exercise 1

Lobsters and shrimp are species in the Phylum_________.
arthropoda

2Scallops are members of the Phylum_________.
mollusca

Only species in the class ________ can be exempt of provisions in the Endangered Species Act.
insecta

The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly may avoid extinction in the wild because of a partnership between conservation scientists and a ______ association .
golfing

The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly once occurred statewide in Florida.
FALSE

pseudocoelom is characteristic of the _________.
nematodes

The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly was nearly wiped out in 1992 because of ______.
Hurricane Andrew

Before 1994 the scallop season ran for ______ months in Florida.
9

The FWC lists ________ species of invertebrates as being threatened or endangered.
8

The invertebrate phylum _______ has no species listed by FWC.
porifera

The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly survived because a few individuals were ________.
none of these;mated with and introduced species;were naturally large;protected by the NPS

By 1984 the Schaus Swallowtail butterfly was reduced to a total of ______ individuals.
70

Embryonic genes switch on during the __________ phase of development.
gastula

In deuterostomes the ________ forms from the blastopore.
anus

A true coelom is a secondary body cavity that is surrounded by_______ and _________.
mesoderm;mesoderm

According to MPM many wildlife researchers , if given a choice would study____________.
CMV’s

Members of the phylum platyhelminthes (flatworms) have _______ secondary body cavity .
no

The MFC left the recreational scallop season open for 2 months because of __________ .
economic pressure

Scallops began to disappear in the region of the Gulf of Mexico __________.
south of the Suwanee river

After the scallops declined, the state (through the MFC) banned commercial harvest of scallops ___________.
statewide

The blastula is a ___________ .
hollow ball of cells

The blastopore becomes the mouth in the development of ____________.
protostomes

A solid ball of cells formed through cleavage is called a _________ .
morula

The _________ is an introduced species in North America that belongs to the phylum Mollusca.
zebra mussle

Flatworms belong to the phylum _________ .
platyhelinthes

The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly is found only in ________.
the Florida Keys

Moulton believes that few invertebrate species are federally listed in Florida because invertebrates ___________.
have not been studies extensively

Creating stepping-stone habitat is a technique used by Dr. Tom Emmel to aid the ______.
Schaus Swallowtail Butterfly

__________ is one of the three most represented phyla of invertebrates listed by FCREPA.
Cnidaria

Canonball jellyfish belong to the Phylum_________.
cnidaria

White line disease is found in certain _________ in Florida.
corals

Which of the following is the correct sequence in going from smaller groups to larger?
family,order,phylum

The structurally simplest animals we discussed are the ______________ .
sponges

Red tides are not always characterized by a change in the water color.
TRUE

Canonball jellyfish are a good species for commercial harvest because they_________.
have high reprodcutive rates

Species in the kingdom ________ are characterized by having prokaryotic cells.
Monera

Sponges once were, but no longer are, commercially harvested out of ________.
Key West

Coral reefs are formed by species in the phylum________.
Cnidaria

________ are extremely dangerous species found in the region of tropical Australia.
Box Jelly Fish

_______ is a cellular structure that is typical only of species in the kingdom Fungi.
cell wall of chitin

Plants are not listed by CITES.
Flase

_____ is an example of a wildlife classification scheme based on an international agreement.
CITES

Currently the market for US caught cannonball jellyfish exists especially in_______.
Korea

Most non-phylogenetic wildlife classification schemes are based on _________.
distribution and abundance

Red tides are caused by species from the kingdom____________.
protista

Intracellular digestion by amoebocytes is typical of ___________ .
sponges

International trade in endangered species is monitored by __________ .
CITES

__________ are cells that trap tiny food particles as water flows through the body wall of sponges.
collar cells

Roughly ________ nations have signed the CITES agreement.
164

Red tides toxins are produced by ___________ .
dinoflagellates

When _________ (is) are low, some of the organisms that cause red tides revert to sexual reproduction.
resources

Today sponges are commercially harvested in Florida only out of _________ .
Tarpon Springs

Bleaching of coral reefs can be caused by __________ .
environmental stress

Most of the species listed by CITES are categorized in Appendix _________ .
II

Which of the following is the correct sequence in going from larger groups to smaller?
class, order, family

There are basically _____ kinds of red tide.
3

_________ is the non-governmental organization that claims increased numbers of snow geese are destroying arctic vegetation.
Ducks Unlimited

_____ is the non-governmental organization that pushed for and participated in the re-introduction of gray wolves to Idaho and Yellowstone NP.
Defenders of Wildlife

The _______ is the organization that has vehemently opposed Lynx re-introductions to Colorado.
Farm Bureau

A hunter from Louisiana who shot a radio-collared lynx in Colorado was fined $______ .
” >18,000″

Fishers are members of the _________ family.
weasel

Sea horses commonly live over ________.
Beds of sea grass

The fisher re-introductions were funded in part by _________.
Duracell

There are an estimated _________ feral cats in Australia.
12 million

Sea horses are actually ___________.
boney fish

Re-introductions of Canada lynx in Colorado all took place on _____ land.
National Forest

A female snow goose can loose _____% of her body mass by producing a single clutch.
40

. “Egging” meaning the removal of eggs from snow goose nests will likely be ineffective in managing snow geese because ___________.
nests are far from any people

The Dusky Seaside sparrow that went extinct in Florida was a victim of _______.
development

” In a poll, ______% of Australians favored the killing of feral cats.”
75

The Cape Sable Seaside sparrow spends its winters in Cuba.
FALSE

Seahorses are especially popular in markets in traditional medicine in ____________.
China

Management of snow geese legally falls under the _______ Act of 1918.
Migratory Bird Treaty

Fishers have recently been re-introduced to the state of __________.
Tennessee

Moulton was able to buy some dried seahorses at a market in _________.
Tarpon Springs

“When re-introduced wolves kill livestock where they are re-introduced, the livestock owner is _________.”
paid fair market value for the loss

“When the USFWS increased the bag limit on snow geese, the _____ sued them to stop the increase.”
HSUS

A favorite food of fishers in some areas is ____________.
porcupine

Many seahorses are harvested by fishermen from ______ .
the phillipines

All ranchers in the US oppose wolf re-introductions .
False

Cape Sable Seaside sparrows typically nest in _________ .
one meter tall saw grass

Canada lynx feed principally on ________.
snowshoe hares

CWD is caused by_________.
prions

CWD was first seen in captive deer in _________.
Colorado

People in Kentucky developed Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease like symptoms after eating_______ brains .
squirrel

USFWS scientists wanted to kill certain gulls at the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge in Massachusetts because the gulls were ______________ .
killing federally listed piping lovers

“Before 1996, frog gigging for consumption by a person’s family was legal in Big Cypress National Preserve.”
TRUE

“In 1996, public outcry led to a ban on the harvest of _______ in Big Cypress.”
frogs

The frog most sought after in Big Cypress was the ______ frog.
pig

Wisconsin deer may have been infected with CWD by eating ________.
protein pellets

CWD has been known to infect _______ as well as deer.
elk

The ______ gull is a common scavenging species of the Gulf Coast of Florida.
laughing

One concern regarding the harvest in Big Cypress NP was the amount of air boat damage to the habitat of Snail Kites and____________.
Cape Sable Seaside Sparrows

Black skimmers benefited from gull control at Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
TRUE

The USFWS used ______ to kill gulls in Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
DRC-1339

According to the Miami Herald in 1996 people were killing $______ worth of frogs per night.
700

Piping plovers in Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge were mostly preyed on by ________ gulls.
Great Black Backed

In April 1996 a ranger in Big Cypress found that 67 boats of frog leg catches weighed _______ lbs.
4500

A frog gig is basically a __________
multi-pronged spear

“As noted in lecture, there are ______ main foraging types (not species!) of gulls.”
2

“In Wisconsin, authorities plan to kill ______ deer in a circle with a 10 mile radius around a spot where 18 deer tested positive for CWD.”
25000

Piping plovers are restricted to the east coast of the United States.
FALSE

________ is one of the species that benefited most from gull culling at Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
Common terns

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is similar to ______ seen in England
mad cow disease

False
Mountain Lions have never been known to kill humans

breeding
A study of 24 species of ____ in Britain conducted by the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) found that although many species were declining a few species were increasing.

sparrow hawks
Agriculturalists in Britain blamed the declines in some bird species on predation by____ .

Minnesota
Cougars have recently been found in South Dakota and ____ .

1989
In ___ , CITIES banned international trade in ivory.

2
________ species of kangaroo are only harvested on Flinders Island and Tasmania.

5
________ species of kangaroo are harvested commercially on the mainland of Australia.

Grey Heron
BTO researchers found that the _____________ had increased to higher numbers than ever reported throughout history.

European
Most of the kangaroo meat commercially harvested in Australia is exported to ___________ countries.

hounds
Voters in Oregon banned the hunting of mountain lions with____________.

True
At the 2002 CITES meeting, the US agreed with the motion to allow a one time sale of ivory stockpiled in five African nations.

mountain lions
The California Wildlife Protection Act (Proposition 117) banned hunting of ______ .

Japan
was the non-African nation that wanted the ivory trade reinstated.

20
In one study of British farmland birds researchers found that about ____% of all European birds (=European avifauna) are now a conservation concern.

Oregon
The Predator Defense Institute attacked the ________ state wildlife agency over its methods for studying mountain lion population size.

India
____________ is the nation that joined Kenya and fought against permanently lifting the ban on ivory trade.

Viva!
______ is the animal rights advocacy group that led the campaign to ban the sale of kangaroo meat in UK grocery stores.

farming practices
Researchers believe that the declines seen in British farmland birds are due to ____.

Bulgaria
According to Viva!, _______ is the nation that imports the greatest amount of kangaroo meat.

China
Although Japan supported the one time sale of ivory, the sale was opposed by _____.

Zimbabwe
________ is one of the African nations that argued for lifting the ban on ivory trade.

8
“When first considered for listing under the ESA, the black-tailed prairie dog was assigned a priority number of_________. “

eat nutria meat
“In Louisiana, authorities recently hoped to persuade the public to _________. “

20 million
By the late 1950’s there were roughly_________ nutria in the US.

$17,000
The cost of removing 300 prairie dogs from the Lubbock site was $______ .

FALSE
The black-tailed prairie dog is protected by state law in several states.

Utah
The _________prairie dog is listed as endangered.

muskrat
The _________ is a once commercially important native North American furbearer that weighs about 2 lbs.

canine distemper
Black footed ferrets are vulnerable to _________ as well as sylvatic plague.

South Dakota
“Once thought to be extinct, a population of black-footed ferrets was found in _______ in 1964.”

candidate 2
Petitioners originally sought an “emergency” _________ categorization for the black-tailed prairie dog in 1994.

6
The state of Louisiana constructed _________ plants to process nutria for human consumption.

South Dakota
The largest population of re-introduced Black-footed ferrets (164 individuals) is in ___________.

black-tailed
The ________ prairie dog inhabits the short-grass prairie zone of the Great Plains.

a hurricane
About 150 nutria were able to escape from “escape proof” cages in Louisiana in 1940 following_________.

FALSE
“In 1999, the USFWS ruled that there was sufficient evidence to warrant an emergency listing for the Black-tailed prairie dog.”

captive breeding
The individuals used in re-introductions of the black-footed ferret came from____________.

not to be listed
“In August 2004, based on new information, the USFWS ruled that the black-tailed prairie dog should_________ .”

USDA Wildlife Services
Wide scale poisoning of prairie dogs was undertaken between 1920 and 1970 by the agency now known as __________ .

5 billion
“According to Seton, at the start of the twentieth century there were ______ prairie dogs on the Great Plains.”

Wyoming
“In 1981, a population of Black-footed ferrets was found near Meeteese in ___________.”

H2O
Photoxin reacts with _______ in the atmosphere to become activated .

prairie dogs
The range of the black-footed ferret historically coincided more or less with the range of ____________.

$<3 (greater than 3$ per pound)
Recently trappers in Louisiana were earning about $_____ per nutria pelt .

destroy wetland and farmland vegetation
The main problem caused by nutria in Louisiana is that they ________.

99
“Since European contact, the Black-tailed prairie dog has lost about _____% of its original 100 million acres of habitat .”

40,000
“The population of black-tailed prairie dogs in Lubbock, Texas could be as high as ________.”

three
In 1999 petitioners listed _____ threats to the black-tailed prairie dog.

population size
Priority numbers for listing species under the ESA are based on ______.

fun
Varmint hunters shoot prairie dogs chiefly for _______.

0(zero)
A total of _______ nutria was processed in 1996-1997 for human consumption in Louisiana.

hydrogen phosphide
“When exposed to air, phostoxin reacts to form _________.”

phostoxin
Officials in Lubbock plan to use _______ to kill prairie dogs.

Argentina
Nutria were introduced to the US from _______.

to establish a fur industry
Nutria were originally introduced __________.

sylvatic plague
Prairie dogs are especially vulnerable to __________.

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