First Aid Ch11

question

The human musculoskeletal system is composed of more than _____ muscles
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600
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which of the following is NOT one of the four major functions of the skeletal system?
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protect against infection
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a special type of tissue that contracts when stimulated is:
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muscle
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Highly specialized connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone is
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ligaments
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a ligament is often injured simultaneously with the
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muscle
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an injury in which ligaments are stretched and partially or completely torn is a
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Sprain
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When treating a sprain, the “I” in the acronym RICE stands for
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ice
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because dislocations are often accompanied by fractures, you should immobilize all dislocations
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in the position found
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a ______ is a stretching and tearing of muscle fibers
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strain
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bone or joint injuries can be one of two types
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Open or Closed
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when assessing bone injuries, you can get a good idea of how much additional damage may have occurred by determining
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the mechanism of injury
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A woman riding a horse is thrown and lands on two outstretched hands. One arm sustains a fractured elbow and the collarbone at the end of the other arm is fractured. This is an example of what kind of force?
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indirect
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what is the most important first aid care for a suspected fracture?
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immobilization
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identifying signs and symptoms of a bone and joint injury should be done ______ the primary survey
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after
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always check the distal pulse of a suspected fracture site. Lack of a pulse indicates
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decreased blood flow
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which of the following would be generally true when following basic rules for applying a splint
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splint an injury in the position you found it
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you should immoblize the joint ______ the fracture
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above and below
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in which of the following situations would you NOT splint a fracture?
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if it causs more pain for the victim
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What is the function of a traction splint?
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to splint a thigh
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a splint that provides a counter-pull, alleviates pain, and reduces, blood loss is
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traction split
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an improvised splint should Not be
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shorter than the bone
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before and after slpinting, it is important to asses
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pulse and senstation
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improper splinting can result in
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reduced distal circulation
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an improvised splint can NOT be made out of
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a rope
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an upper arm fracture, once splinted, should be placed in a
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sling and swath
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to immobilize an elbow joint injury you should immobilize the
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bones above and below the elbow
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the victim has a severely angulated lower leg fracture. You should
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splint leg in the position found.
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the victim has a severe muscle cramp to the calf muscle. You should
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apply ice to the muscle
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if a victim has a pelvic fracture, spinal fracture, lower leg fracture, upper arm fracture. which would you splint first?
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spinal fracture
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Ligaments connect to the bone
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true
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joints most often sprained are the wrist and the knee
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false
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the “C” in RICE stands for “circulation
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false
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the “E” in RICE stands for “elevation”
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true
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in caring for sprains, the “I” in RICE stands for “immobilize”
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true
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in most cases you should care for a sprain as if it were a fracture, and immobilize
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true
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a dislocation is a soft-tissue injury or a muscle spasm around a joint
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false
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a contusion is a bruise to a muscle
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true
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outside a hospital setting, it is difficult to distinguish between sprains and strains.
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true
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if there is enough force to damage the pelvis or to the cause severe head or facial injuries, you should also assume there are injuries to the spine
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true
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if you’re unsure wether or not you should splint an injury, its always safer not to splint.
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true
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you can get a good idea of how much damage may have occurred by determining the mechanism of injury
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true
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if the victim shows signs of shock, arrange for immediate transport without taking time to apply a splint.
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true
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improper splinting can actually make an injury worse
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true
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paresthesia is a pricking or tingling sensation that indicates loss of circulation
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true
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sometimes the injured persons own body makes the best splint (for example, taping one finger to an adjacent finger)
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true
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when immobilizing a fractured ankle where the shoe has been left on, you should untie the laces to prevent circulation problems.
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true
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any device used to immobilize a fracture or dislocation is a splint
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true

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