Exam 3 correct answers

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Once a married couple has kids their martial satisfaction is the highest when the kids are
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moved out
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In this marriage type, spouses adopt conventional gender roles and tend to avoid conflict:
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separates
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Your place of work enforces the policy that indicates, If you show up for work 1 minute late you can be penalized. However, your boss often shows up late. This sitatuion is best explained by which concept.
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prerogative principle
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All of the following statements about power are true except:
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power is known as a \”single-dimension\” concept
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Which step for managing conflict involves imagined interaction?
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preparation
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Janice and Stephanie have been close friends for some time. When Stephanie recently lost her job, she couldn’t afford her rent anymore and was on the verge of homelessness. Janice invited her to stay in her guest room for as long as needed. While there, Stephanie does a little of the cooking. According to equity theory, which of the following statements about this relationship scenario is true?
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all of the statements are true
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When considering the division of labor, there is no longer a statistical difference in the amount of work men and women do to run their household.
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false
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According to equity theory, it’s better to be equally benefited than to be overbenefited.
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true
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Messages that communicate \”I know what’s best for you, and if you do as I say, we’ll get along\” are associated with which Gibb component?
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control
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Yasmine says, \”I get that you can’t put into words what I did to upset you. Was it that I didn’t call? Was it that I got here a little late?\” Yasmine is _____________ to seek more information.
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guessing about specifics
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The ability to \”rebound\” from negative spirals and turn them in a positive direction is a hallmark of a successful relationship.
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true
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Communication climates:
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all of the above
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Hugging a good friend while saying, \”I think that you did well!\” is an example of what level of confirming response
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endorsement
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Acting as though you don’t hear someone and not making any response is which type of disconfirming response?
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impervious
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\”You never take out the garbage unless I ask you three times\” is an example of which type of Gibb’s disagreeing message?
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complaining
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Speaker: I’m really worried about trying to meet all of my obligations this semester. There’s just SO much to do! Listener: Yeah, I guess we’re all overwhelmed. I had to work every day last weekend. The listener’s response is an example of:
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impersonal response
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It isn’t what we communicate about that shapes a relational climate as much as how we speak and act toward one another.
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true
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Generally, people respond with ________ when they are confronted with face-threatening acts.
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defensiveness
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Shawn: \”Did you enjoy the movie?\” Katie: \”Yeah, I loved it (rolling eyes).\” Katie’s response is an example of
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incongruous response
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Customer: \”The amount of time I’ve been on hold is ridiculous. I’m going to cancel my service.\” Customer Service Representative: \”It sounds like you’re angry. Can you tell me about your problem?\” The listener’s response is an example of:
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paraphrasing the speaker’s ideas.
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In order to create a confirming climate, a person needs to:
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acknowledge the other’s position.
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When satisfied couples complain, they usually offer complaints about behaviors rather than complaints about personal characteristics.
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true
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A student who dislikes a teacher but does not show it fits the textbook’s definition of conflict
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false
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Which kind of power can be used in problem solving based on competition (win-lose)?
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all of the above
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Research suggests there is a significant connection between verbal aggression and physical aggression.
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true
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Compared to females, males use more competing behaviors with same-sex peers and more avoiding behaviors with opposite-sex peers.
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true
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Which of the following statements best summarizes the attitude expressed toward conflict by the text?
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all of the above
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Many people from the United States default to a competitive conflict style because they live in a competitive society and it’s ingrained in their culture.
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true
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Paul and Stacy have a very volatile conflict style. They both are very forceful and inevitably end up hurling insults at each other until they both withdraw exhausted. This is an example of which conflict system?
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symmetrical
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After much discussion, Chad finally agrees to go to the opera with his wife. As they are finding their seats he says, sarcastically, \”Yeah, this is going to be a lot of fun.\” This is an example of which conflict style?
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passive agression
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Conflict rituals prevent successful conflict management.
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false
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Which of the following factors govern the selection and use of conflict style?
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all of the above
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Dave tells his girlfriend he wants to see a new action movie but goes along when she replies that she would rather see a romantic comedy. This is an example of:
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accommodation
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All of the following are elements of conflict except:
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independence
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When Karen tries to talk about going to visit her family for the holidays, John changes the subject. This is an example of which conflict style?
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avoidance
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______________ is/are a factor in keeping family relationships operating harmoniously.
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shared narratives
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Research shows that which of the following are highly confirming behaviors that parents can offer to children?
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all of the above
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In one study, more than _____ of men said their most meaningful experiences with friends came from shared activities.
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75%
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Families operate as a _____________ where members interact with one another to form a whole.
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system
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Your family always has karaoke at family functions. This is known as a:
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ritual
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Brennan’s parents are very supportive of he and his brother finding careers that they love, expressing their individuality by dressing in ways that are comfortable to them, and by helping to make decisions about the household. This is an example of a family who uses:
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low conformity orientation
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Nayib said he would call his friend Sharif when he got home from work. Sharif expects that if Nayib says he will call that he will follow through. When Nayib doesn’t call, Sharif gets angry. This is an example of:
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expectancy violation
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Talking with a friend about whether or not there is order in the universe constitutes what type of intimacy?
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intellectual
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Long-time friends Grace and Kishia had little in common when Grace got married and Kishia was still single. Once Kishia got married, she found herself talking to Grace all the time again. This is an example of:
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communication within a friendship changes over time.
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Families who are most successful at negotiating adolescence tend to be:
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flexible
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Recent scholarship indicates that in terms of gender and the meaning of intimacy women and men are more ____________ than ____________.
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similar/ different
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Brian and Ilse became a couple and then became very different than when they were single. This is an example that:
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a family is more than the sum of its parts
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Shared narratives have a tendency to disconnect families.
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false
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Staying out of the kitchen when mom is cooking a big family meal is an example of
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boundaries
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Morman and Floyd’s research indicates that fathers are becoming less affectionate with their sons.
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false
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Juan and Louise are in a heterosexual, cross-sex friendship. Louise wants the friendship to turn romantic, but is afraid that Juan is not attracted to Louise in a sexual way. This describes which category of friendship?
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desires romance
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Social scientists label families with too little cohesion as enmeshed.
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false
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Many women think of sex as a way to ____________ intimacy, while men are more likely to see it as a way to ____________ intimacy.
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express/create
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Which of the following is not a characteristic of how families are like systems?
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families do not create rituals
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A chat room or an instant messaging connection constitutes virtual proximity.
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true
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The similarity thesis is based on which similarities between partners?
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all of the above
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The fact that we are likely to choose a mate with whom we frequently cross paths often points to which reason for forming relationships?
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proximity
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Which type of person was rated as the most attractive?
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superior person who blundered
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Although she has a boyfriend, Kim realizes she may be happier if she is single when she goes away to college. Kim is rating her relationship according to her:
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comparison level of alternatives.
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Appearance is especially important in the early stages of a relationship.
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true
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When partners are radically different, the dissimilar qualities that at first appear intriguing later become cause for relational breakups.
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true
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In which stage of relational development is the communication usually brief and follows conventional formulas?
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initiating
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The theory that explains relationship development using an economic model is:
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exchange
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Although she really loves Jon and enjoys being with him, Waynetta is beginning to feel trapped in her marriage to him. She is being pulled by the:
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integration-separation dialectic.
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Anna, who is a counselor at a women’s crisis center, says the reason she most often hears from battered wives for returning to their husbands is \”I don’t have any other place to go.\” Which explanation of why people perform relationships best predicts this relationship?
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exchange theory, which suggests we form relationships through assessment of potential rewards and costs
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Your text suggests that a relationship is less a thing and more of a process.
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true
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Logical reasons for the similarity thesis include:
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all of the above
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In order to manage dialectical tension in their marriage, Brianna and Enrique decide that they will dedicate certain times each week that they will spend together and other specific times to be on their own. They are using the strategy of
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alternation
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Self-disclosure always leads to liking.
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false
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\”Quite frankly, this relationship is getting pretty boring. I always know exactly what Bev is going to do and say about everything.\” The boredom of this relationship is linked to the:
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stability-change dialectic

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