Essay Summary of Exam one

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The two groups projected to increase dramatically in the U.S over the next half century are:
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Asian and Pacific Islanders & Hispanic Americans
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The population of the U.S. is currently:
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Affected by long-standing unresolved minority issues. Affected by rising immigration rates. Increasingly diverse. Increasingly multilingual.
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Which of the following is NOT one of the defining characteristics of a minority group?
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Small group size
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The largest minority group in the U.S. is:
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Hispanics
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People classified as \”Asian and Pacific Islanders\”:
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Represent many different national and linguistic backgrounds. Should never be mistaken for unchanging or \”natural\” divisions between people. Vary by social class, religion, gender, and in thousands of other ways.
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The social and physical characteristics that mark the boundaries between groups are usually:
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Highly visible
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Laws on miscegenation referred to laws that:
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Prevented members from different races from intermarrying.
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Stratification is another term for?
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The unequal distribution of valued resources.
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Societies are divided into horizontal layers (or strata) often called:
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Social classes.
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According to Weber, a person who became rich by cleansing septic tanks would be higher on _ but lower on _
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Class, prestige
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In western europe, scientific and philosophical interest in the concept of race began:
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During the age of European conquest and colonization of non-whites
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Variations in human skin color:
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Balance the dangers of exposure to sunlight with the need for vitamin D
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At the individual level, the \”thinking/feeling\” dimension of minority group mistreatment is called:
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Prejudice
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When entire groups are treated unfairly and unequally in the institutions of the larger society, this is called:
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Institutional Discrimination
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The process of assimilation could be illustrated by:
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An immigrant learning the language of her new country.
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_ assimilation occurs when a minority group enters the secondary sector of the larger society and occupies the same institutions such as churches, clubs, schools, and workplaces.
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Structural
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The concept of multiculturalism includes:
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the idea of mutual respect for all groups and heritages
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What was one expression of anti-immigrant prejudice and racism?
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The National Origins Act of 1924.
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_ establish their own neighborhood and rely on a set of interconnected businesses, each of which is usually in scope, for economic survival.
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Enclave minorities
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Prejudice is to discrimination as:
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Thinking is to doing.
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_are exaggerated generalizations about groups of people and tend to be over simplistic and resistant to proof.
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Stereotypes.
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Selective Perception
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Is a tendency to see only what one expects to see. Can strengthen and reinforce stereotypes
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Which of the following is an example of selective perception?
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Seeing a Native American who is drinking in a bar, but not noticing the Native American who is neatly dressed in a three-piece Armani suit. Seeing the old man who pulls out on a freeway at 35 miles an hour while ignoring the good driver who happens to be elderly. Not presuming that an NFL football ayer could be gay. Assuming that the female doctor is really a nurse.
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Which concept best describes someone who is prejudiced and does discriminate:
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An \”all-weather\” bigot
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Stereotypes vary by:
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Race, Gender, Class.
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A small town experiences a wave of anti-minority group violence in the weeks following the announcement of massive layoffs at the local factory. These incidents would be consistent with the predictions of:
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The scapegoat hypothesis
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According to your textbook, what factors play a role in the origins of prejudice?
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Socialization & Competition
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The Bogardus scale of social distance suggests that prejudice is based in:
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Culture
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The concept of social distance best reflects:
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The degree of intimacy we are willing to permit
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According to the split labor market theory, who is most likely to benefit from prejudice?
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Higher priced labor
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You hear someone say tat \”all women are bad drivers,\” \”all Jews are greedy,\” and \”all Latinos drive low-riders.\” These are examples of\”
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Stereotypes.

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