Political Unrest in Bangladesh Its Impact on Economy
Despite serious problems related to a dysfunctional political system, weak governance, and pervasive corruption, Bangladesh remains one of the few democracies in the Muslim world. Bangladeshis regard democracy as an important legacy of their bloody war for independence, and they vote in large numbers. However, democratic institutions and practices remain weak. The three major parties in Bangladesh are the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and Bangladesh Awami League and Jatiya Party.
BNP finds its allies among some Islamist parties like Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh while the Awami League aligns itself traditionally with leftist and secularist parties. Another important player is the Jatiya Party, headed by former military ruler Hossain Mohammad Ershad. The Awami League-BNP rivalry has been bitter and punctuated by protests, violence and murder. Student politics is particularly strong in Bangladesh, a legacy from the liberation movement era. Almost all parties have highly active student wings, and students have been elected to the Parliament.
Three radical Islamist parties, Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB) and Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), Harkatul Jihad were banned in February 2005 on grounds of militancy and terrorism.  Following the first series of bans, a series of bomb attacks took place in the country. The evidence of staging these attacks by these extremist groups have been found in the investigation, and hundreds of suspected members have been detained in numerous security operations, including the head the of those two parties in 2006. The first recorded case of a suicide bomb attack in Bangladesh took place in November 2005. citation needed].
Extremist groups Shahadat-e-al-Hikma Bangladesh and Hizb-ut-Tahrir Bangladesh were banned on 22 October 2009 by the government, as the group was trying to destabilize the country by stoking the army after the 2009 BDR mutiny. What is political unrest? It means there is a significant level of dissatisfaction among the citizens of a Country or State. People often think poorly of their leadership but if they start seriously considering the removal of their leaders with or without regard to the established political process than you could say that the country has some dangerous amount of political unrest.
Leading reasons of Political Unrest After the libaraton Bangladesh overcome a lot of political crisis espcialy frequently change of political Power due to eggresiveness of main political parties. Most of the time there animytive activity distroyed our valuable life and wealth.
People of Bangladesh become the servent of the political parties. In Bangladesh there are meny reasone for political unrest. such as: 1) Lack of political morality. 2) Absence of strong civil society. 3) Absence of strong political leadership. 4) Confrontational politics. 5) Ineffective political institutions. 6) Corruption and terrorism. 7) Negativity/Double standard. 8) Lake of conciousness of people. 9)Bad influence of Leading countries. 10)Lake of necessary steps.
Bangladesh lies at the strategic crossroads of South and Southeast Asia. Potential terrorist movements and activities in or through Bangladesh pose a potentially serious threat to India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Burma, as well as Bangladesh itself. Consequentially, the Bangladesh Government has banned a number of Islamic extremist groups in recent years.
In February 2002, the government banned Shahdat al Hiqma, in February 2005 it banned Jagrata Muslim Janata, Bangladesh (JMJB) and Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), and in October 2005 it banned Harkatul Jehad Al Islami (HUJI). Following the August 17, 2005 serial bombings in the country, the government launched a crackdown on extremists. In 2006, seven senior JMB leaders were sentenced to death for their role in the 2005 murder of two judges. Bangladesh is a world peace Keeper!
Bangladesh is generally a force for moderation in international forums, and it is also a long-time leader in international peacekeeping operations. It is the second-largest contributor to UN peacekeeping operations, with 10,481 troops and police active in November 2009. Its activities in international organizations, with other governments, and with its regional partners to promote human rights, democracy, and free markets are coordinated and high-profile. Bangladesh became a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council in May 2006, and began a second term in 2009.
However, an explicit goal of its foreign policy has been to strengthen relations with Islamic states, leading to actions such as voting against a December 2009 UN resolution to improve human rights conditions in Iran. Morever it as a nation bangali has lot of quality and resourses to develop our country as well as the world. Its Impact on economy Political unrest not only forbidden our progrss but distroyse our life and resources. Espcially it has broken our economy. Due to labour unrest, hartal, stike and frequent violence of political parties our production, transpotation, bussiness, education system being hampered.
Share market have fallen down often. Small and big investors are have drown in hasitation for investment due to unfair environment. Intenational investors have shown no interest to invest in Bangladesh. Mills and industries have fallen loss and closing day by day. People are become jobless. Afterall our GDP decreasing day by day. The economy of Bangladesh and its overseas trade are likely to be badly affected in the on going political unrest is showing all signs of intensification (make up for) on different grounds, predicted the national and international economist.
The US-based think-tank Fast Market Research (FMR) is doubtful that the government of Bangladesh will be able to build Padma Bridge with local resources after it has withdrawn its request for a US$ 1. 2 billion loan for the project from the World Bank (WB), the forecast said “The unrest is unlikely to subside as both the ruling and opposition parties continue to confront each other regarding the restoration of the caretaker government system,” said the think-tank Fast Market Research (FMR) in its forecast on Bangladesh business in the second quarter of 2013.
As result of political unrest Bangladesh have fallen back 50 years from a developed cauntries. Measures should be taken First of all people should be aware about the hurm of political unrest. Everyone should follow the political morality. We have to make a strong civil society and dynamic leadership. Political parties should be co-operative miended about all national issue or about development of Bangladesh. The preventive steps should be taken aginest corruotiopn and terrorism. All the political parties should be flexible about opposition party. They should be work together for developmenat staing beside. Enough job field should be crated.