Examining Personnel Control as a Control Mechanism for Local Government System Essay
For the purpose of clarity, it is imperative to conceptualize the key concepts in this question before delving into the answer. They include: personnel control and local government. According to bussinessdictionary. com personnel control refers to “Administrative discipline of hiring and developing employee’s so that they become more valuable to the organization.
It includes (1) conducting job analyses, (2) planning personnel needs, and recruitment, (3) selecting the right people for the job, (4) orienting and training, (5) determining and managing wages and salaries, (6) providing benefits and incentives, (7) appraising performance, (8) resolving disputes, (9) communicating with all employees at all levels. ” In other words, personnel control is the same as personnel management, which is the hiring of employees that you can develop and turn into more valuable members of the company (in this case Local Government).
Having known what personnel control is, we have to now turn our attention to conceptualizing local government. A one sentence definition of the term local government is difficult to come by. This is because it has been defined by various scholars from their various perspectives depending on their background and understanding of the concept. However, in a general term, local government may be taken to mean: a form of public administration which in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government.
In federal states, local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions. It also refers to an administrative body for a small geographic area, such as a city, town, county, or state. A local government will typically only have control over their specific geographical region, and cannot pass or enforce laws that will affect a wider area.
Local governments can elect officials, enact taxes, and do many other things that a national government would do, just on a smaller scale. Local Government is one of the three spheres of government in Nigeria, namely – Local, State and Federal Governments. As a responsible sphere of Government, Local Government councils have considerable discretion in exercising their powers and responsibilities, and in planning for the specific and diverse needs of their local communities.
Councils are well placed to know and understand the views and aspirations of the local community and to influence – in a socially just and ecologically sustainable manner – what sort of place the Council area will be. Local government system was introduced in Nigeria in order to bring the government closer to the people and also develop the local region. Unfortunately, after so many years of experimenting with the system, the sole purpose for which it was establish has not been realize. Hence the call for the introduction of the personnel control as a mechanism to control the local government system. But the question is: how can this work?
Among the three tiers of government in Nigeria, the local government is the most loose. It is often characterize by ghost workers (fake workers that are not in existence) and also low caliber staffs. Thus, in order to make the local government more efficient and accountable, hiring of staffs should be done in a rigorous process. Also, after these staffs have been employed, they should under series of training in order to improve performance and efficiency. This involves knowing exactly what your employee do.
A job analysis should be the first step in every major human resources effort. A job analysis provides the objective criteria needed for executives to make informed decision regarding staffing selection, performance succession planning and compensation. A job analysis is a systematic process that captures the entire job in compliance with professional and legal guidelines. Ultimately, this helps the local government to develop a selection system that is valid and legally defensible.
One of the most significant developments in the field of organization in recent times is the increasing importance given to human resources. More and more attention is being paid to motivational aspects of human personality. By contrast, the local government faces the major problems of professional incompetence and lack of motivation among their employees. Consequently, proper planning and management of human resources within the local government system is essential to increase the capabilities, motivation, and overall effectiveness of local government personnel’s.
The local government system is characterize by an increasing number of incompetent staffs, thus, it is important to select the right people for the job as this reduces stress and increases productivity. And the local government can do this by defining the quality it is looking for in its recruitment and select the best person suited for the job. The purpose of orientation and training is to bring out the best in workers. Orientation is simply giving the employee the basic information that tells the person where he/she is and how he/she can get to where the employer i. . (the local government) wants them to go. In other words, it must give the employee the basic information about the organization which in this case is the local government. Their position and their primary assignment. Staff orientation may look either formal or informal, may be as short as a day or may continue through a month or more. But they should have one thing in common: planning. Staffs should also be trained regularly in order to be up to date.
When determining what to pay, the local government should put into consideration the following 1. placement of the role which can be determined through job evaluation/classification 2. job relevant skills and experience the applicant possesses which may impact their placement in the salary range upon hire. a. Deciding what to pay. There are many situations in which the local government is faced with what to pay an employee. It is important to ensure that the approach is guided by the compensation philosophy and is applied consistently.
Ensuring that established guidelines are followed will prevent offering a compensation package tailored to a person that the local government is jeopardized by having too heavy a financial burden. People do what they do in an effort to be rewarded, avoid negative consequence, or both. Thus, it is important for local government to provide benefits and incentive in order to encourage people to do the right thing. Here are the advantages of doing this 1. Incentives and benefits increase morale, confidence and pride. 2. They also give the best people in the system reasons to stay. . They also increase productivity.
However, staffs should be rewarded at certain clearly defined milestone and these rewards should come regularly and promptly. The purpose of an appraisal is to enhance employee’s performance and productivity. They are also intended to increase motivation, ensure that people are kept updated with the latest developments and inform them of the skills they will need to develop in order to address change positively. Conclusively, if all these are applied, then there would be a measure of control in the local government system.