
a hallucination of motion.
question
Which one of the following is a sign or symptom of central vertigo?
answer
facial droop
question
Which one of the following is not true about labyrinthine vertigo?
answer
It is the most serious type of vertigo.
question
All of the following are part of initial first aid care for victims of dizziness, except:
answer
treating for shock.
question
A loss of consciousness that results when the brain is temporarily deprived of adequate oxygen is:
answer
syncope.
question
All of the following may cause fainting, except:
answer
labyrinthine vertigo.
question
Another term for syncope is:
answer
fainting.
question
Do not allow a person who has fainted to:
answer
sit up immediately.
question
Neurological emergencies involving a disturbance in the chemical or electrical activity of the brain are generally more frightening than they are life threatening.
answer
True
question
A victim who passes from one seizure to another without first regaining consciousness presents a life-threatening medical emergency.
answer
True
question
It is the high degree of fever rather than how fast the temperature rises that causes a febrile seizure.
answer
False
question
An idiopathic seizure arises from a tumor on the brain.
answer
False
question
Fever is the most common cause of seizures in children under 5 years of age.
answer
True
question
While a victim is having a generalized seizure, you should insert a pencil between his/her teeth.
answer
False
question
Sudden, brief, massive muscle jerks that involve all or part of the body characterizes a myoclonic seizure.
answer
True
question
A complex partial seizure is also called a "drop attack."
answer
False
question
A physician should evaluate anyone who experiences a first-time seizure.
answer
True
question
Dizziness and fainting are not medical conditions, but symptoms of various diseases and injuries.
answer
True
question
The number-one goal in treating status epilepticus is ventilation.
answer
True
question
With proper first aid care you can lessen the duration of a seizure.
answer
False
question
Anyone who has more than one seizure needs to be seen in an emergency room.
answer
True
question
If a diabetic has a seizure, he or she does not need to be seen in an emergency room if he or she is under the current care of a physician.
answer
False
question
To care for a seizing victim, do whatever you can to protect the victim from hurting himself or herself.
answer
True
question
If a person feels faint, he/she should sit down or lie down.
answer
True
question
Another term for dizziness is vertigo.
answer
True
question
Labyrinthine vertigo is a disturbance in the inner eye.
answer
False
question
Which of the following is not a function of the placenta?
answer
regulate blood glucose
question
Which of the following stages of labor lasts the longest?
answer
dilation
question
During which stage of labor does the mother experience an uncontrollable urge to push?
answer
delivery
question
The area of skin and muscle between the vagina and the anus is the:
answer
perineum.
question
Which of the following signals the first stage of labor?
answer
the bloody show
question
During which stage of labor does the cervix stretch and thin?
answer
dilation
question
The opening into the uterus is called the:
answer
cervix.
question
A miscarriage usually occurs before ________ weeks of pregnancy.
answer
20
question
Which of the following is not a sign of a miscarriage (spontaneous abortion)?
answer
crowning
question
A seizure during pregnancy often signals:
answer
eclampsia
question
A condition in which a normally positioned placenta prematurely separates from the uterine wall during the last 3 months of pregnancy is:
answer
abruptio placenta.
question
The leading cause of first trimester maternal deaths is:
answer
ectopic pregnancy.
question
Which of the following statements about pre-eclampsia/eclampsia is not true?
answer
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia occurs most frequently in the first 3 months of pregnancy.
question
Which one of the following is a sign that distinguishes eclampsia?
answer
convulsions
question
Which one of the following is not a typical sign or symptom of a ruptured uterus?
answer
excessive vaginal bleeding
question
Which one of the following is not a cause for uterine rupture?
answer
eclampsia
question
When transporting a woman in labor, which of the following should you not do?
answer
try to delay the delivery until you arrive at a hospital
question
Delivery of the placenta usually occurs within ________ of the birth.
answer
10 minutes
question
It is normal for a woman to lose as much as ________ of blood after giving birth.
answer
2 cups
question
If there is excessive vaginal bleeding following delivery of the placenta, you should:
answer
massage the uterus.
question
Following delivery of the placenta, you should:
answer
place the placenta in a plastic bag and transport it to the hospital
question
When tying or clamping the umbilical cord, how many clamps should you use?
answer
dry and warm the infant.
question
If the infant's heart rate is less than 100 beats per minute, provide artificial ventilation at the rate of one breath every:
answer
1 to 1 seconds.
question
Which of the following is common in breech births?
answer
prolapse cord
question
Amniotic fluid that is greenish or brownish-yellow is a sign of:
answer
meconium passage.
question
The most critical aspect of treatment for meconium passage is to:
answer
suction the baby's nose and mouth.
question
Which of the following is not true about premature babies?
answer
They have smaller heads in proportion to their bodies.
question
Which answer is true regarding premature babies?
answer
They are more susceptible to respiratory infections.
question
In a prolapsed cord, the best position for the mother is:
answer
head down or buttocks raised.
question
In multiple births, each infant will have his/her own ________ attached.
answer
umbilical cord
question
Childbirth is a normal, natural process; in only a few situations do victims need to be transported rapidly.
answer
True
question
The placenta is a disk-shaped inner lining attached at one surface to the uterus and at the other to the birth canal.
answer
False
question
The expulsion of the mucous plug from the cervix is known as the bloody show.
answer
True
question
The first stage of labor may last as long as eighteen hours or more for a woman having her first baby.
answer
True
question
Bright lights and loud noises can trigger seizures in a pre-eclampsia/eclampsia victim.
answer
True
question
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia affects approximately 1 in 10 pregnant women.
answer
False
question
As a general guideline for a mother that has had more than one pregnancy, you should try to transport her to the hospital if the amniotic sac has ruptured.
answer
False
question
When transporting a woman in labor, have the woman cross her legs to prevent the baby from being born before reaching the hospital.
answer
False
question
During delivery, apply gentle pressure to the perineum to reduce the risk of tearing.
answer
True
question
Vernix caseosa is the plastic-like sac of fluid in which the baby floats.
answer
False
question
When assisting with a delivery, have the woman take long, deep breaths during contractions and short, quick breaths between contractions.
answer
False
question
Meconium is the newborn's first feces, indicating fetal distress inside the amniotic sac.
answer
True
question
Meconium is bright red in color and poses no danger to the newborn.
answer
False
question
It is normal for a woman to lose up to 2 quarts of blood following delivery.
answer
False
question
Identical twins share one placenta.
answer
True
question
With multiple birth deliveries, about 1/3 of the second twins have a breech presentation.
answer
True
question
Premature babies may weigh less than 5.5 pounds.
answer
True
question
You do not have to keep a premature infant warm after birth.
answer
False
question
A limb presentation means that one arm or one leg protrudes first from the birth canal.
answer
True
question
Which of the following is not true about children in comparison to adults?
answer
Children have slower respiratory rates.
question
Which of the following is not a general procedure when assessing a child?
answer
get the most painful parts of the assessment over with first
question
You can tell the most about a child's status by:
answer
your overall impressions of how the child looks and acts.
question
Which pulse should you check in a child to take a pulse quickly?
answer
the radial pulse
question
A viral infection that causes swelling beneath the glottis and progressive narrowing of the airway is:
answer
croup.
question
Which one of the following is caused by a bacterial infection?
answer
epiglottitis
question
Which one of the following is not characteristic of asthma?
answer
does not generally appear until late teens
question
Which one of the following is characterized by coughing with a harsh "seal bark"?
answer
croup
question
Which one of the following positions is best for a victim of asthma?
answer
sitting or semisitting
question
You should give plenty of fluids to victims of ________ to help loosen and thin mucus in the air passages?
answer
asthma
question
Most of the cardiac arrests in children are from:
answer
airway obstruction and/or respiratory arrest.
question
Unlike children, adults rarely have seizures caused by:
answer
fever
question
The number-one cause of death among infants between 1 month and 1 year is:
answer
crib death
question
Which of the following is not true about sudden infant death syndrome (crib death)?
answer
There is usually an indication of a struggle.
question
Extended stays at school, constant fatigue, listlessness, and delinquency are all signs of which type of abuse?
answer
neglect
question
A child who seems withdrawn, fantasizes, has poor peer relationships, and demonstrates infantile behavior has most likely been abused:
answer
sexually
question
Which of the following would you do if you suspect abuse?
answer
report your suspicions to proper authorities
question
The elderly have, on average, ________ coexisting chronic diseases.
answer
3
question
During the assessment of the elderly victim, it is important to take into account all of the following factors except:
answer
most elderly victims fake their illness, so respond accordingly.
question
In most cases of pneumonia in the elderly:
answer
fever is usually absent.
question
One of the most common signs of myocardial infarction in an elderly person is:
answer
shortness of breath.
question
As many as one in ________ elderly have psychiatric disorders, which can be the cause of some symptoms.
answer
4
question
The elderly are more prone to head injury; signs and symptoms of brain compression develop more:
answer
slowly
question
A child is not more susceptible than an adult to which of the following?
answer
unconsciousness via drug overdose
question
When treating a cut on an elderly person's hand, be careful of the kind of tape you use to secure the dressing because:
answer
the skin may tear easily.
question
Osteoporosis is common in the elderly. This disease causes the bones to:
answer
become less dense (thin out).
question
One of the common problems the elderly experience due to a changing neurological system is:
answer
clinical depression.
question
Even though it may be summer time, an elderly victim that has fallen and is found on the floor may develop:
answer
hypothermia.
question
It isn't important to check a child's vital signs as often as you would an adult's.
answer
False
question
An average eight-year-old breathes forty breaths per minute.
answer
False
question
A child's temperature is a much more important warning sign than an adult's because it can change so quickly.
answer
True
question
It is always better to use "baby talk" when assessing a child because they will relate better to you.
answer
False
question
Examine the part that hurts first on any child, so that you can get that out of the way in order to perform the rest of your exam.
answer
False
question
Your overall impression of how a child looks and acts can be more important than any one vital sign.
answer
True
question
Children have less blood than an adult and are therefore in greater danger of bleeding to death from a relatively minor wound.
answer
True
question
Head injury is more likely in an infant because its head is large in proportion to its body.
answer
True
question
Croup is a bacterial infection characterized by a high fever, drooling, and difficulty speaking.
answer
False
question
First aid care for a victim of epiglottitis includes examining the child's throat thoroughly.
answer
False
question
If you know what to watch for, crib death can be predicted and prevented.
answer
False
question
It is not necessary to start CPR on an infant that has died from sudden infant death syndrome.
answer
False
question
A key point to remember is that a geriatric victim is likely to suffer from more than one disease at a time.
answer
True
question
The elderly are at the lowest risk from criminal assault.
answer
False
question
An elderly victim may minimize or deny symptoms out of fear of being bedridden or institutionalized.
answer
True
question
People over the age of 65 take 10 percent of all prescription drugs
answer
False
question
In the elderly, cough power is diminished.
answer
True
question
Drug toxicity in the elderly is common because the kidney system declines in efficiency.
answer
True
question
Constipation is common and can result in serious problems in the elderly.
answer
True
question
Most poisonous snakes have which one of the following characteristics?
answer
large fangs
question
The severity of a snakebite is gauged by:
answer
how rapidly symptoms develop.
question
As a general rule, you can safely assume that the victim has not been poisoned by a pit viper bite if pain does not develop within:
answer
1 hour
question
As a general rule, you can safely assume that the victim has not been poisoned by a pit viper bite if pain does not develop within:
answer
1 hour
question
All of the following are factors that can determine the severity of a snakebite except:
answer
whether or not the victim is taking anti-coagulate drugs.
question
All of the following are signs and symptoms of a pit viper bite except:
answer
a red rash over the entire body.
question
Which one of the following signs and symptoms is characteristic of a coral snake bite?
answer
blurred vision and drooping eyelids
question
The signs and symptoms of a coral snake bite usually occur:
answer
between 1 and 8 hours after the bite.
question
The bite from a coral snake is usually:
answer
a semicircle pattern.
question
Which one of the following signs or symptoms of an insect bite or sting requires medical help?
answer
Signs of an allergic reaction develop.
question
The crimson red marking that characterizes a black widow spider is shaped like:
answer
an hourglass.
question
All of the following might be a sign or symptom of a black widow spider bite except:
answer
blood-filled blister under the skin (near the bite).
question
The bite of the brown recluse spider includes all of the following except:
answer
it is obvious by the small red fang marks.
question
Within 7 to 10 days, the bite of a brown recluse spider:
answer
becomes a large ulcer.
question
Ninety percent of all scorpion bites occur on the:
answer
hands.
question
The severity of a scorpion sting depends on:
answer
the amount of venom injected.
question
In cases of severe reaction to a scorpion sting, the victim will experience which of the following?
answer
poor coordination and incontinence
question
The only appropriate first aid care for a tick bite is:
answer
prompt removal of the tick.
question
General signs and symptoms that apply to all insect bites and stings include all of the following except:
answer
a blood-filled blister under the skin (near the bite).
question
All of the following are signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock except:
answer
stiffening of the joints.
question
Which of the following leave the stinger behind and therefore can sting only once?
answer
honeybees
question
Which of the following can repeatedly sting you?
answer
wasp
question
While retrieving some wood from a pile outside, you feel a sharp pinprick pain to the back of your hand. There are small red fang marks. You have probably been bitten by a:
answer
black widow spider
question
You receive a jellyfish sting to your arm. You should apply:
answer
vinegar to the sting
question
An important difference between marine animal bites and land animal bites is that:
answer
the venom of marine life may cause more extensive tissue damage.
question
To which one of the following should you apply a cold compress?
answer
an insect sting
question
When caring for a bite or sting, the injection site should be:
answer
below the level of the victim's heart.
question
For a poisonous snakebite, first aid care includes:
answer
washing the bite with soap and water.
question
Which of the following should be used for removing a tick?
answer
tweezers
question
The coral snake is a poisonous snake, but does not have the usual fangs or a pit.
answer
True
question
The location of a snakebite influences its severity because fatty tissue absorbs venom more rapidly than muscle tissue.
answer
False
question
A minty, metallic, or rubbery taste in the mouth is a sign or symptom of a pit viper bite.
answer
True
question
Be aware that pit vipers can still bite for a time after they are dead (usually about 20 minutes).
answer
True
question
General first aid care for a bee sting includes:
answer
apply a paste of baking soda and water.
question
The "hobo" spider is another name for the female black widow.
answer
False
question
Black widow spider bites are the leading cause of death from spider bites in the United States.
answer
True
question
Most brown recluse spider bite victims are unaware they have been bitten because the bite is often painless at first.
answer
True
question
The bite of the black widow spider is especially serious because the bite does not heal and requires surgical repair.
answer
False
question
Tick bites are serious because they may transmit meningitis.
answer
False
question
Anaphylactic shock from insect stings may cause death within minutes.
answer
True
question
A giant desert centipede bite is dangerous to humans.
answer
True
question
If bitten by a deer tick, you may contract Lyme disease, a bacterial infection.
answer
True
question
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is contracted by centipede bites.
answer
False
question
A rattlesnake bite can be treated with suction and ice to the bite site.
answer
False
question
If you apply ice to a pit viper wound, the venom will be absorbed more rapidly.
answer
True
question
You should encourage a victim to move around after a bite or sting to keep the joints from stiffening.
answer
False
question
Marine-life venom is destroyed by heat rather than cold.
answer
True
question
The signs and symptoms of a pit viper bite occur almost immediately; those of a coral snake may be delayed by as long as 8 hours.
answer
True
question
The seriousness of a burn is determined by:
answer
the percentage of the body burned.
question
A burn that involves both the epidermal and dermal layer of skin, characterized by blistering, swelling, and pain is a:
answer
partial-thickness burn.
question
A method for determining quickly the percentage of the body that has been burned is:
answer
the Rule of Nines.
question
Skin that is moist and mottled ranging from white to red with blisters, would be classified as a:
answer
partial-thickness burn.
question
Burn severity is classified by all of the following except:
answer
severe.
question
Which of the following would most likely not cause a full-thickness burn?
answer
scalding
question
Burns on the face or neck are extremely dangerous because:
answer
of possible burns to the eyes.
question
Children under five and adults over fifty-five react more severely to a burn because:
answer
they have a disproportionate fluid-to-surface-area ratio.
question
Locations that are particularly critical in burn injuries include all of the following except:
answer
knees
question
The most common type of burn is:
answer
thermal
question
When caring for a thermal burn victim, if less than 10 percent of the body surface is burned:
answer
apply wet-sterile dressings.
question
Fatalities resulting from a fire are typically due to:
answer
smoke inhalation
question
How many of all fire-related deaths are caused by smoke inhalation?
answer
more than 50 percent
question
Complications from burns include:
answer
severe infection
question
You should suspect inhalation injury with all of the following signs except:
answer
scald burns.
question
Burns usually do not alter levels of consciousness, so you should assume that any victim who is unconscious is suffering from:
answer
carbon monoxide poisoning.
question
Every victim of chemical burns should be:
answer
transported to the hospital
question
Before you begin care of a victim of chemical burns you should do everything except:
answer
spray the area with water
question
Generally, the most important treatment for a liquid chemical burn is to:
answer
flushed the area with water.
question
When dealing with chemical burns caused by spilled chemicals, it is important to start flushing the burn area while:
answer
removing contaminated clothing.
question
Chemical burns caused by concentrated sulfuric acid produces heat when mixed with ________ and may cause greater burn injury unless flushed rigorously.
answer
water
question
A storm blows in while you are golfing. A member of your group is struck by lightning. Your first priority is to:
answer
seek shelter for the victim and group.
question
When approaching a vehicle accident that involves downed power lines you should:
answer
notify the power company and request an emergency crew.
question
If you find a victim in a bathtub with an electrical appliance that has energized the water, you should:
answer
unplug the appliance before doing anything.
question
Factors that would determine the severity of electrical shock include all of the following except:
answer
whether the victim had an axial or transverse electrical contact.
question
Always assume that a victim of lightning strike:
answer
has sustained multiple injuries.
question
More than 500,00 burn victims are seen each year in the United States. From these numbers, approximately 4,000 burn victims die.
answer
True
question
A partial-thickness burn involves all layers of the skin as well as fat, muscle, and bone.
answer
False
question
The palmer surface method is a method of using the palm to estimate the percentage of body surface that has been burned.
answer
True
question
Any burn to the lower body is more serious than a burn of similar extent and degree on the upper body.
answer
False
question
Simple sunburn is an example of a partial-thickness burn.
answer
False
question
It is appropriate to apply ice to a burn to reduce the severity of the burn.
answer
False
question
In caring for a burn, use a plastic dressing to trap moisture to keep the area from drying out.
answer
False
question
The final result of inhalation of toxic fumes is reduced oxygen exchange.
answer
True
question
The severity of electrical shock is determined by the victim's age.
answer
False
question
Victims of lightning strike have a lesser chance of resuscitation than victims of cardiac or respiratory arrest.
answer
False
question
A tingling sensation in your legs as you approach a victim might indicate that the ground is electrically energized.
answer
True
question
Lightning kills more than 3,000 people a year in the United States.
answer
False
question
The victim of a lightning strike will hold a charge soon after the strike; wait 3-5 minutes before starting your physical assessment of the victim.
answer
False
question
Apply an AED to victims of a lightning strike if they are found pulseless.
answer
True
question
The Rule of Threes is used to determine the percentage of body surface that is burned.
answer
False
question
Inhalation injuries cause the majority of deaths from fire.
answer
True
question
The key to treating chemical burns is aggressive, vigorous, prolonged irrigation.
answer
True
question
Burns due to lightning are usually minor and are not a primary concern.
answer
True
question
More often the injury caused by lightning is due to a direct lightning strike to the victim.
answer
False
question
The goal of first aid for a lightning strike victim is to wait until the heart regains its ability to function, then offer care.
answer
False
question
The loss of body heat involving the transfer of heat from the surface of one object to the surface of another without physical contact is:
answer
radiation
question
Two-thirds of all heat loss through evaporation comes from what?
answer
perspiration
question
Which of the following is not a way the body conserves heat?
answer
an obese person
question
Heatstroke victims usually have:
answer
a compromised level of consciousness.
question
The body temperature of a victim of heatstroke needs to be cooled below ________ and stay that low before the danger has passed.
answer
102°F
question
Which of the following is not a way the body conserves heat?
answer
blood vessels dilate
question
The most critical problem in heat exhaustion is:
answer
dehydration
question
For which one of the following heat-related emergencies should you have the victim lie down and raise the feet 8 to 12 inches?
answer
heat exhaustion
question
Heat cramps are muscle spasms that occur when:
answer
the body loses too much salt.
question
First aid care for heat cramps includes administering sips of ________ at the rate of one-half glassful every 15 minutes.
answer
water/sports drink
question
In general, the body's thermal control is lost once the body temperature is lowered to:
answer
95°F.
question
Which of the following is not a factor that could contribute to hypothermia even in the absence of cold environment?
answer
extreme activity
question
The American Heart Association guidelines suggest attempting CPR on a hypothermia victim, even in the presence of:
answer
fixed and dilated pupils.
question
You should keep a hypothermia victim in which of the following positions?
answer
supine
question
You should do all of the following to prevent further heat loss in a victim of hypothermia, except:
answer
give the victim hot coffee to drink.
question
Severe hypothermia makes the victims appear:
answer
dead
question
When providing first aid care for severe hypothermia, you should do all of the following except:
answer
try to rewarm the victim by applying heat.
question
If a victim of immersion hypothermia cannot be rescued from the water immediately, instruct the victim to do all of the following except:
answer
swim around to increase circulation.
question
When thawing frostbitten tissue, you should do so:
answer
in a warm water bath
question
You should never thaw the tissue of a victim of frostbite if there is any chance of:
answer
refreezing
question
Check vital signs for one full minute on a hypothermic victim because he/she may breathe only ________ times per minute.
answer
3-4
question
Discolored skin with deep small blisters filled with dark fluid would be a sign of which degree of frostbite?
answer
third
question
You are hiking in the woods. The air temperature is 50 degrees. It starts to rain and your clothes become soaking wet. You start to shiver. What is happening to you?
answer
you are becoming hypothermic.
question
A friend's fingers have second-degree frostbite. How should you rewarm them?
answer
immerse them in warm water
question
A victim of hypothermia or frostbite should not be given liquids that cause the further loss of heat or constrict peripheral blood vessels. What fluid could the victim drink?
answer
warm water
question
The windchill factor is a combination of the effects of the speed of the wind and the temperature of the environment.
answer
true
question
The body loses heat in five ways, one of which is respirations.
answer
True
question
Wet clothing can cause you to lose heat 240 times faster than dry clothing.
answer
True
question
Classic heatstroke occurs when victims involved in physical exertion and muscle stress retain the ability to sweat.
answer
False
question
Pupils that are initially constricted and then later dilate are a sign of hypothermia.
answer
False
question
Heat exhaustion is actually a mild form of shock brought on by the pooling of blood in the vessels just below the skin.
answer
True
question
The primary signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion mimic those of the flu.
answer
True
question
Heatstroke and heat exhaustion are considered the same thing.
answer
False
question
Heat exhaustion is a true medical emergency.
answer
False
question
To cool a victim of heatstroke, pour cool water of the victim's body.
answer
True
question
The body maintains its temperature equilibrium by varying blood flow to the outer part of the body.
answer
True
question
In regard to hypothermia, a victim is not dead until he/she is warm and exhibits no signs of life.
answer
True
question
Shivering is a response by the body to generate heat. It typically does not occur below a body temperature of 90°F.
answer
True
question
Pale, cold, waxen skin, and slurred speech are all signs and symptoms of hypothermia.
answer
True
question
Race can affect the likelihood of frostbite. Blacks are three times more likely to experience frostbite.
answer
True
question
Race can affect the likelihood of frostbite. Blacks are three times more likely to experience frostbite.
answer
True
question
Falling through the ice on a pond could result in immersion hyperthermia.
answer
True
question
First-degree frostbite is also known as frostnip.
answer
True
question
First-degree frostbite affects the full thickness of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
answer
False
question
Rubbing frostbitten cheeks is the best way to get circulation to return to the cheeks.
answer
False
question
Breaking blisters caused by frostbite will help relieve the pain.
answer
False