English 3 Critical Essay

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Martial
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warlike
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Subjugation
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control by conquering
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Comport
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to agree
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Remonstrate
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to object; to protest strongly
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Supinely
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in the manner with the face upward
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Invincible
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unbeatable
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Insidious
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treacherous
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Extenuate
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to lessen the seriousness of, especially by providing partial
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Vigilant
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alert; watchful
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Inviolate
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not violated; intact
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Ardor
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intense enthusiasm; passion
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Celestial
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heavenly
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Dominion
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control; authority over
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Esteem
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to set high value on
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Infidel
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a person with no religious beliefs
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Prudent
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showing caution or good judgement
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Relinquish
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to withdraw from; to give up
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Repulse
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to drive back by force
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Tyranny
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cruel and oppressive government or rule
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Wrangling
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arguing noisily
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Diction
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a writer’s choice of words
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Unremitting
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constant; never stopping
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Felicity
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great happiness
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Affluence
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wealth
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Artifice
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a clever means to an end
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Incorrigible
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incapable of being reformed or corrected
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Trifling
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Frivolous or inconsequential
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Contrive
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to plan skillfully; to design
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Eradicate
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to destroy completely
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Art of using language to argue effectively against beliefs or course of action
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Persuasive rhetoric
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Inductively and Deductively
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What are 2 ways writers can develop an argument?
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Beginning with a generalization or premise, and proceeding to marshal examples and facts that support it
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Deductively
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Beginning with examples or facts and proceeding to draw conclusions from them
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Inductively
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Henry respects the delegates opinions
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What is Patrick Henry’s opinion of the delegate who addressed the convention before him?
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His experiences
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Henry refers to a lamp that guides him. What is this \”lamp\”?
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Fleets of ships preparing for attack
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What does Henry indicate are the sign that the British are planning to attack?
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Rights haven’t worked in the past and will fail
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Henry rejects the possibility of Americans gaining their rights simply by asking the King to grant them. Why?
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They will become prisoners of British rule like they were before
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What does Henry say will result from the colonies’ backing down from a war with Britian?
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Henry urges colonists to fight and rebel against the British
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What does Henry urge the colonist to do?
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Petition the government and ask king to stop tyranny
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What methods had the colonists already used to express their complaints against the British?
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British responded to complaints by violence or ignoring them
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How did the British respond to those complaints?
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the Orator of Liberty
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What was Henry’s nickname?
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Taught himself law
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How did Henry learn law?
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Governor of Virginia and State Legislator
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What did Henry serve as?
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Freedom is valuable and hard to get
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Why does Paine say that freedom has such a high price?
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British claimed they have the right to tell what the colonies should do
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What British right over the colonies does Paine repeat in his essay?
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People can have peace in their time
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Why does Paine say that parents should support independence?
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Everybody in every state
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Whom does Paine call on to support the fight for independence?
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It’s growing and everything is better
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Why does Paine have faith in the next campaign?
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Born with certain rights
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What is natural law?
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Perseverance – never give up Fortitude – stand up
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What two qualities does Paine say American troops need to win the war? And what do they mean?
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God is on there side and good is not on the sides of the murders
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What reason does Paine give for assuring the Americans that their cause is right?
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Soldiers are only there in good times
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What is implied by the terms \”summer soldier\” and \”sunshine patriot\”?
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Fireband of the American Revolution
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What was Paine’s nickname?
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Common sense; attacked injustices of hereditary rule and urged the colonists to form their own independent country
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What piece did Paine write and what did it attack?
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Addressed the common people
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What did Paine and Benjamin have in common?
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England
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Where was Paine borned?
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The Age of Reason; attacked organized religion and alienated many of his supporters
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What was Paine’s last major work and what did it attack?
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Civil freedom and right of citizenship
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What freedom does Wheatley say is necessary?
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Greed
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What reason does Wheatley give to explain why people are willing to allow slavery?
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Men want country to be free, but have no trouble controlling their women
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What \”strange absurdity\” does Wheatley refer to?
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Nothing was done to secure Boston Harbor
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Abigail Adams is very concerned about the safety of Boston. Explain why
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Support rights of African Americans
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What does Wheatley praise the Reverend Occom for doing?
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Greed; If men wouldn’t be lazy and make people do it
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What is the cause of slavery?
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The country is in need
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Why does Abigail Adams put her country before personal happiness?
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The lack of security of the situation
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What is the situation in Massachusetts that Adams complains to her husband about?
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Women should behind men and woman should have rights
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What did Abigail Adams believe?
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Outspoken opinion as expressed in thousands of personal letters to John Adams her husband
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What was Abigail Adams known for?
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Hoped to achieve moral perfection
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What did Franklin hope to achieve with his experiment?
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One week
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How much time did Franklin give himself for each virtue?
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On a chart in his book
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How did Franklin keep track of virtues?
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He’s not perfect
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What did Franklin learn about himself?
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Make himself a better person
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What did Franklin’s attempt do for him?
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Temperance, silence, order, resolution, frugality, industry, sincerity, injustice, moderation, cleanliness, chasity, and humility
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What are some the virtues Franklin thought was important?
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Sucrates and Jesus
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Who are Franklin’s models for the virtue of humility?
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He thought it was important to achieve the other virtues before proceeding to the others
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Why does Franklin list the virtues in the order he does?
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Charts them in a book
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What is Franklin’s method for acquiring the 13 virtues?
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Aphorism
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short witty statement expressing general principles of truth about life
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Humility
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false pride
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Printer, publisher, write, scientist, inventor, businessman, philosopher, statesman
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What were Benjamin’s role in his time?
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Benjamin Franklin
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Who was America’s first celebrity?
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Humorous satire, wise sayings to serious political essays, scientific observation on electricity, and well known diplomacy and charismatic personality
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What made Benjamin an international celebrity?

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