Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Lobsters and shrimp are species in the Phylum_________.
2Scallops are members of the Phylum_________.
Only species in the class ________ can be exempt of provisions in the Endangered Species Act.
The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly may avoid extinction in the wild because of a partnership between conservation scientists and a ______ association .
The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly once occurred statewide in Florida.
pseudocoelom is characteristic of the _________.
The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly was nearly wiped out in 1992 because of ______.
Before 1994 the scallop season ran for ______ months in Florida.
The FWC lists ________ species of invertebrates as being threatened or endangered.
The invertebrate phylum _______ has no species listed by FWC.
The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly survived because a few individuals were ________.
none of these;mated with and introduced species;were naturally large;protected by the NPS
By 1984 the Schaus Swallowtail butterfly was reduced to a total of ______ individuals.
Embryonic genes switch on during the __________ phase of development.
In deuterostomes the ________ forms from the blastopore.
A true coelom is a secondary body cavity that is surrounded by_______ and _________.
According to MPM many wildlife researchers , if given a choice would study____________.
Members of the phylum platyhelminthes (flatworms) have _______ secondary body cavity .
The MFC left the recreational scallop season open for 2 months because of __________ .
Scallops began to disappear in the region of the Gulf of Mexico __________.
south of the Suwanee river
After the scallops declined, the state (through the MFC) banned commercial harvest of scallops ___________.
The blastula is a ___________ .
hollow ball of cells
The blastopore becomes the mouth in the development of ____________.
A solid ball of cells formed through cleavage is called a _________ .
The _________ is an introduced species in North America that belongs to the phylum Mollusca.
Flatworms belong to the phylum _________ .
The Schaus Swallowtail butterfly is found only in ________.
the Florida Keys
Moulton believes that few invertebrate species are federally listed in Florida because invertebrates ___________.
have not been studies extensively
Creating stepping-stone habitat is a technique used by Dr. Tom Emmel to aid the ______.
Schaus Swallowtail Butterfly
__________ is one of the three most represented phyla of invertebrates listed by FCREPA.
Canonball jellyfish belong to the Phylum_________.
White line disease is found in certain _________ in Florida.
Which of the following is the correct sequence in going from smaller groups to larger?
The structurally simplest animals we discussed are the ______________ .
Red tides are not always characterized by a change in the water color.
Canonball jellyfish are a good species for commercial harvest because they_________.
have high reprodcutive rates
Species in the kingdom ________ are characterized by having prokaryotic cells.
Sponges once were, but no longer are, commercially harvested out of ________.
Coral reefs are formed by species in the phylum________.
________ are extremely dangerous species found in the region of tropical Australia.
Box Jelly Fish
_______ is a cellular structure that is typical only of species in the kingdom Fungi.
cell wall of chitin
Plants are not listed by CITES.
_____ is an example of a wildlife classification scheme based on an international agreement.
Currently the market for US caught cannonball jellyfish exists especially in_______.
Most non-phylogenetic wildlife classification schemes are based on _________.
distribution and abundance
Red tides are caused by species from the kingdom____________.
Intracellular digestion by amoebocytes is typical of ___________ .
International trade in endangered species is monitored by __________ .
__________ are cells that trap tiny food particles as water flows through the body wall of sponges.
Roughly ________ nations have signed the CITES agreement.
Red tides toxins are produced by ___________ .
When _________ (is) are low, some of the organisms that cause red tides revert to sexual reproduction.
Today sponges are commercially harvested in Florida only out of _________ .
Bleaching of coral reefs can be caused by __________ .
Most of the species listed by CITES are categorized in Appendix _________ .
Which of the following is the correct sequence in going from larger groups to smaller?
class, order, family
There are basically _____ kinds of red tide.
_________ is the non-governmental organization that claims increased numbers of snow geese are destroying arctic vegetation.
_____ is the non-governmental organization that pushed for and participated in the re-introduction of gray wolves to Idaho and Yellowstone NP.
Defenders of Wildlife
The _______ is the organization that has vehemently opposed Lynx re-introductions to Colorado.
A hunter from Louisiana who shot a radio-collared lynx in Colorado was fined $______ .
Fishers are members of the _________ family.
Sea horses commonly live over ________.
Beds of sea grass
The fisher re-introductions were funded in part by _________.
There are an estimated _________ feral cats in Australia.
Sea horses are actually ___________.
Re-introductions of Canada lynx in Colorado all took place on _____ land.
A female snow goose can loose _____% of her body mass by producing a single clutch.
. “Egging” meaning the removal of eggs from snow goose nests will likely be ineffective in managing snow geese because ___________.
nests are far from any people
The Dusky Seaside sparrow that went extinct in Florida was a victim of _______.
” In a poll, ______% of Australians favored the killing of feral cats.”
The Cape Sable Seaside sparrow spends its winters in Cuba.
Seahorses are especially popular in markets in traditional medicine in ____________.
Management of snow geese legally falls under the _______ Act of 1918.
Migratory Bird Treaty
Fishers have recently been re-introduced to the state of __________.
Moulton was able to buy some dried seahorses at a market in _________.
“When re-introduced wolves kill livestock where they are re-introduced, the livestock owner is _________.”
paid fair market value for the loss
“When the USFWS increased the bag limit on snow geese, the _____ sued them to stop the increase.”
A favorite food of fishers in some areas is ____________.
Many seahorses are harvested by fishermen from ______ .
All ranchers in the US oppose wolf re-introductions .
Cape Sable Seaside sparrows typically nest in _________ .
one meter tall saw grass
Canada lynx feed principally on ________.
CWD is caused by_________.
CWD was first seen in captive deer in _________.
People in Kentucky developed Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease like symptoms after eating_______ brains .
USFWS scientists wanted to kill certain gulls at the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge in Massachusetts because the gulls were ______________ .
killing federally listed piping lovers
“Before 1996, frog gigging for consumption by a person’s family was legal in Big Cypress National Preserve.”
“In 1996, public outcry led to a ban on the harvest of _______ in Big Cypress.”
The frog most sought after in Big Cypress was the ______ frog.
Wisconsin deer may have been infected with CWD by eating ________.
CWD has been known to infect _______ as well as deer.
The ______ gull is a common scavenging species of the Gulf Coast of Florida.
One concern regarding the harvest in Big Cypress NP was the amount of air boat damage to the habitat of Snail Kites and____________.
Cape Sable Seaside Sparrows
Black skimmers benefited from gull control at Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
The USFWS used ______ to kill gulls in Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
According to the Miami Herald in 1996 people were killing $______ worth of frogs per night.
Piping plovers in Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge were mostly preyed on by ________ gulls.
Great Black Backed
In April 1996 a ranger in Big Cypress found that 67 boats of frog leg catches weighed _______ lbs.
A frog gig is basically a __________
“As noted in lecture, there are ______ main foraging types (not species!) of gulls.”
“In Wisconsin, authorities plan to kill ______ deer in a circle with a 10 mile radius around a spot where 18 deer tested positive for CWD.”
Piping plovers are restricted to the east coast of the United States.
________ is one of the species that benefited most from gull culling at Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is similar to ______ seen in England
mad cow disease
Mountain Lions have never been known to kill humans
A study of 24 species of ____ in Britain conducted by the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) found that although many species were declining a few species were increasing.
Agriculturalists in Britain blamed the declines in some bird species on predation by____ .
Cougars have recently been found in South Dakota and ____ .
In ___ , CITIES banned international trade in ivory.
________ species of kangaroo are only harvested on Flinders Island and Tasmania.
________ species of kangaroo are harvested commercially on the mainland of Australia.
BTO researchers found that the _____________ had increased to higher numbers than ever reported throughout history.
Most of the kangaroo meat commercially harvested in Australia is exported to ___________ countries.
Voters in Oregon banned the hunting of mountain lions with____________.
At the 2002 CITES meeting, the US agreed with the motion to allow a one time sale of ivory stockpiled in five African nations.
The California Wildlife Protection Act (Proposition 117) banned hunting of ______ .
was the non-African nation that wanted the ivory trade reinstated.
In one study of British farmland birds researchers found that about ____% of all European birds (=European avifauna) are now a conservation concern.
The Predator Defense Institute attacked the ________ state wildlife agency over its methods for studying mountain lion population size.
____________ is the nation that joined Kenya and fought against permanently lifting the ban on ivory trade.
______ is the animal rights advocacy group that led the campaign to ban the sale of kangaroo meat in UK grocery stores.
Researchers believe that the declines seen in British farmland birds are due to ____.
According to Viva!, _______ is the nation that imports the greatest amount of kangaroo meat.
Although Japan supported the one time sale of ivory, the sale was opposed by _____.
________ is one of the African nations that argued for lifting the ban on ivory trade.
“When first considered for listing under the ESA, the black-tailed prairie dog was assigned a priority number of_________. “
eat nutria meat
“In Louisiana, authorities recently hoped to persuade the public to _________. “
By the late 1950’s there were roughly_________ nutria in the US.
The cost of removing 300 prairie dogs from the Lubbock site was $______ .
The black-tailed prairie dog is protected by state law in several states.
The _________prairie dog is listed as endangered.
The _________ is a once commercially important native North American furbearer that weighs about 2 lbs.
Black footed ferrets are vulnerable to _________ as well as sylvatic plague.
“Once thought to be extinct, a population of black-footed ferrets was found in _______ in 1964.”
Petitioners originally sought an “emergency” _________ categorization for the black-tailed prairie dog in 1994.
The state of Louisiana constructed _________ plants to process nutria for human consumption.
The largest population of re-introduced Black-footed ferrets (164 individuals) is in ___________.
The ________ prairie dog inhabits the short-grass prairie zone of the Great Plains.
About 150 nutria were able to escape from “escape proof” cages in Louisiana in 1940 following_________.
“In 1999, the USFWS ruled that there was sufficient evidence to warrant an emergency listing for the Black-tailed prairie dog.”
The individuals used in re-introductions of the black-footed ferret came from____________.
not to be listed
“In August 2004, based on new information, the USFWS ruled that the black-tailed prairie dog should_________ .”
USDA Wildlife Services
Wide scale poisoning of prairie dogs was undertaken between 1920 and 1970 by the agency now known as __________ .
“According to Seton, at the start of the twentieth century there were ______ prairie dogs on the Great Plains.”
“In 1981, a population of Black-footed ferrets was found near Meeteese in ___________.”
Photoxin reacts with _______ in the atmosphere to become activated .
The range of the black-footed ferret historically coincided more or less with the range of ____________.
$<3 (greater than 3$ per pound)
Recently trappers in Louisiana were earning about $_____ per nutria pelt .
destroy wetland and farmland vegetation
The main problem caused by nutria in Louisiana is that they ________.
“Since European contact, the Black-tailed prairie dog has lost about _____% of its original 100 million acres of habitat .”
“The population of black-tailed prairie dogs in Lubbock, Texas could be as high as ________.”
In 1999 petitioners listed _____ threats to the black-tailed prairie dog.
Priority numbers for listing species under the ESA are based on ______.
Varmint hunters shoot prairie dogs chiefly for _______.
A total of _______ nutria was processed in 1996-1997 for human consumption in Louisiana.
“When exposed to air, phostoxin reacts to form _________.”
Officials in Lubbock plan to use _______ to kill prairie dogs.
Nutria were introduced to the US from _______.
to establish a fur industry
Nutria were originally introduced __________.
Prairie dogs are especially vulnerable to __________.